Martin turned a lap at 124.484 mph to win his fifth pole of the season and sweep the top starting spot at Bristol this season. He beat Greg Biffle, who ran a lap at 124.307, and rookie Scott Speed, who qualified third at 124.146.
Martin's effort is a huge boost for the No. 5 team, which was reeling after running out of gas last week at Michigan. It cost Martin a top-10 finish and he's now clinging to the 12th and final Chase berth with three races to go.
Meanwhile, feuding drivers Brian Vickers and Kyle Busch qualified 14th and 15th meaning they'll start close to each other in Saturday night's race.