Carlos Delfino came off the bench to score a season-high 26, and Toronto won for the fourth time in five games.
Jose Calderon had 17 points and 14 assists, Anthony Parker had 12 points, and Kris Humphries had 11.
Bosh, a former Georgia Tech standout, added nine rebounds and has scored 20 or more in seven of Toronto's past eight games.
Playing for the first time after missing 36 games with a torn ligament in his left thumb, Bibby's season began when he came off the bench late in the first quarter.
He finished with 19 points and six rebounds.
Ron Artest also returned after missing nine games because of surgery on his right elbow, but he was held to four points, going 2-for-10 from the field.
Toronto closed the second quarter with a 6-0 run to take a 58-50 lead at the half, then opened the third with a 12-4 surge.
The Raptors forced the Kings to call timeout at 7:36, down 70-54.
Things only got worse from there for the Kings.
Toronto opened a 23-point lead on a three-point play by Parker at 4:19. Eight points from Martin helped the Kings close within 14 at 84-70, but Toronto reeled off another 6-0 spurt to end the third, taking a 20-point advantage into the final frame.
Toronto outrebounded Sacramento, 42-29.
Bosh went 9-for-10 from the free-throw line, passing Vince Carter to become Toronto's franchise leader in free throws made. Calderon, meanwhile, became the fifth player in Raptors history to reach 1,000 career assists.