In an interview with The Augusta Chronicle on Friday, Judge Dickert, 61, said he was ready for a change in his professional life.
"I have put my heart and soul and mind in this job for almost 11 years ... It's a tough job. It begins to wear on you after a while," he said.
Judge Dickert was first elected to the Augusta Judicial Circuit Superior Court bench in 1996, defeating Judge Bettieanne Hart in a runoff. Ms. Hart was appointed by the governor to fill a new judgeship created the year before.
Since winning office, Judge Dickert has run unopposed.
The judge said he is returning to his former law firm - Hull, Towill, Norman, Barrett & Salley - on Nov. 1.
Judge Dickert said he wrote a letter to Gov. Sonny Perdue on Friday, alerting the governor of his intention.
It will be up to the governor to appoint a lawyer to finish Judge Dickert's term, which runs through 2008.
The seat will be on the ballot for the Nov. 4, 2008, election, which is also a presidential election.
Judge Dickert is one of eight Superior Court judges who preside over civil, domestic and criminal cases in Richmond, Columbia and Burke counties.
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The governor's judicial nominations committee will investigate and interview attorneys interested in being appointed to the judgeship. The committee will submit a short list of candidates to the governor, who can pick one of those candidates or select someone else to be the next Superior Court judge.