WILLIAMSBURG, Va. - Thomas Jefferson isn't about to start listening to an iPod, with telltale earbud wires dangling from under his three-cornered hat as he walks the streets of Colonial Williamsburg.
But people far from the restored 18th-century capital of Virginia can use their portable audio players to hear costumed interpreter Bill Barker talk about portraying Jefferson or, in honor of the Fourth of July holiday, read the Declaration of Independence.
The world's largest living history museum long has used modern media to share its stories with audiences far beyond its 301-acre Historic Area, dating back to before World War II when it produced an educational film for schools.
Today, it has an extensive Web site with photo slideshows, online exhibits and interactive tours, and it offers "electronic field trips" for schools using live television broadcasts and the Internet.
It's also using something that didn't even exist a couple years ago: podcasts.
Colonial Williamsburg is creating free weekly audio programs people can listen to on computers as well as portable players to find out more about those who work there, plying old trades and playing historical figures. The idea is to educate people and, hopefully, inspire them to visit.
"It's just another way to get the message out from Colonial Williamsburg," said Colin G. Campbell, president of the private, nonprofit Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, which operates the museum.
Robyn Eoff, Colonial Williamsburg's Internet director, came up with the idea for the podcasts as a new way to reach audiences.
"History may be old but its presentation doesn't have to be," Eoff said in a phone interview.
The podcasts may not immediately bring people to Colonial Williamsburg, she said, "but if they educate them about what happened in Williamsburg and about what Colonial Williamsburg offers now, then we hope that in the future they'll make a visit."
While Colonial Williamsburg has been concentrating on the podcasts, a couple months ago it also began offering audio tours, Eoff said. They can't be downloaded ahead of time - visitors rent machines to listen on site.
Other historic sites and museums, such as the Smithsonian Institution, also have podcasts, although Colonial Williamsburg, which has been posting its podcasts for more than a year, may have been among the first, Eoff said.
Among sites related to America's independence, Monticello, Jefferson's home in Charlottesville, has a collection of podcasts available on its Web site, ranging from talks about restoration efforts there to the former president's own words, such as his "rough draft" of the Declaration of Independence.
The Web site boston.com, part of the Internet division of The New York Times Co., has a podcast audio tour of 14 sites along Boston's Freedom Trail, including Paul Revere's house and the Bunker Hill Memorial.
For Civil War buffs, Richmond National Battlefield Park in Virginia recently made available a podcast with a historian narrating a 1.5-mile tour of the battle fought at Malvern Hill on July 1, 1862. Eoff doesn't know how many people are listening to Colonial Williamsburg's podcasts. The museum's Web site offers other audio besides podcasts, and the monthly download tally for all formats is 80,000 to 90,000, she said. Written transcripts also are available.
The podcasts mainly consist of interviews conducted by former NBC News anchor and correspondent Lloyd Dobyns, who didn't know what a podcast was when Eoff approached him.
Dobyns recalled thinking as he learned more about them, "All that sounds like is a casual radio interview, and I know how to do casual radio interviews."
Dobyns has talked to costumed interpreters, chefs, tradesmen, musicians, historians and curators, about topics as varied as barrel-making, religious freedom and slave life.
The programs are a unique beyond-the-scenes look at Colonial Williamsburg, Dobyns said.
"All these people doing interpretation are not going to talk to you as they really are," he said. "Well, that's the people I want to know about - what would drive you to spend your life in the 18th century?"
Dobyns has picked up interesting tidbits along the way, such as finding out from a weaver that in the old days purple dye was made from the inside of shells.
"How else would you learn that? Of course, there is the question of why you would want to know that, but it may come up in a crossword some day," he joked.
Colonial Williamsburg eventually wants to take the podcasts a step further, Eoff said, and produce video podcasts - or vodcasts.
On the Net:
Colonial Williamsburg podcasts: http://www.history.org/Media/podcasts.cfm
Smithsonian podcasts: http://www.smithsonian.org/podcasts/default.htm
Monticello podcasts: http://www.monticello.org/podcasts/index.html
Boston Freedom Trail podcast: http://www.boston.com/travel/boston/freedomtrail/podcast/
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