The effectiveness of government re-education camps (public school system) is evident as one of its camp lieutenants, (retired school teacher) Seth Benson, shows that he knows nothing about the South's history when he calls the third national flag of the Confederacy the "Stars and Bars." (March 20 letter, "Swap battle flag for 'Stars and Bars' and everyone wins").
The Stars and Bars is the first national flag of the Confederacy.
When the Southern states seceded, each wanted to have its own flag, but it was decided to have one flag to represent all of the Confederacy, and that flag was the first national. It kept the blue canton of the Union flag but had 7 stars to represent the Southern states. The stripes were changed to three alternating bars of red and white, thus the name, Stars and Bars.
In March of 1863, the second national flag of the Confederacy ("Stainless Banner") was designed because soldiers had a hard time telling the difference between the Union flag and the first national flag. The second national has a Confederate battle flag placed in the upper left canton, while the rest of the flag is white. This caused a problem also, because as the flag hung without the wind blowing, it could be mistaken as a flag of surrender, thus giving birth to the third national flag in March, 1865.
The third national flag looks like the second national only with a vertical red bar covering the end of the flag. This flag represented the Confederacy - not only until the end of the war but to the present day.
The battle flag was a square flag with the cross of St. Andrews, and the 7 stars represent the Southern states. This was the soldiers' flag. Remember, the battle flag did not come into existence until after the war started, and it never flew over a slave ship as the Stars and Stripes did; nor is it a symbol of slavery and oppression. That honor goes to the Stars and Stripes ...
Lee Herron, North Augusta, S.C.
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