These two Augusta psychiatrists first brought the mental disorder of multiple personalities to international public light with the publication of their best-selling book, The Three Faces of Eve.
The non-fiction novel was made into a popular 1957 movie with the same title.
Georgia native Joanne Woodward won an Oscar for her portrayal of Eve, the woman with the multiple personalities. Dr. Cleckley and Dr. Thigpen were honored at a gala dinner in the Bon Air Hotel prior to the world premiere of the movie that took place in the Miller Theater on Broad Street.
Dr. Cleckley, who was born in Augusta, graduated from the Academy of Richmond County in 1921 and was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University in England in 1926. He graduated from the University of Georgia Medical School in 1929.
He became professor of psychiatry and neurology at the Medical College of Georgia in 1937 and clinical professor in those fields at MCG in 1955. He also became chief of psychiatry and neurology at University Hospital in 1937.
Dr. Thigpen, a native of Macon, was a 1945 graduate of the Medical College of Georgia. He was a former vice president of the Medical Association of Georgia, where he received a certificate of distinction for 50 years in the practice of medicine. He retired as a clinical professor of psychiatry at the Medical College of Georgia in 1987.
Dr. Cleckley died Jan. 28, 1984 at the age of 79. He also was known for another book, The Mask of Sanity.
Dr. Thigpen, a life-long amateur magician, died March 19, 1999, at the age of 80.
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