In response to J. Roberts reference to "the church's belief in an Earth that was flat based on literal interpretation of the Bible," I submit that nothing could be further from the truth.
The church cited by Mr. Roberts was the Roman Catholic Church, which was notorious for declaring heretic or apostate all who espoused ideas and beliefs contrary to Roman Catholic doctrine. Many were those who advocated certain ideas and theories only to be brought in chains to Rome and afforded the opportunity to recant under threat of torture and death. Quite frequently, future events and scientific discoveries would prove the validity of their so-called heretic theories and beliefs.
Columbus, who was a devout believer in God, as well as an avid reader of the Holy Bible, took God's Word literally. It says in Isaiah 40:22, "He sits enthroned above the circle of the Earth and its people are grasshoppers." In the Latin Bible that Columbus had access to, it reads, "Qui sedet super gyrum terrae et habitatores eivs sunt quasi lucustae." The Latin words, Gyrum terrae" mean "circle of the Earth."
Therefore, as far as Columbus was concerned, the words, "circle of the Earth" were as literal as could be and definitely meant that the Earth was a sphere and had no square corners for his ships to drop off. The Hebrew Masoretic text also translates as "circle ofthe Earth."
Thus a literal reading of Isaiah 40:20 from the Latin or Hebrew (text) should have led the church authorities to understand that the Earth is round as Isaiah had written under God's divine direction 2,000 years previously, and not flat.
In addition, the theory of evolution has not stood the test of 150 years of critical scientific review. Instead of rehashing old arguments, I direct Mr. Roberts attention to the DNA molecule, the complexity of which includes a capacity for storing information far exceeding that of current technology. This can only be attributed to the divine intelligence of Jehovah God, not to random chance.
Roger Eden, Grovetown
|As far as Columbus was concerned, the words, "circle of the Earth" were asliteral as could be and definitely meant that the Earth was a sphere and had no square corners for his ships to drop off.|