Originally created 08/07/99

This day in history: August 7



LOCAL:

1992: South Carolina's Clemson University admitted to seven National Collegiate Athletic Association rule violations in its basketball program.

1995: Belvedere couple Kevin and Angela Thomas redeemed a $9 million Georgia Lotto ticket, which they had purchased in Augusta.

NATION/WORLD:

1782 George Washington created the Order of the Purple Heart, a decoration to recognize merit in enlisted men and non-commissioned officers.

1789 The U.S. War Department was established by Congress.

1912 The Progressive Party nominated Theodore Roosevelt for president.

1942 U.S. forces landed at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II.

1947 The balsa wood raft "Kon-Tiki," which had carried a six-man crew 4,300 miles across the Pacific Ocean, crashed into a reef in a Polynesian archipelago.

1959 The United States launched Explorer 6, which sent back a picture of the Earth.

1964 Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Johnson broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces.

1974 French stuntman Philippe Petit walked a tightrope strung between the twin towers of New York's World Trade Center.

1976 Scientists in Pasadena, California, announced that the Viking I spacecraft had found the strongest indications to date of possible life on Mars.

1987 The presidents of five Central American nations, meeting in Guatemala City, signed an 11-point agreement designed to bring peace to their region.

1989: A small plane carrying Congressman Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and 15 others disappeared during a flight in Ethiopia.

1990 President Bush ordered U.S. troops and warplanes to Saudi Arabia to guard the oil-rich desert kingdom against a possible invasion by Iraq.

1994: The 10th International Conference on AIDS opened in Yokohama, Japan.

1998: Terrorist bombs at U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania killed 224 people, including 12 Americans.

1998 The Federal Aviation Administration, in a follow-up to the probe of the 1996 explosion that destroyed TWA Flight 800, ordered the inspection of Boeing 747 fuel tanks.