Originally created 07/04/99

Answers to the citizenship test


Here are answers to the 50 questions on U.S. history and government.

1. What are the colors of our flag? Red, white and blue

2. How many stars are in our flag? 50

3. What do the stripes on the flag mean? They represent the 13 original states.

4. What is the Fourth of July? Independence Day

5. What country did we fight during the Revolutionary War? England

6. Who is the president of the United States? Bill Clinton

7. Who is the vice president of the United States? Al Gore

8. Who elects the president of the United States? The electoral college

9. For how long do we elect the president? Four years

10. What is the Constitution? The supreme law of the land

11. What do we call changes to the Constitution? Amendments

12. What are the branches of our government? Legislative, Executive and Judicial

13. What is the legislative branch of our government? Congress

14. Who makes the laws in the United States? Congress

15. What special group advises the president? The Cabinet

16. How many senators are there in Congress? 100

17. Name the two senators from your state. Paul Coverdell and Max Cleland (Georgia); Strom Thurmond and Fritz Hollings (South Carolina)

18. For how long do we elect each senator? Six years

19. How many representatives are there in Congress? 435

20. For how long do we elect the representatives? Two years

21. What are the duties of the Supreme Court? To interpret laws

22. What is the Bill of Rights? The first 10 amendments to the Constitution

23. Who is the current governor of your state? Roy Barnes (Georgia); Jim Hodges (South Carolina)

24. Who becomes president of the United States if the president and vice president should die? Speaker of the House of Representatives

25. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States? William Rehnquist

26. Name the 13 original states. Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Rhode Island and Maryland.

27. Which countries were our enemies during World War II? Germany, Italy and Japan

28. How many terms can a president serve? Two

29. Who was Martin Luther King Jr.? A civil rights leader

30. According to the Constitution, a person must meet certain requirements in order to be eligible to become president. Name one of these requirements. Must be a natural-born citizen, be at least 35 years old and have lived in the United States for at least 14 years.

31. Who selects the Supreme Court justices? They are appointed by the president with advice and consent from the Senate.

32. How many Supreme Court justices are there? Nine

33. Why did the Pilgrims come to America? For religious freedom

34. What is the head executive of a state government called? Governor

35. Who was the main writer of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson

36. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted? July 4, 1776

37. What is the basic belief of the Declaration of Independence? That all men are created equal

38. Where does the freedom of speech come from? The Bill of Rights

39. What is the minimum voting age in the United States? 18

40. Who signs bills into law? The president

41. What Immigration and Naturalization Service form is used to apply to become a naturalized citizen? Form N-400, Application for Naturalization

42. What is the name of the ship that brought the Pilgrims to America? The Mayflower

43. Name three rights or freedoms guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.

The right of freedom of speech, press, religion, peaceable assembly and requesting change of government.

The right to bear arms (the right to have weapons or own a gun, though subject to certain regulations)

The government may not quarter or house soldiers in the people's homes during peacetime without the people's consent

The government may not search or take a person's property without a warrant.

A person may not be tried twice for the same crime and does not have to testify against himself.

A person charged with a crime still has some rights, such as the right to a trial and to have a lawyer.

The right to trial by jury in most cases.

Protection against excessive or unreasonable fines or cruel and unusual punishment.

The people have rights other than those mentioned in the Constitution.

Any power not given to the federal government by the Constitution is a power of either the state or the people.

44. Who has the power to declare war? Congress

45. In what year was the Constitution written? 1787

46. Name one purpose of the United Nations. For countries to discuss and try to resolve world problems; to provide economic aid.

47. Name one benefit of being a citizen of the United States. Obtain federal government jobs; travel with a United States passport; petition for close relatives to come to the United States to live.

48. Who is the Commander in Chief of the U.S. military? The president

49. How many times may a senator be re-elected? There is no limit.

50. How many times may a U.S. representative be re-elected? There is no limit.


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