1900: Augusta adopted a city ordinance requiring segregated seating on streetcars with black riders in back seats and white riders in front seats.
1927: Dorothy Levy became the first woman to practice law in Augusta.
1792: The New York Stock Exchange was founded by brokers meeting under a tree located on what is now Wall Street.
1814: Norway's constitution was signed, providing for a limited monarchy.
1849: A fire in St. Louis, Mo., destroyed more than 400 buildings and two dozen steamships.
1938: Congress passed the Vinson Naval Act, providing for a two-ocean navy.
1939: Britain's King George VI and Queen Elizabeth arrived in Quebec on the first visit to Canada by reigning British sovereigns.
1940: The Nazis occupied Brussels, Belgium, during World War II.
1946: President Truman seized control of the nation's railroads, delaying a threatened strike by engineers and trainmen.
1948: The Soviet Union recognized the new state of Israel.
1954: The Supreme Court issued its landmark "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka" ruling, which held that racially segregated public schools were inherently unequal.
1973: The Senate opened its hearings into the Watergate scandal.
1987: 37 American sailors were killed when an Iraqi warplane attacked the U.S. Navy frigate Stark in the Persian Gulf. Iraq and the U.S. called the attack a mistake.
1989: More than 1 million people swarmed into central Beijing to express support for Chinese students fasting for democracy.
1989: A court in Frankfurt, West Germany, sentenced Mohammed Ali Hamadi to life in prison for his role in the 1985 TWA hijacking.
1994: The U.N. Security Council approved a peacekeeping force and an arms embargo for violence-racked Rwanda.
1998: Leaders of the Group of Eight nations ended their summit in Birmingham, England, with a plea to Pakistan not to respond in kind to India's five nuclear explosions.
1998: New York Yankees pitcher David Wells became the 13th player in modern major league baseball history to throw a perfect game as he retired all 27 batters he faced in a 4-0 victory over the Minnesota Twins.