Originally created 02/19/99

This day in the millennium -- February 21

Today's Highlight in History:

On Feb. 21, 1965, former Black Muslim leader Malcolm X was shot to death in New York by assassins identified as Black Muslims.

On this date:

In 1866, Lucy B. Hobbs became the first woman to graduate from a dental school, the Ohio College of Dental Surgery in Cincinnati.

In 1878, the first telephone directory was issued, by the District Telephone Company of New Haven, Conn.

In 1885, the Washington Monument was dedicated.

In 1916, the World War I Battle of Verdun began in France.

In 1925, The New Yorker magazine made its debut.

In 1947, Edwin H. Land publicly demonstrated his Polaroid Land camera, which could produce a black-and-white photograph in 60 seconds.

In 1972, President Nixon began his historic visit to China.

In 1973, Israeli fighter planes shot down a Libyan Airlines jet over the Sinai Desert, killing more than 100 people.

In 1988, television evangelist Jimmy Swaggart tearfully confessed to his congregation in Baton Rouge, La., that he was guilty of an unspecified sin, and said he was leaving the pulpit temporarily. (Reports linked Swaggart to an admitted prostitute, Debra Murphree.)

In 1992, Kristi Yamaguchi won the gold medal in ladies' figure skating at the Albertville Olympics; Midori Ito of Japan won the silver, Nancy Kerrigan, the bronze.

Ten years ago: President Bush called Ayatollah Khomeini's death warrant against "Satanic Verses" author Salman Rushdie "deeply offensive to the norms of civilized behavior."

Five years ago: With Bosnian Serbs complying with a NATO ultimatum to remove heavy guns near Sarajevo, President Clinton promised renewed efforts to help "reinvigorate the peace process."

One year ago: U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan began formal talks with Iraqi officials in the standoff over weapons inspections.

Today's Birthdays: Fashion designer Hubert de Givenchy is 72. Movie director Bob Rafelson is 66. Singer Nina Simone is 66. Actress Rue McClanahan is 65. Actor Gary Lockwood is 62. Actor-director Richard Beymer is 60. Actor Peter McEnery is 59. Recording executive David Geffen is 56. Actor Alan Rickman is 53. Actress Tyne Daly is 53. Tricia Nixon Cox is 53. Sen. Olympia J. Snowe, R-Maine, is 52. Rock musician Jerry Harrison (The Heads) is 50. Actor William Petersen is 46. Actor Kelsey Grammer is 44. Country singer Mary-Chapin Carpenter is 41. Rock singer Ranking Roger (General Public, English Beat) is 38. Actor William Baldwin is 36. Blues musician Corey Harris is 30. Rock musician Eric Wilson (Sublime) is 29. Actress Jennifer Love Hewitt ("Party of Five") is 20.

Thought for Today: "You can't separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless he has his freedom." -- Malcolm X (1925-1965).


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