1516 -- Mary Tudor, the Queen of England popularly known as "Bloody Mary," was born in Greenwich Palace.
1546 -- Martin Luther, leader of the Protestant Reformation in Germany, died.
1564 -- the artist Michelangelo died in Rome.
1861 -- Jefferson Davis was sworn in as president of the Confederate States of America in Montgomery, Ala.
1885 -- Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" was published in the United States for the first time.
1930 -- the ninth planet of our solar system, Pluto, was discovered.
1960 -- the Winter Olympic Games were formally opened in Squaw Valley, Calif., by Vice President Nixon.
1970 -- the Chicago Seven defendants were found innocent of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention.
1972 -- the California Supreme Court struck down the state's death penalty.
1977 -- the space shuttle Enterprise, sitting atop a Boeing 747, went on its maiden "flight" above the Mojave Desert.
1988 -- Anthony M. Kennedy was sworn in as the 104th justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1989 -- Author Salman Rushdie, under a death sentence from Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini for his book "The Satanic Verses," expressed regret for any distress he'd caused Muslims.
1994 -- President Clinton notified Congress he was prepared to order bombing by U.S. warplanes in Bosnia. At the Winter Olympic Games in Norway, speedskater Dan Jansen finally won a gold medal, breaking the world record in the 1,000 meters.
1998 -- President Clinton's foreign policy team encountered jeers during a town meeting at Ohio State University while trying to defend the administration's threat to bomb Iraq into compliance with UN weapons edicts. Sportscaster Harry Caray died in Rancho Mirage, Calif., at age 83.