1763-- France ceded Canada to England under the Treaty of Paris, which ended the French and Indian War.
1840 -- Britain's Queen Victoria married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
1846 -- members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the Mormons, began an exodus from Illinois to the west.
1933 -- the first singing telegram was introduced by the Postal Telegram Co. in New York.
1942 -- the former French liner Normandie capsized in New York Harbor a day after it caught fire while being refitted for the U.S. Navy.
1942 -- RCA Victor presented Glenn Miller and his Orchestra with a "gold record" for their recording of "Chattanooga Choo Choo," which had sold more than 1 million copies.
1949 -- Arthur Miller's play "Death of a Salesman" opened at Broadway's Morosco Theater.
1962 -- the Soviet Union exchanged captured American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers for Rudolph Ivanovich Abel, a Soviet spy held by the United States.
1967-- the 25th Amendment to the Constitution, dealing with presidential disability and succession, went into effect.
1968 -- Peggy Fleming of the United States won the gold medal in ladies' figure skating at the Winter Olympic Games in Grenoble, France.
1981-- eight people were killed and 198 injured, when fire broke out at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel-casino.
1989 -- Ron Brown was elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee, becoming the first black to head a major U.S. political party.
1994 -- The Senate approved $8.6 billion in relief for victims of the Los Angeles earthquake. The House approved the measure the next day, and President Clinton signed it the day after that.
1998 -- Dr. David Satcher was confirmed by the Senate to be surgeon general. Voters in Maine become the first to repeal a state gay rights law. Monica Lewinsky's mother, Marcia Lewis, testified before the grand jury investigating her daughter's alleged affair with President Clinton. Speedskater Hiroyasu Shimizu won Japan's first gold medal of the Nagano Olympics, in the 500-meter event.
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