1799 - The Sweetwater Ironworks is for sale in Columbia County.
1811 - Augusta's Catholic Church Lottery has been authorized by the Georgia Legislature (for the purpose of building a church).
1876 - City Court abolished by Augusta City Council (County Court sufficient to handle cases).
1887 - Enterprise Factory establishes a school for children of workers.
1898 - Rev. C.T. Walker creating sensation as revivalist in Kansas City.
1915 - Permanent film studio may be located in Augusta. Interior scenes for film The New Governor being shot by Edgar Lewis, then for Ingomar and Verginues.
1939 - Announcement that a Catholic hospital is planned.
1784 -- in a letter to his daughter, Benjamin Franklin expressed unhappiness over the choice of the eagle as the symbol of America, and expressed his own preference: the turkey.
1788 -- the first European settlers in Australia, led by Capt. Arthur Phillip, landed in present-day Sydney.
1802 -- Congress passed an act calling for a library to be established within the U.S. Capitol.
1837 -- Michigan became the 26th state.
1841-- Britain formally occupied Hong Kong, which the Chinese had ceded to the British.
1861-- Louisiana seceded from the Union.
1870 -- Virginia rejoined the Union.
1911-- the Richard Strauss opera "Der Rosenkavalier" premiered in Dresden, Germany.
1942-- the first American expeditionary force to go to Europe during World War II went ashore in Northern Ireland.
1950 -- India officially proclaimed itself a republic as Rajendra Prasad took the oath of office as president.
1962 -- the United States launched Ranger III to land scientific instruments on the moon, but the probe missed its target by some 22,000 miles.
1979 -- former Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller died in New York at age 70.
1989 -- L. Douglas Wilder, the lieutenant governor of Virginia, launched his successful campaign to become the first elected black governor of a U.S. state.
1994 -- Russian President Boris Yeltsin accepted the resignation of Finance Minister Boris Fyodorov, who warned of economic collapse and social unrest. A scare occurred during a visit to Sydney, Australia, by Britain's Prince Charles as a young man lunged at the prince, firing two blank shots from a starter's pistol.
1998 -- President Clinton forcefully denied having an affair with a White House intern, telling reporters, "I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky." Clinton also said he "never told anybody to lie." Stung by a drop in profits, AT&T said it would cut at least 15,000 jobs, freeze executive salaries and shake up management to reduce costs.