1791 - County of Columbia divided into districts.
1791 - Francis Willis, Abraham Baldwin and Anthony Wayne elected to Congress.
1846 - The grand jury complains that Summerville is being neglected by the police.
1861 - Chronicle records Georgia's secession. Demonstrations of joy at news of secession. Many houses illuminated. Fireworks in evidence. Big Steve rung. Military bands.
1865 - Lt. Gen. William Hardee informed Georgia Gov. Brown that Savannah cotton had fallen to enemy, and that Augusta cotton should be destroyed in case Augusta was endangered.
1895 - Tubman still the "brag" school, has been enlarged. Evans claims that course of study is as high as the junior class of any Southern college.
1896 - Yip Sing, Chinese merchant, brutally murdered by hatchet and butcher knife.
1939 - Augusta Country Club hosts Women Titlists Golf Tournament for third year. Patty Berg has won all three.
1951 - Gov. Talmadge asks the Georgia Legislature to withhold funds from schools, including colleges, in which races are allowed to mix.
1801 -- John Marshall was appointed chief justice of the United States.
1839 -- Chile defeated a confederation of Peru and Bolivia in the Battle of Yungay.
1841 -- the island of Hong Kong was ceded to Great Britain. It returned to Chinese control in July 1997.
1887 -- the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.
1896 -- comedian George Burns was born Nathan Birnbaum in New York City.
1936 -- Britain's King George V died; Edward VIII succeeded him.
1942 -- Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their "final solution" that called for exterminating Europe's Jews.
1949 -- President Truman was sworn in for a second term of office. In his inaugural address, Truman branded communism a "false philosophy" as he outlined his program for U.S. world leadership.
1981-- Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.
1986 -- the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
1986 -- Britain and France announced plans to build the Channel Tunnel.
1989 -- George Bush was sworn in as the 41st president of the United States; Dan Quayle was sworn in as vice president.
1994 -- Robert B. Fiske Jr. was appointed by Attorney General Janet Reno to investigate President and Mrs. Clinton's Arkansas land deals. Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend classes at The Citadel in South Carolina. She joined the cadet corps in August 1995, under court order, but soon dropped out, citing isolation and stress.
1998 -- A jury was selected in Amarillo, Texas, to hear a multi-million-dollar lawsuit filed by Texas cattlemen against talk show host Oprah Winfery over on-air comments about beef safety.