The England of the first Elizabeth is a dark and sensuous place; the court lives intimately with treachery, and cloaks itself in shadows and rude luxury. As seen through the fresh eyes of an Indian director, Shekhar Kapur, Elizabeth is not a light Masterpiece Theater production, but one steeped in rich, saturated colors and emotions. The texture of the film is enough to recommend it, even apart from the story.
Cate Blanchett stars as Elizabeth I, who in 1558, at the age of 25, took the throne of a Catholic country, declared it Protestant, fought off assassination by the French, the Spanish, her rivals and the pope, and ruled for 45 years. She succeeded, the film demonstrates, by learning on the job, growing from a naive girl to a willful strategist.
She was known as the Virgin Queen. Virginity for her, as for so many, was something she grew into. As the film opens, she frolics with her lover, Robert Dudley (Joseph Fiennes), and her ardor only subsides as she realizes no man loves the queen of England only for herself. She is contemptuous of such other suitors as the duke of Anjou (Vincent Cassel), who sees marriage as a social move and is surprised while frolicking in a frock.
The screenplay provides a series of hard-edged conversations in which Elizabeth's enemies conspire against her and her friends urgently counsel her, while she teaches herself to tell true allies from false ones. She is much helped in the beginning by white-bearded old Sir William Cecil (Richard Attenborough), although there comes a time when he must be put to pasture, and Sir William accepts this news with humility that is truly touching.
Then the lurking, sinister Sir Francis Walsingham (Geoffrey Rush) moves to her side, and brilliantly helps guide her to triumph. He's instrumental to the plot, even though his role is at first murky. After Elizabeth's arch-rival Mary of Guise (Fanny Ardant) sends her a poisoned dress, which luckily claims the life of another, it is Sir Francis who adroitly convinces Mary he will betray Elizabeth. Francis and Mary spend a night together, and in the morning Mary is dead.
The movie, indeed, compresses and rewrites history at its own convenience. What it gets right is the performance by Cate Blanchett, who uncannily comes to resemble the great monarch. She is saucy and heedless at the first, headstrong when she shouldn't be, but smart and able to learn. By the end she has outsmarted everyone and become one of the rare early female heads of state to rule successfully without an alliance with a man.
Shekhar Kapur, who directed The Bandit Queen (1995), about a fierce modern Indian Robin Hood, here clothes Elizabeth, her court and her architecture in the colors and texture of medieval India. The film is largely set in vast, echoing halls, their pillars reaching up into the shadows. He is attentive to the rustle of dresses and the clank of armor, gives us a barge on the Thames like a houseboat on a lake in Kashmir. Action is glimpsed through iron filigree screens, dresses are rich with embroidery, hairstyles are ornately elaborate, and yet there is the feeling that just out of sight of these riches are the rats in the kitchen and the slop-pots in the halls. This is not the Ye Olde approach, but a society still inventing gentility; sex is so linked with politics that old Sir William demands to inspect Elizabeth's sheets every morning to keep tabs on possibly alarming developments in her private life.
At the end of the film, Elizabeth announces, "I have become a virgin." And so she remained, ruling over and in some sense creating the England that gave us Shakespeare. Think what a play he might have written about her if commoners had been allowed to create characters out of reigning monarchs. No doubt he retired in sheer frustration.