Logano posted a lap at 124.630 mph in his Toyota to earn the first starting spot for Sunday's race. His previous best qualifying effort was fifth at Darlington last year.
"I have always been fast here," he said. "I've always been fast and I've always been caught up in a wreck or knocked the fender and blew a tire, stubbed in the nose, blew a motor -- I've about done it all here besides have an uneventful race."
Kurt Busch, winner of the last race two weeks ago at Atlanta, qualified second with a lap at 123.857 in his Dodge. He's off to a fast start to the season with new crew chief Steve Addington, who led Busch's brother, Kyle, to a pair of wins at Bristol last year.
Kurt Busch is a five-time winner at Bristol, but hasn't been to Victory Lane here since 2006.
"We're surprised by the lap that we ran, and to be second overall was Steve throwing a couple of things at the car last minute that he was comfortable with," Busch said. "Overall, we exceeded our expectations. I didn't think that we'd be sitting on the front row after our qualifying run but, hey, here we are."
Dave Blaney qualified third at 123.849.
Blaney qualified fourth here last August, but had trouble getting up to speed at the start, narrowly avoided causing an accident at the front of the field, and finished 43rd after running just eight laps.