From the Archives: Pendleton King Park (1970-2015)
Before it became a park in the 1960s, the land on Troupe Street was designated a bird sanctuary in memory of Pendleton King.
The land was part of a plantation originally owned by John Pendleton King, a judge and member of the U.S. Senate who aided in the development of the Georgia Railroad, the Georgia Railroad Bank, the Augusta Canal and King Mill.
When King bought the plantation from the Bugg family, it contained a three-story mansion, brick slave quarters, the Bugg family cemetery (still present today), stables and a pond.
When King died, his son, Henry Barclay King, inherited the estate. He and his wife, Elizabeth, had one son, John Pendleton King II – Pendleton, as he was called.
Pendleton served as an Army liaison officer in Paris during WW-I. In 1912, while he was away, the masion burned down. His parents moved to a Sand Hills cottage with the expectation that Pendleton would rebuild the house when he returned. But three weeks after he came home from the war, in 1919, he saved one of two women who were drowning in Lake Elizabeth (also still on the property). He was unable to save the second woman, but following the incident he became ill and died during a violent fit of coughing, likely of a brain aneurysm.
He was 29 years old, and his heartbroken parents never rebuilt the mansion. They willed 64 acres of the land to be used as a bird sanctuary in memory of their son, Pendleton King.