Today in History - July 25

1 of 57

French aviator Louis Bleriot nearing the French coast as he attempts to fly across the English Channel, July 25, 1909. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

2 of 57

A huge mushroom cloud rises above Bikini atoll in the Marshall Islands July 25, 1946 following an atomic test blast, part of the U.S. military's "Operation Crossroads." The dark spots in foreground are ships that were placed near the blast site to test what an atom bomb would do to a fleet of warships. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

3 of 57

Moses "Lefty" Grove, star hurler of the Philadelphia Athletics is shown, July 25, 1929. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

4 of 57

Italian Premier-dictator Benito Mussolini reviews troops before the national Italian monument in honor of the 68th birthday of King Victor Emmanuel in Rome, Italy, Nov. 11, 1937. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

5 of 57

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

6 of 57

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

7 of 57

The Italian luxury liner Andrea Doria keels far over to starboard before sinking 225 feet to the bottom of the Atlantic 45 miles off Nantucket Island, Ma., July 26, 1956. The Andrea Doria was struck broadside by the Swedish-American liner Stockholm in heavy fog July 25 at 11:10 p.m.. (AP Photo/John Rooney)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

8 of 57

Bill Dudley, left, of Gridiron Fame, and his bride-to-be Elizabeth L. Leininger of Lynchburg, Va., chat, July 25, 1947. Former All-American football star Dudley is now backfield coach at the University of Virginia. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

9 of 57

The military convoy moves towards Vienna's town hall, to take coffin holding the body of Austrian Chancellor Dr. Engelbert Dollfuss, which lies in state here during the funeral procession here in Vienna, Austria, July 28, 1934. Dr. Dollfuss was assassinated during a long planned coup by Otto Planetta July 25, 1934, in the Vienna Chancellery. Dr. Dollfuss bled to death as he was denied medical assistance. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

10 of 57

View of Cleveland Indians new Lake Front Stadium home in the lake front stadium on July 25, 1932 in Ohio. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

11 of 57

Joan Le Sueur, 3, has moved into the home of her aunt, Joan Crawford, and the screen actress' husband, Franchot Tone, and will be their star boarder for the duration of the summer “at least.” The actress is pictured with her niece and namesake in Culver City, Calif., July 25, 1937. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

12 of 57

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

13 of 57

China's Chairman Mao Tse-tung, front, swims in the Yangtze River in this July 25, 1966 photo. Mao, the leader and revolutionary strategist of the Chinese communist revolution, died in 1976. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

14 of 57

France's Lucien Tesseire leads Giovanni Corrieri of Italy across Place Georges Clemenceau, in Paris, about a mile from the finish of the last lap of the Tour De France, July 25, 1948. Corrieri overtook Tesseire before the finish and won the lap. (AP Photo/Aubry)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

15 of 57

Communist representations stand inside the barn-like interior of the armistice hall near two tables as they talk together on July 25, 1953. The tables are the only furniture in the big hall but it is not known whether they will be based for the signing ceremony. (AP Photo/Hamm)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

16 of 57

Marie Beiser, Baltimore native, took a personal hand in collecting scrap aluminum for defense purposes, July 25, 1941. Among the articles she added to a pile of castoffs gathered by her mother was an old aluminum beer keg of the pre-prohibition era. Marie was "Miss Maryland" in the 1940 Atlantic City beauty pageant. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

17 of 57

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

18 of 57

General view of one section of the shelters, deep under the city of London, July 25, 1944. When completed, the shelters will provide sleeping accommodations for 40,000 persons. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

19 of 57

A United States Army Air Force Flying Fortress soars over the head of cheering members of ground crew at an American bomber station in Great Britain, July 25, 1942, where the American fliers are preparing for action against the Nazis. American troops and equipment, now based in England and Northern Ireland, have increased talk of a second front in then a future. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

20 of 57

Japanese planes paid yet another visit Canton,and swept over the town killing and wounding many, sent a hail of bombs and bullets tracing their horrible way through the crowded life on the wharfside. Rescue workers were engaged for hours sorting out the remains of their friends from the remains of their boats and homes afterwards. Rescue squads at work along the river front on Honam Island, with skyline of Canton in background, following the Japanese bombing, on July 25, 1938. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

21 of 57

Irish born motor racer Kaye Don winning the Classic Gold Cup, on the waters of Lake George, near New York, on july 25, 1936, in the boat Impshi. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

22 of 57

A four engined bomber was about to attack a convoy in the Atlantic when sighted by a Lockhead Hudson Aircraft of the Royal air Force Coastal Command. Closing in at full throttle, the Hudson opened fire at point-blank range. Fire broke out in the raider, it turned steeply to starboard, lost height and crashed into the sea, July 25, 1941. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

23 of 57

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

24 of 57

A family is seen outside of their wooden home in the slum area known as "El Fanguito" or "The Mud" in San Juan, Puerto Rico in this January 1942 photo. Photographer Jack Delano was hired by the Farm Security Administration to document the plight of the worker in 1941 in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In the first half of the 20th century agriculture was the mainstay of the economy in Puerto Rico. Butafter World War II, PuertoRico started "Operation Bootstrap" with U.S.tax breaks, reorienting its economy from farming to manufacturing. Puerto Rico celebrates the 50th year of its constitution which established Puerto Rico as a "Free Associated State"July 25. (AP Photo/Library of Congress, Jack Delano)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

25 of 57

American troops leave a troop transport by nets into an LSU enroute to a landing in Korea on July 25, 1950. (AP Photo/U.S. Army)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

26 of 57

Young Londoners, in a shelter against Hitler?s robot bombs, crowd the canteen for refreshments, deep under the city of London, July 25, 1944. When completed, the shelters will provide sleeping accommodations for 40,000 persons. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

27 of 57

Carnegie Hall, the Manhattan home of the Philharmonic Orchestra, and scene of many historic concerts, brought about five million dollars at its sale shown in New York, July 25, 1956. The 65-year-old building, bounded by the busy 57th Street crosstown thoroughfare in left foreground and Seventh Ave., stretching south at the right, may be torn down to make way for a business building if the Philharmonic decides to move to the proposed new Lincoln Square performing arts center. (AP Photo/Dan Grossi)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

28 of 57

A view of the Italian warship 'Conte De Cavour' seen over the gun turrets of the battleship 'Cesare' on July 25, 1940. Both vessels fled for safety to their naval bases after meeting the British fleet in the Mediterranean. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

29 of 57

Heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson does a little shadow boxing at his training camp in Greenwood Lake, New York July 25, 1957 to give visiting youngsters from nearby boy’s camp a few pointers on the art of self defense. Patterson will make his title defense against challenger Tommy (Hurricane) Jackson on July 29 at the Polo Grounds in New York City. Jackson won a split decision in a previous non-title fight. (AP Photo/RH)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

30 of 57

Troopers of the 8th Spahi regiment crowd on the deck of steamer Georgic in Algiers Harbor, Algeria, July 25, 1955. The regiment, which has been stationed in Indochina for the past five years, is being shipped back to Algeria to support the anti-terrorist repression. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

31 of 57

French flyer Louis Bleriot, left, stands in front of his plane after landing on a golf course near Dover, England, on Sunday, July 25, 1909. Bleriot flew from Les Baraques, a village near Calais, France, to Dover in his monoplane, becoming the first aviator to cross the English Channel in a heavier-than-air machine. The man at right is not identified. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

32 of 57

At Nha Trang, Vietnam, an Army Special Force school operated by the 5th Special Forces group puts its 48 free World Military Forces students through a guerilla three-week course in the techniques of long-range reconnaissance patrolling, July 25, 1967. Here some of the students work at rope-ladder climbing during an infiltration drill. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

33 of 57

British Ambassador Sir Ronald Lindsay arriving at Washington Cathedral, on July 25, 1938, for the memorial service for Queen Marie of Romania. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

34 of 57

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

35 of 57

American General Lee tank of an Hussar regiment on the El Alamein battle-front, Egypt on July 25, 1942. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

36 of 57

This handout photo from the U.S. Air Force, shows the water column from the underwater atom bomb blast in the lagoon of the Bikini Atoll Islands rise through the disintegrating vapor cloud, on July 25, 1946. The cloud formed a derby-like mantle around the column for an instant, then disappeared quickly. The water mushroomed out after the column reached a height of 5,500 feet and fell back into the lagoon to engulf most of ships of the target fleet. Two of the ships are at right, at the edge of the shock wave which rippled out over the surface of the lagoon from the rising water column. Bikini Island, about three miles from the point of the explosion, is in the background. (AP Photo/U.S. Air Force)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

37 of 57

Malcolm MacDonald, the Minister of Health, accepted part of a fleet of 260 fully equipped motorized ambulances, the gift of the American Ambulance of Great Britain. This magnificent gift to the Allied war effort was formally presented by Wallace B. Phillips, the director-general of the American Ambulance, at their headquarters at Grosvenor Gardens, London. The long line of ambulances which were presented at Grosvenor Gardens in London, July 25, 1940. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

38 of 57

Vice President Richard M. Nixon and family, waving getting off plane arrival, July 25, 1960 at Chicago Airport for Republican Convention with wife, Pat, and their daughters, Julia and Patricia. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

39 of 57

General view of Japan's Kawasaki Steelmill of Nihon Kokan Company July 25, 1963. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

40 of 57

Wave Seamen await their final orders before pulling their boats from the dock at the San Diego Naval Air Station on July 25, 1944. Among those qualified to run the boats are (left to right) Rosemary Miley, of Sheboygan Falls, Wis., Vernice Delzer, of Lodi, Calif., Margaret Langford, of Arlington, Va. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

41 of 57

American soldiers wave their helmets, cheering allied bombers flying over Isigny on their way to take part in the 3,000-plane bombardment of Nazi installations west of St. Lo, opening the new American offensive on July 25, 1944. (AP Photo/Richard Boyer)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

42 of 57

A new type of air raid shelter, of strong construction but elegant design, is being marketed in Great Britain. Known as the Bison Wattle Shelter, it consists of a circular wall of reinforced concrete between two walls of wattle hurdling, with a concrete floor and roof. Walls and roof are twelve inches thick, providing substantial protection. The shelter accommodates seven people and costs approximately £50 , around $250 to build. Mr. J. Henderson Stewar, left, helping place a sliding door in position on the concrete and wattle shelter erected in the grounds of his country home at Woldingham, Surrey, on July 25, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

43 of 57

Workmen removing the extensive disguise covering from the main part of the Douglas Aircraft plant and parking space in Santa Monica, California on July 25, 1945. Poles and ventilators which project from roof were concealed by artificial trees. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

44 of 57

Screen comedian Jerry Lewis takes a picture of his wife, Patti inside the Colosseum in Rome on July 25, 1953. The comedian, who is usually teamed with Dean Martin, is in Italy on a few days vacation. This morning he took a sightseeing tour of Rome and took many photos of what he saw. (AP Photo/Walter Attenni)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

45 of 57

A spring cleanup of the Times Square area of New York by city officials and businessmen's group is still continuing and showing signs of ridding the area of undesirables to make it safe as a Mecca for tourists. Times Square is shown as night lights of amusements houses begin to glow on July 25, 1966. (AP Photo/David Pickoff0

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

46 of 57

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

47 of 57

Lefty Grove warms up before winning his 10th at Boston on July 25, 1941. (AP Photo/Abe Fox)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

48 of 57

This island, between Iran and Arabia in an arm of the Arabian Sea, is the pearl center of the world and one of the North African Air Transport Command Division’s most picturesque bases. GI’s stationed there have learned to dive for precious gems, send them home as souvenirs or sell them to local traders. Inexperienced divers cannot stand the pressure of the deep seas bottom, but there are pearl oysters here 25 feet beneath the surface in places in Bahrein. Two GI’s dive from a boat anchored over pearl oyster beds while natives and buddies watch July 25, 1945. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

49 of 57

Sen. John F. Kennedy (D-Mass.) is shown with wife, Jacqueline, who reads to their daughter Caroline, at Hyannis Port, Mass., July 25, 1960. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

50 of 57

While her twin-sister Patricia marches off toward the oversized shoe from the fairytale “The Old Lady in the Shoe,” 2½-year-old Paulette Smith of Long Island, New York examines the contents of the fictionalized family cooking pot, July 25, 1955. The full-scale reproduction of the fairytale is one of many at Fairytown in Middle Island, New York. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

51 of 57

A woman spectator, right, lined up with the honor guard as General Douglas MacArthur walked from Boston’s South Station on July 25, 1951, following arrival in city. The general is making a two-day visit to New England and is scheduled to speak to the Massachusetts legislature. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

52 of 57

Willa McGuire, women’s world water ski champion and star ballerina of the marine revue, laughs for the audience as she neatly balances on one foot and is pulled along by the other, at the marine stadium at Jones Beach, L.I., N.Y., July 25, 1967. (AP Photo/Ed Ford)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

53 of 57

Hitler’s peace offensive, like his previous threats, fell completely flat in this country. Sure and prepared, Britain now awaits, in confedence, the worst that Hitler can do. Preparations for air raid precautions have been keeping pace with the rest of our war effort, and London’s main thoroughfares are now provided with adequate blast and splinter-proof shelters, strongly constructed of brick and concrete. A big shelter that has been built in the center of lower Regent Street, in London, July 25, 1940. Others can seen under construction further down the street. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

54 of 57

After the French Tunisian battle which took place these days at Bizerta, Tunisia on July 25, 1961, View over a long file of jeeps in which French paratroopers rest at last, at the start of the “cease fire.” (AP Photo/Pring)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

55 of 57

FILE- Louise Brown, the world's first test tube baby in this photo dated July 25, 1978, soon after her birth at Oldham General Hospital in Manchester, England, following pioneered work by the hospital's gynecologist, Patrick Steptoe and Cambridge physiologist Robert Edwards. Test-tube baby pioneer Robert Edwards of Britain has won the 2010 Nobel Prize in medicine it is announced Monday Oct. 4, 2010. (AP Photo/file)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

56 of 57

Pickets raise their arms, chained together and locked, as they sit in protest at construction site in the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City on July 27, 1963. They protested what they called job discrimination in New York. Police cut the chains and arrested the pickets on July 25. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

57 of 57

Barbed wire, erected against the threat of invasion on a beach somewhere in England, July 25, 1941, forms a frame for this seaside scene as British swimming enthusiasts take advantage of the warm summer weather to indulge in their favorite sport. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

This Week's Circulars