Today in History - July 24

1 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

2 of 51

This is a photo of the 300,000-candle power Montauk Lighthouse on Long Island, N.Y., on July 24, 1945. One of America's first lighthouses, it was established in 1799. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

3 of 51

Marines of the Women's Reserve settle in their barracks while talking things over after their first day at Camp Lejeune, N.C., on July 24, 1943. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

4 of 51

U.S. troops of the 1st Army go in for the kill after knocking out a giant Tiger (Mark VI) tank on the Periers front on July 24, 1944. Smoke rises from the immobilized tank as it falls prey of the Americans. In the background is seen a French house shattered during the battle. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

5 of 51

Secretary of the Department of Overseas Trade R. S. Hudson, admitted that he had worked out the German peace loan scheme, at the Department of Overseas Trade, London, on July 24, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

6 of 51

President Franklin D. Roosevelt appeals to the nation via radio for immediate enrollment of all employers under the blanket agreement to raise wages and create jobs, July 24, 1933, in Washington. Within an hour 300 promises had been received. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

7 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

8 of 51

General view of oilfields at Moreni, in the heart of Rumanian oil producing belt ,on July 24, 1938. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

9 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

10 of 51

Germans stepping out of the West Point in Lisbon, Portugal on July 24, 1941. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

11 of 51

Sixty Civil Air Patrol cadets arrived at Rhine-Main Air Base in Frankfurt am Main, Germany on July 24, 1953. They are on a three-week tour of European countries, including England, Germany, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Italy, Spain, Greece, Turkey, Switzerland, France and the Netherlands. In exchange, a group of 60 cap cadets from these 12 countries left for a three-week visit to air force bases in the U.S., on July 25. (AP Photo/Albert Riethausen)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

12 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

13 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

14 of 51

Chow line at the WAAC headquarters in North Africa, July 24, 1943. From left to right are: Helen Marsh, of Vincennes, Ind., dishes the coffee to Sgt. Doris Callahan, of Philadelphia, Pa. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

15 of 51

After successfully establishing beachheads in the invasion of Sicily, American troops file on both sides of a road toward the interior of the Italian island on July 24, 1943. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

16 of 51

American Red Cross nurses and U.S. Marines, rescued when the SS Maasdam was torpedoed, stroll about London after their arrival, July 24, 1941. The nurses left to right are: Margaret Malloy of Chicago, Mary Ann Sullivan of Boston and Frances Bacon of Farmington, Michigan. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

17 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

18 of 51

Making a study of chair comfort, Robert E. Lewis, associate physicist at the Armour Research Foundation, in Chicago, Ill., July 24, 1950 takes notes on the sitting pattern of Judy Blumenthal as recorded by the “sitz” meter he devised. The lights on the panel respond to pressure on tiny microphones in a pad on the chair. Body weight distribution on the pad is indicated by the pattern of the lights. The information obtained is used by scientists to design more comfortable chairs. The institute’s study is sponsored by the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Lewis and his co-workers won first prize of $2,500 in a design contest sponsored by the museum. Their research entry was a 156-page study of sitting comfort. (AP Photo/Edward Kitch)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

19 of 51

Art Pennington, African American Baseball Player who has been purchased by Portland, Ore. Beavers, from Chicago Giants, African American team July 24, 1949. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

20 of 51

Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt watches her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt signing a deed at Hyde Park, N.Y., July 24, 1939 giving to the government the title to 12 acres of land on the Roosevelt family estate to be the site of a library that will house more than 6,000,000 of the Chief Executive's official documents and manuscripts. Mrs. Roosevelt also signed the deed, which will be sent to Europe for the signature of the president's mother, visiting abroad. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

21 of 51

Tempelhof Airport in Berlin, Germany is seen from the air during the Berlin Airlift operations, July 24, 1948. The light strip running across the field is the new 5,000-foot runway, which is under construction. The huge airport is right in the center of the city, with residential sections that come right up to the hangers. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

22 of 51

Two American soldiers line up a 3.5 rocket launcher bazooka along the battlefront somewhere in Korea, July 24, 1950. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

23 of 51

Hazel Scott, 25, Night club singer and Actress, and Rep. Adam Clayton Powell,46, obtain a marriage license in Stamford, Conn., July 24, 1945. They plan to be married on August 1. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

24 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

25 of 51

Ben Hogan and his wife, Valerie, wave as they board an American Airlines plane at La Guardia Field, New York, July 24, 1953 for flight home to Ft. Worth, Texas, after his New York reception. Hogan, a holder of golf's Triple Crown--The U.S. Open, The Master's and the British Open. Hogan said he expected to "rest up for two weeks and then give some exhibition games. After that, some fishing." (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

26 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

27 of 51

Judy Garland, Jackie Cooper, Diane Lewis and Mickey Rooney, from left to right, attend a ball game in Hollywood, Ca., on July 24, 1936. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

28 of 51

Captured German soldier (second from right) looks over the shoulder of the prison at right and registers apparently an incred louo expression at the amount of food being given out to one person and a prisoner on July 24, 1944. Germans in Normandy and are being fed aboard a transport brining them to the United States for internment. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

29 of 51

Army cooks have converted a tiled Korean bath tub into a kitchen in which they prepare meals for the U.N. delegation at Kaesong on July 24, 1951. U.N. correspondents are lined up for rations in the background. The cease-fire meetings, recessed since on Saturday, are expected to get under way again tomorrow. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

30 of 51

A large festival was organized by the board of the Zoo, in Berlin, on July 24, 1935, for children who were having their holidays in the city. Some boys enjoy the sack race. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

31 of 51

Leaving the Morgan County Courthouse, at Decatur,Al, in custody of an Alabama State Policeman, is Charlie Weems, convicted July 24, 1937 sentenced to serve 75 years in one of the Scottsboro cases. Weems and eight other blacks were charged with attacking two female white mill workers, Ruby Bates and Victoria Price, on a freight train. Four of the youths were freed on this day and another sentenced to 20 years on an assault charge. One had already been sentenced to death for the third time, one to serve 75 years and one to serve 99 years. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

32 of 51

Mexican actress Lupe Velez poses with her new pet goat on Santa Catalina Island, off the the coast of Calif., July 24, 1938. Since filing her third and latest divorce suit against actor Johnny Weissmuller, Lupe has been holidaying on the island. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

33 of 51

Baron Jean Empain, one of the world?s wealthiest men, is being held prisoner of war by the Germans in Brussels where he is recovering from wounds received during fighting in Belgium. The Baron who heads 93 industrial societies in Europe, Africa and the Far East, joined the Belgian army as a captain in April. It is reported the baron has lost millions of dollars by war destruction of properties in France. Baron Jean Empain shown on July 24, 1940. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

34 of 51

The road from the “Stilferserjoch Pass," Austria on July 24, 1938. It comes down nearly 9,000 ft. to this point near the Ortler. The Stilferserjoch Pass is the highest in Europe and was the former frontier between Austria and Italy. It was also known as the dreilanderspize (three-country-point), Austria, Italy and Switzerland meeting there. Going down on the road to the south the villages are definitely Italian. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

35 of 51

An object of unusual interest in downtown Elgin, Illinois on July 24, 1941, was this 1914 electric automobile, with aluminum body, donated as a contribution in the nation-wide campaign for collection of aluminum ware. The old-time car was placed on display temporarily. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

36 of 51

John Franklin "Home Run" Baker, July 24, 1934. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

37 of 51

Beatrice Lillie, comedienne, returned from a vacation in England with a new leading man, Reginald Gardiner. They are shown on the deck of the Berengaria on July 24, 1935 in New York. (AP Photo/JF)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

38 of 51

Irish author and playwright George Bernard Shaw in the garden of a hotel in England, on July 24, 1936. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

39 of 51

Rescue and recovery efforts are shown on the SS Eastland excursion boat, which was chartered to take thousands of Western Electric Company's employees to a picnic but capsized just 20 feet from the wharf at Chicago, Ill., July 24, 1915. The death toll was 844, seventy percent of them under age 25. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

40 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

41 of 51

The maneuvers on cactus studded beach at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, begin as U.S. Marines climb down the nets of an Army transport in the bay into a landing boat July 24, 1943. Army men aboard crowded the decks to watch the Marines . (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

42 of 51

Emil Zatopek, the incredible Czech, had just won the 5000-meter race at the Helsinki Olympics Games July 24, 1952. Zatopek went on to set an Olympic precedent by winning the 10,000-meters and Marathon races. Just to keep things in the family, his wife, Dana, won the javelin throw. Finishing second is Alain Mimoun of France (center), followed by Herbert Schade of Germany. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

43 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

44 of 51

Shrouded by Old Glory, and piled high with flowers, the body of an America officer, identified as Major Howie, lies among the ruins of the church in Holy Cross in St. Lo, France on July 24, 1944. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

45 of 51

Luxembourg Palace workers fit a carpet in the Salle des Conferences in Paris, France, July 24, 1946. One of the rooms which will be used by delegates during the forthcoming Peace Conference which commences on July 29 in the Salle des Seances. (AP Photo/Jean-Jacques Levy)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

46 of 51

At a U.S. Base Post Office in North Africa soldiers sort bulk mail for fellow soldiers, July 24, 1943. (AP Photo0

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

47 of 51

Two typical Tyrolian peasants, a very old one and a young one, walking in the street near Meran, on the Brenner Pass frontier, Italy, on July 24, 1938. Both of them speak German, and cannot understand how they became Italians. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

48 of 51

Pictured here are the remains of the Temple of Hercules in the Valley of the Temples, Sicily, Italy, July 24, 1954. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

49 of 51

People carrying banners and waving flags gathered in front of the Royal Palace in Benghazi, Libya on Dec. 24, 1951 during the Independence Day ceremonies. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

50 of 51

Philadelphia residents were treated to this spectacle, as the Wallace bandwagon roamed city streets on July 13, 1948. The float depicts the Democrats' traditional donkey and the Republicans' traditional elephant on “the same old merry-go-round.” It also announces the Wallace-Taylor meeting in Shibe Park, Philadelphia on July 24. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

51 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

This Week's Circulars