Today in History - July 22

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Olympic pole vaulting champion the Rev. Bob Richards of La Verne, Calif., soars over the bar during competition in the Summer Olympic Games at Helsinki, Finland, July 22, 1952. (AP Photo)

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A television tower tops off New York's Empire State Building, 1,472 feet above the street. Two workmen recently climbed the tower to inspect the structural portions of the television mast, July 22, 1954. (AP Photo)

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President Franklin Roosevelt, left, his secretary, Marguerite Lehand, center, and Ambassador to France William C. Bullitt ride from the railroad station to Roosevelt's Hyde Park, N.Y. home, July 22, 1940, after a trip to Washington. (AP Photo)

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Marjorie Jackson of Australia wins the 100-meter dash during the Olympic Games in Helsinki, Finland in this July 22, 1952 photo. Also seen are: Daphne Hasenjager, right, of South Africa, who came in second; Shirley Strickland de la Hunty, second from left, who came in third. At left, Winsome Cripps of Australia came in fourth place; Maria Sander of Germany, behind Jackson, came in fifth. Mae Faggs of the US, behind Hasenjager, was sixth. (AP Photo)

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Challenger Floyd Patterson falls flat on his back on the canvas after being knocked out in first round by heavyweight champion Sonny Liston in Las Vegas, Nev., July 22, 1963. At left is referee Harry Krause. (AP Photo)

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German leader Adolf Hitler shakes hands with Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini as they say goodbye after the dictators met for a conference in Rastenburg, Prussia, July 22, 1944 during World War II. Hitler met with Mussolini shortly after the attempted bomb assassination July 20, from which he escaped with an injury to his right arm and a loss of hearing. At right is Third Reich's Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Reichs Marshal Hermann Goering. (AP Photo)

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Japanese infantrymen dash through a smoke-filled street of Yichang, in eastern China, July 22, 1941, during the Japanese occupation of the Chinese city and port. (AP Photo)

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Milwaukee Police officers lead comedian George Carlin off the Summerfest grounds on Friday, July 22, 1972 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was arrested after using allegedly profane language during his act at Summerfest. He repeated seven words he said could not be used on television. (AP Photo)

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U.S olympic 1500 meter team pose on board the U.S liner 'Manhattan', enroute to the Olympics in Berlin, Germany, July. 22, 1936. From left, Glenn Cunningham, Archie San Romani, Gene Venzke. (AP Photo)

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Wiley Post climbs out of the cockpit of his Lockheed Vega monoplane, Winnie Mae, after completing the first solo flight around the world at Floyd Bennet Field, Long Island, N.Y., midnight, July 22, 1933. Wiley set a new record with the distance of 15,596 miles, 25,099 kilometer, in 7 days, 18 hours, 49 minutes. (AP Photo)

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One of the women bus conductors, who started an instructional course at an L.P.T.B. depot in London on July 22, 1940. Starts to learn her day’s work by collecting fares to the familiar call of “Fares, please!” (AP Photo)

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John Dillinger, center, is handcuffed and guarded in court as his trial date is set for March 12 at Crown Point, Ind., Feb. 9, 1934. Dillinger is charged with the killing a police officer in East Chicago, Indiana. (AP Photo)

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State Trooper Kenneth Gray and George Gunn, assistant in the New York state police crime laboratory on July 22, 1936 take a look inside the barrel of this revolver with the aid of the helixometer. This device makes possible the study of flaws which may have caused corresponding marks on bullets fired from the weapon. (AP Photo/HBR)

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Arthur Hanes, Birmingham, Ala. attorney with his son behind him talks to newsmen outside the Shelby County jail in Memphis, Tennessee on July 22, 1968 after the arraigment of James Earl Ray. Hanes entered a plea of not guilty to the charges of killing Dr. Martin Luther King in Memphis, Tenn. on April 4, 1968. (AP Photo/Bill Hudson)

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Fascist volunteers, with the rebel army, march through Burgos, Northern Spain, on their way to fight the government forces defending Madrid, July 22, 1936. One man is seen giving the fascist salute. (AP Photo)

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In this “war room” deep in the Pentagon maze at Arlington, Virginia on July 22, 1951, top Air Force officers will plan their operations if Russian bombers head for American cities. Behind the sergeant arranging papers on the conference table is an illuminated map of North America. Curtains along walls at left and right conceal huge detailed maps mounted on sliding racks. The walls, floor and ceiling are sound-proofed. The entrance door is of heavy steel and is equipped with a safe combination lock rather than one operated by keys. (AP Photo/Charles Gorry)

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Choreographer Jerome Robbins, second from left, goes through rehearsals for the upcoming Broadway musical "West Side Story," July 22, 1957. Chita Rivera is seen beside Robbins at center. (AP Photo)

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British troops opposing Marshal Rommel’s Axis forces in Egypt fire away with a medium artillery piece, July 22, 1942. Reports from Cairo said most of the actual desert fighting the day before was confined to artillery fire. This picture, from official British sources, was radioed from Cairo to New York. (AP Photo)

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Large beer vats are seized by prohibition agents on West 25th Street in New York City, July 22, 1931. (AP Photo)

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A French paratrooper, armed with a pistol jumps over a fallen Tunisian as he rushes a house held by snipers in a narrow street in Bizerta, Tunisia on July 22, 1961 during mopping up operations. Another paratrooper crouches on a rooftop at left. Later the French and Tunisians negotiated a cease-fire. (AP Photo)

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Atomic energy, used in experimental farming, bring this strange sight to the fields of the Georgia Experiment Station near Griffin, Georgia. W.K. Walker, a laboratory assistant, wearing special clothing rubber gloves and a respirator, drives a tractor equipped with a special Plexiglass hopper to distribute radioactive phosphorus mixed with the other component parts of fertilizer, July 22, 1949. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)

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Police and units of the Kings Own Yorks Light Infantry stand at the closed gates leading to Gibraltar, on July 22, 1936, since the revolt and occupation of the island by native Moorish regiments. (AP Photo)

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John Glenn, first American to orbit the world, and Jacqueline Kennedy, wife of President John F. Kennedy, waterski on a tandem tow on Lewis Bay off Hyannis, Mass., July 22, 1962. The Glenn family are the weekend house guests of Attorney Gen. Robert F. Kennedy. (AP Photo)

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Rock and roll singers for the group The Beatles John Lennon, right, and Paul McCartney, holding the hand of Julian Lennon, walk with actress Jane Ashre across the tarmac following their arrival in Athens, Greece on July 22, 1967. The woman in the background is unidentified. (AP Photo)

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Children ride an old-time train around the 160 acre Disneyland, in Los Angeles, Calif., July 22, 1955. Disneyland opened in doors five days before on July 17. (AP Photo/Edward Kitch)

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The Tennessee Valley Authority's Norris Dam nears completion as shown in this aerial view on July 22, 1935. The dam will be 265 feet high, 1,860 feet long and will create one of the world's largest reservoirs, inundating five counties and creating a lake with an 800-mile shoreline. (AP Photo)

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Great Britain, to prepare civilians for war, staging a war in the South of England. This British mother hears the warning of an Air Raid and Gas attack while out shopping. Quickly she dons a gas mask and fits another over little son’s head, in Portsmouth, on July 22, 1937. (AP Photo)

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Pedestrians run for cover as a bomb blasts the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, obscured by the smoke, July 22, 1946. Terrorists blew up a wing of the hotel which housed the Palestine government secretariat and British government offices. (AP Photo)

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Heavyweight champion Joe Louis signs autograph cards for young fans at Tam O'Shanter Golf Course in Chicago, July 22,1946 after failing to qualify in the amateur field for the All-American Golf Tournament which opened July 25. (AP Photo/Ed Maloney)

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British film producer and director Alfred Hitchcock, peeping behind a garden fork in the lawns of Pinewood Studios, at Iver, Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom on July 22, 1971. It his first visit to the studios for 21 years and he is in residence to make a film called “Frenzy” which starts shooting on Monday, 26th July with London locations at Covent Garden. The film is a suspense thriller about a series of sex murders in London, which he is producing for Universal Pictures. (AP Photo/Bob Dear)

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British Prime Minister Winston Churchill stood proudly in the heart of Berlin, watching British fighting forces march in victory through the streets of the conquered German capital. Churchill took the salute with his chiefs of staff beside him and representatives of the Allies. Even the people of Berlin clapped and cheered. The parade was a triumph for the Desert Rats, Seventh Armoured Division, whose glorious pilgrimage from Alamein to Berlin will go down in history. Winston Churchill and his party in carrier, foreground, returning to the saluting base after making a revue of the parade, down the Charlottenburger Chaussee, in Berlin, on July 22, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Wiley Post waves from an open car during a tickertape parade in his honor up Broadway from Battery Park to City Hall, where he will be greeted by the mayor, in New York City on July 26, 1933. Post made the first solo flight around the world, from July 15 to 22, setting a new record with a distance of 15,596 miles, 25,099 kilometer, in 7 days, 18 hours, 49 minutes. (AP Photo)

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The Canadian Eights crew pulls away toward the start for the final of the Eights event in the British Empire Games, now known as the Commonwealth Games, rowing contests on Lake Padarn, North Wales, July 22, 1958. Canada won the gold in the event. Team members are unidentified. (AP Photo)

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Four teen-age boys sit by equipment that was once used to operate their home-made radio station, WBAD, in Metairie, Louisiana, July 22, 1971. Although they only transmitted for a radius of several blocks they were closed down by the Federal Communications Commission. They youths and their radio names, from left, are “Skinny” Russell Gifford, 13; “Real” Joey Backes, 1; “Strange Brother” Nathan Gifford, 15 and “Phony” Bobby Drew, 13. (AP Photo)

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In this photo provided by the U.S. Army Signal Corps, when Lt. Gen. George S. Patton Jr., commander of the U.S. invasion forces on Sicily, stepped ashore at Gela to lead the attack, July 23, 1943, the first person he met was Sgt. Nathan Pruitt, who was the General's stableboy at Fort Riley, Kansas, many years ago. It was the first time in 10 years since Patton had seen Pruitt, left, in jacket. (AP Photo/U.S. Army Signal Corps)

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When this group of USO performers arrived at a U.S. base in New Guinea on July 22, 1944, they were greeted by the familiar newsmen and photographers reminiscent of their days back in the States. Left to right: George Lait, Int. News Service; June Bruner; Larry Adler; Lewis Bowen, Publicity Director for the American Red Cross; Carole Landis; Will Oursler, Fawcett Publications; Asahel Bush, Associated Press; Martha Tilton; Jack Benny; Jack Mahon, Int. News Service; and Dick Day, Red Cross photographer. (AP Photo/Pool/Acme, Thomas L. Shafer)

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People pose in front of the Biograph Theater at Lincoln and Fullerton Streets as one woman displays the newspaper headline "Dillinger Slain" in Chicago, Ill., in 1934. Outlaw John Dillinger was shot and killed by federal agents outside the movie theater after watching the feature "Manhattan Melodrama." (AP Photo)

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Police and officials inspect the area where a bomb exploded during the Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, Calif., July 22, 1916. Ten people were killed in the blast and forty wounded. Two labor leaders, Tom Mooney and Warren K. Billings, were convicted of the crime and were sentenced to life in prision, but were pardoned in 1939. (AP Photo)

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Workman cleaning up an oil spill at Geiger Key, Florida, Tuesday, July 22, 1975 uses an oil skimmer to transport the oil into a tanker truck. Beaches are being blackened along the lower Florida Keys by 120,000 gallons of oil dumped from a passing tanker. (AP Photo/Bill Hudson)

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Free French troops enter the town of Damascus, Syria on July 22, 1941. Car containing General Catroux and General Les Gentilhommes with their escort of Cirassian cavalry going through the town. (AP Photo)

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A Congolese municipal worker uses a hand machine to fumigate the sewers in downtown Matadi, Congo on July 22, 1960. The cars which can be seen in the picture were abandoned by Belgians when the force publique mutinied in Matadi. The town is now occupied by the Moroccan contingent of the United Nations Force. (AP Photo/K)

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Domestic Android Klatu is seen performing on July 22, 1977. (AP Photo/Rene Perez)

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Sub-four-minute miler Herb Elliott of Australia (1), in a new Games record time of 1 minute, 49.3 seconds, hits the tape to win the Empire Games, now known as the Commonwealth Games, 880-yard final at Cardiff, Wales, July 22, 1958. Brian Hewson of England placed second in 1:49.5 and Mike Rawson of England was third. (AP Photo)

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Shells bursting on the Japanese lines on the Salween river front, in China, on July 22, 1943, as a preliminary to an attack by Chinese infantrymen entrenched in positions overlooking the Japanese defences. (AP Photo)

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Using a bazooka-type Big Bertha camera to take pictures of the Big Four, this photographer for a German illustrated magazine held the distinction of wielding the longest camera at the summit meeting in Geneva, July 22, 1955. It measures four feet from stem to stern. The photographer holsters another gun-like camera around his waist. (AP Photo)

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A policeman helps clear a way through crowd of spectators outside London?s Old Bailey Court on July 22, 1963 as Christine Keeler leaves at lunch recess. Miss Keeler testified for the prosecution in the vice trial of Dr. Stephen Ward. She told the jury that Dr. Ward introduced her to the first man she committed an act of prostitution with and that she had been intimate with John Profumo, resigned British War Minister. (AP Photo)

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Prior to the start of the N.Y. Yankees-Cleveland Indians game, Newbold Morris, president of the City Council, presents a Most Valuable Player of 1940 trophy to Phil Rizzuto, July 22, 1941, in New York. He earned the honor playing with Kansas City. (AP Photo)

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Byron Nelson (right) of Toledo, O., began defense of his title in the Tam O’Shanter open Gold Tournament at the Suburban Chicago Course on July 22, 1943. He greets Joe Louis (left), heavyweight boxing champion now on furlough from Army duties, who is playing daily exhibitions after failing to quality for the tournament. (AP Photo)

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Soldiers carrying salvaged furniture into a building to be stored until owners find a new home in southern England on July 22, 1944. (AP Photo)

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Throngs crowd New York’s West 52nd Street in Swing Lane party to raise war bond and war stamp sales on July 22, 1942. Street dancing to "Name" band playing furnished entertainment. Admission was by purchase of the war bonds. Former Mayor James J. Walker was master of ceremonies. (AP Photo)

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A control tower at one of Gen. Jimmy Doolittleís medium bomber bases in North Africa is perched on oil drums, July 22, 1943. (AP Photo)

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Senior citizens rally on the Capitol steps in Washington, July 22, 1981 to denounce President Reagan's proposed cuts in their Social Security benefits. (AP Photo)

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The United States women's swimming and diving team and the men's hockey team are shown, July 22, 1932 as they arrive at Los Angeles, California for the Olympic games. The women left to right: Anna Mae Gorman, Lenore Kight, Marion Dale Roper, Jane Fauntz, Louisa Robert, Katherine Rawls, Dorothy Poynton, Dorthea Dickinson, Josephine McKim, Jane Cadwell, Norene Forbes and Edna McKibben. (AP Photo)

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Police, some mounted and others on foot, herd part of some 250 demonstrators towards a police van in Brooklyn, New York on July 22, 1963. More than 500 singing and charging racial demonstrators blocked the entrance to the Downstate Medical Center under construction, seeking hiring of more African-Ameircans and Puerto Ricans in the building trades. The demonstrators represented the Congress of Racial Equality. (AP Photo)

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Lt. Gen. George S. Patton Jr. puffs on a cigar as he stands at the curb of a street in southern Sicily, July 22, 1943. (AP Photo)

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Japan’s younger generation were among the most interested spectators at Tokyo’s space exhibition, July 22, 1960, where models of rockets and capsules and all the countless gadgets that will someday carry man into space were on view. Many of the displays were contributed by the United States and Russia. A lad sets himself up on the shoulders of a friend to make a snapshot of a model of the Russian satellite Lunik III. (AP Photo/Mitsunori Chigita)

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A large plastic screen, center, blue in color, makes its appearance in the bleachers area as an experiment to eliminate the glare from white shirts in Wrigley Field, July 22, 1943, Chicago, Ill. This screen was placed in line with vision of right handed hitters; if successful it will be extended to include vision of left-handers. (AP Photo/Ed Maloney)

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These boys, a portion of those whose fathers have been killed in action with the Royal Air Force, are enjoying a swim on the estate of Alexander Duckham, oil company director, near Sevenoaks, Kent, July 22, 1940. Duckham gave his estate to the R.A.F., benevolent fund. The property is being used by the fatherless boys while the former owner lives in a cottage in the grounds. (AP Photo)

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