Today in History - July 16

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This picture taken 6 miles away on July 16, 1945 shows the first atomic bomb explosion at the Trinity Test Site in Alamogordo, New Mexico. (AP Photo)

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The first U.S. atom bomb explodes during a test in Alamogordo, N.M., July 16, 1945. The cloud went 40,000 feet in the air, as viewed by an automatic camera six miles away from the site. (AP Photo)

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This view is just after the detonation of the first atomic bomb, a $2,000,000,000 experiment, July 16, 1945 at a remote location on the U.S. Army Airbase at Alamo-Gordo, New Mexico. The huge cloud surged and billowed with tremendous power into the sub-stratusphere and windows rattled 250 miles away. This picture was made with an automatic movie camera six miles away. (AP Photo)

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This is the mushroom cloud of the first atomic explosion at Trinity Test Site, New Mexico, July 16, 1945. It left a half-mile wide crater, ten feet deep at the vent and the sand within the crater had been burned and boiled into a highly radioactive, jade-green, glassy crust. (AP Photo)

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Argentine Race car driver Benedicto Campos during practice at Rheims , July 16, 1949 for the French Grand Prix. (AP Photo/Jean Aubry)

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British actress Jean Simmons, 20, poses in front of a poster of her 1947 film "Black Narcissus" during her promotional tour visiting Switzerland, Austria and Germany, in Hamburg, Germany, July 16, 1949. (AP Photo/Lehmann)

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FOR USE WITH FEATURE PACKAGE FOR JULY 7--THE BOMB I--This photo made by a U.S. Army automatic newsreel camera, shows the test explosion of the world's first atomic bomb at Alamagordo, N.M., on July 16, 1945. The test, known as Trinity, of the plutonium bomb capped a $2 billion effort, unprecedented in those times. (AP Photo)

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Argentine Race car driver Benedicto Campos during practice at Rheims , July 16, 1949 for the French Grand Prix. (AP Photo/Jean Aubry)

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In this sequence of photos provided by the U.S. Army, mushroom cloud is recorded by an Army automatic motion picture camera six miles away as the first atomic bomb test was conducted at Alamogordo, N.M., July 16, 1945. (AP Photo/U.S. Army)

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This is the hull of the Hughes Hercules, called by its builders, the Hughes Aircraft company, the largest plane in the world under construction at Culver City, California on July 16, 1945. The hull is 220 feet long, 30 feet high and 25 feet wide, while the wing is 320 feet from tip to tip. (AP Photo)

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After the old balata cover of a used golf ball has been removed and the ball peeled down to an inch-and-a-half in diameter, the ball is rewound with new rubber on a machine like this at the golf ball recovery plant in Santa Monica, California on July 16, 1952. (AP Photo/Don Brinn)

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Ozzie Hamilton Osborne wins a crown as unofficial " King of the Flagpole Sitters" at Long Beach, California. He claimed the title after sitting atop a 200-foot pole from July 16 to September 3, 1948. (AP Photo)

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Royal yacht, Victoria And Albert (centre) is preceded by the Trinity House yacht Patricia and followed by the admiralty ship Enchantress, steamed through lines of warships during the Great Naval Review in the Solent off Spithead on July 16, 1935. (AP Photo)

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This is the hull of the Hughes Hercules, called by its builders, the Hughes Aircraft company, the largest plane in the world under construction at Culver City, California on July 16, 1945. The hull is 220 feet long, 30 feet high and 25 feet wide, while the wing is 320 feet from tip to tip. (AP Photo)

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Villagers at polling place at Middle School, Badh Ber in Peshawar District, July 16, 1947, as first day of voting on referendum begins. (AP Photo/Max Desfor)

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A general view showing the huge crowd waving greetings to the King as he sailed from Portsmouth in the Royal Yacht, Victoria And Albert, to review the fleet at Spithead on July 16, 1935. (AP Photo/ Bead)

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Pathan women observe strict Muslim purdah as they come out to vote at a high school in Peshawar, Pakistan, on July 16, 1947. The Northwest frontier province is voting on whether to join Muslim Pakistan or the Hindu Dominion of India under the partition plan. Extra police and soldiers were on hand during the two days set aside for women to vote. (AP Photo)

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Shirley Temple gets some instruction in painting in oils from artist James Korn, who was hired to teach her just enough to get by before the cameras roll in her forthcoming movie "Baltimore Escapade," July 16, 1948. (AP photo)

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Spain, left in darker strip, and Sweden stand to attention during the flag-raising ceremony which preceded the start of the soccer World Cup Final, third place match, in Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 16, 1950. Sweden beat Spain 3 goals to one. (AP Photo)

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Captain George Eyston, centre in helmet, with his entire crew standing behind his car Speed of the Winds at the conclusion of his record breaking runs on Bonneville Falts, Utah, on July 16, 1936, after he broke every intermediate record. (AP Photo)

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One of the trained bareback horses of Ringling Bros. Circus cocks an attentive ear as equestrienne Eva Karoly, 17, of Germany, relays the bad word that the show is ending its road tour under the “big top,” announced before the final shows in Pittsburgh on July 16, 1956. (AP Photo)

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Clarence Norris, right, Scottsboro case defendant, was found guilty for a third time by a jury which specified the death penalty. Samuel Leibowitz, his attorney, announced he would carry the case to the Supreme Court which overruled the Alabama court. Charlie Weems, left, will be tried next week. Both are shown in Decatur, Alabama, July 16, 1937. (AP Photo)

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Two clowns, Prince Paul of Boston, Mass., left, and Paul Jung, of Tampa, Fla., read in local papers accounts of closing of the "Greatest Show on Earth" in Pittsburgh, July 16, 1956. (AP Photo)

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Clubs swinging, a group of helmeted New York City police officers charge into a group of blacks while Harlem residents watch from upper floors during rioting in New York's Harlem section July 19, 1964. Two blacks were wounded by police gun fire and three policemen were injured by flying objects during second straight day of rioting in Harlem. The riots were set off with the shooting of 15-year-old student July 16, 1964 by an off-duty police officer. (AP Photo)

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The British Naval Combat flag, the white ensign, flew over Chicago waters for the first time, when a new type submarine patrol craft was commissioned into the British Royal Navy in ceremonies at the Armory Pier. Here is a view looking down on the ceremony, with British sailors lined up at attention for the commissioning, July 16, 1943. (AP Photo)

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King George V with his thee sailor sons at the Royal Naval Review, on board the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert at Spithead, England on July 16, 1935. Left to right: Duke of Kent, Prince George; his Majesty; Prince of Wales, Prince Edward; and the Duke of York, Prince Albert. (AP Photo)

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L-R: Andre Francois Poncet; Walter Edge, American Ambassador to France; Henry Lewis Stimson, American Secretary of State; Aristide Briand; Arthur Henderson, British Foreign Secretary; Pierre Laval, French Prime Minister; M. Pietre, Budget Minister; Pierre Etienne Flandin; and Lord William Tyrrell British Ambassador to France at a conference about the situation in Germany held the French Ministry in London, England on July 16, 1931. (AP Photo)

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Atlanta’s old street cars replaced even older and more antique Korean cars, most of them broken down and worn out. Here a group of Koreans pose in one of the old Pusan cars in Atlanta on July 16, 1951. (AP Photo)

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L-R: Donald Finlay of the Milocarian Athletics Club; C.C. Balch; E. M. Rosser ; and Peter Hildreth during the first heat of the 120 Yard Hurdles at the Amateur Athletics Association Championships in White City, London, England on July 16, 1949. Finlay won the race. (AP Photo)

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When old, beat-up golf balls arrive at the Metropolitan Golf Ball Plant at Santa Monica, California on July 16, 1952 for restoration, they are given a compression test to determine their quality, whether high, medium or fair grade. This test assures the shipper he will get the same quality ball returned to him. L. B. Wagner, who developed the secret plastic process used in the recovery technique, is testing old balls for compression. His son Robert and daughter Madalyn, who are learning the business, look on. (AP Photo/Don Brinn)

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This is an aerial view of the aftermath of the first atomic explosion at Trinity Test Site, New Mexico, July 16, 1945. It left a half-mile wide crater, ten feet deep at the vent and the sand within the crater had been burned and boiled into a highly radioactive, jade-green, glassy crust. (AP Photo)

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Eight streams of water are directed against the shell of the former Wanamaker Department Store in downtown Manhattan, New York on July 16, 1956 as firemen fight to contain blaze which burned out of control for 25 hours. Floods of water poured on the blaze resulted in suspension of subway service to two lines in the vicinity. The lines connect Manhattan and Brooklyn and disruption of service will affect thousands of workers. (AP Photo)

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Police armed with rifles descending from an armoured car to pursue gunmen in crowd following the shooting affray when James Lyttle's funeral procession passed York Street, Belfast on July 16, 1935. Cages for protection. (AP Photo/MAC)

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FILE - In this July 16, 1964 file photo, Barry Goldwater waves to delegates inside the Cow Palace at the Republican National Convention in San Francisco. There was a time when the Cow Palace, a cavernous exposition hall built near San Francisco's old beef slaughterhouses, was a revolving door for the country's most famous personalities. Within a span of months in 1964, the Cow Palace staged Wilt Chamberlain, the Beatles and Barry Goldwater at signature moments in their careers. But the picture is much different 46 years later. The arena aged and fell into a state of financial disarray and physical disuse. As budget woes paralyzed California lawmakers every summer, the landmark has faced threats that it would be shuttered and sold. (AP Photo/File)

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Brazil's Francisco Aramburu, in white, heads the ball past Uruguay's goalkeeper Roque Maspoli, right, watched by Uruguay's Eusebio Tejera, first left, and Schubert Gambeta, second left, in the World Cup final, in Rio De Janeiro, July 16, 1950. This shot missed but Uruguay went on to defeat favorites Brazil 2-1. (AP Photo)

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The HMS Renown with other ships in the British fleet illuminated by fireworks, torches and searchlights on July 16, 1935, during King George V's visit, unseen, to Spithead, England for the Royal Review. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

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Could be that Sparky, the bear cub, is saying: “Don’t worry pal, I’ll get you on your feet again!” to Torpy, the tortoise, at Jungleland, an animal zoo at Thousand Oaks, California, July 16, 1962 Torpy was turned upside down by an attendant for the benefit of photographers and Sparky obliged by his nose into the situation. (AP Photo)

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This aerial view shows a crest of the Hoover Dam, aka Boulder Dam, showing the highway leading across it on July 16, 1935. The road, soon to be opened to the public, will provide an easy route between Las Vegas, Nev., and Kingman, Arizona. The intake towers jut up on the other side of the dam in Boulder City, Nevada. (AP Photo)

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Two workmen stand in the interior of the hull of the Hughes Hercules seaplane which will have a cargo space equivalent to that of two railroad boxcars when it is completed at the Hughes Aircraft company plant in Culver City, California on July 16, 1945. The all-wood plane will be moved to Long Beach later this year for final assembly and its first test flight. (AP Photo/John T. Burns)

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This is the wind tunnel of the French National Institute for aerospace research in France, shown July 16, 1965. It shows a reduced model of the Franco-British jet transport plane Concorde, going through tests in heavy wind pressure during landing phase. The tourbillions are photographed at the trailing wings. The fuselage (white circle) is illuminated thus allowing the picture to be taken. (AP Photo)

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Exkatanese gendarmes return to Eville after hiding in he bush for months they answered the minister of the interior Godefroid Munongo?s call for them to return and join the Congolese army. They are seen triumphantly marching in African township on July 16, 1964 in Congo. (AP Photo)

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Marthie Jane Wills, known as Blind Mattie, poses with her dogs and her sow outside her log cabin in Mullens, West Virginia, July 16, 1951. (AP Photo)

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An advance party of the 7th armored division (desert rats) moved into Berlin on July 3rd to make final arrangements for the main body which moved in on the 4th. The remains of Berlin University shown July 16, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Protesters fill the street waving banners and daggers in Baghdad, demonstrating against the Royal Commission's plan for partitioning Palestine, July 16, 1937. (AP Photo)

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Damage to the Law Courts is inspected after political rioters took to the streets of Vienna, Austria, July 16, 1927. The trouble started when three men, who were members of the anti-socialist front, were aquitted of the murder of two communists.(AP Photo)

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Mrs. Sandra Patterson, wife of the Heavyweight contender Floyd Patterson with the children in New York on July 16, 1963. From left to right are Trina 4, Seneca 6, Floyd Jr. 3, Eric 1½ and Sandra Patterson. (AP Photo)

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Two Boy Scouts, dressed in colonial army uniforms, appear as ghosts in this double-exposed image at the Jamboree in Valley Forge, July 16, 1964. Keeping a record of their trip on a wire recorder are Calvin Thornton, Mount Pleasant, S.C. Hilton Unemor, Hawaii; Mike Hines, Lancaster, Calif.; Chester Kossman, Cleveland, Miss.; The "ghosts" are John Cardwell, Upper Darby, Pa., and Richard Graeff, Philadelphia. Fifty-two thousand scouts will attend the sixth National Scout Jamboree at this historic plot. (AP Photo/William A. Smith)

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Three officers (in center) are shown in London on July 16, 1936, as they hustled away a man accused of attempting to assassinate King Edward VIII of England. Witnesses said a woman in gray knocked a pistol from the man's hand as he sought to level it at the king, who was passing on horseback. The king was unharmed. (AP Photo)

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This is a general view of the huge crowd that gathered for the “Save-the OPA” rally at Cadillac Square in Detroit, Michigan, July 16, 1946. The OPA is the Office of Price Administration. (AP Photo)

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