Today in History - July 11

1 of 51

Jesse Owens of Ohio State University, left, and Ralph Metcalfe of Marquette University, pose before competing in the 100-yard dash, during the Olympic tryouts in New York, July 11, 1936. Owens won the race.(AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

2 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

3 of 51

Jane Russell, 20-year-old film actress, was chosen as the mascot of the fourth graduating class of the Army Air Corps advanced flying school here for the graduation exercises and other ceremonies being held, July 11, 1941. Don E. Brown, in cockpit, son of film comedian Joe E. Brown, was one of those to graduate. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

4 of 51

Recent publicity given to men of the British eighth Army and their long mustaches produced this Ghurka Rifleman as a New contender for the title, July 11, 1943. From end to end it measures 16 ½ inches. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

5 of 51

Scotch divinity student Eric Liddell, won Olympic glory for Great Britain in the 400 meter race at the 1924 Summer Olympic Games in Paris, France on July 11, 1924. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

6 of 51

Raymond Fernandez, accused Lonely Hearts slayer, leaves Bronx County Courthouse in New York, July 11, 1949, after testifying in his defense. Fernandez is accused jointly with Martha Beck in the slaying of Janet Fay, 66, of Albany, N.Y. The witness told the court that he was kept without food and sleep so long after his arrest in Michigan that "I didn't know whether I was coming or going." He also said he falsely took the blame for three killings because he loved his co-defendant, Mrs. Beck. (AP Photo/John Lent)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

7 of 51

American actress Norma Shearer waving from the train at Waterloo Station, London on July 11, 1933. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

8 of 51

American and Canadian troops pack the aft decks of the HMS Queen Mary as she steams into New York harbor on July 11, 1945 at the end of her voyage from Europe. This photo was taken from a US Coast Guard helicopter. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

9 of 51

Aviatrix Viola Gentry is shown after flying as a passenger on an hour long cruise over New York City, July 11, 1930. Little hope was held for "The Flying Waitress" when she crashed during her endurance plane "The Answer" in a field in Old Westbury, NY July 27, 1929. Her co-pilot Jack Ashcroft was killed in the crash and Gentry's skull was fractured and her shoulder crushed. She spent six months in a hospital in Mineola, NY recovering. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

10 of 51

German born Dr. Albert Schweitzer, evangelic theologian, musician, philosopher, writer and physician, smiles after receiving an honorary doctor of laws degree from the University of Chicago, in Chicago, USA, July 11, 1949. He is participating in the Goethe Bicentennial in Aspen, Colorado. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

11 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

12 of 51

These nuns listen as the Dowager Marchioness of Reading explains how a gas mask saves lives in war-time in London, on July 11, 1938. The nuns were among students at a gas precautions school, seeking knowledge of methods of defense against air raids and poison gas. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

13 of 51

Dr. Selman Abraham Waksman, left, discoverer of streptomycin and neomycin, and Sir Alexander Fleming, discoverer of Penicillin, examine cultures at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N.J., July 11, 1949. Sir Alexander, of England, is visiting various medical and research centers in the U.S. Waksman has donated royalties from his streptomycin discovery for a new institute of microbiology to be built at Rutgers. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

14 of 51

The Chinese people have just entered the fourth year of their war against Japan and they are making super-human efforts to strengthen their air-force, to produce their own armaments, and to train their officers in the methods of modern war. Young Chinese pilots train in the air in Curtiss Hawks, used for advanced training in Chinese flying schools, fly in formation July 11, 1940. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

15 of 51

Sam King, the Knole Park assistant professional, driving during his record breaking play in the qualifying round of the Assistant Professionals Golf Championship at South Herts Club, Totteridge on July 11, 1935. King's total of 131 beat the record of Bobby Jones, the American who startled the golfing world in 1926, by going round the Sunningdale course in 134. (AP Photo/Sew)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

16 of 51

The Chinese people have just entered the fourth year of their war against Japan and they are making super-human efforts to strengthen their air-force, to produce their own armaments, and to train their officers in the methods of modern war. Chinese cadets learning how to use of an anti-aircraft gun on July 11, 1940. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

17 of 51

Associated Press correspondent Alvin Steinkopf broadcasting from Danzig, Poland to America on the situation in the "Free City" July 11,1939. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

18 of 51

The Steel Workers' Organizing Committee studies CIO literature in the library of the first SWOC school in union organizing at Camp Davis, Somerset County, Pa., July 11, 1938. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

19 of 51

In India millions of Muslim women still wear the veil, and appear in public only when dressed in purdahs. A Muslim merchant of Delhi with his two wives and children July 11, 1932. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

20 of 51

Marlene Dietrich, film star, and her husband, Rudolph Sieber, German film director, in Los Angeles, July 11, 1937, as they entrained for New York to sail on a trip to Europe. Their daughter, Maria, accompanied them, but was kept in seclusion in their drawing room. (AP Photo/Harold Filan)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

21 of 51

Lt. Gen. James Doolittle, left, commander of the Eighth Air Force in England, chats with Princess Elizabeth at an American heavy bomber base in England, July 11, 1944, which she visited with the King and Queen, and during which she christened a new Flying Fortress. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

22 of 51

Brazilian soldiers enjoy all the sports enjoyed by their North American comrades. This is volley ball between officers and enlisted men at Francolise, Italy on July 11, 1945. (AP Photo/Frank Noel)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

23 of 51

British politician and wine merchant Sir Walter Gilbey arriving at Lord's Cricket Ground, in London, on July 11, 1936, for the cricket match between Eton and Harrow public scholls. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

24 of 51

Leslie Hore-Belisha, hatless, Britain’s Secretary of State for War, and General Sir Edmund Ironside, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, right, are leaving 10 Downing Street in London, July 11, 1939 after a conference. In the doorway, left background, is Sir Maurice Hankey, new minister without portfolio. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

25 of 51

Joe, the chimp, seems more interested in the photographer than in Jimmy Stewart’s checker instruction on the set of “You Gotta Stay Happy” in Hollywood on July 11, 1948. Joan Fontaine is Joe’s patient partner. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

26 of 51

Gloria Vanderbilt Stokowski, right, wife of conductor Leopold Stokowski, chats with Phyllis Kahgan and Franklin Karples at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, Calif., July 11, 1945. They were awaiting the start of the first concert of the 1945 "Symphonies Under the Stars" series. Leopold Stokowski directed the orchestra. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

27 of 51

The Triborough Bridge, the new thoroughfare connecting Manhattan, the Bronx, and Queens, is officially opened in ceremonies held on Randall's Island, New York, July 11, 1936. In attendance are U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, New York Gov. Robert H. Lehman, New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, Parks Commissioner Robert Moses and other national and city dignitaries. The total cost of the construction, which began Oct. 25, 1929, is $60.3 million. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

28 of 51

Instructor Ted Owen, watches as one of seventy women studying physical education at an NYU camp in Lake Sebago, N.Y., Irma Schalk, throws a football, July 11, 1943. The women are learning to teach various sports usually taught by male coaches, who are off at war. (AP Photo/Carl Nesensohn)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

29 of 51

Professor Ernest O. Lawrence, left, and Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer examine the diffusion pumps for creating an almost perfect vacuum in the accelerating chamber between poles of new 184-inch cyclotron, July 11, 1946, at the University of California's radiation laboratory at Berkeley. (AP Photo/Ernest K. Bennett)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

30 of 51

Seaman, left, inspecting radar equipment on bridge of the British liner Queen Mary at Southampton, England July 11, 1947. The Queen Mary is being refitted for passenger service after use as a troop transport during the war. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

31 of 51

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

32 of 51

Former major league player Frank "Lefty" O'Doul, now in his first season as manager with the San Francisco Seals, is flanked by his two outfield aces, Joe Martyn, left, and Joe DiMaggio, right, on July 11, 1935. Marty, says O'Doul, has another season or so to go before he makes the majors, but DiMaggio is hitting big with an average of .380 and may get a crack with the New York Yankees next year. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

33 of 51

Col. R. Ernest Duputy, left, and his son, Lt. Col. Trevor N. Dupuy, both of Washington, check a Burma map after they met unexpectedly in a Pentagon building corridor in Washington on July 11, 1945, for the first time in two years. The former was on public relations duty with Shafe in France; his son, an artillery instructor in Burma. Now both are station her. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

34 of 51

Cowgirls replace cowboys in rounding up cattle in Florida, shown July 11, 1944. With the men who normally ride the range in service in the war, women and youths take the reins. Cattle-raising is big business here, with investment totaling $100 million. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

35 of 51

Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt, the democratic nominee for president, and his three sons, wave to friends ashore as they sailed aboard the yawl, Myth 11, in Port Jefferson, Long Island, NY, July 11,1932. The sons, who constitute the crew are left to right: Franklin Jr., John and James. The Roosevelts are off on a week-long pleasure cruise along the New England coast. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

36 of 51

Veterans of the Bonus March line up at the ticket office at Union Station in Washington, D.C., to take advantage of the $100,000 appropriation made by Congress to provide rail transportation back to their homes, July 11, 1932. They came with the Bonus Army Expeditionary Force to the nation's capital to seek bonuses for their services in World War I. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

37 of 51

Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt, democratic nominee for president, is shown at the wheel of the yawl, Myth 11, as the craft got under way in at Port Jefferson, Long Island, NY, July 11, 1932. Roosevelt along with his three sons, Franklin Jr., James and John on a week-long pleasure cruise along the New England coast. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

38 of 51

Five graceful water nymphs poised on their aquaplane boards as they flash through the water at about fifty miles an hour in one of the preliminary races in the Annual Aquaplane Championships off Catalina Island, California, July 11, 1934. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

39 of 51

Three mechanics are repairing an American made truck at Francolise, Italy on July 11, 1945 before turning it back to the U.S. Army. They are members of a light maintainance company. Sgt. Cristovam Coelho da SiPva, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto, Alegre; Sgt. Ludovico de Barros, Territorio de Ponta Poran, Matto Grosso; and Cpl. Samuel Monteiro da SiPva, Martinopolis, Sao Paulo. (AP Photo/Frank Noel)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

40 of 51

Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt, the democratic presidential candidate, lends an attentive ear, while his granddaughter, Anna Eleanor Dall, whispers some childish secrets at the Governor's country estate in Hyde Park, N.Y., July 11,1932. Anna is the daughter of the Governor's daughter, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Dall and Curtis Bean Dall. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

41 of 51

A Canadian tank crew take time out for meals after the capture of Ardenne Abbey, just outside Caen, France on July 11, 1944. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

42 of 51

Lieutenant Micky Wood, of the Home Guard, is one of the best-known unarmed combat experts in the country, and he has been giving lessons in this strenuous method of fighting to the Streatham branch of the Womens Home Defense Corps. The women of the Streatham Home Defense Corps carry out their unarmed combat under the supervision Lieutenant Micky Wood, in London on July 11, 1942. (AP Photo/Eddie Worth)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

43 of 51

Workers from British-owned Jamaica look far from homesick as they warble the strains of the American “Dinah” on the steps of their recreation hall at the Swedesboro Farm Labor Camp in southern New Jersey, July 11, 1944. The Jamaicans were brought here under an agreement between United States and Great Britain to help Jersey farmers harvest highly-perishable produce. (AP Photo/Sam Myers)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

44 of 51

Hamatapa, a New Guinea native, is a bachelor decked out in his best finery on July 11, 1943. He carries a pipe in his bracelet, food in the nets, and chews betel nut. (AP Photo/Acme/Pool)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

45 of 51

A big demonstration in support of the International Labour Policy on Spain was held in Trafalgar Square. Ellen Wilkinson, Member of Parliament, addressing the huge meeting in Trafalgar Square in London, on July 11, 1937. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

46 of 51

With men at war and the need for fast messenger service in war production, these women motorcyclists are filling in at Timm Aircraft plant, and setting a hot pace in Los Angeles streets, shown July 11, 1943. They are, left to right: Phyllis Domich, chief messenger, Janet Spangenberg and Dora (Babe) Duncan. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

47 of 51

A new alpine camp was opened by the Hitler Youth near Lenggries in Bavaria, Germany on July 11, 1935. The arrival of the Hitler Youth in the neighborhood of the camp. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

48 of 51

Labeled with large tags and carrying their possessions in hand bags, these London children, part of 15,000 moved from the range of German robot rocket bombs, stand on a railroad platform ready for evacuation July 11, 1944. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

49 of 51

The Chinese people have just entered the fourth year of their war against Japan and they are making super-human efforts to strengthen their air-force, to produce their own armaments, and to train their officers in the methods of modern war. Chinese cadets in full battle dress, they favour the German type of steel helmet, parade somewhere in China, July 11, 1940. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

50 of 51

Ankara, capital of Turkey, with its expansion architecturally and socially believes it has a duty to Turkish Youth. Turkish youth in a spectacular demonstration at a sporting fete in the stadium, at Ankara, Turkey, on July 11, 1938. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

51 of 51

Pan-American Airways system employees chat on the steps of their quarters at one of the bases they operate, July 11, 1942. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

This Week's Circulars