Today in History - July 9

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A brilliant aurora, deep red striped with jets of white light, is seen in the sky over Auckland Harbor, New Zealand, July 9, 1962, seconds after the explosion of the U.S.'s "rainbow bomb" 4,000 miles away over Johnston Island in the Pacific. (AP Photo)

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Youngsters stand on a bomb-damaged building near the Tempelhof Airport as a U.S. cargo plane, part of the Berlin airlift, flies overhead after delivering a load of coal on July 9, 1948. Airlifts broke the Soviet blockade of land routes to Berlin. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

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His wife, Mary, seated beside him, Gov. William W. Scranton talks at a news conference in afternoon, July 9, 1964 at the Hilton Hotel in San Francisco. Scranton, the Governor of Pennsylvania, is battling Sen. Barry Goldwater for the Republican presidential nomination at the convention next week. (AP Photo)

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Britain's Field-Marshal, the Hon. Sir Harold Alexander, leaves the War Office, London, July 9, 1945, with his aide, unamed. (AP Photo/Staff/Worth).

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A fireball resembling an atom bomb burst is created by Tagora, a performer at a London ice show on July 9, 1953. It took Tagora, a former horse acrobat from Yugoslavia, eight years to perfect his fire breathing act. He has suffered in internal burns five times. (AP Photo)

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Former heavyweight champion George Foreman who is now a preacher, swings to music at a prayer meeting in Houston, Tex., July 9, 1981. Foreman turned to religion after his last fight and loss to Jimmy Young in 1977. (AP Photo/Ed Kolenovsky)

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Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, left, and his brother, Dr. Milton S. Eisenhower, president of Pennsylvania State College, were beaming July 9,1952, about the time the Republican credentials committee awarded the 13 contested Lousiana seats to the pro-Eisenhower faction. (AP photo)

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A widows tears, Lucille Armstrong, widow of Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong , wipes a tear from her eye during funeral services for her Jazz Trumpeter husband in the Corona Congregational church in Queens, New York on Friday, July 9, 1971. (AP Photo)

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Etched in the twilight of the Southeast England coast country, British artillerymen charge on the double quick to man their cannon as a practice alarm rings out, July 9, 1940. Their motto is Ubique, Latin for everywhere. (AP Photo)

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Sen. Edward M. Kennedy smiles and waves a bandaged hand from the back of an ambulance July 9, 1964 after a 100-mile from Northampton to Boston. Helping move Sen. Kennedy is Sp5 Roger Eckert of Buffalo, N.Y., a medical corpsman from Walter Reed Army Hospital, Washington. Kennedy was transferred to New England Baptist Hopital, Boston, from Cooley-Dickenson Hospital, Northampton. He had been there since a private plance crashed June 19. (AP Photo)

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Actress/model Brooke Shields is seen during the taping of the NBC "Today" show, July 9, 1981. (AP Photo/Roberto Borea)

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A cannon-armed Spitfire, one of the new type British pursuit planes with greatly increased fire power, does a sharp turn, revealing guns on the leading edges of both wings, July 9, 1941. (AP Photo)

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Homeless villagers after the U.S. Marines burned their village which the Viet Cong took over An Hoa, South Vietnam on July 9, 1965. (AP Photo/Eddie Adams)

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Jack Nicklaus of Columbus, Ohio, bites his lip as he powers a drive from a practice tee in preparation for the British Open tournament at the Carnoustie golf course in Carnoustie, Scotland, July 9, 1968. Nicklaus is getting in his final practice shots before the start tournament tomorrow. (AP Photo)

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Doctors aboard the British cruiser H.M.S. Kenya perform an appendectomy on Able Seaman Bruce Gillmore, July 9, 1943, who was transferred from another ship for the operation. (AP Photo)

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College All-Star quarterbacks Jim Plunkett (16) of Stanford, and Dan Pastorini of Santa Clara, (7) carry Stacey Howard of Chicago, who will reign as Queen of the 1971 College All-Star game festivities, July 9, 1971, Evanston, Ill. The All-Stars suited up for practice and pictures at Dyche Stadium. The College All-Stars will meet the Baltimore Colts in charity game July 30 in Chicago. (AP Photo/Charles E. Knoblock)

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Ann Cutler, 22, of Needham, Mass., pulls on the cords of her parachute during training at Norwood, Massachusetts, July 9, 1942. She not only is a licensed flyer but also a nurse's aide, and one of first candidates for the newly organized Massachusetts Civil Air Patrol parachute corps of doctors and nurses. (AP Photo)

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Senators Strom Thurmond D-S-C., left and Ralph Yarborough, D-Tex., poses for Camera on July 9, 1964 with raised hands to symbolize a drew in their impromptu wreatling match. The two senators engaged in the friendly free-for-all wrestling match on on the marble floor of a Senate office building as Yarborough attempts to persuade Thurmond to enter a committee room to fill a quorum. (AP Photo)

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Amelia Earhart, the Trans-Atlantic flyer, and her Stepson, Dave Putman, photographed on the beach on July 9, 1932 at Los Angeles, California, a short time after their arrival there by plane recently from New York. Miss Earhart? husband accompanied them on the flight. (AP Photo)

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Volunteer nurses are busy preparing for any emergency that may occur, somewhere in England, on July 9, 1939. (AP Photo)

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Heavyweight boxing champion Floyd Patterson strikes a boxing stance before a mirror at his Greenwood Lake, New York quarters July 9, 1957, where he is training for his first title defense against Tommy “Hurricane” Jackson. The two fighters will meet on July 29 at New York’s Polo Grounds. Patterson previously won a split decision over Jackson in a 12-round non-title bout. (AP Photo/RH)

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Southern Sudanese celebrate independence at midnight in Juba, Saturday, July 9, 2011. South Sudan became the world's newest nation early Saturday, officially breaking away from Sudan after two civil wars over five decades that cost the lives of millions. (AP Photo/Pete Muller)

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Martha Willis of Washington takes a look at a new sign which appeared in a restaurant on fashionable Connecticut Avenue a few blocks from the White House in Washington, D.C., July 11, 1951. Peeking through the window is Samuel Rosenberg, the manager, who said in late afternoon that no congressmen had accepted his offer of free horsemeat. Rep. Louis C. Radaut (D-Mich) told the house July 9 that it may be remembered by the U.S. public as " The horsemeat congress" if it refuses to okay price rollbacks. (AP Photo)

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British sailors having a rest after a march along the coast road near Oran, July 9, 1943. (AP Photo)

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A view riding through the Triborough Bridge in New York, July 9, 1936. (AP Photo/Tom Sande)

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Diver Sammy Lee in action during Olympic trials, July 9, 1948, Detroit, Mich. (AP Photo/Preston Stroup)

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James J. Dooling of the fifth district shown leaving Tammany Hall, New York City on July 9, 1934, after a meeting where a successor to John F. Curry, former Tammany leader, was discussed. (AP Photo)

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Peter Toma, physics instructor at Caltech in Pasadena, Calif., inspects tape before feeding it into the computer which will translate the English words typed on it, into any one of four languages - Russian, French, German or Spanish, July 9, 1957. (AP Photo/Don Brinn)

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Blindfolded, new recruits for the Greek Cypriot army Dismantle and re-assemble machine guns during a training exercise near Famagusta, Cyprus on July 9, 1964. (AP Photo)

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Muslim women, wearing burkahs to keep strict purdah, await their turn to proceed to the polling rooms at the Griffis High School grounds, July 9, 1947 in Peshawar, where they will take part in the referendum voting. (AP Photo/Max Desfor)

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Inside of diversion tunnel no. 3, on the boulder dam project, showing concreting operations, July 9, 1934. The intersection of the inclined tunnel from the intake tower (above) with the present diversion which is being plugged. These tunnels will carry the 30-foot diameter steel penstocks for the power system. Photo by bureau of reclamation. (AP Photo)

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Marines help wounded Marines to helicopter to be evacuated from battle scene at An Hoa, South Vietnam on July 9, 1965. (AP Photo/Eddie Adams)

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Spanish citizens of Lisbon are shown greeting the train of internees from Bad Nauheim, Germany on July 9, 1942. (AP Photo)

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This unusual hat was presented by designer Jack McConnell at the fall millinery fashion show in New York, July 9, 1968. The feather fall of dyed ostrich feathers covers the entire head and neck area. (AP Photo/Dave Pickoff)

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Soldiers pause for a bit of refreshment in the camp Post Exchange somewhere in England, July 9, 1943, located in one of the Tote, pari-mutual, buildings where bets were the order of the racing day. The Exchange also houses a recreation room with billiards, table tennis and books, not bookies. (AP Photo)

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Mickey Mouse welcomes children to the opening of a month long Walt Disney 50th anniversary film retrospective being held on July 9, 1973 in New York at Lincoln Center in Alice Tully Hall. The first film presented was “Alice in Wonderland” which has not been shown in New York in 20 years. Each child attending the show received Mickey Mouse ears. (AP Photo)

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While other subway passengers perspire in the warm and humid underground station, Paul Forman appears cool and comfortable in the experimental air conditioned train which made its first run in New York City, July 9, 1956. The test run, which included six air conditioned cars and two old cars, was made on the East Side IRT line. The new cars provide soft music, modern design, air cooling units, deodorizers and filters to reduce germs. When the train left Grand Central Station the temperature was 89-degrees in the old cars while the new cars registered 76.5 degrees. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)

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Herr Hitler, has called up nearly a million more men since the beginning of last week, as a result, it is thought, of the Danzig tension and the determined attitude of the Poles. One of the notices calling up men born between 1918 and 1920 to report for examination for German Army and Labour Corps service on July 9, 1939. Men of the 1914 to 1917 classes, whose terms of service have been delayed, are also summoned. It is claimed that there is nothing unusual in the posters. (AP Photo)

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Britain’s drive for more tanks has started in earnest in order to meet the increasing demand of our armoured division. Much of the work in connection with the building of the tanks is being done by women, who are thus releasing men for the services. Mathildas by the hundreds are being built in this tank factory buzzing with activity on July 9, 1941, as the building of these vital weapons proceeds. (AP Photo)

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Gloria Richardson, left, a leader in the Cambridge, Md., integrationist's movement, Dr. Rosa L. Gragg of the National Association of Colored Woman's Clubs and Mrs. Diane Nash Bevel, right, representing the Southern Christian Leadership Committee, are interviewed as they leave the White House in Washington, D.C., July 9, 1963. U.S. President John F. Kennedy asked 300 representatives of Women's organizations to back his civil rights program. At a two-hour meeting, the president outlined a three-point program to help solve the racial problem. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

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Golfer Denny Shute is shown with his wife Hettie, as she drinks from the PGA trophy at Shawnee on the Delaware, Penn., July 9, 1935. (AP Photo)

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Crowds wait in line to register for gas rationing stickers at PS 69 on West 54th St. in New York, July 9, 1942. (AP Photo/Murray Becker)

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The lunch hour queue at the childrens salvage shop in Marylebone, on July 9, 1942, with children of all ages bringing their contributions. (AP Photo)

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Children on Mulberry St. in the Lower East Side turned a WPA street excavation site into a temporary swimming hole using water from a fire hydrant as temperatures rose to the highest point in New York City history on July 9, 1936. (AP Photo)

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American soldiers assist medical corpsmen in evacuating wounded German prisoners from a hospital in Cherbourg, France on July 9, 1944. (AP Photo)

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Students discuss their projects in front of Greystone, a rambling mansion in Beverly Hills on July 9, 1974, that houses the American Film Institute (A.F.I.). The A.F.I. confidently expects that Greystone will be the spawning ground for the great film makers of the future. Left to right, are Art Eisenton, Andre Guttfround and Jeff Rush. (AP Photo/George Brich)

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British troops who captured a German strongpoint Normandy called the “Hindenburg Bastion” painted their own comments on the concrete wall of the fortification in France on July 9, 1944. (AP Photo)

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The archway, all that is left of the Law Courts, Valetta, on July 9, 1942, with other bombed buildings in the background . A Carrozzin, Maltese taxi, passes in front. (AP Photo)

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The seaside’s irresistible charm combines with “The fun of the fair”, in “America’s Playground” on Coney Island, New York City, United States. A general view of crowded Coney Island, New York City on July 9, 1946, as seen from the Steeplechase Park parachute drop. (AP Photo)

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