Today in History - July 4

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Jesse Owens of Ohio State clinched the broad jump with a leap of 26 feet 1 inch in the senior National AAU Championships in Princeton, N.J., July 4, 1936. (AP Photo)

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New York Yankees' Lou Gehrig, the "Iron Horse," wipes away a tear while speaking during a sold-out tribute at Yankee Stadium July 4, 1939. Gehrig's record breaking career was cut short by neuromuscular disease. (AP Photo/Murray Becker)

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Grover Whalen, left, President of the New York world?s fair, stands inside looking at the room of the British pavilion at the New York on July 4, 1940, where a time bomb was found. After the bomb was removed to the rear of the nearby polish pavilion and while it was being examined by detectives, it exploded, killing two members of the bomb. The bomb, a flame-thrower type, was disguised as a portable radio set. (AP Photo)

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Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, standing at right of the microphones, paid the respects of the City of New York to Lou Gehrig, left, as 60,000 fans jammed Yankee Stadium on July 4, 1939 to cheer the retiring "Iron Horse." The World Champions paid tribute to their great first baseman during their doubleheader with the Washington Senators. The two teams are shown in the infield, with the famous 1927 Yankees team in the foreground, in a row at right. Dignitaries and the band are in the background. (AP Photo)

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Johnny Brunner in the starters stand gives the green flag to the field of 39 stock cars at the start of the Firecracker 250 in Daytona, Fla., July 4, 1960. The winner was Jack Smith, car 49, who set a new record of 146.842 mph. (AP Photo)

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The 29th President of the United States, Warren G. Harding, and his wife, first lady Florence Kling Harding are seen on July 4, 1923. (AP Photo)

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M. Soubbotich, the new Yugoslavian Minister in London, leaving the Yugoslavian legation in London, on July 4, 1939, for Buckingham Palace where he presented his credentials to the King. (AP Photo)

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The Duke of Kent with the principals of Armstrong College, Newcastle, after he received his degree on July 4, 1935. (AP Photo)

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This ?after? picture of the finely tract, July 4, 1944 near Elder, Colo., shown the land stabilized by the planting of a cover crop of sudan grass, cane and broomcorn. The next step in rehabilitating the land, after soil erosion had ruined it, is revegetation with native grasses. Gradually, though cooperation of farmers and the U.S. Forest Service, fertility is restored. (AP Photo)

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U.S. President Calvin Coolidge, clad in cowboy attire celebrates the Fourth of July Holiday with his wife Grace Goodhue Coolidge in Rapid City North Dakota on July 4, 1927. Others are unidentified. (AP Photo)

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Negroes from nearby villages gathered to see the Baptismal services of the Emanuel Baptist Church at Oyster Bay, New York, on July 4, 1937. As the baptisms in the bay were being held, robed choristers waded into the water and sang. An Oyster Bay baptism in progress, on the right is the choir. (AP Photo)

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Ambassador Isidor Jesse Straus paid homage at the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior at the Arc de Triomphe on July 4, 1933 when General Pershing rekindled the flame. In this image US ambassador to France, Straus signs the Golden Book after the ceremony in Paris on July 4, 1933. Behind are seen General Pershing and General Gouraud, Military Governor of Paris and Captain Le Breton, naval attache. (AP Photo)

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With clothes, helmet and rifle at his side, Sgt. Harry Heldreth of 1387 Lake View Road, Cleveland, Ohio, sunbathes on an Imjin River beach in Korea not far behind the front lines, July 4, 1951. (AP Photo/William Straeter)

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The famous liner Mauretania has all but completed her last voyage on July 4, 1935, when she steamed up the Forth almost in sight of the breakers yards at Rosyth, Scotland. (AP Photo)

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Fausto Coppi of Italy leads the pack ahead of Jean Robic of France on his way to win the 10th stage of the Tour de France cycling race from Lausanne to L'Alpe d'Huez, July 4, 1952. Coppi later won the Tour de France 1952. (AP Photo) ----- Der Italiener Fausto Coppi uebernimmt waehrend des Aufstiegs nach Alpe d'Huez bei der Tour de France 1952 vor dem Franzosen Robic die Fuehrung. Coppi gewinnt die Tour de France 1952. (AP Photo)

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Using the end of the ribbon of a wreath, sent by the American Joint Distribution Committee, to dry her eyes an unidentified woman, right, July 19, 1946, mourns her husband, one of 41 persons killed July 4, 1946 at Kielce in Poland's bloodiest post-war pogron. (AP Photo)

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The first freight-carrying glider to make the Trans-Atlantic flight has reached Britain from Canada. It was towed across by an aircraft of Royal Air Force Transport Command. The front of the glider raised to release its freight, July 4, 1943. (AP Photo)

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Britain's Prime Minister Winston Churchill, drinks a pint of beer before making his final speech to a crowd of people in Norwood, London, July 4, 1945. Churchill is touring the country to boost his party's election hopes in the forthcoming General Election. (AP Photo)

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U.S. President Calvin Coolidge, clad in cowboy attire, poses with photographers while celebrating the Fourth of July in Rapid City North Dakota on July 4, 1927. Others are unidentified. (AP Photo)

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The Emir of Katsina, Northern Nigerian chief, flew to England and arrived in Southampton on July 4, 1939, in the flying boat Coolangatta. (AP Photo)

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Actress Marlene Dietrich draws a bead on a Pigeon at a Monte Carlo Pigeon-Shooting Club, July 4, 1956, and dosen't appear to need any instructions from motion picture director Vittorio De Sica, who watches the famed actress. (AP Photo)

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American President Harry S. Truman gives his characteristic smile from his car as he speeds to his home in Independence, Missouri, on July 4, 1945, following his arrival at Fairfax Airport. His hat is bent back by the breeze. (AP Photo)

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C.B. Leech, right, of Weinert, Texas, milks a wild cow in 37 3/5 seconds while his son, Charles, left, mugs the cow in the wild cow milking contest during the cowboy reunion at Stanford in Texas on July 4, 1945. (AP Photo/Carl E. Linde

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Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina drives his Mercedes to victory in the French Grand Prix at Reims, July 4, 1954. (AP Photo/Jacques Marqueton)

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Gypsies from Poland, Hungary and the Balkan States met in Warsaw, July 4, 1937 to crown their gypsy king Janusz Kwiek, on the Polish Military Stadium with Glamorous pomp. The new crowned King sitting on his throne after the ceremony. (AP Photo)

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American soldiers, members of the Medical Corps display their chivalry as they help a group of American Army nurses arriving at the Normandy beachhead on July 4, 1944 to wade ashore from their landing craft. (AP Photo)

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The new 49-star United States flag, marking admission of Alaska as a state, whips in the early morning breeze over the east front of the U.S. Capitol building, July 4, 1959, Washington, D.C. The new flag was raised shortly after midnight and will remain atop its pole until after midday ceremonies dedicating the new east front extension of the building. Scaffolding surrounds the dome during repair. (AP Photo/Harvey Georges)

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Bobby Unser of Albuquerque, N.M., grins happily after wining the Pike’s Peak Hill climb in record time of 14 minutes 27 seconds July 4, 1956. Unser shaved two tenths of a second off the mark set last year by Bob Finney of Colorado Springs, Colo., who was second. (AP Photo)

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This general view from the Steeplechase Pier shows part of the huge crowd that fills the water and beach at Coney Island in Brooklyn, N.Y., on Independence Day, July 4, 1955. The temperature rose to 95.8 degrees Fahrenheit at 4:05 p.m. In the background at right, beyond the boardwalk is the Wonder Wheel and the Cyclone roller coaster. (AP Photo)

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A giant American flag is displayed by the Amoskeag River Mills in Manchester, N.H., on July 4, 1915. The flag measured about 95 feet long, 50 feet high and weighed some 200 lbs. (AP Photo/Harlan A. Marshall)

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Six members of the Danish Royal Ballet troupe, second oldest ballet company in the world, wave a greeting at International Airport in New York City following their arrival for the troupe's first U.S. appearance, July 4, 1955. The troupe, including four male dancers, is scheduled to make its U.S. debut on July 6 in the Berkshire Hills in Massachusetts at the Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival. From left: Mona Vangsaae, Kirsten Petersen, Inge Sand, Mette Mollerup, Viveka Segerskof and Kirsten Ralov. (AP Photo/Jacob Harris)

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Peter O'Toole, the 27-year-old Irish screen actor who stars in the title role of the new film “Lawrence of Arabia”, relaxes with a cigarette beside the racks of a desert track or vehicle on the set of the movie at Jebel Tubik, Jordan on July 4, 1961. The location is on the Jordan-Saudi Arabian border, among unbroken copper-coloured sand dunes 150 miles from the nearest oasis. The film is being made in a constant temperature of about 120 in the shade of the only beach umbrella in South Jordan. (AP Photo)

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Lou Gehrig, "the Iron Horse," and his wife, Eleanor, who were married in 1933, pose together before Game 1 of the World Series at the Polo Grounds, September 30, 1936. In his famous farewell speech on July 4, 1939, Lou said of Eleanor, "When you have a wife who has been a tower of strength and shown more courage than you dreamed existed, that's the finest I know." Eleanor later echoed his sentiment, saying, "I would not have traded two minutes of the joy and the grief with that man for two decades of anything with another." (AP Photo)

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West Germany's Helmut Rahn, center with arms raised, celebrates after tying the score in the World Cup final against Hungary at Wankdorf Stadium in Berne, Switzerland, July 4, 1954. Hungarian players, including goalie Gyula Grosics, on ground at right, react to the goal. Germany went on to defeat Hungary 3-2 to win the World Cup. (AP Photo)

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The committee chosen to draft a declaration of independence for the 13 North American British colonies is shown at work in this 19th century engraving. The five members are, from left, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Philip Livingston and Roger Sherman. On July 1, 1776, the committee submitted their draft to the Continental Congress, which voted on July 2 for final separation, and approved and formally adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4. (AP Photo)

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This undated engraving shows the scene on July 4, 1776 when the Declaration of Independence was approved by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia, Pa. The document, drafted by Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Philip Livingston and Roger Sherman, announces the separation of 13 North American British colonies from Great Britain. The formal signing by 56 members of Congress began on Aug. 2. (AP Photo)

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A policeman standing guard outside the entrance to the Italian consulate in New York on July 4, 1941, following the order that all Italian consulates in the U.S. should be closed. This step followed the order that all German consulates in the U.S. were to be closed by July 10. Thus the U.S. seeks to check axis, fifth-column activities. (AP Photo)

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Jack Benny, violinist and comedian, is carried on the shoulders of a group of soldiers July 4,1945 through a crowd of 40,000 GIs. The GIs were attending Benny's show for servicemen at the Stadium at Nuremberg, Germany. (AP Photo/William C. Allen)

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King, Ananda Mahidol, aims the .45 Colt Automatic which later took his life July 4, 1946. The King’s returned from Switzerland, when he was inspecting activities of guerillas at an OSS camp near Bangkok. The gun was given to him after a demonstration. (AP Photo)

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Barrel-chested Tony Galento, left, ranked as the No. 1 heavyweight by the National Boxing Association, discusses the good news with his trainer, Jimmy Frain, at Galento's bar The Nut Club, in Orange, N.J., July 4, 1938. Jimmy points to a vital spot on the cardboard cutout figure of John Henry Louis, lightweight champion whom Tony must dispose of July 26 in Philadelphia before he can hope for a crack at heavyweight champ Joe Louis. (AP Photo/DK)

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Thousands of people flock to the beach at Coney Island in Brooklyn, New York on July 4, 1947 to celebrate Independence Day. (AP Photo)

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Workers in a British armament factory stacking shells somewhere in England, July 4, 1940, Workers all over Britain have been working twelve hours a day and seven days a week in response to an appeal by the Minister of Supply, Herbert Morrison, to increase productivity. (AP Photo/Staff/Beadel)

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Mourners crowd around long narrow trench as coffins of victims in Kielce, Poland are placed in a common grave following mass burial service, July 4, 1946. At least 41 persons, mostly Jews, were killed in the outbreak of violence. (AP Photo)

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Four amateur “frog men,” wearing flippers, tanks and masks, prepare to search at Lake Erie in Cleveland, August 28, 1954 for the weapon used in the beating of Mrs. Marilyn Sheppard at her lakefront home on July 4. Their equipment makes possible covering a wider area of the lake bottom than was searched in previous efforts to find the murder weapon. (AP Photo)

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Alberto Balderas, idolized Mexican matador, is shown sinking his sword into the heart of fighting bull in a newly built arena at Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico on July 4, 1938. Many Americans were in the capacity crowd which witnessed the July 4 holiday fights. (AP Photo/Frank Filan)

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The bodies of two policeman killed by a bomb explosion at the New York world?s fair on July 4, 1940, may be seen in this picture, taken at the rear of the polish pavilion, structure in right foreground?building with steeple is the Netherlands exhibit. One of the covered bodies may be seen in road, while other is at fence to left. The bomb disguised as a portable radio was being removed to the lawn near the polish exhibit when it exploded, killing two and injuring several persons. (AP Photo)

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The 30 foot sailboat, Everyman, is becalmed about 25 miles off San Francisco near the Farallon Islands on July 4, 1962. The trimaran was discovered after it was reported three pacifists had made a new attempt to sail to the U.S. nuclear test area at Christmas Island. Crewmen aboard the boat were identified as Walter Chaffee, 39, San Luis Obispo, Calif.; Bob Robbins, 36, and Barton Stone, 24, both of San Francisco. (AP Photo)

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View of the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena shows the crowd watching three different sports activities being stages at once, July 4, 1959. The crowd was there to hear Richard M. Nixon deliver the dedication address. In the foreground is an ice rink, in the center is a gym floor and at the far end is a turf where track events are in progress. The arena will be the scene of the 1960 Democratic National Convention. (AP Photo/Don Brinn)

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One of two policemen killed by a bomb explosion at the New York world?s fair on July 4, 1940, is shown as his body was removed to an ambulance. The blast ripped most of the clothing off the victim in the foreground. One of his shoes may be seen at the curb. The bomb, disguised as a portable radio set, was found in the British Pavilion and to the lawn near the polish exhibit when in exploded, killing two and injuring several. (AP Photo)

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Wiley Post takes his plane Winnie Mae of Oklahoma on a test flight over New York City, July 4, 1933. Post is preparing for his transatlantic flight. The Chrysler Building is at right of the plane. The Empire State Building is in background at left. (AP Photo)

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View of the demonstration of the Iron Front in Berlin’s Lustgarten July 4, 1932. (AP Photo)

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President Dwight D. Eisenhower addresses gathered officials before the dome of the 166-year-old U.S. Capitol building during cornerstone ceremonies dedicating extension of the building's east front, July 4, 1959 in Washington. The cornerstone is held in place by an overhead crane. The chief executive flew to the ceremony from Camp David where he is spending the Fourth of July holiday. (AP Photo)

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