Today in History - July 3

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Fred Perry of Britain is shown in action in Wimbledon's Men's Singles at the All England Club in Wimbledon, England, July 3, 1936. Perry defeated Baron Gottfried von Cramm of Germany, 6-1, 6-1, 6-0, winning his third consecutive Wimbledon title. (AP Photo)

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A ride called the Flying Saucer makes this striking pattern of whirling lights while in operation at New York’s Coney Island on July 3, 1961. The attraction carries the riders at various speeds while going round and round. (AP Photo)

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German President Hermann Goering, fourth from left with hand above his head, inspects a guard of honour during manoeuvres near Kolobrzeg, Poland, on July 3, 1933. (AP Photo)

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George Palmer Putnam, husband of famed aviator Amelia Earhart, is shown at a Coast Guard radio station with maps and charts to follow his wife's plane on her attempt to round the world, in San Francisco, Calif., on July 3, 1937. Earhart's plane is hours overdue while en route between New Guinea and Howland Island in the Pacific Ocean. (AP Photo)

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A trio of infantrymen moves cautiously forward on patrol in the area south of Caen on July 3, 1944. They are rifleman B.O’Neill, of London, rifleman Gorge Wood of Uxbridge and Rifleman Jack Pearson

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Eddie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds smile at the rain when attending the party given by Mike Todd to launch the London Premiere of his film, "Around the World in 80 Days", in the Festival Gardens, July 3, 1957, Battersea, London. (AP Photo/Laurence Harris)

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Newlyweds Charlie Chaplin, right, and the former Oona O'Neill, 18, are shown at a table at the Mocambo, a Hollywood nightclub, on July 3, 1943, as they make their first public appearance since their elopment last month. (AP Photo)

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Prof. Albert Einstein in robes for degree at Oxford in England on July 3, 1936. (AP Photo)

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German boxer Max Schmeling stands over Young Stribling as referee George Baker counts during a World Heavy Weight Title fight in Cleveland, USA on July 3, 1931. Schmeling won on technical Knock Out. (AP Photo)

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The 600th anniversary Jubilee passion plays are taking place in Thiersee, the Tyrolian Oberammergau, shown July 3, 1936. The men will act in the play, and the woman is the wife of one of the actors.. (AP Photo)

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Famous German pilot Mrs. Elly Beinhorn, left, looks at a route description of the annual Powder Puff Derby with her co-pilot Mrs. Claire Walters of Los Angelese, Cal., while awaiting the start of Saturday's race to Spokane, Wash., USA, from Lawrence, Mass., July 3, 1959. Mrs. Beinhorn, an author, flying freelance writer and mother of two, has flown around the world and made many trips to other sections of the globe. Her co-pilot is a flight instructor. (AP Photo/Str)

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Meet Red Schoendienst, above, St. Louis Cardinal’s second baseman who looks out from the dugout at Wrigley Field in Chicago before a game with the Chicago Cubs on July 3, 1953. Red is about the handiest man at the plate in the National League. Before the game Schoendienst led the league in batting with .346, scored 60 runs to lead in that division, was out in front with 104 hits, and was tied with teammate Stan Musial. (AP Photo)

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Accredited war correspondents, attached to the forces in the Middle East, examine a Nazi Me-110 plane that was shot down near Gazala in the Libyan desert, July 3, 1942. War correspondents were reporting the fighting to be raging 65 miles west of Alexandria following the axis sweep through Libya and into Egypt. (AP Photo)

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A train of donkeys crosses the Alleby Bridge, over the River Jordan on July 3, 1936, from Jordan into Palestine. (AP Photo)

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National Chairman James A. Farley and his aides as they called at the White House to discuss the presidential campaign in Washington on July 3, 1936. Left to right: W. Forbes Morgan, Treasurer of the Democratic National Committee, Farley, L. W. Robert, Secretary and Charles Michelson, publicity director. (AP Photo)

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This is an aerial view of the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor, July 3, 1952. (AP Photo/John Rooney)

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President of Turkey Kemal Ataturk, left, points out somthing of interest to the Shah of Persia during military manoeuvres in Turkey, July 3, 1934.(AP Photo)

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The United States, America's newest and largest passenger liner, moves past lower Manhattan skyline outbound, July 3, 1952 on her maiden voyage to Southampton and LeHavre. Aboard were many prominent passengers, including Margaret Truman, daughter of the president. (AP Photo/John Rooney)

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British bomber crews getting detailed target instruction before setting out on a bomb raid from the bomber station, somewhere in England, on July 3, 1940, to bomb enemy troop concentrations and lines of communication. (AP Photo)

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The King George VI, Queen Elizabeth and the little princesses Elizabeth and Margaret Rose attended the Festival of Youth at the Empire Stadium in Wembley, London, England, on July 3, 1937. General view of one of the impressive displays of physical training. In background is the 30-foot figure, symbol of youth. (AP Photo)

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The Southern Cross monoplane flying over New York City on arrival around July 3, 1930. (AP Photo)

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It is feared that Amelia Earhart’s giant all-metal plane, on the last lap of her round-the-world flight, is down in the Pacific. A radio message received stated that only half an hour’s fuel remained, and she and her navigator, Capt. Fred Noonan, were seeking Howland Island. In this image Amelia Earhart at the controls of her plane nicknamed the “Flying Laboratory” on July 3, 1931. (AP Photo)

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Chinese pilots who are receiving advanced operational training at an eastern air base, somewhere in the U.S. are seen here undergoing inspection by their U.S. army instructors on July 3, 1942. These pilots, many of whom have seen service in their own country, are to return to China upon completion of their training. (AP Photo)

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Britain's Queen Mary entering the pensioners’ tent when she visited the Rose Society’s Show at Royal Hospital grounds, Chelsea, London, England on July 3, 1931. (AP Photo)

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British director Guy Greene and Italian born movie star Pier Angeli are shown during film ball, highlight of the Berlin film festival on July 3, 1960. (AP Photo/Werner Kreusch)

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On their way to the dedication of Shenandoah National Park, members of cabinet journeying with President Franklin Roosevelt paused to enjoy the scenery in Great Medows, Virginia on July 3, 1936. Left to right, they are Postmaster General Farley, Secretary of the Interior Ickes, Assistant Secretary of State R.W. Moore and President Franklin Roosevelt. (AP Photo)

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American Air Force men who participated in missions over South Korea on June 23, get together below the rockets attached to the wing of a B-26, July 3, 1950. From left to right are S/Sgt. George Yeiher, Pittsburgh, Pa.; S/Sgt. Nyle S. Mickley, Arcadia, Calif.; S/Sgt. Henry Fijal, Ford City, Pa., all gunners; second Lt. Charles Avarello, Buffalo, N.Y., a pilot; and S/Sgt. Maurice A. Olson, Minneapolis, Minn., a gunner. (AP Photo)

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Police use tear gas to repel relief camp strikers as rioter charge the camp kitchen with sticks and stones, in Regina, Saskatoon, Canada, July 3, 1935. Charles Miller, a constable, was fatally injured in the rioting. (AP Photo)

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Dimitri Mitropoulos, conductor of the New York Metropolitan opera, conducts the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra during a performance in the concert hall at the 10th anniversary exhibition grounds in Jerusalem, Israel, July 3, 1958. Mitropoulos and New York Metropolitan opera tenor Richard Tucker are in Israel for a concert tour with the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra. (AP Photo)

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These three models gave a "Fashion for flight" display on a Pan American airways overseas flight from New York to London, England, aimed at helping the female air traveler to choose an ample and versatile wardrobe within luggage weight limitations. Jean French (left), and two unidentified women stand under an engine of their plane, after arrival at a London airport, in London, July 3, 1946. (AP Photo)

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Col. Carlos Castillo Armas, (in front of microphone) addresses thousands of Guatemalans who gathered in front of the National Palace in Guatemala City, July 3, 1954 to welcome the victorious leader of the anti-Communist forces. (AP Photo)

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An injured British Ambulance driver is led from his blazing vehicle (smoke at right is coming from the ambulance) by two comrades, following an axis attack on a Royal Army Medical Corps Convoy in the Libyan Desert, July 3, 1942. Vehicles in the Convoy displayed large Red Crosses. (AP Photo)

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Frank Parisi points to the piece of garden hose which he uses to pipe illuminating gas from tank of near of his truck, left, to the carburetor in a scheme to overcome the inconveniences resulting from gasoline rationing in Rockaway, N.J., July 3, 1942. Parisi says all he has to do now is to eliminate the strong gas odor and rig up a dashboard control for his contrivance and he will have a perfect substitute for liquid fuel. (AP Photo)

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The Duchess of Kent unveiled a Coronation window in Winchester Cathedral. The window, which has been given to the cathedral by the Worshipful Company of Glaziers, is a companion window to the American memorial to King George V in the Cathedral. The Duchess of Kent in the procession to the cathedral at Winchester, on July 3, 1939, where she unveiled the Coronation Window. (AP Photo)

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The Leander Club eight crosses the finish line, one length ahead of the Boston Union eight, during the semi-final on the River Thames of the Grand Challenge Cup, at Henley, England, on July 3, 1936. (AP Photo)

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The Associated Press Building, at 50 Rockefeller Center, New York City is seen across the skating rink on July 3, 1961. (AP Photo/Max Desfor)

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People sit on benches along a walkway in Central Park in New York City, July 3, 1949. (AP Photo)

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Wounded Union soldiers get medical attention after a battle at Savage's Station, Va., during the American Civil War on July 3, 1862. General George McClellan's forces made a stand after Confederate troops followed them in at close pursuit. (AP Photo/Mathew B. Brady)

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This is the home of actors Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks in Hollywood, Calif., on July 3, 1933. (AP Photo)

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Long lines of the P-38’s disappear in the distance as final assembly workers do an impromptu job outdoors during an eight-day period down for conversion to the mechanized line in Burbank, California on July 3, 1943. Installation of a mechanized assembly line for the production of Lighting P-38 fighter planes at the Lockheed plate has doubled the daily output of the planes and effected a 40 percent reduction in man-hours per plane. (AP Photo)

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Crowds giving the Nazi salute as the funeral procession of Reinhardt Heydrich, assassinated governor of Czechoslovakia, moves down the Wilhelmstrassy in Berlin on July 3, 1942. (AP Photo)

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No matter where they send them or how tough the going gets American troops always find time to rig up a band. These troops formed a hillbilly outfit, fashioning most of the instruments by hand, at a training camp aboard, July 3, 1942. (AP Photo)

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28 ton tanks, called General Grants by our forces in the Middle East who are using numbers of them in the battle for Egypt, are now being turned out in mass production by the Chrysler Corporation’s tank arsenal in Detroit on July 3, 1942. They are armed with 75mm and 37mm cannon and several machine guns. Tanks on the left undergo minor adjustments while those on the right, already tested, await shipment. (AP Photo)

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Residents of Hamburg, Germany, stand in the rain at a mass meeting outside the City Hall, July 3, 1948 when they pledged aid to residents of the Western sector of Berlin, Germany, cut off from normal supplies by the Russian blockade. The 6,000 people at the meeting voted to give up one day's ration of food for the Berliners. The meeting was sponsored by three non-Communist parties. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

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German boxer Max Schmeling in his dressing room after his World Heavy Weight Title fight against Young Stribing, unseen, in Cleveland, USA on July 3, 1931. Schmeling won on technical Knock Out. (AP Photo)

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