Today in History - July 2

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Commander Ernesto "Che" Guevara, the Argentine doctor who became one of Fidel Castro's right hand men in Cuba, is greeted by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru during Guevara's visit to New Delhi, July 2, 1959. (AP Photo)

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President John F. Kennedy is greeted by President Antonio Segni on his arrival at Rome's Fiumicino Airport, July 1, 1963. Kennedy will confer with Italian political leaders and will have a private audience with Pope Paul VI on July 2. (AP Photo)

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Amateur golfer Bobby Jones and his wife, Mary, are shown in the backseat of an open car riding during a ticker tape parade along Broadway to City Hall in New York City on July 2, 1930. The couple will be welcomed by Mayor Walker on the occasion of Jones' arrival after winning the British Open and the British Amateur golfing championships. (AP Photo)

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In center, L-R: Edmund Hillary, Colonel John Hunt, leader of the expedition, and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, pose arm in arm at Ciampino Airport in Rome, Italy on their way to London on July 2, 1953. They were treated at a reception during their stopover. (AP Photo/James Pringle)

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Gus Hall, center, S.W.O.C. organizer sought in connection with an alleged bombing plot, as he surrendered to police in Warren, Ohio, July 2, 1937. With him are Det. Bill Johnson, left, and Sgt. Cliff Wager. Hall waived hearing and was held for the Grand Jury under $50,000 bond. (AP Photo)

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President John F. Kennedy takes his wife's arm as they leave St. Francis Xavier church after attending 10 o'clock mass in Hyannis, Mass., July 2, 1961. The first lady is wearing a green linen sheath dress and a white kerchief. Kennedy and wife, Jacqueline, and family members are spending the long holiday weekend at his Hyannis Port summer home. (AP Photo/John Rous)

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American aviator Amelia Earhart, left, and her navigator, Fred Noonan, right, pose beside their plane at Lae, New Guinea in 1937. This photo, taken with a gold miner named Jacobs, shows them just before they took off in a flight to Howland Island during which they disappeared somewhere in the Pacific on July 2. (AP Photo)

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The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King is shown during appearance on the "Protestant Heritage" telecast over NBC-TV, on June 30, 1963 from New York. King announced final plans for a Civil Rights March on the Capitol at Washington D.C. would be formulated at a closer-door meeting in New York, July 2, 1963. Dr. King, president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, said he would "definitely take part" in the march. (AP Photo)

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Loading a huge shell into French railway-gun in France on July 2, 1940. (AP Photo)

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Amelia Earhart Putnam and her navigator Fred Noonan are seen shortly after their landing in Bandoeng, near Batavia in the Dutch East Indies, on June 21, 1937. It was one of the last happy landings on their attempted round-the-world flight before they disappeared on July 2, under way to Howland Island, somewhere over the Pacific Ocean. (AP Photo)

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Jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong uses a mouthpiece to demonstrate to Vice President Richard M. Nixon the technique he uses to "make the horn cry" in his office in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1957. Armstrong will tour South America, Russia and Africa as a good-will ambassador to the U.S. (AP Photo)

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Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, the Nepalese guide who together with New Zealander Edmund Hillary, unseen, was one of the two first men ever to reach the top of Mount Everest is seen at the Ciampino Airport in Rome, Italy during a stopover on July 2, 1953. (AP Photo/James Pringle)

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Uruguay's goalkeeper Gaston Maspoli, second left, watches his team mate Juan Carlos Gonzalez, clear the ball during an attack by Bolivia, during the World Cup match in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, July 2, 1950. Uruguay defeated Bolivia by eight goals to nil. (AP Photo)

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The Boston sloop Easterner takes an early lead over Weatherly in the first race of America's Cup trials off of Newport, R.I., July 2, 1962. Easterner held the lead for a time but lost out over the 24 mile course with Weatherly winning by 3 minutes 12 seconds. (AP Photo/Frank Curtin)

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Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina speeds flat out along the grandstand straight of the Rheims circuit, July 2, 1950 as he won the Grand Prix de l'Automobile Club de France in a 1 1/2-litre Alfa Romeo with a two-stage blower at a speed of 168.722 kph. (AP Photo/Jean-Jacques Levy)

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Actress Rhonda Fleming plays with a dozen cerebral palsied children at a pre-Fourth of July swimming party at her Bel Air home, on July 2, 1963, which followed by a bar-b-que. Miss Fleming has been a volunteer in United Cerebral Palsy Association of Los Angeles County for six years, and this is the third swimming party for cerebral palsied children she has given at her home. (AP Photo/David F.Smith)

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An old cornet, blown by Irma Sheridan of New York awakens girls at 8 a.m. near Peekskill, N.Y., July 2, 1941. The farm is under auspices of the women World War veterans and twelve girls and young women are learning to do farm work against a national emergency. (AP Photo/Murray Becker)

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Japanese soldiers travel through creeks and streams as they continue to invade deeper into China, July 2, 1938. (AP Photo)

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Internees prepare lunch meals for Japanese Americans held at the at the internment center at the Santa Anita Park race track in Ca., on July 2, 1942 during World War II. (AP Photo)

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Parts for the first atomic reactor to reach Switzerland arrived in Geneva on July 2 from Knoxville, Tennessee. The cargo, weighing 15 tons and packed in 100 crates, was transported in two aircraft of the U.S. Air Force, A C-124 Globe Master and a C-54. The reactor will be one of the exhibits at the United Nations conference on the peaceful uses of atomic energy to be held in Geneva in August. Scientists, who helped build the reactor at the Atomic Energy Commission’s Laboratory at Oak Ridge, are to supervise its erection in Geneva. A crate is unloaded from the Globe Master in Geneva, Switzerland on July 2, 1955. (AP Photo)

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Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Democratic presidential nominee is shown July 2,1932 in Albany, N.Y. Second from left to right: Gov. Roosevelt, Elliott Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt, John A. Roosevelt. Holding the governor's hand is Bobby Baker. Man at far left is unidentified. (AP Photo)

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World famous film producer Walt Disney (third from left) rides across the big square in front of the city hall in Copenhagen on July 2, 1961 with Tom Khudsen, left, of Los Angeles, president of the Danish-American Fourth of July celebrations, and two of Walt’s famous cartoon characters. (AP Photo)

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Members of five different services on their way to the review in Hyde Park, London, on July 2, 1939. Left to right are an Auxiliary Territorial, the Women’s Royal Navy Service, the City of London Royal Air Force Service, the London Ambulance Service, the Women’s Land Army. (AP Photo)

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WAAC Sergt. Anne Bradley, of Washington, D.C., admires the D.A.R. pin proudly displayed by Madame de Brazza, who like all lineal descendants of the Marquis de Lafayette, is a hereditary citizen of the U.S.A. Mme. De Brazza, a distinguished octogenarian, holds on Monday “at homes” for the WAACs stationed at Allied Headquarters in North Africa, July 2, 1943. “I like the uniform,” says Mme. de Brazza. “If I were young enough, I’d be wearing it.” (AP Photo)

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This photograph of a Japanese bomb carrying paper balloon in the air at New York, on July 2, 1945, was taken over North America. The balloons are supposed to blow themselves up after releasing anti-personnel and incincindiary explosives. This one didn?t. (AP Photo)

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German troops march along the Champs-Elysees, with the Arc de Triomphe behind in Paris on July 2, 1940. (AP Photo)

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Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt, Democratic nominee for President, shown thanking his campaign managers in Chicago on July 2, 1932 after delivering his acceptance speech before the democratic convention. Left to right: Louis Mc Howe, Roosevelt?s personal advisor: Roosevelt, and James Farley, his campaign manager. (AP Photo)

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American relief money flowing into China makes possible schools such as this one in war-torn Shanghai here children of rickshaw pullers are given an education which otherwise would have been denied them. Instruction administrated by the Salvation Army, includes lessons in counting July 2, 1940. Thousands of farmers and war refugees have turned to rickshaw pulling, resulting in stiffer competition and lower incomes. (AP Photo)

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New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt is seen in Chicago with family members, July 2, 1932. From left to right, the governor, his sons Elliott and John, and his wife Eleanor. Roosevelt accepted his party's nomination for the presidency. (AP Photo)

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The German crew for the Men's coxless pairs 1952 Summer Olympic Games rowing event in Helsinki, Heinz Rennenberg , left, and Heinz Eichholz from the German club RV Gelsenkirchen are posing in their boat at the German championships on July 2, 1952 in Duisburg, Germany. (AP Photo/Albert Gillhausen)

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"Force Publique" soldiers arrest Bayaka tribesmen who tried to interfere with gathering of Bacongo Kimbanguist Catechists in Ngiri three miles from center of Leopoldville, Congo on July 2, 1960. (AP Photo)

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Snarled traffic near the entrance of the Holland Tunnel in lower Manhattan, New York, is seen at the start of the Independence Day long weekend, July 2, 1948. (AP Photo/Matty Zimmerman)

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The three daughters of the Emperor and Empress of Japan Princesses Yori, Teru and Taka, feeding the goats in Ueno Park Zoo, Tokyo, on July 2, 1937. (AP Photo)

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President John F. Kennedy and Pope Paul VI chat during the Pontiff's private audience with the American chief executive at the Vatican July 2, 1963. The pope and the first Roman Catholic American president met for 40 minutes. (AP Photo)

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South African soldiers on leave from their units in the Middle East pray for victory at the famous Wailing Wall in the ancient Holy City of Jerusalem on July 2, 1942. The Jewish Agency for Palestine maintains hospitality centers and service clubs for servicemen with the aid of the United Palestine Appeal. (AP Photo)

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Henry Ford, seated in a stage coach, participating in the ceremony at the dedication of the Ackley covered bridge at Greenfield village, Dearborn, Michigan, on July 2, 1938, during the third annual meeting of the federation of McGuffey societies, honouring William Holmes McGuffey, of McGuffey’s readers fame. (AP Photo)

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Survivors of plane crash in Hidden Valley Shangri-La, New Guinea with pilots and crews of the planes that rescued them on July 2, 1945. The three center people beginning with the sixth from left: Lt. John S. McCollom; Cpl. Margaret Hastings; and T/Sgt. Kenneth W. Decker. (AP Photo/Frank Filan)

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American amateur golfer Bobby Jones, riding in backseat of car at left, is given his second ticker-tape parade along Broadway to City Hall in New York City on July 2, 1930. Bobby Jones, accompanied by his wife, will be welcomed by the city's mayor on the occasion of Jones' arrival after winning the British Open and British Amateur golf championships. (AP Photo)

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Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black, right, and his wife Josephine, seated next to him, get some sun at Atlantic City, N.J., July 2, 1941. Elysabeth Smathers, wife of Sen. William Smathers (R-N.J.) entertained them and Henrietta Hill, wife of Sen. Lister Hill of Alabama, at Sen. Smathers' home in Margate, N.J. Mrs. Hill's daughter Henrietta, left, and her son, Luther, standing, are with them. (AP Photo)

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A British soldier making enquires and checking papers of an Arab on the frontier, in Libya, on July 2, 1941. (AP Photo)

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This is the home of novelist Ernest Hemingway at Ketchum, Idaho, near Sun Valley, shown July 2, 1961, when the author was found dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound near the door at left. A friend, Chuck Atkinson, said the body was near a gun rack just off the living room. (AP Photo)

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Seven women farmers on a farm near Peekskill, N.Y., shoulder their farm implements and march from tents to a nearby field, July 2, 1941. They are training to do farming against a national emergency. (AP Photo/Murray Becker)

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Walt Disney, world-famous father of Mickey Mouse and Bambi, took time out to visit the West Berlin Zoo, July 2, 1958. He is shown caressing a true and trusting Bambi while attending the city's 36-nation film festival. (AP Photo/Werner Kreusch)

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British South African troops salute with bayoneted rifles while Italian prisoners who surrendered at Fort Toseli, Eritrea, march past, July 2, 1941. (AP Photo)

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