Today in History - June 16

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Testing the new sails of the yacht Endeavour II, Thomas Octave Murdoch Sopwith's new challenger for the America's Cup, in American waters off Newport, Rhode Island around June 16, 1937. (AP Photo)

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This is a general view of the Chien Men Gate, which is flanked by rows of Chinese shops in Beijing, China, on June 16, 1935. (AP Photo)

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Jake LaMotta, right, finds Algerian Marcel Cerdan wide open and sends a right in third round action of their world middleweight championship title bout in Briggs Stadium, Detroit, Mich., June 16, 1949. LaMotta knocked out Cerdan in the tenth round to become the new world middleweight champion. (AP Photo)

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Tank landing ship from a coast Guard Rescue Craft off the French beachhead on June 16, 1944, as she points her bow skyward before sinking after striking a German mine. (AP Photo)

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World Heavyweight Champion of the World Max Schmeling, is shown in this unusual closeup at his training camp in Kingston, N.Y., June 16, 1932. Schmeling is tapering off training for his upcoming fight with Jack Sharkey at the new Madison Square Garden Bowl in Queens, New York. The champion is said to be in excellent shape. (AP Photo)

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King Gustav V of Sweden was 80 today and the whole country went wild with excitement in fever-heat of celebration. The King, still sprightly, received thunderous applause when he made a state drive through Stockholm accompanied by crown Prince Gustav Adolf, and the latter’s daughter, Princess Margareta, who amused the carriage by her acknowledgement of the huge crowd’s ovation. Princess Margareta, center, waving daintily to the crowds on the Royal drive in Stockholm, on June 16, 1938, watched by 80 years old King Gustav V, left, and the Princess’s father, Crown Prince Gustav Adolf, on the right. (AP Photo)

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Under the leadership of a former sergeant-major, the Doncaster "civicorps", known locally as the broomstick army, set off on a seven mile march, June 16, 1940, in Doncaster, northern England. (AP Photo)

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South African boxer Ben Foord, leans out of a train window at Waterloo Station in London, England before leaving for America on June 16, 1937. (AP Photo)

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American tennis player Helen Jacobs with the Wightman Cup after the USA beat Britain at Wimbledon, London on June 16, 1934. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

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Fidel Castro points out damaged cottages at Playa Giron on June 16, 1961 to newsmen and photographers, including eight Americans, whom Castro personally led through 300 miles of Cuba. This was the first on-the-spot inspection of the invasion site by any Americans. (AP Photo/BS)

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Civil Defense director George M. Phillips of the Atlanta, Ga., area, illustrates he use of a "flash dial", a simple wooden disc, 36 inches in diameter, created to spot the heart of any atomic explosion within a matter of minutes, in Atlanta, June 16, 1951. The disc has a center pole which casts a "shadow" when heat waves from an atomic blast sear the surface of the wood. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)

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Peter Carl Mackay, known as Prince Monolulu, the racing tipsters at Ascot Racecourse, England on June 16, 1931. (AP Photo)

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A night shot of the great barrage of flak which greeted enemy bombers over Algiers during as Axis air raid on the North African port, June 16, 1947. (AP Photo)

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German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer makes the final speech in front of several thousand pows who have returned to Germany at the second meeting of homecomers in Frankfurt, Germany at the Rebstock area June 16, 1957. (AP Photo/Stf) ---- Bundeskanzler Konrad Adenauer waehrend seiner Rede auf der Abschlusskundgebung des 2. Deutschland-Heimkehrertreffens auf dem Gelaende am Frankfurter Rebstock; in Frankfurt am 16. Juni, 1957. Der Kanzler steht am Rednerpult, zeigt mit dem Zeigefinger auf die Menschen und ist seitlich / von hinten zu sehen. (AP Photo/Stf)

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The new Earl David Beatty with his fiancee Dorothy Power arriving at the racecourse at Ascot, England, on June 16, 1936, for the day's racing. (AP Photo)

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A 600-pound doughnut-shaped buoy is launched in outer Boston Harbor to float equipment for measuring pollution every six minutes, June 16, 1970. The electronic device was developed by research department of New England Aquarium and M.I.T. professor Harold E. Edgerton of Edgerton, Germeshausen and Grier, Inc. In background is peninsula of Hull on south side of harbor. (AP Photo/J. Walter Green)

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Wounded and injured Americans are now regaining health and fitness at a hospital somewhere in Britain. Here the men come from station or general hospitals and are passed through a course of remedial treatment and training fitting them for re-entry into the front line. The men, 90% of whom are injured accidentally,- battle casualties being brought only when ambulatory - are examined on entry and classed into four grades. D men are just able to walk. C men must be able to hike five miles. B men must be able to run and jump, while A men are classed for full military service again. A weekly examination moves the men up or down according to their health. Wounded and injured American soldiers now able to carry out strenuous exercises with heavy logs at the hospital in England, June 16, 1943. (AP Photo)

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Banking Bill at the White House, June 16, 1933, surrounded by sponsors of the measure. From left: Sen. A.W. Barkley of Kentucky; Thomas P. Gore of Oklahoma; Carter Glass of Virginia; J.F.T. O'Connor, comptroller of currency; Sen. William G. McAdoo; Rep Henry B. Steagall of Alabama; Sen. D.U. Fletcher of Florida; and Rep. T. Alan Goldsborough of Maryland. (AP Photo)

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The American flag flies after the "topping out" ceremony of the Associated Press building at Rockefeller Center, in New York, June 16, 1938. The raising of the flag on the topmost girder marked the completion of the building's steelwork. The 15-story building, 12th in the Rockefeller group, is expected to be ready for occupancy on Dec. 1. (AP Photo)

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Robert B. Woodward, Associate Professor of Chemistry at Harvard University, holds a model June 16,1947 in Boston, Mass. illustrating the molecular structure of Fibrous proteins which is similar to new, synthetic substances he has created. Balls marked "X" and "Y" represent elements in the molecule which vary in different materials, causing the difference in their physical and chemical properties. The balls, connected by short rods, model for physicists and chemists the pattern in which atoms fall to create molecules and diverse substances. (AP Photo).

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Sign-carrying pacifists listen to a speaker on the steps of the mall entrance to the Pentagon in Washington on June 16, 1965 during a day-long demonstration. Word was passed the 30,000 military and civilian workers outside the building to play it cool and calm in dealing with what the demonstrators called a “speak out." Some of the demonstrators wandered through the corridors of the building passing out literature. (AP Photo)

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Flak fly’s at Axis planes during an air raid in Algiers June 16, 1947. The concentrating of fire brought down several planes. (AP Photo)

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Peter John Webster, a British planter from Darjeeling, trekked the Khumbu district for three months and at Namche Bazaar, 170 miles from Katmandu, Nepal, was admitted a full member of the Swiss expedition which succeeded in climbing Everest and Lhotse. He said he proposed to return to the Himalayas to investigate reports of the presence of the corpse of a hairy animal, believed to be an “Abominable Snowman,” in the glaciers at the foot of Makalu. He said he saw a “fantastically flat plateau four miles long” at an altitude of 20,000 feet in the Barun glaciers "and there are signs of other which also could be used as landing grounds by modern planes.” He’s shown here with the two Sherpas on June 16, 1956, with whom he trekked. At extreme right is Tashi, who went up to 27,000 feet without Oxygen in Evans’ Kangchenjunga expedition in 1955 and Mingma Gyalzen, who climbed the Kabru Peak with John Kempe in 1952. Webster did not go right to the top with the Swiss, but returned from 18,000 feet, when he evacuated ailing Sherpa chief Pasang Dawa Lama to 13,000-foot Namche Bazar village. (AP Photo)

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Engineer Harold Graham, of Buffalo, N.Y., glides over a parked car during a demonstration of a one-man, rocket-powered jet pack, outside of the Pentagon in Arlington, Va., June 16, 1961. The demonstration, sponsored by the Army, draws a crowd of Pentagon workers. The control tower at left is used in directing helicopter traffic to and from the Pentagon. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

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Punk Rock Star Wendy O. Williams smashes a television set for a radio station contest in Pasadena, Calif., in this June 16, 1981 photo. Williams, whose stage theatrics as lead singer of the punk band The Plasmatics included blowing up equipment and chain-sawing guitars, died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. She was 48. Williams' former manager and longtime companion Rod Swenson said he discovered her body Monday, April 6, 1998, in a wooded area near their home. (AP Photo)

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Over a million persons sought relief from the 92.6 degree heat at Coney Island, New York on June 16, 1957, New York’s hottest day in 1957. (AP Photo/John Lindsay)

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Still discernable after hundreds of years is the outline of the face of the Brahman God, but the elephant guards lower part of gate are a bit worse for wear at Angkor, Cambodia on June 16, 1950. (AP Photo/James Mills)

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Coaches passing over Hammersmith Bridge during the famous famous coaching marathon from Hyde Park to Richmond, London on June 16, 1934. (AP Photo)

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In dress appropriate to the ancient sport, a group of GI’s learn archery in Japan on June 16, 1948 under the guidance of Japan’s number one archer, Toshisuke Nasu, right. His school has been taken over by the Special Service Department of the U.S. Army for troops who want to take up the up the sport. The GI’s in this group are from left to right: Sgt. Martin Baumain, Baltimore, Md.; Pvt. Delbert Reed, Columbus, Ohio; T/5 Ernest (cq) Willoughby, Honolulu, T.H.; Pvt. Raymond Sorensen, Palatine, Ill.; Pvt. William L. Rose, Winters, Calif., and Pfc. Weldon G. Folwell, Forrest, Illinois. (AP Photo)

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Johan Johnson, left, on the seeder, and Arthur Hack on the tractor, both Matanuska settlers from Minnesota, are shown seeding their new farm with oats in this Alaska valley, June 16, 1935. In the background are the snow-covered mountains of the Chugach range. (AP Photo)

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Berliners stand in front of a TV shop and look through the window to observe the start of the Apollo 11 space mission on television, June 16, 1969, Berlin, Germany. (AP Photo/Edwin Reichert)

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A high barbed wire distinguishes between the cities of Nogales, Mexico, and Nogales, Ariz., June 16, 1940 (AP Photo)

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With old rubber boots, bicycle tires, garden hose and inner tubes, Washington school children build up a pile of scrap rubber in a plaza at one end of the Capitol grounds, June 16, 1942. (AP Photo)

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With Photographers crowding the ranks before her, actress Brigitte Bardot glances over her shoulder in Paris June 16, 1976 as she attended the creation of the Brigitte Bardot Foundation. The foundation has been established to help distressed animals the world over. (AP Photo)

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The banner of the Great German Reich waves over the Paris City Hall for the first time on June 16, 1940. (AP Photo)

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Close-up of the face of the “Smiling God” on a tower at Angkor, Cambodia June 16, 1950, a face is carved on each of the four sides, all done hand labor by slaves of the Khmers. (AP Photo/James Mills)

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Watling Street, looking towards Cannon Street, London on June 16, 1941, following a Nazi air raid. (AP Photo)

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Members of a Transvaal Regiment giving three cheers when they reach Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, June 16, 1941. (AP Photo)

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This general view shows the assembly lines at the Volkwagen auto works plant, which manufactures nearly 900 automobiles each day, in Wolfsburg, West Germany, on June 16, 1954. (AP Photo/Reithausen)

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Britain's Queen Mary presenting a long service medal to May H. B. Ward during an inspection of two thousand members of the Queen's Institute of District Nurses in the garden of Buckingham Palace, London, England on June 16, 1937. This is the first function that Queen Mary has attended along since the death of King George V in 1936. (AP Photo)

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Britain's Princess Elizabeth, second right, and her sister Princess Margaret, right, accompanied by Prince Philip, closest to the camera and the Duke of Eldon, arrive at Ascot in an open carriage for the first day of the four day race meeting, on June 16, 1949. (AP Photo/Rider)

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These American Red Cross field directors jeeps in England on June 16, 1944, lined up for service with Allied troops in France, await shipment across the English Channel. American Red Cross field men went into France with the Military units they served in England, It was announced officially in London. (AP Photo)

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Traffic builds up on Mississippi State Route 7-8 near Holcomb as the Meredith March moved into the Mississippi Delta, June 16, 1966. The march leaders plan to arrive in Jackson on June 26. (AP Photo)

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During the non-stop aerial onslaught on the Island fortress of Malta, the naval base came in for special attention by enemy planes and suffered considerable damage. An escort vessel blown on its side while in a graving dock at Valetta, on June 16, 1944. (AP Photo)

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Scenes at Angkor, Cambodia on June 16, 1950 showing the ravages of the weather, time and the jungle growth on the once powerful capital of ancient Cambodia. (AP Photo/James Mills)

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These American Red Cross club mobiles, trailers and supply trucks are waiting for shipment across the English Channel in England on June 16, 1944, to follow the Allied invasion armies. American Red Cross field men went into France with the military units they served in England, according to official announcement. Their club equipment will follow soon. Field Directors jeeps are lined up in the far background. (AP Photo)

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Statues guarding the road into one of the compounds at Angkor, Cambodia on June 16, 1950. (AP Photo/James Mills)

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On patrol in the jungles of Burma, June 16, 1944 are these members of Merrill’s Marauders, operating most of the time behind enemy lines. Front to rear are: Lt. Kenneth Bratlof, Cloquet, Minn.; Pvt. Anthony Callisto, Colvay, New York; Pvt. Sidney Block, Philadelphia, Pa.; and Pfc. Harry Brabazon, also of Philadelphia. (AP Photo)

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Britain's Elizabeth Bowes Lyon, the Duchess of York with Lady Domini Crosfield nee Elliadi, followed by Sir Arthur Crosfield and Lady Annaly at Lady Crossfield’s Charity Tennis Tournament at West Hill, Highgate, London on June 16, 1931. (AP Photo)

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Movie and stage star Maureen O’Hara, seen June 16, 1960, collects antiques, mementos of various films, and clothes, a necessity to actresses. Maureen holds up a valuable antique cut glass jar in her Hollywood home. It was given to her daughter Bronwyn by actor Finlay Currie. Decorating the window shelves are mementos from all over the world. (AP Photo/Harold Filan)

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