Today in History - June 11

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Dr. Ernst von Weizsaecker, one of the defendants accused of war crimes during the NAZI regime in WWII gives his testemony before an US court in the "Wilhelmstrasse Trial" in Nuremberg, Germany, June 11, 1948. 66-year-old Von Weizsaecker who was State Secretary of the German foreign office from 1938 to 1943 and German ambassador to the Vatican from 1943 to 1945, pleaded not guilty and stated: "Decisions were made without the Foreign Office experts even beeing consulted." (AP Photo/Riethausen)

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German soldiers, former “Herrenvolk”, come over the crest of a hill with their hands over their heads in surrender to American troops during the battle for the Normandy beachhead in France on June 11, 1944. (AP Photo)

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Brightly lit buildings in the Manhattan borough of New York, beam a bright salute to mark the 350th anniversary of the discovery of the Hudson River by Henry Hudson, June 11, 1959. Ships from naval armada which came to the celebration add to the glitter as they rest at anchor in the river. Photo was made from the observation deck of the Empire State Building. The RCA Building at Rockefeller Center is seen at right. View is to the northwest with New Jersey in background. (AP Photo/Marty Lederhandler)

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Director Steven Spielberg, right, is in London for tonight's Royal European Charity Premiere of his new film "Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom," June 11, 1984. With him, from left to right, are: executive producer George Lucas; actress Kate Capshaw; and young actor Ke Huy Quan. (AP Photo/Joe Schaber)

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A customer at a news vendor in New York's Grand Central Station looks through a special edition of the New York Post, Monday, June 11, 2001, hours after Timothy McVeigh was executed at a federal prison in Terre Haute, Indiana. McVeigh was executed for killing 168 people in the bombing of the Oklahoma City federal building, becoming the first federal prisoner executed in 38 years.(AP Photo/Kathy Willens)

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State and federal law enforcement agents lead Timothy McVeigh, second from left, from the Noble County Courthouse in Perry, Okla, April 21, 1995. He had just been identified as a suspect in the bombing of the Oklahoma City federal building. (AP Photo/John Gaps III)

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The only vote cast in Congress against war with Japan was that of Rep. Jeannette Rankin (R-Mont.), who took refuge in a telephone booth on her way to her office, Dec. 8, 1941. (AP Photo)

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The belief is that those whose minds are free of earthly thoughts feel no heat and are not burned, and it’s central to the fire-walking ceremony of “Hiwatari” at the Yakuo-in Temple at Mt. Takao, a Tokyo suburb on June 11, 1976. Its Buddhist rite, symbolizing hopes for peace and long life, first held in 744; only priests took part until 1950, when it was opened to the public. Priests, followers and tourists watch an 18-foot-square pyre of cedar-wood blaze and then they walk barefoot over the embers. There were more than 100 fire-walkers at the ceremony. No injuries were reported. (AP Photo/Seiichi Kanise/Tsugufumi Matsumoto)

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The paymaster at a farming commune in Hangchow, China, is shown in his office which also doubles as his living quarters, June 11, 1961. He checks the hours worked by people and pays them. (AP Photo)

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King George, left, with president Franklin Delano Roosevelt after services at St. James Episcopal Church at Hyde Park, N.Y., June 11, 1939. The King, along with Queen Elizabeth and Roosevelt family members, had all attended services together. (AP Photo)

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All set for action against the Axis, United States P-47 Thunderbolt fighters are in formation over a patchwork of British countryside, June 11, 1943. (AP Photo)

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No words are needed to explain this happy picture. The only bell standing between these Bellevile, Ill students and summer vacation has just rung and they're out of the gate, June 11, 1974. (AP Photo/DM)

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Youthful British flying cadets lost no time reporting for work after their arrival at a civilian aviation school in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, June 11, 1941, to train for service with the RAF. American instructors will give them their course of training. (AP Photo/B.I. Sanders)

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Maria Felicani, wife of the farmer Silvio Felicani, holds a four-leg chick which was born on their farm at St. Agata Bolognese, few miles from Bologna, Italy on June 11, 1955. The chick is doing well, and it walks with the two front legs only. (AP Photo/Deltafoto)

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Vertical flame-thrower for use on ships to scare away or destroy low-flying German aircraft attacking allied ships in their passage down the East Coast and the English Channel on June 11, 1945. (AP Photo/British Official Photo)

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RMS Empress of Japan, a Canadian Pacific Line ocean liner shown around June 11, 1930. (AP Photo)

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Children sing a song at a school in the Peoples' Commune on the outskirts of Shanghai in Communist China on June 11, 1961.(AP Photo)

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Operatic star MME. Sugi Machi, siitting in Rickshaw, presented a scroll to Mayor John C. Porter of Los Angeles, Calif., June 2, 1933. The scroll was presented as a memorial of the world premier of Japanese Cherry Blossom Opera-Pageant in Hollywood, Calif.. Mayor Porter proclaimed June 11 as "Japanese-American Day." Shown is Jane Ishicka, left, and Machika Ito. (AP Photo)

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An old woman grabs the hand of one police officer in charge of the troops protecting the Government Headquarters from the around 1000 demonstrators in Bucharest, Romania on June 11, 1990, that gathered in front of it protesting against the government. (AP Photo/Michel Euler)

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Some children of ?reverse freedom riders? families toss ball among themselves amid army barracks at Camp Edwards, Mass., June 11, 1962. Some 42 persons were moved by a caravan of military cars to the Army?s deactivated base from a dormitory at Cape Cod Community College at Hyannis. The dormitory had to be vacated to make room for students arriving to start summer classes. (AP Photo/J. Walter Green)

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Passengers and crew of the liner Washington, laden with war refugees, prepare to lower a lifeboat when a German submarine stopped the ship and threatened to fire a torpedo at 5 a.m. June 11 off the coast of Portugal, June 21, 1940. After an exchange of signals the ship was allowed to proceed. Picture was taken by the ship’s photographer. The Washington landed in New York. (AP Photo)

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A late model car with a sign soliciting membership in the Ku Klux Klann attracts the attention of at least two members of the Meredith March as they hiked along U.S. 51 near Courtland, June 11, 1966. The flag-festooned car drove slowly past the marchers and created some laughter in the ranks. (AP Photo)

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Thousands of jobless veterans answered the bugle call to assemble at Camp Bonus to listen to their leaders in Antacostia Park in Washington, June 11, 1932. Here, part of the thousands of veterans sit in the park listening to their leaders. (AP Photo)

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Behind boulder dam, in the black canyon of the Colorado River, is the largest man-made lake in the world shown, June 11, 1938. Pressing against the barrier of concrete and steel are 20,000,000 acre-feet of water which, translated into gallons, is enough to provide 51,100 gallons for every person in the United States. This water is to be used to meet the needs of the power house at the toe of the dam, and to irrigate the thousands of acres of reclaimed desert downstream in Arizona and California. (AP Photo)

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General view of the stage at Wembley Stadium, London, June 11, 1988, during the benefit concert for Nelson Mandela. The 10-hour-long concert "Nelson Mandela, Freedom at 70" was watched by 70,000 fans in the stadium and was televised to 60 countries worldwide. (AP Photo/Str/Allen)

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Crowd at Mt. Rushmore National Memorial where they heard President Eisenhower address a gathering of National Convention of Young Republican June 11, 1953. Indians in some of the pictures are of the Sioux Tribe. (AP Photo)

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