Today in History: May 31

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U.S. President George H. Bush addresses the crowd gathered in the Rheingoldhalle in Mainz, Wednesday, May 31, 1991 on the second day of his visit to West Germany. (AP Photo/Dennis Cook)

by: Associated Press

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President Clinton signs a proclamation in the East Room of the White House Monday, May 31, 1993, honoring the 50th Anniversary of World War II. Later in the day the president is to give a Memorial Day Speech at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. (AP Photo/Dennis Cook)

by: Associated Press

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U.S. Army Sgt. David Poole of Dover, N.H., fits his helmet on three-year-old Falis Abdul Ahi on Monday, May 31, 1993, during a visit to the Restore Hope Orphanage in North Mogadishu. U.S. Marines and sailors began helping the orphanage-school during their tour of duty in Somalia from December, 1992 through May 1993. The orphanage is also a school for 1,025 children, about one third of whom are orphans. (AP Photo/Kathy Willens)

by: Associated Press

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Survivors stand by homes destroyed when the South Fork Dam collapsed May 31, 1889 in Johnstown, Pa. Johnstown will mark the anniversary of the deadly 1889 flood with yet another film about the catastrophic collapse of a dam at the South Fork Hunting and Fishing Club. Other events, including a play, are planned for the weekend of May 31-June 1, 2003. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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People grab for copies of a student newsletter printed in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, on May 31, 1989. News from any source is welcome in China because of the government censorship of the official press. (AP Photo/Staff/Widener)

by: Associated Press

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Daredevil Dan ?Spiderman? Goodwin climbs the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York on Monday, May 31, 1983, as a boat passes below on the North River. The person on the scaffold is a police officer. (AP Photo/Mario Suriani)

by: Associated Press

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New York Yankees Rickey Henderson, right, congratulates Henry Cotto after Cotto hit his first home run of the season in the first inning of the game against the Oakland As at Yankee Stadium, Sunday, May 31, 1987, New York. (AP Photo/Susan Ragan)

by: Associated Press

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Martha Garrett reacts as she holds up a sign during a rally on the Boston Common, May 31, 1987 prior to the second annual walk to benefit AIDS research, counseling and other programs. Garrett's cousin died of AIDS in December of 1986. Approximately 5,000 people braved 90-degree temperatures in Boston to participate in the 6.2 mile walk. (AP Photo/Carol Francavilla)

by: Associated Press

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Jackie Joyner of UCLA breaks ground with a long jump of 21 feet 3/4 inches during the second day of the heptathlon at the NCAA Championship meet at Houston, Texas, Tuesday, May 31, 1983. Joyner continued to lead the event. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Grete Waitz breaks the tape without a competitor in sight to win the Memorial Day L'Eggs mini-marathon, May 31, 1982. (AP Photo/Suzanne Vlamis)

by: Associated Press

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Philadelphia 76ers Julius Erving, left, and Moses Malone, right, hold the NBA Championship May 31, 1983 after defeating the Los Angeles Lakers in four straight games. In the center background is 76ers coach Billy Cunningham. At left is Basketball Commissioner Lawrence O'Brien. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Flower bedecked grave of actress Natalie Wood on Monday, May 31, 1982 at Westwood Memorial Park in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Craig Molenhouse)

by: Associated Press

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Members of the British rock band The Clash hold a news conference at New York's Bond International Casino to discuss their upcoming performance schedule, Sunday, May 31, 1981. Their schedule was temporarily interrupted Friday by New York City agencies questioning the club's compliance with city regulations. The club was found to be in compliance. Members of the band are, from left, Joe Strummer, Paul Simonon, Topper Headon, and Mick Jones. (AP Photo/Mario Cabrera)

by: Associated Press

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A guy in a gorilla suit holds George Willig atop the Empire State Building in New York City, May 31, 1978. Willig was supposed to be a judge in contest to pick Fay Wray and King Kong lookalikes, but no female contestants showed up. Willig who, like King Kong climbs high buildings, filled in. (AP Photo/Ray Howard)

by: Associated Press

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Protesters on 7th Avenue not far from Times Square in New York, picket the theater where the pornographic film "Deep Throat" is being shown, May 31, 1980. (AP Photo/Dave Pickoff)

by: Associated Press

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Dale Dox, left, of Squaw Vally, Calif., and Dennis Dunn of Truckee, Calif., go their way down old U.S. 40 alongside Donner Lake in California's high Sierras, on May 31, 1977. They were a part of a group of half a dozen people skateboarding at the 6,800-foot elevation and traveling some three miles on their downhill run over the weekend. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Karl Wallenda, 71, walks on a cable 200 feet above the playing field at Veterans Stadium between doubleheader baseball games in Philadelphia, Pa., Monday, May 31, 1976. Wallenda unfurled a bicentennial and American flag from his balancing bar after doing a headstand midway across the 640-foot span steel cable. The walk took 18 minutes. (AP Photo/Bill Ingraham)

by: Associated Press

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South African police clear away tree trunks used as a road block in Alexandria Township near Johannesburg, May 29, 1961. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Secretary of State Henry. A. Kissinger meets with members of the senate Foreign Relations committee in Washington, May 31, 1974 where the secretary briefs the panel in a closed session on his trip to the Middle East. From left, seated are : George D. Aiken (R-Vt.); Frank Church (D-Idaho), Kissinger, and Stuart Symington (D-Mo.) Standing from left are Jacob K. Javits (R-N.Y.), Clifford P. Case (R-N.J.), Hugh Scott (R-Pa.), Gale McGee (D-Wyo.), and Edmund S. Muskie (D-Maine). (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi)

by: Associated Press

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A shimmering river, a winding road and rugged peaks of the southern edge of Alaska's Brooks Range portray a majestic panorama challenging the oil men who must bisect this land with pipe and yet not to harm to the wilderness, May 31, 1974. (AP Photo/George Brich)

by: Associated Press

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Ringo Starr (beard) as he arrives, May 31, 1972 at JFK Airport. (AP Photo/J.J. Lent)

by: Associated Press

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Balloons soar into the sky during the opening ceremony of the ninth Football World Cup in the Aztec Stadium, in Mexico City, Mexico on May 31, 1970. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Site One of the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston, Tex., is seen, May 31, 1967. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Members of the Poor People’s Campaign were treated to slices of homemade bread, spread with butter and honey, at Resurrection City in Washington, May 31, 1968. The bakers were Walt and Ruth Reynolds of San Francisco, who set up their own small bakery at the encampment near the Lincoln Memorial. The woman passing out the bread slices is not identified. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

by: Associated Press

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Richard M. Nixon, candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, is seen arriving at the airport in Atlanta, Ga. with his wife, Patricia, on May 31, 1968. A crowd of about 350 people greeted them as Nixon visits the South to meet with delegates from various states. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Iraqis sit in shade of palm tree, with minaret of mosque in background, at sunset, May 31, 1967. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Monks pray inside the main Vien Hoa Dao Pagoda in Saigon, May 31, 1966. (AP Photo/Henry Huet)

by: Associated Press

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Paratroopers of the 173rd U.S. Airborne Brigade scurry through South Vietnam field after landing from helicopter near Saigon on May 31, 1965. The brigade launched its first major operational exercise but no major contact with the Viet Cong was reported. (AP Photo/Horst Faas)

by: Associated Press

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Swedish actress Britt Ekland with her infant daughter Victoria Sellers in the garden of their villa in Rome's Appian Way, Italy, May 31, 1965. Miss Ekland is staying in Rome with her husband, British actor Peter sellers, during shooting of his latest film "After The Fox", directed by Vittorio De Sica. (AP Photo/Jim Pringle)

by: Associated Press

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Mrs. Indira Gandhi, daughter of the late Prime Minister Jawaharal Nehru of India, confers with Lal Bahadur Shastri in New Delhi on May 31, 1964, following the meeting of the country’s ruling congress party, which scheduled elections for June 5 to pick a successor for Nehru. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is shown delivering the commencement address at Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Ala, May 31, 1965. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)

by: Associated Press

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This dramatic picture shows racers weaving through the blazing wreckage of a car pile up on the second lap of the Indianapolis 500-mile race, May 31, 1964. Eddie Sachs and Dave MacDonald were killed in the wreckage. The race was delayed for one-hour and 45 minutes by the pileup. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The scoreboard at New York's Shea Stadium shows the game between the Mets and the San Francisco Giants, at 17 innings, May 31, 1964. The game stretched out to 23 innings, with the Giants winning 8-6. (AP Photo/John J. Lent)

by: Associated Press

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Holding a Bible in his hand, Evangelist Billy Graham speaks to a gathering of 33,500 assembled in Chicago's lakefront auditorium, McCormick Place on May 31, 1962. It was the opening of a 19-day “Crusade for Christ.” (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Bonita Granville Wrather, associate producer of the “Lassie” series being taped in Hollywood, and Lassie look over the script, May 31, 1962. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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England centre-forward Gerald Hitchens, known as Gerry Hitchens, leaps between Hungarian goalkeeper Gyula Grocsis and back Sandor Matrai in a vain attempt to get to the ball during an England attack in the World Cup Football match at Rancagua, Chile on May 31, 1962. On looking at left are England forwards Jimmy Greaves, extreme left, and Bobby Charlton. England lost the tie by a score of 2-1. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Adolf Eichmann is flanked by guards as he stands in his glass cage, prisoner?s dock, while Israel?s Supreme Court judges enter courtroom, May 29, 1962 in Jerusalem. The court rejected Eichmann?s appeal from his death sentence. It called the penalty inadequate when compared to the enormity of Eichmann?s crimes. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Italian goalkeeper Lorenzo Buffon, left, blocks a shot from West German forward Albert Bruells, right, during the Football World |Cup match at the National Stadium, Santiago, on may 31, 1962. Italian defender Enzo Robotti is seen between them. The match ended ina 0-0 draw. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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President John F. Kennedy smiles as he leaves the Quai d'Orsay in Paris on May 31, 1961, for the Elysee Palace to lunch with President Charles de Gaulle. Seated beside Kennedy is Geoffrey de Courcelles, secretary general of the French presidency. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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U.S. President John F. Kennedy and French President Charles de Gaulle chat after a luncheon in the Elysee Palace in Paris, France on May 31, 1961. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Hollywood star Sidney Poitier feeds an elephant during a short visit to the West Berlin Zoological Garden, May 31, 1960. A big crowd surrounded him as he strolled through the zoo. (AP Photo/Heinrich Sanden,Jr.)

by: Associated Press

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Nazi hunter Tuvia Friedman, director of Historical Documentation in shown in his Haifa, Israel, office, May 31, 1960, with documents on different Nazi war criminals. He was responsible for the collection of evidence which led to the charges of genocide brought against Adolf Eichmann, former Nazi leader. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Kennedys return from Dinner-- President John F. Kennedy and Mrs. Jacqueline Kennedy return to the Quai D'Orsay May 31,1961 after dinner at Elysee Palace. The Kennedys were the guests of French President DeGaulle and his wife. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A Turkish soldier kisses the hand of Ismet Inonu, the 75-year-old former Turkish president and leader of the Republican People's Party, as the soldiers maintain guard duty outside his home in Ankara, Turkey, May 31, 1960. In the background are university students and other supporters of the political leader in the wake of the bloodless coup by Turkish military that deposed the government. (AP Photo/Jim Pringle)

by: Associated Press

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Dupont Manual Highschool seniors were having their prom on night May 31,1957, and all was dignity and decorum until the orchestra cut loose with a few hot licks and Mary Ray Douglas, 18, and her date Joe Breen started to really cut the rug in Louisville, Kentucky.(AP Photo/H.B. Littell)

by: Associated Press

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Playwright Arthur Miller and actress wife Marilyn Monroe wait in car to leave their residence in New York City on May 31, 1957. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Michael Rosenberg (left), 10, and his brother, Robert, 6, sons of convicted atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, sit in New Jersey home of a relative with whom they are living,, May 31, 1953 after Michael?s letter to Pres. Eisenhower pleading for his parents? release was disclosed. The Rosenbergs have been sentenced to die in electric chair at Sing Sing Prison, Ossining, N.Y., the week of June 15. Michael?s letter, announced by committee to secure justice in the Rosenberg Case, was written on May 20, before U.S. Supreme Court rejected a last appeal to set aside the death sentence. (AP Photo/John Lent)

by: Associated Press

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Joan Crawford, the actress, and her husband Alfred Steele, President of the Pepsi Cola soft drink company, at their hotel in Paris on May 31, 1955 after their arrival on a first stage of their European honeymoon. They intend going on to Rome and Capri. They were married at Las Vegas, Nevada. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Thurgood Marshall, chief counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, talks to newsmen in New York City, May 31, 1955, after the Supreme Court directed that public school segregation of white and black pupils be ended as soon as feasible. (AP Photo/Marty Lederhandler)

by: Associated Press

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Thirty-three competitors in the Indianapolis 500-mile race approach the first curve of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in the 38th running in Indianapolis, Ind., May 31, 1954. Pole winner Jack McGrath, right, driving a Hinkle Special, is leading. Bill Vukovich went on to win the Indy 500 at an average speed of 130.84 miles per hour. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Ben Hogan, national open golf champion, blasts from a trap beside the 14th green of the Northwood Club course in Dallas, Texas, May 31, 1952. Hogan registered 34-37-71 as a standard for some 300,000 golfers from the United States and Canada on National Golf Day. Golfers playing against Hogan on home courses over the country will be using a handicap system. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Empire State Building is seen from from the corner of Park Avenue and 36th Street in New York, May 31, 1951. (AP Photo/Bob Wands)

by: Associated Press

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Johnny Palmer, right, congratulates Sam Snead, who won the national PGA championship, on the 34th hole at Hermitage Country Club in Richmond, Va., May 31, 1949. Snead beat Palmer, 3 and 2, in the golf tournament finals. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The body of Jimmy L. Williams, black soldier who died in combat in Vietnam, is given full military funeral in the National Cemetery at Andersonville, Ga., May 31, 1966. In background is his mother and father who touched off a dispute over burial facilities with local officials in their hometown of Wetumpka, Ala., that caused them to bury their son in the national cemetery and not in his hometown as his parents wished. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)

by: Associated Press

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Joe DiMaggio, New York Yankee outfielder, slides safely across home plate in the first inning of the second game of the Yankees-Washington Senator’s doubleheader at Yankee Stadium in New York on May 31, 1948. DiMaggio comes in from third as outfielder Gil Coan’s throw eludes catcher Jake Early. Coan handled a long fly to left field by Yogi Berra, but failed to catch DiMaggio at the plate. Yanks won 5 to 4 to sweep twin bill. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)

by: Associated Press

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The starter waves the green flag as three drivers cross the starting line at the 500-mile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Track in Indianapolis, Ind., Monday, May 31, 1948. The drivers from left are, Mauri Rose, Bill Holland and Rex Mays. Rose went on to win the race at an average speed of 119.114 miles per hour. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The daughters of the King and Queen of England, Princess Elizabeth, left, and Princess Margaret Rose, proudly hold the silver cup awarded them as first prize at the Royal Windsor Horse Show, May 31, 1945, London, England. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The bumper cars at Palisades Amusement Park, New Jersey, May 31, 1945. (AP Photo/Charles K. Lucas)

by: Associated Press

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American B-26 Marauder medium-bomber of the U.S. Army 9th Air Force, based in England, looses a rain of twenty-six 100-pound bombs during raid on German installations somewhere in France on May 31, 1944. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Flight Officer Thomas Martindale, of Brighton, Tenn., poses for his picture beside some signs that will be erected at the airfield where he is stationed somewhere in northeast India on May 31, 1943. (AP Photo/Preston Grover)

by: Associated Press

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Some of Britain's Land Army girls help to pitch straw from a rick into a thatch-making machine, at a farm, somewhere in England, May 31, 1943. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Steeplechase Park at Coney Island in Brooklyn, N.Y., is shown on opening day for the season on May 31, 1942. The park is using 2 per cent of its normal lighting and closes at nighttime to observe army orders for a dim out during World War II. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Thousands of tons of wheat and hundreds of head of cattle destined for Britain were destroyed by fire which broke out at several points at the same time along the waterfront at Jersey City, NJ, on May 31, 1941. An eight-storey grain elevator and several wharves were engulfed in the flames. Sabotage was immediately thought to been the cause as the fire followed precautions taken throughout the country following reports that attempts might be made to sabotage defence production. Fireboats pouring water on railroad car barges to protect them from sparks flying from the burning grain elevator and stock yards in Jersey City. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Heavy black smoke rolls over the western desert as British troop carrying trucks pass nearby, May 31, 1941. The fire was caused by hundreds of barrels of tar being set ablaze somewhere in Africa. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Here are some of the spurious quarters and the molds for their manufacture which Secret Service agents uncovered in a Greenwich Village, New York, apartment, May 31, 1940. Police assert that Michael Limatalo, 37, who was held on charges of possessing and passing counterfeit money, had trained his pretty stepdaughters to pass them in neighboring. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Wilbur Shaw races across the finish line to capture his first title in the Indianapolis 500 - mile auto classic held in Indianapolis, Ind., May, 31, 1937. Seth Klein on platform bringing down the checker flag for the victory signal. Shaw had an average speed of 115.035 mph. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Franco bombers swooped down on this Catalan town. A hail of death devastated an unsuspecting market square where men, women and children were waiting for potato rations. Machine gun bullets spat a vicious accompaniment to the rain of bombs, leaden messengers of hate that crippled and killed until 500 were estimated dead in one of the most savage of insurgent air raids. Houses and business premises leaned crazily, fell in a coruscation of shattered masonry. Huge craters appeared suddenly in virgin concrete roadways and the savage scream of the tri-motored bombing planes synchronized with the awful cries of the wounded and the stricken. Typical view in the centre of the town after the death-dealing bombs had wrought horrible toll, and reduced the town to a shambles in Granollers, Spain, on May 31, 1938. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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This is the Czecho-Slovak pavilion at the New York World’s Fair as it was dedicated on May 31, 1939. The ancient prophecy at the top of the building is from the worlds of the medieval scholar Comenius. Similarly emblazoned in gold on the lower portion of the facade is the inscription “Begun by the republic of Czecho-Slovakia and finished by friends of Czecho-Slovakia in America.” (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Every phase of air raid precautions was tested in combination of day and night raids on the towns flanking the Thames and within the control of the Nore Command. These raids, by thirty of the latest type of Royal Air Force bomber will show the authorities exactly how far the civil precautions have become efficient in this vital area. Auxiliary firemen at work on a stricken building, in Thames Terrace, in Grays, Essex, on May 31, 1938, during the huge Thames-side exercises. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Scene in front of the Republic Steel Company plant in Chicago as police, using tear gas, guns and clubs, put to flight 1,000 strikers marching on the company’s South Chicago plant on May 31, 1937. Four persons were killed and 83 were injured. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The checkered flag of victory and the finish of the Decoration Day races at the Indianapolis Speedway, May 31, 1938 as Floyd Roberts of Van Nuys, Calif., flashed actors the line. He drove the 500-mile race without relief and made only one 30 second stop. His time was 4 Hours 15 minutes 58.40 seconds or 117.2 mile?s per hour. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Wilbur Shaw, grimy and weary, is shown as his car was escorted from the track to the garage after finishing as winner of the 500-mile Memorial Day race at Indianapolis Motor Speedway, May 31, 1937. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Golfer Denny Shute is shown with the big PGA Championship cup which he won for the second consecutive year by defeating Harold McSpaden in 37 holes, in Pittsburgh, Penn., May 31, 1937. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Unemployed hunger strikers stage a demonstration, May 31, 1935, outside the Broadway offices of the New York Emergency Relief bureau headquarters. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt with members of the reviewing party on board the Cruiser Indianapolis off Ambrose Lightship in New York City, May 31, 1934 when they took the salute of the fleet. Left to right: secretary of the Navy Claude Swanson, the president, Ambassador to Mexico Josephus Daniels, and Admiral William Standley. Ninety-six vessels steamed past the Indianapolis, their 21-gun salutes keeping up a steady roar. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Britain's Queen Mary being greeted by Lord Rosebery on arrival in Epsom, England for the Derby stakes Race on May 31, 1933. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

by: Associated Press

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A young South Vietnamese soldier carries a fatally wounded fellow soldier after street fighting in the central market of the Cholon Chinese section of Saigon, May 31, 1968. Viet Cong infiltrators on the western edge of the capital penetrated more than a mile into the city, triggering a battle that sent thousands of civilians fleeing in panic. (AP Photo/Eddie Adams)

by: Associated Press

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Louis Meyer is greeted by his father, Edward Meyer, wearing tall hat, when he pulled up to the pits as winner of the annual Indianapolis 500 race, May 31, 1933. Others press close to offer congratulations. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Amelia (Putnam) Earhart arrival at Hanworth Airdrone, near London, May 31, 1931, where she was forced to halt her attempted non-stop flight from Harbor Grace, N.F. to Paris. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Battle of Jutland - The British grand fleet under Admiral Jellicoe on her way to meet the German fleet for the Battle of Jutland, May 31, 1916. (AP-Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Hundreds gather for a vigil at Old Town Square in Wichita, Kan., Sunday, May 31, 2009. The vigil was for Dr. George Tiller who was shot to death earlier in the day. (AP Photo/Orlin Wagner)

by: Associated Press

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Battle of Jutland on May 31,1916 - The German fleet with battle cruisers on her way in the North Sea to meet the British Grand Fleet in the battle of Jutland. (AP-Photo)

by: Associated Press

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