Today in History - May 30

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt faces a huge crowd that gathered at the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, Penn., May 30, 1934, Memorial Day, to honor the nation's dead. President Roosevelt is the first Democratic president to observe Memorial Day at Gettysburg. (AP Photo)

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FILE - In this May 30, 1912, file photo, Ralph DePalma pulls his race car across the finish line after it broke down with two laps remaining in the Indianapolis 500 auto race in Indianapolis, Ind. Joe Dawson won the race. (AP Photo/File)

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt, seated, greets French trans-Atlantic fliers in Washington, May 30, 1934, from left: Capt. Maurice Rossi; French ambassador to the U.S. Andre de Laboulaye; Secretary of State Cordell Hull; Under-secretary of State, William Phillips, partially hidden; and Lieut. Paul Codos, shaking hands with the president. (AP Photo)

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Professor Albert Einstein is shown after he received the honorary degree of Doctor of Science from Oxford University in England, May 30, 1931. (AP Photo)

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Throughout the Mediterranean Theatre of Operations, at each of some Sixty American and British cemeteries, Allied soldiers and civilians paid respects to their dead in Memorial Day services. At the Nettuno Cemetery on the Anzio Beachhead, Lieutenant General John C. H. Lee, Theater Commander told an Allied throng that the men buried there were "becoming the seed of the United Nations Organization "Where," he said, "are not only the remains of our American heroes, but those of our gallant allies." Photo shows a general view of the Nettuno Cemetery during Memorial Day ceremonies, May 30, 1946, after wreaths had been placed near the base of the flag. (AP Photo)

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Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia of New York was obliged to march in the Memorial Day parade since his World War uniform was somewhat too small. He is shown en route on May 30, 1934. LaGuardia was major in the Air Corps during the war. (AP Photo)

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FILE - In this May 30, 1956, file photo, Pat Flaherty, driving a Zing Special, crosses the finish line to win the 40th Indianapolis 500 auto race at Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Indianapolis, Ind. (AP Photo/File)

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The trading room of Frankfurt's, Germany, stock exchange is pictured May 30, 1956. The enclosed area with the board of the rates is reserved for officially sworn in traders who set the official exchange rates. The area arround the enclosure is free for all traders. (AP Photo/Str) --- Ein Aufnahme des Innenraums der Frankfurter Boerse vom 30. Mai, 1956. Innerhalb von zwei Stunden werden hier taeglich saemtliche Wertpapiere des deutschen Marktes gehandelt. Der in der Mitte durch eine Barriere eingegrenzte Raum ist den amtlichen, vereidigten Maklern vorbehalten, deren Hauptaufgabe die Festsetzung der amtlichen Kurse ist. Der Raum um dir barriere ist fuer die freien Makler und die Boersenhaendler der Banken. (AP Photo/Str)

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The crystal urn containing the body of Saint Pius X, is carried on shoulders through the main aisle of Saint Mary Major, May 30, 1954. A solemn procession escorted the body of Saint Pius X from the Basilica of Saint Peter, to the church of Saint Mary Major in the center of Rome, where a triduum will be celebrated to venerate the new Saint of the Catholic Church. The silver and crystal urn encasing the body was drawn at a slow pace by six plumed white horses, while at least one million people lined the three-mile route through the center of Rome. (Ap Photo/Jim Pringle)

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Crowd lines the sides of "Gasoline Alley" as they watch preparations for the 47th running of the 500-mile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, May 30, 1963. The car of the 1961 winner, A.J. Foyt, is being pushed into the pit area by a small tractor. (AP Photo)

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World heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali visited the pyramids area, rode a horse and a camel and shook hands with the Bedouins who guard the huge monuments there, May 30, 1966. Yesterday he visited the city of Alexandria where he gave an exhibition match with several Egyptian boxers. Ali shouts "Allah Akbar" (God is great) while riding a camel at the pyramids area in Cairo, Egypt. (AP Photo)

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Carrying Greek flags, young Greek Cypriots parade around the Nicosia Stadium, Cyprus, May 30, 1959, in a huge youth festival which marked the launching of the new Greek-Cypriot party - The National Democratic front of Independence (EDMA). Archbishop Makarios, the Ethnarch, attended the rally. (AP Photo)

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Crowds lining the streets in Denver on May 30, 1962, cheer astronaut Scott Carpenter and his wife, Renee, in a windup salute to his three-day visit in his home state of Colorado. (AP Photo/WPS)

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Columbia's left-back, Francisco Zuluaga, centre, beats the Uruguayan goalkeeper Roberta Sousa right, from the penalty spot to score his team's only goal in the Football World Cup match at Arica, Chile, on May 30, 1962. Uruguay won the match 2-1. (AP Photo)

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Might well be the jazz theme as Louis Armstrong, some 6,000 miles from home, leads his own bandsmen at left and local trumpeters, right, across airport at Accra on Africa’s Gold Coast on arrival by air from Britain May 30, 1956. Some 20,000 enthusiastic African jazz fans packed Accra’s Old Polo Grounds to hear concert by American jazzman Armstrong, in Accra on three-day visit. (AP Photo)

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A medical conference on radiation effects upon the human body opened in Tokyo, May 30, 1955. The scheduled 13-day meet is attended by delegates from nine countries, including Red China and Russia but not the United States. Left to right: Prof. Paul Chevallier of France; Shuichi Kato of Japan; Prof. Pai Hsi Ching of China; and Prof. Leonardo Guzman of Chile. (AP Photo/Mike Yamaguchi)

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Surrounded by graves of more than 4,000 men killed in bloody World War II battle shown May 30, 1956. Foundations for Casino War memorial take shape around cross monument at left. In background, topped by rebuilt Benedictine Monastery is famed Monte Cassino, key position in allies’ 1944 drive on Rome. Amid rebuilt village of Cassino at Mountain’s foot stand ruins of several buildings smashed in fighting. War memorial will consist of formal garden surrounded by 12 marble pillars bearing named of battle’s dead. (AP Photo)

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In the misty light of dawn, U.S. infantrymen pour out of beached LCI’s (landing craft, infantry) onto the beach of Wakde Island on May 30, 1944. Immediately upon reaching shore the men are quickly formed into patrols and begin the tedious and hazardous process of overcoming Japanese resistance. (AP Photo)

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FILE - In this May 30, 1913, file photo, spectators watch the Indianapolis 500 auto race from their parked cars inside the infield of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Indiananpolis, Ind. (AP Photo/File)

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Among the first equipment to go ashore on Wakde Island, Dutch New Guinea, when American forces invaded that Japanese held point, was this bulldozer. With an armed guard and driver, it backs through the surf after rolling down the ramp of a landing craft on May 30, 1944. (AP Photo)

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Infantrymen wade ashore from a beached LCI during the invasion of Wakde Island, Dutch New Guinea on May 30, 1944. In the distance is one of the U.S. Naval craft which bombarded Japanese installations prior to the landings. (AP Photo)

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Out for some fun and maybe some fish are front to back: Captain James R. Bullock of Greensboro. N.C.; Lieutenant James D. Baird of Suring, Wis.; and Lieutenant Edward T. Brodnax Jr. of Bastrop, LA. They are on the estate of Mr. and Mrs. W. Hutchinson, somewhere in England, May 30, 1943, which has been coverted into a rest home for 8th U.S. Air Force aerial combat officers and is staffed by Air Force physicians and Red Cross members. (AP Photo)

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The Lincoln Memorial is admittedly one of the finest memorials of modern times in Washington on Jan. 8, 1942. The exterior of the memorial building symbolizes the Union of the States. Thirty-six columns of Indiana limestone form a colonnade representing the 36 states which existed at the time of Lincoln’s death, the frieze above it bearing the names of the 48 States of the Union as they exist. Inside is a sanctuary containing a colossal marble statue of the Emancipator. On the north wall is inscribed Lincoln’s Second Inaugural address and on the south wall, the famous Gettysburg Speech. The Memorial was designed by Henry Bacon, architect and the statue by Daniel Chester French, sculptor. The memorial was visited by 1,758,810 persons during 1941, 362,995 visiting the memorial in April, the busiest month. (AP Photo)

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Aluminum artificial limbs, outgrown by the anonymous donor, turned up in a batch of scrap aluminum collected in Richmond, Va., on May 30, 1941 in a test campaign. G.W. Andrews inspects the legs and other oddities collected. (AP Photo)

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Nazi survivors from the Bismarck were landed at a British port from a ship which took part in the chase and kill of the powerful German battleship. Twenty-four German Naval prisoners in all were landed, all of them ratings, two of them were wounded and were carried ashore. Bismarck survivors being landed at a British port on May 30, 1941. (AP Photo)

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Driven from home by the advancing Nazi hordes, these French folk pause in their flight at a welfare camp somewhere near the western front in France on May 30, 1940. An aged couple guard the only possessions they were able to salvage; all they have left to show for a lifetime of toil. (AP Photo)

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Rescue workers hunt among the wreckage caused by bombs dropped in Dublin, May 30, 1941. Between 30 and 40 persons were estimated killed in the bombing. (AP Photo)

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Refugees arrived at a welfare center in France on May 30, 1940. (AP Photo)

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This is a general view on the central market along the Grand Canal, near the Rialto Bridge, in Venice, Italy, as seen on May 30, 1964. (AP Photo)

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Italian actress Sophia Loren is shown as she disembarks a plane and is presented with a key made of flowers, on May 30, 1958, at Brussels, Belgium. Behind her is American actor William Holden, who co-stars in Loren's recent motion picture called "The Key." The two actors are in the Belgian capital to inaugurate a film festival and present their feature to the Belgian audience. (AP Photo)

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A lone resident of the southern Chile town of Castro sits on a curb in the downtown area May 30, 1960 after the section was hit by devistating earthquakes. The rubble in the backround was once business establishments. (AP Photo/William J. Smith)

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A burning tire, left, flies toward spectators after a gasoline tank explosion resulting from a crash on fourth turn in second lap at Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Ind., Saturday, May 30, 1964. Dave MacDonald's Ford Thompson racer swerved into the inside wall, causing more cars to crash. MacDonald, in his first Indy 500-mile race, and Eddie Sachs, driving a Ford Hallibrand, died in the accident. The race was postponed for almost two hours. (AP Photo/Bob Daugherty)

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This group in the foreground catch up on lost sleep a short time after the gates opened at the Indianapolis Speedway, May 30, 1950. Man on scaffolding is preparing a cover for his viewing stand. Track in background is the approach to the first turn. (AP Photo)

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Louise Suggs, right, of Atlanta, Ga., tees off at start of the final 36 holes of the Weathervane $5,000 winner-take-all women's cross country tournament in Philadelphia, May 30, 1953. Watching are Patty Berg of Minneapolis, left, and Betsy Rawls of Spartanburg, S.C. The game was delayed more than two hours by heavy rain. (AP Photo/Bill Ingraham)

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** ADVANCE FOR Tuesday, MAY 30--FILE **A long line of Korean refugees flee Yongdong in this July 26, 1950, file photo. When communist North Korea invaded South Korea, tens of thousands of South Korean civilians fled south with retreating U.S. and South Korean troops. On this day, eight miles down the road from Yongdong, hundreds of refugees came under fire from U.S. troops, according to Korean and American witnesses. More than a half-century after hostilities ended in Korea, a document from the war's chaotic early days has come to light _ a letter from the U.S. ambassador to Seoul, informing the State Department that American soldiers would shoot refugees approaching their lines. (AP Photo)

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Ruins of a Jewish building in the old city of Jerusalem, Palestine, May 30, 1948, following the Arab Legion bombardment. Jewish troops surrendered themselves and the city to Transjordan Arab Legion troops on May 28. (AP Photo)

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People stand marooned on housetops in the community of Vanport, Ore. on May 30, 1948 while water swirls through debris of their town. (AP Photo)

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Two men struggle through waistdeep water in the inundated community of Vanport, Ore. on May 30, 1930 with a child, following a break in a dike which allowed water of the Columbia River to sweep through the town. (AP Photo)

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This workman is directing the placing of steel tank treads at the Ford plant in Highland Park, Michigan, May 30, 1943. Soon they'll be placed on the huge M-10 tank destroyers ready to travel over practically any type of road or obstacle. (AP Photo)

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The Eells family, living in North London, have seven sisters and they all work in the same war factory in their district. This is probably an all-time record, and a grand tribute to the patriotism of this particular family. The seven Wells girls all at work at their wire standing machines in their war factory in London on May 30, 1942. From Left to right; Kitty, aged 27; Violet, aged 25; Phyllis, aged ,23, the only married one: Irene, aged 21; Marjorie, aged 19; Doris, aged 17; Beryl aged 15. (AP Photo)

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Members of the new Defense Commission named by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, seated at desk, pose after their first initial meeting in the White House in Washington, D.C., May 30, 1940. Standing from left are, Ralph Budd, chairman of Burlington Railways; Edward Stettinius Jr., chairman of U.S. Steel; Secetary of War Henry L. Stimson; William S. Knudsen, president of General Motors Corp.; Harriet Elliott, dean of women of North Carolina University; Leon Henderson, member of securities commission; Chester Davis, federal reserve member; and William H. McReynolds, administrative assistant to the president. (AP Photo)

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This general view of the entrance to the Florida exhibit at the New York World’s fair shows visitors entering the building on May 30, 1939. In background is 72-tube carillon tower, which the Florida exhibitors claim is the world’s largest. (AP Photo)

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Canton has been blistered, fired and wrecked by hails of bombs and bullets that have hurtled down from Japanese planes. Huge clouds of the machines have blackened the heavens, and have loosed showers of death and devastation in vicious, intermittent raids that have filled Canton with hysteria and evacuated, panic-stricken citizens. Remains of the 21st Municipal Primary School, in Canton, on June 13, 1938, bombed by Japanese planes on May 30. (AP Photo)

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The U.S. Navy joined with San Francisco in celebration of the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge, May 30, 1937. A naval vessel had just passed under the world's longest suspension span, which crosses the famed entrance to San Francisco Bay. (AP Photo)

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A musician plays the accordion to a group of people at a gypsy encampment in a meadow adjoining Epsom Downs in Epsom, England, Sunday morning, May 30, 1937. They have set up camp for the derby next week. (AP Photo)

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President Franklin Roosevelt at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia on May 30, 1936 as he attended Memorial Day exercises. He is shown listening to Gen. John J. Pershing, the speaker. (AP Photo)

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Buddhist priests of the Big Asakusa Temple prepare for the Second Sino-Japanese War as they wear gas masks during training against future aerial attacks in Tokyo, Japan, on May 30, 1936. (AP Photo)

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The Lockheed Vega plane that was christened by Winnie Mae Fain, and named Winnie Mae in her honor, is shown following the ceremony at Roosevelt Field in Long Island, N.Y., May 30, 1931. Wiley Post and Harold Gatty will fly the Winnie Mae around the world in seven days. (AP Photo)

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Ray Harroun wheels his No. 32 Marmon Wasp racecar to victory in the inaugural Indianapolis 500-mile race, called the International 500 Mile Sweepstakes, on the Brickyard at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Indianapolis, Ind., Tuesday, May 30, 1911. Harroun, age 32, won with an average speed of 74.602 mph, finishing in 6 hours 42 minutes 8 seconds. He claimed the champion's $10,000 share of the $25,000 purse. (AP Photo)

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American mother of two, Clemington Corson during her Cross Channel swim from France to England, as she nears Dover, May 30, 1937. Corson swam the Channel in 15 hours 28 minutes and was the first mother and second woman to have completed the swim. (AP Photo)

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