Today in History - May 26

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War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco on May 26, 1955, site of United Nations 10th anniversary meet in observance of the UN founding at this same site. Anniversary dates are June 20 to 26. (AP Photo/EKB)

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General view of UN prisoner of war compound 605 on South Korea's Koje Island as prisoners line the field where a soccer game is in progress on May 26, 1952. The North Korean flag flies above the tent at right. (AP Photo)

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Service men and natives of New Caledonia leave cathedral at Noumea, New Caledonia on May 26, 1944 after Sunday service, which is given at one mass by a service chaplain. (AP Photo/Frank Filan)

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Seven members of a climbing expedition sponsored by the American Alpine Club arrived at London Airport, England from New York on May 26, 1953. L-R (front): Dr. Charles S. Houston of Exeter, New Hampshire, leader of the Expedition; Arthur Gilkey, New York; William H. White, New York and Dee Molenaar, Colorado Springs, Cold. L-R (rear): Robert W. Craig, Colorado Springs, Colo; George R. Bell, Cambridge, Massachusetts and Peter Schoening, Seattle, Washington (face hidden). They were enroute to the Himalayas to try and climb Mount Godwin Austin, often known as K2, which at 28,250 feet, is the second highest mountain in the world. Five unsuccessful attempts to attain the summit have already been made. (AP Photo)

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American sailors dive from their destroyer into the warm waters off the Island of Saint Lucia, British West Indies, May 26, 1942 as their ship makes a brief call for supplies between patrols in West Indies waters. (AP Photo)

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Governor Charles Edison of New Jersey appearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee in Washington on May 26, 1942, protests the appointment of Thomas F. Meaney of Jersey City, New Jersey, as a United States District Court judge for New Jersey and said it would, in effect, be “putting Frank Hague on the federal bench.” (AP Photo/Henry Griffin)

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As they await assignment to their permanent field installations, these Army nurses go through gas mask drill as part of the many refresher courses being given them at a provisional headquarters hospital training area, somewhere in Wales, May 26, 1944. (AP Photo)

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The last tug to leave besieged Rangoon, just prior to the Japanese entry into the city, and show some of the scorched earth policy carried out by the British before evacuating. Dense clouds of oil-smoke obscure the sky and envelop the doomed city of Rangoon on May 26, 1942. This part of the riverside held the warehouses of the Burma Oil company. (AP Photo)

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An original oil painting, bearing the legend ?A. F. of L. 100% for defense,? was presented to President Franklin Roosevelt at the White House, Washington on May 26, 1941 by William Green (left, standing), President of the American Federation of Labor, and George Meany (right, standing), Secretary-Treasurer. (AP Photo)

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Some of the many ships carrying Allied forces across the English Channel from Dunkirk, France, between May 29 and June 3, 1940, are shown en route for England during the successful Operation Dynamo in World War II. Over three-hundred thousand French, British and Belgian troops escaped the German invasion from the beaches near Dunkirk. (AP Photo)

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Eucalyptus trees are among the crops of the British owned Fazendas, in Brazil on May 26, 1939. Every five years the trees are cut and the wood sold to the British owned railways for fuel. This tropic fertility can be the key to Brazil’s prosperous future. (AP Photo)

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Coffe tasters, people whose palate is their job, taste coffee and place it in one of the eight standard grades, in Brazil, on May 26, 1939. (AP Photo)

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British troops of the rearguard pass through a street of the French port Dunkirk under Nazi bombardment in June, 1940 during World War II. The troops held Dunkirk while the Army of the North embarked on England in the Dunkirk emergency evacuation called Operation Dynamo. At right is a burnt out lorry. (AP Photo)

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Citizens, called Cariocas, keeping cool on the beaches of Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, on May 26, 1939. This beach lined with apartment houses, is called Copacabana. (AP Photo)

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Four midgets wearing space suits landed by helicopter on the baseball diamond at Chicago's Comisky Park on May 26, 1959. They advanced on the White Sox dugout with ray guns before the start of the game with the Cleveland Indians. The stunt was put on by Indians' owner Bill Veeck who once used a midget in the lineup when he was running the St. Louis Browns baseball team. One of the men in space suits was three-foot, seven-inch Eddie Gaedel who pinch-hit for St. Louis in 1951. (AP Photo)

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Corneliu Codreanu, former chief of the Iron Guard, with hands on breast as he defends himself against a charge of high treason, insurrection, and espionage in Bucharest, Romania, on May 26, 1938. On right is Attorney General Commander Radu Ionescu during the interrogation. On the left are representatives of the Romanian and foreign press. (AP Photo)

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Four midgets wearing space suits landed by helicopter on a baseball diamond at Comisky Park on May 26, 1959. They advanced on the White Sox dugout with ray guns before the start of the game with Cleveland. The stunt was put on by Bill Veeck who used midgets in the lineup when he was running the St. Louis Browns baseball team. One of the men in space suits was a pinch-hitter for St. Louis. (AP Photo)

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Marshall Teague is shown after qualifying, May 26,1957, for Indianapolis 500 mile race at the Indianapolis, Ind. Teague sits behind the wheel of a Sumar Special Indy Car. Teague, of Daytona Beach, Fla., was one of NASCAR's first stars and pioneers. Teague died on February 11, 1959 while trying for a closed course speed record attempt at Daytona International Speedway. (AP Photo).

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Britain's Stirling Moss, foreground, led field around turn to eventual victory in Dutch Grand Prix at Zandvoort, the Netherlands, May 26, 1958. He averaged 93.9 miles an hour in his Vanwall Racer. America’s Harry Schell, left background, driving a B.R.M., came in second. Stuart Lewis Evans, right background, of Great Britain, withdrew from the race when his Vanwall developed engine trouble after the 46th lap. (AP Photo)

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Men, women and children with a number of protest signs fill street in Tunis, Tunisia on May 26, 1958 in a demonstration against the bombing and strafing of a section of Tunisia by French troops. (AP Photo/JP)

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Soldiers of the 9th Republic of Korea (ROK) division move through well-built trenches on a dusty hill overlooking the east central front in Korea, May 26, 1957. Sandbagged bunkers reinforce the position. One of many defense points in which the ROK defenders, with no chance of evacuation, are dug in for a last ditch fight should the communists again move southward. Some United Nations commanders have termed the ROK positions superior to the more vulnerable U.S. defenses. (AP Photo/Sweers)

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Four members of a panel set up only the day previous to advise on the release of all future lots of polio vaccine, meets in Washington, May 26, 1955 at the National Institutes of Health. From left to right: Dr. William Workman, NIH secretary; Dr. Jonas Salk, developer of the vaccine; Dr. W.H. Sebrell, Jr., director of the NIH; and Dr. James Shannon, associate director of the NIH. (AP Photo/William J. Smith)

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All’s quiet for the moment on this nearly-forgotten front in Korea, May 26, 1957. SP3’c Kenneth J. Howard, 21, of Sacramento, California, watches the communist-held hills emerge from the early morning fog as the may sun rises over the truce area. Howard’s two-man observation post is just south of the demilitarized zone, uneasy no-man’s land between South Korea’s allied defenders and their heavily-armed foes to the north. (AP Photo/Sweers)

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A Volunteer subject, left, undergoes examination at Yale University, New Haven, Conn., on May 26, 1955 as Dr. Leon A. Greenberg checks the alcometer in the search for a key to what makes alcoholics get that way. Dr Greenberg is associate professor of the Yale Laboratory of Applied Psychology. Out of this department came the University's center of alcohol studies. Its research for more than 15 years sparked the setting up of clinics for the treatment of alcoholism in 23 states. The volunteer is not an alcoholic. (AP Photo)

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Chicago White Sox catcher Sherm Lollar, center, appears amazed that umpire Bill McKinley could call him out at the plate in seventh inning at Comiskey Park in Chicago on May 26, 1954. He tried to score from second on Jim River’s single. Cleveland Indians catcher Jim Hegan, who took throw from right fielder Dave Philley was spilled on the play but held onto the ball. White Sox won, 4 to 2 snapping the Indians’ 11-game winning streak. (AP Photo/Paul Cannon)

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The Duke of Edinburgh inspects Canadian forces at Pirbright, Surrey, May. 26, 1953. He is visiting forces who are taking part in the coronation procession. (AP Photo)

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Congressman Norris Poulson (center, dark suit) and campaign workers give victory sign, May 26, 1953, as returns indicted Poulson had ended Fletcher Bowron's 15-year reign as mayor of Los Angeles in Tuesday's election. (AP Photo/David F. Smith)

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Yugoslav Premier, Marshal Josip Broz Tito (uniformed, centre) smiles as he sits amid a group of couriers who rushed greetings from all over Yugoslavia to Tito’s official residence in Belgrade on his 58th birthday on May 26, 1950. On arrival at the capital the couriers were entertained to lunch. (AP Photo)

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Radiological team checks “bombed” area for radiation after simulated atomic bombing in Utica, N.Y., May 26, 1951. Teams such as this checked the area before firemen went in to put out fires during test exercises. (AP Photo/Arthur Z. Brooks)

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The first paratrooper unit of the Vietnamese National Army parades through the streets of Saigon, on May 26, 1950. The South Vietnamese government, ruling under French protectorate, is building up forces against the Communist Viet Minh, with the U.S. providing military and economic aid to strengthen these efforts. (AP Photo)

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Twenty-four of the 26 black defendants on trial at Columbia, Tenn., in connection with racial disorders in February, sit together in the courtroom, May 26, 1946. Most serious charge against any of the defendants is attempt to commit murder. (AP Photo)

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Princess Elizabeth, left, holds a Bouquet while the Duke of Edinburgh, center, reviews a group of nurses in the Belfast City Hall during the royal couples visit to the city, May 26, 1949, Belfast, Ireland. The princess and the duke were presented with the Freedom of the City. (AP Photo)

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Lt. Wilbert Sawyer, of Richmond, Va., pilot of the A-20 Havoc Bomber Miraculous Mary, which he named after his wife, paints another bomb on the fuselage of his ship to denote his 22nd mission, at a bomber base somewhere in Great Britain, May 26, 1944. Looking on is his crew chief, T/S John Romano, of Worcester, Mass. (AP Photo)

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The small percentage of losses suffered by the Royal Air Force in the great raids on Germany and occupied Europe are to a great extent due to the fine training given the men in the R.A.F. Signal Service, the wireless operators of the great bomber force. Pictures taken at a school for radio operators and show some of the phases of the training given the men. Here, a class is taught some of the details of the wiring system of a plane in England May 26, 1944. Apart from the wireless set, the signals cadet must know the wiring of all signal lights and other electrical details of his aircraft. (AP Photo)

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In separate cubicles representing the wireless room of a plane, signal cadets at work on a fault-finding test in England May 26, 1944. The fine training given these wireless men has helped keep down Royal Air Force losses in the air war with Germany. (AP Photo)

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Young Mexican draftees leap from their trenches at the start of a simulated bayonet attack in Mexico on May 26, 1943. The soldiers are among 5,000 youths, 18 years old, who entered the Mexican army on March 1. Their half-boots were adopted as uniform for the conscripts. (AP Photo)

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The German warship Bismarck is shown on May 26, 1941. (AP Photo)

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Troops of the British Expeditionary Force landing at an English port on May 31, 1940. (AP Photo)

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Female workers in a British armament factory, somewhere in England, May 26, 1940, working on their Sunday off. Workers all over Britain have been working twelve hours a day and seven days a week in response to an appeal by the Minister of Supply, Herbert Morrison, to increase productivity. (AP Photo/Staff/Priest)

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A view of the battle in front of the home relief building on Lafayette Street, New York on May 26, 1934, between unemployed rioters and the police, in which eight policemen, three spectators, and three radicals were injured. Note the man at right with an uplifted baseball bat just ready to bash in the head of a policeman. The fracas lasted for thirty-five minutes. (AP Photo)

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King George VI and Queen Elizabeth cast aside much of the stiff formality which surrounds monarchs as they traveled westward across Canada and are seen as they greeted members of the Blackfeet and Stoney Indian tribes at Calgary, Alberta on May 26, 1939. (AP Photo)

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Britain's King Edward VIII in his carriage returning to Buckingham palace, London, on May 26, 1936. (AP Photo)

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Professor Auguste Piccard, who startled the world last summer with his flight into the stratosphere, in Brussels, May 26, 1932 with the new gondola which he has constructed for a similar flight from the same spot near Augsburg, Germany, in June, 1932. Professor Piccard will not make this new slight because of promises he had made to his wife, although, his protégés will be in the gondola. (AP Photo)

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A catafalque holding the body of Prime Minister Dr. Sun Yat Sen is being transferred by 120 professional pallbearers to the Peking railway station from Piyunssu, China early morning on May 26, 1929. After four years of resting in the Western hills of Piyunssu, Sun Yat Sen's body will be entombed on Zhongshan Mountain in the eastern suburb of Nanking. The funeral procession started shortly after midnight, the highway being lighted by thousands of children carrying lanterns and torches. Dr. Sun Yat Sen died of liver cancer on March 12, 1925. (AP Photo)

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Nestled snugly between the host of ultra modern buildings at Chicago's century of progress exposition are the streets of Paris in Chicago on May 26, 1933. Buildings and streets of the French capital have been reproduced for the education and entertainment of the fair goers. (AP Photo)

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