Today in History - May 5

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Crossing finish line at the Kentucky Derby is Cavalcade and jockey Mack Garner, with Discovery in second place with rider John Bejshak coming up behind him, at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kent., May 5, 1934. (AP Photo)

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Alfred Loewenstein, Belgian financier and one of the world's richest men, is pictured with Mrs. Philip Boyer and E.T. Stotesbury, right, of Drexel & Co., right after Loewenstein barely escaped death by propeller from the Fokker plane that brought him to Philadelphia to be the guest of Drexel & Co., May 5, 1928. Loewenstein's hat was knocked off his head by a propeller. He was not injured. (AP Photo)

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A soba man delivers soba noodles via bicycle on a Tokyo street, May 5, 1960. The noodles are carried in trays which he balances on his shoulders, a feat that takes years of training to master. (AP Photo)

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Curious onlookers gather outside St. Dumitru Romanian Orthodox Church, left, on West 89th Street in New York City May 6, 1956, where a sniper fired at hundreds of persons late May 5, killing a church warden and wounding five other persons. A policeman peers out of top-floor window of No. 59, fourth house from right, from apartment where police found a rifle and spent shells believed to have been used by the sniper. The shooting occurred as some 400 persons arrived for midnight Easter services of the Eastern church. (AP Photo/John Lindsay)

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Japanese boys fly a kite made of paper and bamboo and decorated with a picture of Tokyo Olympic Games poster and Japanese character Hihaku, May 5, 1964 in Showa Town, Japan. (AP Photo/Nobuyuki Masaki)

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Japanese men fly a kite made of paper and bamboo and decorated with a picture of Tokyo Olympic Games poster and Japanese character Hihaku, May 5, 1964 in Showa Town, Japan. (AP Photo/Nobuyuki Masaki)

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Astronaut Alan Shepard, May 5, 1961. (AP Photo)

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Four Tibetan lamas wearing lockets containing the Dalai Lama?s picture as a mark of support for the god-king are pictured at an unspecified point on the Tibet-Nepal frontier, May 5, 1959 after fleeing from their homeland. They are among thousands of refugees who have fled Tibet following the events in Lhasa. (AP Photo)

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The Associated Press jeep comes in for repairs along with other vehicles, May 5, 1951. Cpl. Billy Matherly, Dayton, Tenn.; Sgt. William F. Oney, Marshall, Tex.; and Sgt. Curtis Darby, Kaplan, La., (left to right) check the vehicle after checking it over following the withdrawal. (AP Photo)

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Prop Wash, three-months-old Cocker Spaniel mascot of Captain Robert Hinckley, Jr., of Ogden, Utah, waits for his master on a load of bombs before leaving for a mission from a Liberator bomber base in England, May 5, 1944. The puppy is equipped with his own goggles parachute, and Oxygen mask. (AP Photo)

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A cargo handling crew at Tempelhof airfield in Berlin pause in their task of unloading a Skymaster plane of the Berlin airlift, May 5, 1949 to raise a cheer over the news of the lifting of the German capital, scheduled for May 12. The airlift, however, is planned to be continued despite the proposed end of the Berlin siege. (AP Photo)

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American infantrymen get realistic training for the invasion of Europe during maneuvers in England, May 5, 1944, as this first wave of assault troops storm an enemy beach defenses as explosive charges burst simulating enemy artillery bursts and bombings. (AP Photo)

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The Eighth Army's offensive concentrated on a 6 mile front between the sea and the main road which strikes north from Medenine Villa to Mareth, in Tunisia, has had great success. All its primary objectives have been captured, minefields have been cleared and the way is open for the main British armoured forces to make their assault. Troops cross an anti-tank obstacle and also rest in it, on the main route for the 8th Army, in Tunisia, on May 5, 1943. (AP Photo)

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In the highlands of Ecuador survive thousands of Quichua Indians, whose ancestors built up great civilizations in prehistoric times. They have changed little in dress and habits during thousands of years. Dandies of the Andes are these dashing Xowboys of the region of Colta, Ecuador, on May 5, 1938. They look after a few cattle but have no horses. Picture made during the expedition of Captain G. Allan Hancock to Ecuador. (AP Photo)

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In the highlands of Ecuador survive thousands of Quichua Indians, whose ancestors built civilizations in prehistoric times. These sons and daughters of the ancients have changed little in dress and habits during thousands of years. A Quichua mother carries her child in Ecuador on May 5, 1938. The baby bundle in a fold of the poncho has the equivalent of the North American Indian cradle. Picture taken during a expedition of Captain G. Allan Hancock to Ecuador. (AP Photo)

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A view of the coronation decorations in Fleet Street, with St. Paul’s Cathedral in background, taken from St. Clements Dane Church, in The Strand, London, on May 5, 1937. (AP Photo)

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In the highlands of Ecuador survive thousands of Quichua Indians, who have changed little in dress and habits during the thousands of years which have elapsed since their ancestors built great civilizations before the dawn of history. A view of the crowded public market at Riobamba, Ecuador, on May 5, 1938, each Saturday the Quichuas come to sell all manner of wares. Picture taken during a expedition of Captain G. Allan Hancock to Ecuador. (AP Photo)

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A distillery in the backwoods of “dry” Griffin, Georgia on May 5, 1937. The steam boiler was unusually large. Coke is used exclusively in heating to avoid a tell-tale column of smoke. Federal agents inspecting the boiler and other parts of the liquor making apparatus. (AP Photo/James N. Keen)

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FILE - In this May 5, 1933 file photo, Ruby Bates, who reversed her previous testimony that she had been assaulted by nine black teenagers, center in light coat, marches in a parade of several hundred people through the Washington, D.C. streets to the White House, to present her petition for the liberation of the Scottsboro Boys. (AP Photo)

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Accompanied by an Associated Press photographer, these federal agents raided this large-scale operation near Griffin, Ga., on May 5, 1937. Getting down to the job of breaking up equipment and destroying materials on hand, they have pulled bungs huge mash barrels. (AP Photo/James N. Keen)

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A Redstone rocket carrying a capusle containing Astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr. lifts off from Cape Canaveral May 5, 1961. Folded at right is the "cherry picker" which was designed to take Shepard from the capsule in event of trouble after the gantry was taken away. In the foreground is a remote TV camera. Picture was taken by remote camera in launch pad area. (AP Photo/NASA)

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Young black women are housed in a building at the state fairgrounds in Birmingham, Ala., May 5, 1963, following the massive desegregation protests of the past three days. The teenagers are among an estimated 1,000 people still in custody. (AP Photo/Bill Hudson)

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Redstone-MR7 is shown during lift-off from the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Fla., at 9:23 am EST, May 5, 1961. The booster placed astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr., who is inside a Project Mercury spacecraft Mercury 7, into a suborbital flight which attained a speed of 5,100 miles per hour. (AP Photo/NASA)

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Astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr., the first American to journey into space, peers into his Freedom 7 space capsule after it is recovered from the Atlantic Ocean and taken aboard the aircraft carrier USS Lake Champlain, May 5, 1961. The Freedom 7 (MR-7) spacecraft was launched by a Redstone vehicle at 9:34 a.m. EST. Shepard's flight, return from space, the splashdown at sea and recovery were seen on television by millions of viewers around the world. (AP Photo)

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Astronaut Alan B. Shepard, Jr. awaits liftoff in the Freedom-7 Mercury spacecraft on May 5, 1961, making him the first American in space. Shepard, the fifth human to walk on the moon, died late Tuesday, July 21, 1998 at a hospital in California. He was 74. (AP Photo/Nasa)

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Duke Ellington, one of America’s best known band leaders and composers, waving his hat in hand, is greeted by a host of fans who cheered and played his favorite tunes as he left the Central Station in Milan on May 5, 1950. Ellington arrived in Milan for a one-week performance at the Odeon Theatre. (AP Photo/Jim Pringle)

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Smoke and flame belch from muzzles of the big 155mm U.S. army guns on the western Korean front as allied artillery poured a continuous round of fire into enemy positions, May 5, 1951. (AP Photo)

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The scene in Market Square, Market Street, Johannesburg, May 5, 1960. Note cross pattern of electrified trams. In the background a towering skyscraper office building. In contrast to the one right which has seen many years service. (AP Photo)

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** FILE ** British soldiers keep guard as illegal Jewish who diembarked from the exodus ship, Ocean Vigour, carrying their belongings, walk from the train at Klocknitz Station, Germany, Sept. 8, 1947, to a fleet of lorries which transported them to the Poppendorf Reception Camp, near Lubeck. More than 400 pages of formerly secret documents released Monday, May 5, 2008 by Britain's National Archives show how the British government tried to send thousands of Palestine-bound Jewish survivors of the Nazi genocide back to postwar Germany without inflaming world opinion. Despite the best efforts of early spin doctors to portray the move in the most sympathetic light, the decision to turn away the more than 4,500 Jews on board the Exodus refugee ship turned into a humanitarian and public relations debacle for Britain. (AP Photo/file)

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Rep. Richard M. Nixon, R-Calif., leaves Federal Courthouse, New York, May 5, 1949 after appearing for two hours before the special federal grand jury investigating subversive activities. (AP Photo)

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** FILE ** British transport ship Ocean Vigour, carrying Jews from aboard the Exodus refugee ship after trying to enter Palestine illegally, is seen near Cuxhaven, Germany, in this Sept. 6, 1947 file photo. More than 400 pages of formerly secret documents released Monday, May 5, 2008 by Britain's National Archives show how the British government tried to send thousands of Palestine-bound Jewish survivors of the Nazi genocide back to postwar Germany without inflaming world opinion. Despite the best efforts of early spin doctors to portray the move in the most sympathetic light, the decision to turn away the more than 4,500 Jews on board the Exodus refugee ship turned into a humanitarian and public relations debacle for Britain. (AP Photo/Brug, file)

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U. S.Soldiers undergoing invasion training in Britain are about to open up with their Machine Gun, May 5, 1944. Soldiers crawled several hundred yards while live fire from heavy weapons screamed over their heads. (AP Photo)

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Czech patriots in Prague, the last Nazi stronghold, rose in revolt on May 5, in an Endeavour to wrest the capital from the Germans. After driving the civilians from their homes, S.S. troops engaged in a mass slaughter. Along the highway from Bensov to Prague, anti-tank barricades were built, while German tanks ringed the city. Street fighting ensued, and many patriots were killed. Patriot snipe were posted behind barricades, in cellars and in attics, pending the arrival of Russian troops. A view of destruction caused in Old Town Square, Prague, July 8, 1945 during the liberation of the city. In the background a pall of smoke hangs over the city. (AP Photo)

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Street markets in English country towns, selling wartime goods, still are widely popular. Communist party bookstall in Epsom market on May 5, 1942, displays big posters demanding opening of a second front in Europe. Man reading a party pamphlet looks just a little skeptical. (AP Photo)

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Sheila, a husky stands in front of U.S. Antarctic ski plane aboard deck of North Star, returned from south polar regions 1½ years gone, in Boston, Massachusetts on May 5, 1941. (AP Photo)

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A few lonely walls towering above the ruins of an office of a stockbroker in Plymouth, May 5, 1941 after the town had suffered under repeated heavy raids. (AP Photo)

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View of contingents of the 12,000 Mexican troops in parade in Puebla as they swung down the state capital's principal thoroughfare, May 5, 1941. The parade commemorates Mexico's defeat of invading French forces on May 5, 1862 at Puebla. (AP Photo)

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Ninety Italian submarines forming a moving quadrilateral of nine columns, submerged simultaneously, surfaced fired a salvo, and submerged again all as one united. View of lines of submarines in the bay of Naples, Italy on May 5, 1938, taking part in manoeuvres watched by German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. (AP Photo)

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A U.S. federal agent uses an axe to destroy the copper equipment used in this large illegal liquor plant during a raid near Griffin, Ga., on May 5, 1937. (AP Photo)

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U.S. Federal agents raid an illegal liquor plant near Griffin, Ga., where beer and wine are legal, on May 5, 1937. This plant in Lamar County is worth several thousand dollars. (AP Photo)

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt inspects a specimen in his extensive collection of stamps at the White House in Washington on May 5, 1936. Most of the president's philatelic collection is kept at his Hyde Park home. (AP Photo)

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Actor Lew Ayres and his wife, actress Lola Lane, are shown as they arrive for the premiere of "Grand Hotel" in Hollywood, Ca., on May 5, 1932. (AP Photo)

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Despite the fact that his rib was broken when he was knocked down by a hit and run driver just outside of Chicago, Olli Wanttinen, 96-pound New Yorker from Finland, the smallest man among C.C. Pyle’s Bunioneers, came into Chicago in third place for the day's run from Joliet to Chicago, May 5, 1928. Wanttinen covered the distance in 5 hours, 34 minutes, and 24 seconds, retaining 10th position in the transcontinental foot race. (AP Photo)

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Romania's King Michael, left, pushing a lawnmower in the garden of the Royal Palace in Bucharest,May 5, 1928, with his friend Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia. (AP Photo)

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