Today in History - April 24

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From left: Mary Martin, Jackie Gleason, Anne Bancroft and Melvyn Douglas hold prizes presented to them in New York as winners of Broadway's annual Tony Awards, April 24, 1960. Martin and Gleason were named tops on the musical stage. Bancroft won for her performance in "The Miracle Worker," and Douglas won for "The Best Man." (AP Photo/Marty Lederhandler)

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Mark Rudd, a leader of the student protest at Columbia University in New York City,is interviewed outside Low Memorial Library, background, April 25, 1968, which has been occupied since April 24 by students. Rudd said the purpose of the protest was to "hit at" what he claimed was the university's policy of "racism and support for imperialism." Standing on ledge, center, with hands in pockets, is Juan Gonzalez, another of the student leaders. (AP Photo)

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Second Class Aviation Ordinance man, Mark Lundberg, seated, from San Antonio, Texas, watches a fellow Egyptian frogman dive into Port Said harbor with a mine detector to depth of 40 feet, April 24, 1974. U.S. Navy frogmen began training of Egyptian Navy frogemen to familiarize them with U.S. demolition methods and equipment. (AP Photo/Horst Faas)

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An undamaged helicopter sits on the ground behind the charred remains of a second U.S. helicopter in the Iranian desert of Dasht-E-Kavir, April 26, 1980. The site, about 300 air miles from Teheran, was where the United States rescue effort for those held hostage in Teheran was abandoned, and where a U.S. helicopter and transport collided. (AP Photo)

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Former Los Angeles Laker Earvin "Magic" Johnson, right, watches first-round playoff action between the Miami Heat and the Chicago Bulls at Chicago Stadium, April 24, 1992. NBC broadcaster Dick Enberg is at left. (AP Photo/Mark Elias)

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Outnumbered by three to one, The Beatles put up a spirited struggle as they find three are more than enough arms of the law to hold them, during a scene from their second and latest film, "Eigth Arms to Hold You" shot on the Thames River at Strand on the Green Chiswick, April 24, 1965 in London. The group from left are: Paul McCartney: John Lennon; George Harrison; and Ringo Starr. (AP Photo)

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This street scene in Poplarville, Miss., looks like it could be a copy of many Main Streets in many southern U.S. towns, shown June 3, 1959. But the community is troubled in the wake of the lynching of Charles Mack Parker, 23-year-old black man, who was dragged from jail April 24. He had been charged with raping a pregnant white woman. The general feeling among townspeople - at least what has been expressed - is the hope that authorities never catch the men who lynched Parker. This feeling was heightened during the FBI investigation of the case. (AP Photo)

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The Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery lifts off from Launch Pad 398 in Kennedy Space Center at morning on Tuesday, April 24, 1990, carrying a crew of five and the Hubble Space Telescope. The mission, STS-31, had been originally scheduled for launch on April 10th but was scrubbed because of a faulty APU. NASA officials and scientist around the world are looking forward to the first glimpse into space by the telescope. (AP Photo/Paul Kizzle)

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Carolyn Spangler, 14, left, and Dawn Woodard, 13, both of Arlington, Texas, let their feelings be known as they speed through the first of two 360-degree loops in the new Shock Wave roller coaster at Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington, April 24, 1978. A large crowd waited hours on the opening day of the ride to make the two-minute trip on the hair-raiser. The roller coaster track is at lower right and autos roll by on interstate 30 at the left. (AP Photo/Pete Leabo)

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Steve Jobs, left, chairman of Apple Computers, John Sculley, center, president and CEO, and Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple, unveil the new Apple IIc computer in San Francisco, April 24, 1984. (AP Photo/Sal Veder)

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Two lorry loads of Kikuyu people arrive at a reception camp outside Nairobi, Kenya on April 28, 1954 from barbed wire enclosures. One hour before dawn on April 24, 5,000 troops, backed by 1,000 armed police and by the loyal Kikuyu home guard, launched “Operation Anvil”, the biggest anti Mau Mau screening operation since the state of emergency in Kenya began 18 months ago. It was expected that 30/40,000 men would be screened. The big sweep follows the breakdown of the surrender invitation launched by the authorities after the capture of Mau Mau’s “General China.” At the reception camp many men were released after screening. Others were detained and were being sent to detention camps by the sea. (AP Photo)

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Mrs. Delphine Roberts of New Orleans poses with collection can next to signs asking for donations to build a church for excommunicated Catholics and segregationists. She appeared with her signs and collection can in front of Archbishop Joseph F. Rummel?s residence in New Orleans on Monday, April 24, 1962. Excommunicated segregationist Mrs. B.J. Gaillot Jr., said she wants ?no part of a move to raise funds for those excommunicated.? (AP Photo/Jim Bourdier))

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After hours of indoor practice, dancers from a New Jersey nightclub come outdoors to carry on their rehearsal in the spring air on the Jersey side of the George Washington Bridge, April 24, 1951. In the background is the bridge and the view of Manhattan looking north up the Hudson River, as they go through their routine on the Palisades Cliffs adjacent to the club, Bill Miller’s Rendezvous, in preparation for the opening next month. (AP Photo/Robert Kradin)

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Senorita Carmen, snake charmer with the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, is shown here washing - by hand- her 15 foot, 125 pound python as an eight foot boa-constrictor shares the tub in New York, April 24, 1953. The Senorita bathes her snakes twice weekly and daily during the hot summer months. (AP Photo/Robert Kradin)

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The winner of the Olympic Horse Trials, Starlight XV, ridden by Major J. Rook, M.C., clears the gate during the trials at Badminton, Gloucestershire, England on April 24, 1953. (AP Photo/John Rider-Rider)

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Nineteen-year-old Betty Pearia of St. Louis, shown on April 24, 1942, a vivacious eyes-of-brown, five-feet-two jitterbug, has worked as a Western Union foot messenger in downtown St. Louis for two months and she loves her job. Had she ever had any trouble? She smiled. “Not a bit. Everybody is terribly helpful. They seem to go out of their way to help.” (AP Photo)

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Early arrivals rest on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, April 24, 1971, as they wait for the start of the anti-war march and rally at the Capitol. Police estimate a crowd of 100,000 will participate in a promised peaceful protest of the Vietnam war. (AP Photo/John Duricka)

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Peace, perfect, peace, at the Tottenham day nursery in London, on April 24, 1942,, as the children have their afternoon nap, at least it’s not quite perfect peace for there seems to be a spot of bother in the background. (AP Photo)

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Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington at a meeting in New York on April 24, 1969 a few days before his 70th birthday. “Retirement is never considered. Nobody ever told me what I should retire to,” he told newsmen. (AP Photo/John Duricka)

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A protest march against war in Vietnam and armament in general was staged in Amsterdam April 24, 1965. (AP Photo)

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Participants of a student sit-in assist each other in climbing up into the offices of Columbia University President Grayson Kirk at the campus in New York City, April 24, 1968. The students are protesting the use of part of Morningside Park for building a new gymnasium. (AP Photo)

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A young model poses with the new 3CV Citroen car, "AMI 6" during the first public presentation near the Villacoublay field (Paris suburb) April 24, 1961. Here are two aspects of the "AMI 6": 4 seats, a 600 cm3 motor, 3CV horsepower, 6 liters to 100 kms., and a top speed of 100kms./H. The price of the car is of 6,550 Francs ($1,310). (AP Photo)

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Mannequins that represent a typical American family, will soon experience the fury of an atomic blast with the power of 40,000 tons of TNT, at Yucca Flats, Nev., April, 24, 1955. The test is being conducted to determine the survival chances of an atomic attack. Through the picture window is the tower 4700 feet away on which the detonation will occur. (AP Photo/Dick Strobel)

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Actress Kim Novak, one of Hollywood's younger stars, steps from an ancient boarding house bathtub in a scene from her newest film "Pal Joey", at Columbia Studios in Hollywood, April 24, 1957. (AP Photo)

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A couple whirls across the dance floor of Harlem's Savoy Ballroom in New York, April 24, 1953. (AP Photo/Hans von Nolde)

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Actor Robert Montgomery, behind the camera as a scene is prepared, watches his stand-in Robert Spencer playing the part Bob will do during the "Takes" , April 24, 1949. (AP Photo)

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Horsa gliders marshaled in preparation for moving to take-off positions, at an airfield somewhere in England, on April 24, 1944, during an invasion exercise. (AP Photo)

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Cigarettes are handed out to the British soldiers on their arrival at Lisbon on April 24, 1943, where the exchange of British and Italian prisoners took place. (AP Photo)

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Norman Corwin, pointing, goes over the script with members of the cast of the four networks "This is War" series, April 24, 1942 in New York. Corwin made his first network debut three years ago, directing "Americans at Work," a daytime program. (AP Photo/Carl Nesensohn)

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Boston-born Norman Corwin, writer of the four-network radio series "This Is War," is shown, April 24, 1942, in New York. (AP Photo/Carl Nesensohn)

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A strange contrast in the Maginot Line. The traction line in one of the subterranean galleries, a product of complex modern engineering, is swept by French soldiers with old fashioned witches besoms, brooms, in France, April 24, 1940. (AP Photo)

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A number of Norwegian seamen, stranded in a Northern British port as a result of Hitler's invasion of their country, are being taught the rudiments of bayonet and rifle drill by the admiralty to that when they do finally reach home they will not require a great deal of training before they are able to assist in driving the invaders out of their country. Many of the men have families living in towns at present occupied by the Nazis and are only to keen to get home and do their bit. Fine, determined expressions on the faces of some of the Norwegian seamen as they undergo rifle drill at a Northern Port, April 24, 1940. (AP Photo)

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As part of a campaign to enroll 10,000 young women volunteers for Britain’s civil nursing reserve, which will operate emergency hospitals in the event of war, posters such as this appeared throughout Great Britain, on April 27. Miss Greta Berry, the model of the poster nurse, is beside one of the new issue at the Home Office, in London, April 24, 1939. (AP Photo)

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Winston Churchill addressing the crowd outside The City of London Recruiting Centre for the Territorial Army at Mansion House, London on April 24, 1939. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

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Britain's King George VI and Queen Elizabeth and Princess Elizabeth, behind, and Princess Margaret, watched as 1,200 Boy Scouts from every county in the United Kingdom marched through the Grand Quadrangle to attend a special Scout service at St. George’s Chapel. The King and Queen and the two Princesses, watching the Scouts as they marched past cheering at St. George’s Chapel in Windsor, England on April 24, 1938. (AP Photo)

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A police officer is helping a child down a few steps while distributing food to the needy in Ewing Township, N.J., on April 24, 1936 during the Great Depression. (AP Photo)

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The most violent labor feud New York has seen in years took a toll of one dead and 16 wounded on April 24, 1933 when six mobsters, armed with guns, knives and lead pipes raided headquarters of the Needle Traders Workers’ Industrial Union, a communist group. Here are four of the injured on the sidewalk outside the building in New York on April 24, 1933, after the fight, waiting for ambulances. The attackers are believed to have been right wing members of the union, who have been disgruntled by activities of the left wing. Six arrests were made. (AP Photo)

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Image of Buddha, Kobe in Japan on April 24, 1931. (AP Photo)

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To address New Jersey's relief problem during the Great Depression, members of the Unemployed Committee solicit items from a food store in Ewing Township, N.J. on April 24, 1936. The food will be weighed at Relief headquarters and apportioned for distribution to needy families. (AP Photo)

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Wedding of William Seeman, left and former film actress Phyllis Haver, April 24, 1929. New York City Mayor Jimmy Walker is at far left. Woman at right is unidentified. (AP Photo)

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All that remains of the six-storey Banque Populaire, in Tchirpan, Bulgaria, April 24, 1928, after the earthquake which killed more than 100 people and left many homeless. (AP Photo)

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Irish prisoners march along a Dublin quay under a British guard during the bloody Irish Insurrection that began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, in Dublin, Ireland. Thousands were killed and injured in the revolt. Ten days later Patrick Pearse, Commandant General of 1,500 Irishmen who threw down an armed challenge, was dead and 14 of his comrades took their turn before the British firing squads. Many more thousands were made prisoners in the Easter Rising. (AP Photo)

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