Today in History - April 22

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Aluminum foil balloons, one 12 feet in diameter, and a model of the rocket nose section designed to carry them into outer space in collapsed form, form appropriate subject matter for conversation between these five witnesses at the House Space Committee, Washington, D.C., April 22, 1958. Left to right: Dr. Hugh L. Dryden, director, National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics; Dr. Arthur Kantrowitz, director, Avco Research Laboratory, Everett, Mass.; Dr. Simon Ramo, Ramo-Woolridge Corp., Los Angeles; Krafft A. Ehricke, Convair expert, San Diego; and Allen P. Donovon, Ramo-Worldwide Corp., Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Harvey Georges)

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A Black Power demonstrator is arrested by police during disorders in the capital city of Port of Spain, Trinidad, April 23, 1970. The disorders, which have been plaguing the government for the past two months, have led to a declaration of a state of emergency and a request by Trinidad for arms from friendly countries. (AP Photo)

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These members of a British Royal Air force bombing squadron hold thumbs up ñ A gesture signifying a Nazi warship has been sunk ñ as they return to their home base, April 22, 1940, from an attack on German men ñof-war off Bergan, Norway. (AP Photo)

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Smoke and flames rise from Bata Shoe Store after being set on fire by demonstrators in Port of Spain, Trinidad, April 22, 1970. A fireman lost his life in a melee when he was hit by a Molotov cocktail. Police yesterday detained 14 members of the Black Power movement and were believed to be searching for other militant leaders who spearheaded demonstrations which have plagued the country during the past two months,. (AP Photo)

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A small truck is towed away from a commercial building, hit by an explosion believed to be caused by an accumulation of gas in the structure located on the east side of midtown Manhattan, New York on Monday, April 22, 1974. At least 86 persons were injured in the blast. (AP Photo)

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FILE - In this April 22, 1971 file photo, a demonstrator carries an inverted flag, a symbol of distress, as protesters against the Vietnam War march past the White House from their encampment on the Mall. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

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Nine-year-old Robert McLean II achieved a boy's dream: he met an astronaut. Lt. Col. John Glenn Jr. and his wife Annie gave the youngster some attention at The Associated Press annual luncheon in New York, April 22, 1963. Bobby's grandfather is Robert McLean, publisher of the Philadelphia Bulletin and former president of The Associated Press. (AP Photo)

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Children of the convent of the sacred Heart School in New York City man brooms April 22, 1970 as they clean a monument in the city's Union Square. The children came out in force in observance of "Earth Day". (AP Photo).

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Bicyclists travel down New York City's Fifth Ave. near E. 49th St. on the way to City Hall as they observe "Earth Day" on April 22, 1971. They are part of a group of about 50 persons who are making the one-half hour ride from Central Park to the City's headquarters. (AP Photo)

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A march to emphasize their integration demands replaced picketing demonstrations for members of the NAACP in Jacksonville, Florida, April 22, 1964. The marchers, with city permission, walked through part of the downtown section during the evening rush hour. There was no violence and very little traffic congestion. (AP Photo/Harold Valentine)

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A Pace College student in a gas mask "smells" a magnolia blossom in City Hall Park on Earth Day, April 22, 1970, in New York. (AP Photo)

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Meteorologist Douglas Barclay checks radar screens for storm indications in Kansas City on April 22, 1963. (AP Photo)

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Part of the banner-carrying group that marched on an empty City Hall in San Francisco on April 22, 1961 in support of the Castro regime in Cuba. They were heckled by a smaller group of anti-Castroites. The San Francisco city hall was the site last May of the student riot during hearing there of the House Un-American Activities Committee. (AP Photo)

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President Charles de Gaulle of France poses on the steps of the United States guest house at Blair House in Washington on April 22, 1960, with Mrs. de Gaulle and President Eisenhower after his arrival in the Capital from Canada. (AP Photo)

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American President Dwight D. Eisenhower, left, greets French President Charles de Gaulle as the latter steps from his plane at National Airport in Washington on April 22, 1960, on arrival from Canada for a formal visit to the United States. (AP Photo)

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Harold Jones, left, fell into 18-foot dry well and was climbing out when he heard barks beneath him. Turned out to be Lassie, missing for 2 weeks. Lloyd Adams, center, and Jack Best helped pull dog out in Fresno, Calif., on April 22, 1958. Collie was in good temper and good condition. (AP Photo)

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Records of the Army in its dispute with Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis.), ready in the hearing room for opening session of the probe before the Senate Investigations subcommittee in Washington on April 22, 1954. Getting them ready are Lt. Col. J. F. Murry, right, and Cpl. James Franklin. (AP Photo/Henry Griffin)

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Army Secretary Robert T. Stevens, left, and Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis.), right, principals in the controversy being aired before the Senate Investigating subcommittee in Washington on April 22, 1954, look toward committee counsel at center of long table during session of the hearing. Between them are Maj. Gen. Robert Young, second from left, and Roy Cohn, chief of McCarthy’s staff. (AP Photo)

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These U.N. prisoners of war wait at Pyoktong, North Korea, for transportation to take them to freedom in the exchange at Panmunjom, April 22, 1953 in Korea. Left to right are: Robert Guess, Luton, Bedfordshire, England; Roy Jones, Minneapolis, Minn.; Gerald E. Neighbors, Hereford, Tex., and Odie Lawley, Lawton, Okla. This picture was made by Frank Noel, Associated Press photographer, who is himself a prisoner of the communist since the early day of the war. It was passed by both U.N. and Red Censors. (AP Photo)

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Assistant Secretary of Defense H. Struve Hensel leans over for a smiling word with Secretary of the Army Robert Stevens at the opening session of the hearing on the McCarthy-Army dispute in Washington on April 22, 1954. Hensel has been made a principal in the proceedings after McCarthy said Hensel was under investigation “for misconduct.” (AP Photo)

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Elmer Riddle shows his new boss, Bing Crosby that his once-ailing arm is okay again in Pittsburgh, April 22, 1948. He pitched a 2-hitter for the Pirates to blank the Chicago Cubs, 3-0. Slugger is Ralph Kiner (first on left) got his first 1948 homer and Wally Westlake (extreme right) hit 3 out of 4. (AP Photo/Danny Jacino)

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Following the breaching of the enemy offences on the River Senio. British troops of the 8th Indian Divison advanced to the River Santerno and forced crossings over it against stiff opposition. During their advance they captured the town of Lugo. British infantry and armour stream along the dusty roads and over the River Santerno, in Italy, on April 22, 1945, in pursuit of the retreating enemy. (AP Photo)

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Climaxing a three-weeks 1,500-ton aerial bombardment, the sands of American troops landed on Netherland New Guinea in three sectors on April 22, 1944, thus cutting off an estimated 60,000 Japanese soldiers defending the Pacific island. These official U.S. navy photographs depict the landing at Humboldt Bay, where one invading force found little Japanese opposition, moved quickly inland to seize coastal airfields. Giant bulldozers and trucks followed the first wave in, to renovate the fields after their capture. Moving ‘on the double’ a detachment of troops goes down the beach, passing stores of supplies abandoned by the Japanese in their retreat. (AP Photo)

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Maj. Gen. James H. Doolittle, his Tokyo bombing crew, and some Chinese friends are pictured in China on April 22, 1943 after the U.S. airmen bailed out following the raid at Japan, April 18, 1942. From left to right are: Staff Sgt. F.A. Braemer, bombardier, Seattle; Sgt. P.J. Leonard, engineer-gunner, Denver; unidentified Chinese; First Lt. R.E. Cole, co-pilot, Dayton, Ohio; General Doolittle, navigator, Pierre, S.D.; unidentified Cheese. Sgt. Leonard has since been killed in action in North Africa. (AP Photo)

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Mayor Fiorella LaGuardia throws out the first ball at the Yankee Stadium in New York on April 22, 1943, starting the game between the Yankees and the Washington Senators and officially opening the Yankee baseball season. (AP Photo/John Rooney)

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Two of the Catholic nuns, liberated by American troops when they invaded Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea on April 22, 1944 are assisted down the ramp of a U.S. landing craft after they had been evacuated to a rear base. These nuns and 121 other missionaries, freed by the Americans, had been prisoners of the Japanese since the start of the war. (AP Photo/U.S. Army Signal Corps)

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New members get final instruction from Dutch officer before starting on mission, April 22, 1942. (AP Photo)

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Thousands of tons of ice choke the Niagara River below Niagara Falls as the breakup from Lake Erie moves downriver on April 22, 1966. American Falls is on the left, Horseshoe Falls at top center in this view from prospect point on the American side of the river. (AP Photo)

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Sir Winston Curchill the view - Puffing on his inseparable Cigar, Sir Winston Churchill view the Riviera town of Menton from his Wheelchair from the Col de la Madone during a visit to St. Agnes, April 22, 1963. Sir Winston is spending a Sunshine Holliday at the Hotel de Paris in Monte Carlo. Fashion note. he's wearing a Broadd-Brimmed Panama hat to shade the sun from his Kyes. (AP-Photo)

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Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro meets with U.N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, right, at United Nations headquarters in New York, April 22, 1959. At center is Cuba's ambassador to the U.N. Manuel Bisbe. Castro is in New York during his tour of the U.S. (AP Photo/John Rooney)

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An artist paints in the background for a scene of cherry blossoms at the Brooklyn Botanical Garden, April 22, 1958. (AP Photo/Ruben Goldberg)

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The seven senators hearing the April 22, 1954 testimony in the Army-McCarthy controversy and their special counsel are shown at a big table during the opening session of the inquiry. Left to right: Senators Henry Dworshak, R-Idaho, Charles Potter, R-Michigan, and Everett Dirksen, R-Illinois; Counsel Ray Jenkins, asking a question, and Senators Karl Mundt, R-South Dakota, John McClellan, D-Arkansas, Stuart Symington, D-Missouri, and Henry Jackson, D-Washington. Mundt is presiding. (AP Photo)

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U.S. actress Shelley Winters coaxes a smile from her baby daughter, Vittoria Gina Gassman, as the infant poses for her first picture in Hollywood, CA, April. 22, 1953. The Baby's father, Italian actor Vittorio Gassman, was abroad when she was born on Feb. 14, and will see her for the first time when he returns to Hollywood at the beginning of May. (AP Photo)

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Two exhausted American soldiers sleep in the sun along a roadside on the central front in Korea, April 22, 1951. They had just returned from a patrol probing Communist positions. Neither soldier is identified. (AP Photo)

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Shirley Temple's fellow actors surprised her, on a movie sound stage in Hollywood, April 22, 1944, with an impromptu party on the eve of her 16th birthday. Several paper balls exploded as she opened a gift box from Joseph Cotton. Jennifer Jones, center, looks as surprised at Shirley. (AP Photo)

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A tank captain, right, uses field glasses to scan targets as his and other Patton tanks line up with their guns elevated for use as artillery in support of United Nations ground forces in South Korea on April 22, 1951. (AP Photo/James Martenhoff

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Mickey Rooney, left, former motion picture star, entertains combat troops of the U.S. Seventh Army during a visit to a frontline town in Germany, April 22, 1945. (AP Photo/Pool/Jim Pringle)

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Popular performer Red Skelton is doing his "Guzzler Gin" act as he entertains U.S. Army servicemen on leave for war operations, in Hollywood, Calif., on April 22, 1944. (AP Photo)

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A member of the crews of a British Royal Air Force bombing squadron, with his fellow-pilots at a home base, April 22, 1940, points with pride on the map to the spot near Bergen, Norway, where they said they attacked German warships. Naval and air forces cooperated in the attacks. (AP Photo)

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An observer of the Royal Canadian Air Force cooperation squadron, stationed in England, April 22, 1941, fires a twin-barreled Browning machine gun in practice. (AP Photo)

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The Duke of Kent, with other members of the Royal Family, were present at the annual service of St. Michael and St. George at St. Paul’s Cathedral. The Duke of the Kent, right, who is a Knight Grand Cross of the order of St. Michael and St. George, arriving at St. Paul’s Cathedral, for the annual service in London, on April 22, 1939. (AP Photo)

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt during his roadside conference with newsmen at Warm Springs, Georgia on April 22, 1940. Beside him is Capt. Daniel J. Callaghan, his aide. During the conference the president disclosed he will make an extensive swing across the country shortly but he said the trip would be non-political. (AP Photo)

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This was scene in Chicago, April 22, 1938, as Joe DiMaggio, en route to New York to join Yankees after long holdout, was besieged by autograph seekers. DiMaggio said he was glad to be going back, that he was ready to play. (AP Photo/Harry L. Hall)

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Omaha, split choice with horse named Chance Sun to win the Kentucky Derby on May 4 is shown at Jamaica Park, New York on April 22, 1935, just before he romped to victory in the mile and 70-year south shore purse. His debut as a three-year old. He is owned by William Woodward. (AP Photo/John Rooney)

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Accompanied by a boduguard, a nurse, and a chauffeur, little Gloria Vanderbilt enters the home of her mother, Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt, in midtown Manhattan, New York, April 22, 1935, for a Easter weekend visit. Nicknamed "poor little rich girl" by the press, the 11-year-old heiress to a $ 4,000 000 fortune from her late father, Reginald Vanderbilt, is subject of a fierce custody battle between her mother and her paternal aunt, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, who was granted with legal guardianship over her niece. (AP Photo)

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A scene at Vassar college April 22, 1936 as more than 1,000 students joined in a demonstration against war. They marched about the campus, then gathered in students' hall where they were addressed by president Henry Noble MacCracken. (AP Photo)

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After James G. Ray landed an autogiro plane on the South Lawn of the White House in Washington, April 22, 1931, President Herbert Hoover presented the Collier Trophy to Harold Pitcairn of Philadelphia as the outstanding American aviation feat of 1930. From left to right: with the aircraft in the background and the trophy in front, are Pitcairn, shaking hands with the president, and Sen. Hiram Bingham of Connecticut, president of the National Aeronautics Association. (AP Photo)

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American aviators and Polar explorers, Commander Richard E. Byrd, left, and Floyd Bennett, in New York, USA, April 22, 1928. (AP Photo)

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Prisoners work to clear away debris after a fire at the Ohio State Penitentiary in Columbus, Ohio on April 22, 1930. Over 300 inmates were killed. (AP Photo)

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