Today in History - April 18

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Lieut. Col. Adna R. Chaffee, commander of the First U.S. Cavalry, mechanized, prepares for the long hike from Fort Knox, Kentucky to Fort Riley, Kansas, for maneuvers, April 18 1934. The overland trips of the unit always attracts wide attention along the route. (AP Photo/Kirkpatrick)

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Maj. Gen. James Doolittle, his Tokyo bombing crew, and some Chinese friends are pictured in China after the U.S. airmen bailed out following the raid on Japan, April 18, 1942. From left: Staff Sgt. F.A. Braemer, bombardier, of Seattle; Sgt. P.J. Leonard, engineer-gunner, of Denver; unidentified; First Lieut. R.E. Cole, co-pilot, of Dayton, Ohio; Gen. Doolittle, pilot; unidentified; First Lieut. H.A. Potter, navigator, or Pierre, S.D., and unidentified. (AP Photo)

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This was the scene when San Francisco was devastated by the great earthquake and fire on April 18, 1906. Scene looks down Sacramento Street. Property loss was close to $350 million. More than 60,000 buildings, half of them homes, were shattered or burned. Some 265,000 of the 360,000 residents were homeless. (AP Photo/Arnold Genthe)

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FILE - In this April 18, 1943, file photo, Fred Mandel, foreground, president of the Detroit Lions, and Charles "Chile" Walsh, assistant coach of the Cleveland Rams, look over prospects at the player draft of the NFL in Chicago. The NFL draft is back in the City of Big Shoulder Pads for a seventh time beginning Thursday, April 30, 2015, expecting a much warmer reception than it got nearly 80 years ago from the very first pick in its very first draft. (AP Photo/Harry L. Hall, File)

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This is a general view of the American Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, after a huge bomb blast caused the collapse of the entire front of the seven-story structure, April 18, 1983. Rescue vehicles are seen in foreground as a helicopter flies overhead. (AP Photo)

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In a Philadelphia, United States, office, on April 18, 1979 R. Buckminster Fuller holds up a Tensegrity sphere - one of his inventions that’s inspired a space project. Dr. Ernest Okress of the Franklin Center envisions the structure, made of rods and cables, as the basis for a Spherical Tensegrity Atmospheric Research Station – STARS. A giant Tensegrity sphere could be light and strong enough to support a floating space station a mile in diameter. (AP Photo/WGI)

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Rescue workers are shown carrying the body of a victim of the bomb blast at the American Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, on April 18, 1983. The entire front of the seven-story building collapsed. (AP Photo/Jamal)

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J. Donn Aiken, director of the Maryland Employment Service, is surrounded by books in Baltimore, April 18, 1969 of job openings produced by computer and copier which are the heart of Baltimore’s Job Bank. The project conceived by Aiken lists 9,000 available jobs. (AP Photo)

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West German construction workers have a chat in West Berlin, April 18, 1967 at the meters high wall separating the city, as the communists hold their seventh party congress in East Berlin. (AP Photo/Edwin Reichert)

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All decked out in Easter Finery, these French poodles take part in the Easter parade on Fifth Avenue in New York on Easter Sunday, April, 18, 1965. Their outfits include light blue capes and hats, accented with jeweled collars. The poodles, Petite Amour, left, and Cha Cha, are owned by Mrs. Lilly Ellmer of New York City. (AP Photo/Dave Pickoff)

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Representatives of the Congress of Racial Equality and student groups mass at the City Hall steps in Columbus, Ohio on April 18, 1964 to support civil rights leaders protesting alleged de factor segregation in Cleveland’s schools. The demonstrators marched for several blocks in downtown Columbus before the rally at City Hall. The picketing was peaceful. (AP Photo)

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Coretta Scott King Jr., left, integration leader, the Rev. Fred L. Shuttlesworth, center, and Mrs.Juanita . Abernathy, leave Birmingham jail after visit with King and Abernathy, two leaders of integration movements in Birmingham April 18, 1963. (AP Photo/VHS)

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President John F. Kennedy joins in the laughter at his news conference in Washington on April 18, 1962, after making a stab at the word “proliferation,” fumbling it, then joining in the newsmen’s hilarity at the slip. Laughter echoed through the auditorium again when he replied to a question about the FBI’s awakening newsmen in the middle of the night to question them about what steel executives had said. (AP Photo)

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Here’s a view looking down in London’s Trafalgar Square on April 18, 1960, as an army of peace marchers gathered around Nelson’s Column in a vast demonstration against nuclear weapons. Shows marchers coming into the square from all directions. The marchers formed a six-mile-long column and included persons from practically all ranks of life. It was the biggest demonstration ever staged in London against the use of nuclear weapons. (AP Photo)

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President Dwight Eisenhower throws out a ball to his second pitch to open the American League baseball season, April 18, 1960. Vice President Richard Nixon is seated at left. Bob Allison of the Washington Senators, who caught the first throw, is at right. Second row: from left; Alfred Gruenther, President American Red Cross, Secretary of State Christian Herter; Joe Cronin, American Washington Senators President, Manager Bill Judges of Boston Red Sox. (AP Photo)

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Familiar pipe on an open book, a cluttered desk and a blackboard covered with mathematical equations surround the empty chair in Dr. Albert Einstein’s office at the Institute for Advanced Study, at Princeton, New Jersey on April 18, 1955. The famous physicist died of a gall bladder ailment at the age of 76. (AP Photo/Jacob Harris)

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With a big gap between him and the nearest horse, unbeaten Native Dancer pulls away at finish to win 1st division of $30,000 added Gotham Stakes and his debut as a three-year-old at Jamaica Race Track in New York City on April 18, 1953. With Jockey Eric Guerin in the saddle, Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt?s Kentucky Derby favorite took command as eighth of a mile from home in the mile and one-sixteenth race. Directly behind him is Magic Lamp, Jackie Westrope up, finishing second. Third horse was Sickle?s Sound. Native Dancer paid $2.30 to win. (AP Photo/JR)

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Reg Parnell, the winner, during the third event, Chichester Cup, in the British Automobile Racing Club’s meeting at Goodwood, England on April 18, 1949. Parnell, who was driving for the Italian “Scuderia Ambrosianan,” broke the course record at 86.4 miles per hour. (AP Photo/Leslie Priest)

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Circus performers, Betty and Benny Fox, go into their act on a small platform projected over Michigan Avenue from the 13th Floor window of the Congress Hotel in Chicago, April 18, 1949. The daring pair is employed by the Barnes Brothers Circus. (AP Photo/Paul Cannon)

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On February 28 to March 2, Lady Edwina Mountbatten, Lady Superintendent-in-Chief of the St. John’s Ambulance Nursing Division, and representing the British Red Cross and St. John’s joint War Organization Committee, visited the British 36th Division in central Burma. Lady Mountbatten visits Indian soldiers in a kitchen and tasted food at a Casualty Clearing station, in Burma, on April 18, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Tanks and other vehicles rumbled up a hill between plodding infantrymen of the 90th infantry division, third army, as they cross the Czechoslovakia border into Gottmannsgrum, near Asch, April 18, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Interior of the prison hospital in the Langenstein concentration camp, where three prisoners were forced to occupy one bunk, regardless of their illness, Germany on April 18, 1945. The hospital had no sanitation facilities and men died by the dozens - often patients were compelled to sleep with their comrades, dead at their side, until the bodies were removed. (AP Photo)

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Major General Henry Twaddle, C.G. of the 95th Infantry division, U.S. 9th Army, held a Liberation Parade at the Office - 6A prison camp for French officers at Soest, where 4,000 French officers have been imprisoned for five years. General Twaddle handed a French flag to the French Commandant of the camp, which was flown by the side of the Stars and Stripes. Major General Twaddle and the French Commandant taking the salute at the parch-past of the 4,000 liberated French officers at Soest, Germany on April 18, 1945. (AP Photo)

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American soldiers upon entering Gafsa, Tunisia on April 18, 1943 found an old, old swimming hole in this Roman bath built in antique times for soldiers and civilians of by-gone days. They lost no time putting it to good use. Said to be very medicinal and warm, the bath was nevertheless fine for washing a swim between battles. (AP Photo)

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Left to right are Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius Jr.; H.E.M. Georges Bidault, Minister of Foreign Affairs of France; President Harry S. Truman and French Ambassador Henri Bonnet, shown April 18, 1945. In the background is James Dunn. (AP Photo/John Rous)

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in leading car, drives past troops of Camp Robinson, near Little Rock, Arkansas, where he attended church services on April 18, 1943. (AP Photo)

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FILE - In this April 18, 1942 file photo, one of Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle's B-25 bombers takes off from the flight deck of the USS Hornet for the initial air raid on Tokyo. Coming just four months after the Imperial Japanese Navy savaged the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, the Doolittle raid on Japan's home did little damage, but lifted the spirits of Americans and electrified a world at war. (AP Photo, File)

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In a corner of a club recreation room in London, April 18, 1942, From left to right are: Charles Breach, 15, an apprentice engineer; Dennis Lawson, 15, a warehouse porter; Bill Crawley, 16, an car mechanic, and Thomas Crump, 16, a munitions factory worker. Breach and Lawson are playing checkers, and Crawley and Crump are playing shove ha'penny, a favorite British game. (AP Photo)

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In some of the villages in the British Expeditionary Force area the teachers are mobilized in the French Army. British soldiers with some experience with children have been lending a hand in teaching in the schools. In these pictures we see an English lesson in progress on April 18, 1940. (AP Photo)

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Interior view of Lectine theater of the Southern Railway ARP train, April 18, 1940. Gas masks and outfits are on display. (AP Photo)

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Thomas A. Edison poses with the the tin-foil phonograph, which he exhibited at the National Academy of Science in Washington and later demonstrated for the president at the White House, on April 18, 1878. The phonograph, Edison's favorite invention, was invented on Aug. 12, 1877. (AP Photo)

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Former Beatle John Lennon and his wife, Yoko Ono, leave U.S. Immigration hearing in New York on April 18, 1972. Lennon was given 60 days to leave the country voluntarily or be deported as an undesirable alien at the hearings. Lennon is being deported as part of President Nixon's effort to silence him as a critic of the war in Vietnam. (AP Photo)

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Jazz trumpeter Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong is shown with a camera in a dressing room in a theater in Rome, Italy, April 18, 1962. (AP Photo)

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People on Sacramento Street watch smoke rise from fires after a severe earthquake in San Francisco, Calif., on April 18, 1906. (AP Photo/Arnold Genthe)

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This photo shows the buckled pavement and curbstones at the corner of 18th Street and Lexington Street resulting from the earthquake on April 18, 1906 in San Francisco, Calif. (AP Photo)

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This is a tyipical scene in the aftermath of the great San Francisco earthquake that struck on the morning of April 18, 1906. This view is southwest from the corner of Geary and Mason Streets, San Francisco, Ca. (AP Photo/U.S. Geological Survey)

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**FILE**First and second graders at St. Vibiana's school are among the first to be innoculated for polio with the new Salk vaccine in Los Angeles, Calif., April 18, 1955. (AP Photo)

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Dr. Jonas Salk, developer of the polio vaccine which was pronounced effective, listens to a reporter's question, at a news conference in in Pittsburgh, April 18, 1955. Dr. Salk has returned from Ann Arbor to renew his work at the Municipal Hospital where the vaccine was developed. (AP Photo/Paul Vathis)

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President Harry S Truman makes a left-handed toss April 18,1950 to start the American League baseball season in Griffith stadium, Washington, D.C. From left, front row are: Margaret Truman; Mrs. Harry Truman; the President; presidential secretary Charles Ross, seated; Brig. Gen. Robert Landry, Air Force aide; Connie Mack, manager of the Philadelphia Athletics; Vice President Alben W. Barkley, and Washington Senators Manager Buck Harris. (AP Photo/stf)

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Leonard "Buster" Roos, eight-year-old cancer victim, sits in a toy wagon on the porch of his Parkertown, NJ, home, April 18, 1946 and watches Babe Ruth go to bat for him with Frankie Saluto, left, and Charles Bell, right, circus clowns, going into their act on the sidelines. The visit by Ruth and clowns was planned by the American Cancer Society to fulfill requests made by the dying boy during a radio program on April 13. Leonard, whose will to live has amazed doctors, has lost a leg and a lung to the dreaded disease. (AP Photo)

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Switchboard operators of the Air Formation Signals man a telephone exchange at a Royal Air Force headquarters Somewhere in England, on April 18, 1944. (AP Photo)

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A giant tree falls exactly where the "gunners" planned, between the two hemlock trees, April 18, 1944, place unknown. (AP Photo)

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Answering an appeal for 100,000 new nurses to make up the war-time staffs of the civil nursing reserve which will have to operate all British emergency hospitals,if war should come. These young English girls were enlisting as volunteers at London recruiting stations, April 18, 1939. Here they are being fitted out with uniforms at the Red Cross headquarters in London. (AP Photo)

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Austrian Tank Battalion drawn up ready to start manoeuvres at Bruck, Austria, on April 18, 1936. (AP Photo)

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With the first tents pitched, these hungry members of the Forestry Army on April 18, 1933 at Luray, Virgnia line up outside the camp kitchen for dinner, as chef Max Plutkins, prepares to hand out the beans. (AP Photo)

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American evangelist Aimee McPherson kneels and prays in New York, USA, April, 18, 1928. Aimee is due to tour Britain later this year. (AP Photo)

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The Hibernia Bank building is in ruins following the massive earthquake that devastated the San Francisco area, April 18, 1906. (AP Photo)

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Houses lean at bizarre angles on Howard Street near 17th Street in San Francisco following the disastrous earthquake that nearly leveled the city, April 18, 1906. Note how the tall house at center has separated from its foundation and leans against its neighbor. (AP Photo)

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