Today in History - April 3

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A member of the Bork, Germany police school leaps over a patrol car during an athletic exhibition at the Festival of German Sports Reporters at Westphalia Hall in Dortmund, West Germany, April 3, 1954. (AP Photo/Albert Gillhausen)

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Actor Marlon Brando, who arrived in Japan, April 3, 1956 for the premiere of "Guys and Dolls" and the filming of "teahouse of the August Moon" in which he will star. Brando held a press conference that turned into a photo session at the Imperial Hotel in Downtown Tokyo, April 4, 1956. (AP Photo)

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Thai women reverently touch the huge edifice built for the cremation of the late King Phra Paramendr Maha Ananda Mahidol Sayamindradiraj of Thailand, during an all-night vigil in Bangkok April 3, 1950 before the cremation. The stand is called ìPhra Meruî, or royal cremation stand. The ashes of the king, who was found dead of a bullet wound four years ago, will be entombed April 4 in Buddhaís throne Phra Sri Sakayamuni, temple of Wat Sudasna. (AP Photo/Charles Gorry)

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Bofors guns used by the Army and Navy are shown lined up at the Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. in Akron, Ohio, April 3, 1944. The company completed its 25,000th Bofors gun in two years of mass production. (AP Photo)

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American President Jimmy Carter, left, watches Nigerian Head of State General Olusegun Obasanjo adjusts his clothing as they leave after attending a service at the First Baptist Church, in Lagos on April 3, 1978. Wife of the President Rosalyn Carter, stands right, with Lyabo Obasanjo, daughter of the General. (AP Photo)

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Young demonstrators in Saigon run from nightstick-swinging riot police after tear gas was thrown to break up anti-government and anti-American protests, early in the morning of April 3, 1966. The boy in foreground still holds a rock in his hand. (AP Photo/Horst Faas)

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Actor Mickey Rooney and singer-songwriter Jan Chamberlain arrrive at the Los Angeles Music Center for the 50th Annual Academy Awards in Los Angeles, Ca., April 3, 1978. (AP Photo)

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A squad car moves cautiously through an area in Chicago near the North Side, April 3, 1969 as people swarm into the street. In background is housing area that has been termed “critical” by police as an outbreak of violence hit the area. (AP Photo)

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Refugees moving out of the fighting area herd their pigs to Kap Srau, about 6 miles northwest of Phnom Penh, April 3, 1975. (AP Photo/Tea Kim Heang aka Moonface)

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Porn star Linda Lovelace, who starred in "Deep Throat", arrives at the Academy Award in Los Angeles, Ca, April 3, 1974. (AP Photo)

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Harlem youth cadets watch pledges of Delta Sigma Theta sorority sing and dance during a visit to the Howard University campus in Washington, April 3, 1965. (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi)

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One young woman was unhappy about being taken into custody by police in the Haight-Ashbury district, April 3, 1967, San Francisco, Calif. More than 2,000 persons, most of them hipsters from the area, parade around until police started arresting some for unlawful assembly and failure to disperse. (AP Photo/Robert W. Klein)

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Spinning seven thick plates with great dexterity, a Kandyan dancer from Ceylon performs a “Raban” dance in New Delhi, India, April 3, 1959. He is one of 35 members of a troupe of Kandyan dancers invited to New Delhi by the Indian government. Kandyan dancing goes back more than 2,000 years. (AP Photo)

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Kokomo, chimpanzee of many television appearances, is also a talented artist. He accepted an invitation to do a piece for the “Walls of Fame” at Colombo Restaurant, rendezvous of cartoonists and newspaper Illustrators in New York, April 3, 1957. (AP Photo/John Rooney)

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Queen Juliana of The Netherlands addresses a joint Senate-House of Representatives Session of the American Congress, in Washington, on April 3, 1952. Behind the Queen are Vice-President Alben W. Barkley, left, and Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn. At the end of her speech Queen Juliana was given a standing ovation. (AP Photo)

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Just a day and one-half after appearing at the La Scala Opera House in Milan, Italy, Opera singer Rise Stevens rests in her dressing room at the Metropolitan Opera House on April 3, 1954 in New York City before singing in "Carmen," a few hours earlier, Miss Stevens stepped from a plane at Idlewild Airport, Queens, N.Y., following a 24-hour plane trip from Milan, where she sang the leading role in "The Devils Daughter," a New Italian opera. She appeared in four performances of the Italian Opera, the last being the night of April 1, 1954. The morning of April 2 she began plane trip to New York, via Paris. In less than two days Miss Stevens sang starring roles in two top operatic centers of the world. (AP Photo/JH)

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This “robber” who tried to snatch the lady’s handbag on a lone stairway is disabled by a pistol shot of colored lye, April 3, 1950. The new shock weapon is on sale in Germany, where civilians are not allowed to carry fire arms. (AP Photo/Hanns J. Jaeger)

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Patrolman George McLaughlin of the New York City police holds up a decaying auto steering wheel found while searching the Collyer mansion in New York, April 3, 1947. Police entered the building to search for Langley Collyer who has been declared missing. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)

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Mahatma Gandhi walks toward the entrance to the Viceroy’s lodge in New Delhi, India April 3, 1946 on his way to meet the British cabinet mission. At left, slightly behind Gandhi, is Pyaralal, his private secretary. (AP Photo)

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Princess Elizabeth of England smiles as she stands outside the Nottingham Town Hall on April 3, 1945 in Nottingham, during her official welcome to the city, where she attended a concert given by a children's choir and saw a Youth Week handicrafts exhibit. (AP Photo)

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Disorganization and lack of police control appear to be so complete in German towns and cities in the path of the Allied advance, that as soon as the towns are occupied by the Allies the German inhabitants begin to loot their own shops. German civilians looting shops, in Germany on April 6, 1945, after the Allies had captured it on April 3. (AP Photo)

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Traffic over the Rhine is directed by Capt. E.S. Hall of England through the amplifier on April 3, 1945 in Germany. In the background one of Montgomery’s bridges across the river is being built by British Engineers. (AP Photo)

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Sergeant Edward D. Kobs of RFD 1, Minneapolis, Minn., a Liberator waist gunner based in England, April 3, 1944, stands beside the motto he has inscribed below his gun position on the plane. Written in German, for the benefit of Luftwaffe pilots, it says, If you can read this you are too damn close. (AP Photo)

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Corporal Francis C. Timmins, center, of Somerville, Mass., exercises an injured knee on a bike in the physiotherapy room of an American hospital in England, April 3, 1944. Helping him are Army nurses 2/Lt. Tova Schwartz , left, of Somerville, Mass., and 2/Lt. Marie Merrill, of Wakefield, Mass. (AP Photo)

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Labor shortage in Portland has caused women to take over certain jobs previously held by men. Gertrude Rutter is now a car-washer at a local gasoline station in Portland, Oregon, April 3, 1942. (AP Photo)

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These pre-school children and 70,000 others in the state of Washington have been given tags and identification cards. Cards also filed in the civilian defense office. The movement is sponsored by Daughters of the American Revolution. Mrs. John Camp is tying a tag on Buster Troeh in Vancouver, Washington, April 3, 1942. (AP Photo)

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The statue of Seabiscuit, famous race horse, attracts members of an interned Japanese after they arrived at the Santa Anita race track in Arcadia, Calif., April 3, 1942. They were among the first group of evacuees to be quartered at the big racing plant which was converted into an assembly center for evacuated Japanese. (AP Photo/John T. Burns)

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The Grand Council of King Carol of Romanian new Fascist Party, National Rebirth Party, met in Bucharest. Members of the Roumanian government at the meeting of the Grand Council of the National Rebirth Party in Bucharest, on April 3, 1939. Left to right: M. Ghelmegeanu, Minister of Communications; M. Slavescu, Paymaster General of the Army;Grigore Gafencu, Minister for Foreign Affairs; General Theodoresco, Minister of Air and Marine; M. Ralea Labour Minister and General Marinescu, Health Minister. (AP Photo)

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Vanessa Redgrave holds the Oscar she won as best supporting actress for her role in the motion picture "Julia," during her acceptance speech, at the Academy Awards show at Los Angeles Music Center, Calif., on April 3, 1978. (AP Photo)

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Nancy Reagan, in a knee-length cast, is pushed to waiting plane for return trip to Sacramento, April 3, 1970. The governor's wife broke a bone in her right foot while racing with her 12-year-old son, Skipper, in her Sacramento backyard April 2. Despite the pain and cast, she flew to Los Angeles April 3 to keep an appointment. (AP Photo/George Brich)

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U.S. President Richard M. Nixon signs two bills, the Water Quality Improvement Act and the creation of Point Reyes National Park in California, in Washington, D.C., April 3, 1970. Witnessing the signing are, from left, Rep. William C. Cramer, R-Fla.; Sen. Edmund S. Muskie, D-Maine; Rep. John A. Blatnik, D-Minn.; Russell Train of the Environmental Quality Council; Sen. George Murphy, R-Calif.; Rep. Don Clausen, R-Calif.; and Peter H. Behr of Marin County, California. (AP Photo)

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American painter Georgia O'Keeffe, 80, is photographed on April 3, 1968 at an unknown location. (AP Photo)

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Astronaut John Glenn holds on to his car as he makes his way around the car to his home, April 3, 1964, Houston, Texas. Glenn left Wilford Hall Air Force Hospital at San Antonio by automobile on convalescent leave. Glenn is suffering from Labyrinthitis, an inflammation of the inner ear. He received the injury when he fell in the bathroom of his Columbus, Ohio apartment on February 26, five days before he was to retire from the Marine Corps and actively campaign for the Democratic Senatorial nomination. (AP Photo/Ed Kolenovsky)

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President John F. Kennedy picks a questioning reporter shortly after the start of a news conference, April 3, 1963, in Washington. The president commented on the hit-and-run raids of Cuba by exiles, emphasizing it was necessary to halt this kind of action. (AP Photo)

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Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. is pictured walking across the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn. at approximately the spot where he was shot by a hidden assassin. This picture was made, April 3, 1968, the day before the shooting, shortly after King arrived in Memphis. (AP Photo/stf )

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JORDANIAN HEAD OF STATE IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES KING ROYALTY AVIATION AIRPLANE INTERIOR SMILING

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Evangelist Billy Graham in Buffalo, New York, April 3, 1957, looks over some of the hundreds of pledges received from churches around the country, promising to take part in a nationwide "prayer rally" for the success of his New York City crusade opening May 15. (AP Photo)

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Eddie Arcaro, after 30 years on the turf, rides a new hobby and digs in to the kind of meal every weight-worried jockey dreams about in a midtown restaurant, Toots Shor, after he announced his retirement as a rider in New York, April 3,1962. The old "don't get beat by no noses'' master of the saddle rode 4,779 winners in his career, 549 of them stakes races. He said he made up his mind to retire at the age of 46 even through he was in good shape and could go out and ride. (AP Phot/John Lent)

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Doomed to distinction-second and Main Streets in Picher, OK on April 3, 1951. (AP Photo)

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Shown in photo is Don Hutson all American Football Player, relaxes on April 3, 1951 in sun at General Lee Apartment in Hollywood Beach, Florida, USA. (AP Photo/Earl Shugars)

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A crowd of 3,000 persons fills the main waiting room of Pennsylvania Station in New York, April 3, 1949, as Vincent Impellitteri (on rostrum at right) New York City council president, speaks. The municipal official spoke at ceremonies marking the departure of the United Jewish Appeal’s “Caravan of Hope,” a special railroad car, carrying Israeli war heroes, on a tour to mobilize nationwide support for the Appeal’s $250,000,000 campaign. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)

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Two members of the Australian occupation forces get their first view of the shattered city of Hiroshima, April 3, 1946, from the balcony of one of the few buildings left standing when the first atomic bomb was detonated over this Japanese city. (AP Photo)

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Gloria Vanderbilt Stokowski is seen during a press conference at her New York City apartment, April 3, 1946, after she distributed a two-paragraph typewritten statement in which she declared that the present differences with her mother, Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt, are not, as far as she is concerned, "based on money." (AP Photo)

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Under the command of Brig. Gen. Frank Merrill, a jungle fighting outfit has won fame as “Merrill’s marauders” in the North Burma sector. Some members pause for “chow” and appear in good health and spirits in Burma, April 3, 1944. (AP Photo)

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Hollwood actor Lew Ayres, who has signed up for service in the Medical Corps as a noncombatant, is shown in his dormitory for World War II conscientious objectors at Camp Wyeth near Cascade Locks, Ore., on April 3, 1942. (AP Photo)

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A French officer hands over the keys of the blockhouse to a British officer in France on April 3, 1940. (AP Photo)

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A contingent consisting of both Jews and Arabs had arrived for service with the British Expeditionary Force in France on April 3, 1940. They are in the A.M.P.C., Hommes 40. Some of the troops in old trucks. (AP Photo)

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British liner Queen Mary, in her dull grey 'warpaint', steams down the Hudson River, New York, April 3, 1940, away from her berth where she has sought haven since the outbreak of war. (AP Photo)

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This is part of a line of 1,000 job hunters outside Newark City Hall applying for a chance to wield pick and shovel, 10 hours a day, for $4, excavating for the City Canal Railway Project, April 3, 1935. (AP Photo)

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Newsmen in the press room in the prison garage are shown after Bruno Richard Hauptmann’s execution in the electric chair, April 3, 1936. (AP Photo/John Lindsay)

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Joseph A. McCann, left, who was relieved as warden of the Welfare Island Penitentiary in New York, following the recent prison vice and gang rule, leaves the District Attorney's office, after surrendering on an indictment charging him with neglect of duty, April 3, 1934. He was immediately arraigned in general sessions court, where he pleaded not guilty. He was given a week to file motions and released under $2,500 bail. The charge is a misdemeanor. (AP Photo)

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The noticeable work of the Federal air services in bombing and strafing troop trains, cooperating with units of Federal cavalry, infantry and artillery, helped play an important part in the almost annihilation of the rebel Army of the north, at La Reforma Chihuahua, April 3, 1929. A military plane about to take off with a group of officers serving under Gen. Juan Andreu Almazan, Federal field commander for a flight over the rebel lines on a observation trip. (AP Photo)

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Secretary of War George H. Dern was the principal speaker at a military dinner and mass meeting which opened the Salvation Army's united appeal for $1,110,000 at the Seventh Regiment Armory in New York City, April 3, 1933. From left to right: Dern; James G. Blaine, executive chairman of the dinner; and Evangeline Booth, commander-in-chief of the Salvation Army in the U.S. (AP Photo)

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Louise McPhetridge Thaden, who has both the altitude and endurance flight records for women, was greeted on arrival from Oaklandby Emory Bronte, pilot of civilian plane to cross Pacific Ocean from San Francisco to Hawaii, April 3, 1929. Mrs. Thaden will attempt a speed record at Oakland soon. (AP Photo)

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