Today in History - March 31

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An aerial view of the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant near Harrisburg, Penn., is shown March 31, 1979, as radiation continued to leak from the facility. (AP Photo/G. Paul Burnett)

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This dispatch rider, a member of the London divisional signals, exhibited what dispatch riders can do if they have to, while rehearsing in Richmond, England, March 31, 1937. Note flames curling around his neck as he leaped his bike through a wall of fire. (AP Photo)

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Mr. and Mrs. B.L. Hassenpflug and their children Judy, 9, and Glen, 13, watch as customs inspector Morris Kudatsky checks their baggage at Grand Central Terminal in New York City, March 31, 1954, on their arrival from Halifax, Nova Scotia. (AP Photo/John Lent)

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British infantry Tommys go forward to meet the German advance on the Western Front during the Great War, March 31, 1918, Easter. (AP Photo)

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People of Rongerik Atoll, Marshall Islands, wash clothes with water provided by Navy ships to make up for two-month drought, March 31, 1948. The islanders are preparing to be moved tomorrow to Kwajalein before atomic tests begin. (AP Photo)

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Inventor of the mechanical serving table, John Bellion Daschner, places a plate on a tray which will be lifted to patrons' table upstairs, March 31, 1946, in New York. Dascher invented the device which will eliminate the need for waiter service. (AP Photo/MW)

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The new Grace liner Santa Elena, the latest addition to the U.S. Merchant Marines, embarks on her maiden voyage as crowds cheer, bands play and flags wave, in New York, March 31, 1933. The ship will sail to the west coast for her first trip. (AP Photo)

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A boy places a Lei over the head of Ernest Brace before the returned POW departs for the U.S. from Tokyo, March 31, 1973. Brace, a civilian pilot captured in May 1965 was released by the Pathet Lao, March 28, 1973. (AP Photo)

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Diana, Princess of Wales, is pictured holding bouquets of flowers during her visit to Launceston, Tasmania, March 31, 1983. (AP Photo/Dave Caulkin)

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A mechanical serving table eliminates the need to tip waiters, as shown while Florence Brenner and Martin Fischer dine at an automated table in New York, March 31, 1946. Dumbwaiter system sends dishes from the kitchen downstairs right to patrons' tables. (AP Photo/WM)

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Laotian soldiers take a moment on a hilltop north of Luang, Prabang, March 31, 1971. (AP Photo)

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Hutu Rwandan refugees near the town of Ngozi, northern Burundi, walk to Tanzania on March 31, 1995, after fleeing the refugee camp of Magara. Thousands of Rwandan refugees are fleeing their camps in northern Burundi following an increasing of ethnic fighting in the country. (AP Photo/Ricardo Mazalan)

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President Richard Nixon and first lady Pat Nixon, join in a round of applause for film director John Ford, seated left, at the beginning of dinner in Beverly Hills, Calif., March 31, 1973, at which Ford was presented with the American Film Institute's first Life Achievement Award. Nixon also presented Ford with the Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian award. Ford's wife Mary is seated at right. (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi)

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While holding his machine gun a Merga fighter (Kurdish rebel) cooks food in the rebel held area of Iraqi Kurdistan on March 31, 1991. (AP Photo/Alex Efty)

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Chaplain Capt. Gerald Bebber performs Protestant Easter service for the U.S. Army’s 55th Cavalry of the 3rd Armored Division in Occupied Iraq on Sunday, March 31, 1991. Capt. Bebber said he performed five services on Sunday and plans 3 more on Monday. (AP Photo/Greg Gibson)

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A policeman in riot gear leads away a young man beneath a blazing building in London's Trafalgar Square, United Kingdom on March 31, 1990, after an anti-Poll Tax (Community Charge) demonstration in Britain's capital turned violent. Dozens were arrested and many injured. (AP Photo/Martyn Hayhow)

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A Lithuanian woman examines clothing being peddled by a dealer at the local black market in Vilnius on Friday, March 31, 1990. Soviet officials tried to take control of the Lithuanian prosecutor?s office on Friday, but the staff walked out, forcing Moscow to back down for the time being. (AP Photo/Alik Keplicz)

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An American model named Pamela surrounded by bodyguards as she presents a dress alledged to be the world’s most expensive wedding dress which cost 48 million Francs, US$7.3 million, in Paris, France on March 31, 1989. This dress designed by French stylist Helene Gainville, unseen, and embroidered with 723 diamonds by French Jewler Alexander Reza, unseen, needed 3500 hours of work. (AP Photo/Lionel Cironneau)

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A horse-drawn carriage passes by a rubber-dying factory on March 31, 1990 that spawns black smoke in Copsa Mica, Romania. Each year, Copsa Mica's two factories spew out about 30,000 tons of pollutants. Everyone has known for years that it was bad to live there, but under the dictatorship of Nicolas Ceausescu, nobody dared say so. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)

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Thick black smoke ascends from exploded fuel tanks, settling in a cloud over the capital in Lebanon, March 31, 1989. The fuel depot at Dora, in Christian east Beirut, received direct hits during heavy artillery duels between Christian units of the Lebanese army and Syrian gunners, which started March 8th. At least 50,000 civilians have had to leave the area fearing further explosions at this blazing fuel depot. (AP Photo/Eddy Tamerian)

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A young Japanese girl demonstrates a television-telephone for visitors to the Tokyo Communication Fair which opened with hi-tech innovations in Tokyo on Tuesday, March 31, 1987. The “Invite 64” TV-phone, developed by Japan’s Mitsubishi electric Company, is on sale at 12 million (US$82,000) for one unit. (AP Photo/Sadayuki Mikami)

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Singers at funeral for Maria Von Trapp in Stowe, Vermont, Tuesday, March 31, 1987. A funeral mass was held to celebrate the life of the Baroness Von Trapp who will be remembered for her daring escape from the Nazis with her family which inspired the book and play, “The Sound of Music”. She was 82. (AP Photo/Toby Talbot)

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Evacuated women and children sleep on army cots in a sports arena, Saturday, March 31, 1979, in Hershey, Pennsylvania. They left their homes near the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant. (AP Photo/Gene Puskar)

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This house, where Jesse James was killed by Robert Ford on April 3, 1882, is a popular tourist attraction. The old house sits along Highway 169 at the southwest edge of St. Joseph, Mo., shown March 31, 1972. (AP Photo)

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General view of tugboat pushing barge-load of about 3500 panic-stricken refugees as it pulls alongside U.S. Freighter Pioneer contender in Danang Harbor on Sunday, March 31, 1975. Ship loaded 6000 refugees from two barges in last ship evacuation from fallen city. (AP Photo)

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Mourners continue to file past the casket of Dwight D. Eisenhower, lying in state in the Capitol Rotunda in Washington, March 31, 1969. (AP Photo)

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President Richard Nixon?s days are efficiently organized to avoid wasting time. Here, on an Air Force One Flight from his Florida home back to Washington on March 31, 1970 the President meets advisers for discussion. From left to right are Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell, Presidential Assistant Henry A. Kissinger, Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird, Nixon, and Secretary of State William P. Rogers. (AP Photo/CH)

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Firing bursts from their weapons troops of the 2nd Battalion, 173rd U.S. airborne brigade advance toward suspected Viet Cong positions through jungles clouded over with smoke and dust from an earlier artillery barrage in Vietnam on March 31, 1967. Operation was week of March 26 and was second phase of operation Junction City in war zone C., in South Vietnam. (AP Photo)

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David Denson, 18, of Morgantown, W.Va., (left, glasses) as angry crowd started to attack him on court house steps in Boston on March 31, 1966, after he and other youths burned their draft cards. (AP Photo/J. Walter Green)

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General view shows opening of annual Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus in New York’s Madison Square Garden on March 31, 1960. It is the 90th annual edition. (AP Photo)

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A group of Dominican Republic exiles, members of “Democracy in Action,” parade with signs along 17th Street in Washington on March 31, 1951 picketing the conference of foreign ministers of American nations. They allege “connivance” with President Trujillo of the Dominican Republic by the other South and Central American governments. (AP Photo/Harvey Georges)

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View of the new Solomon R. Guggenheim museum in New York, March 31, 1959, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. The building has caused a great deal of comment. Wrights calls the building an Archeseum, which he says means “a building in which to see the highest”. (AP Photo)

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While a cobra sways to and fro, a veteran snake charmer puffs out his cheeks as he “gives” on the “been,” a musical instrument made from a gourd, which is used by snake-charmers, during a practice session in the village of Molarbund, India on March, 31, 1949. Molarbund is the home-colony of snake-charmers. (AP Photo/Max Desfor)

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Andy, a two-year-old Doberman Pinscher, donated for war service to the Marine Corps by his owner, Theodore A. Wiedemann, 1601 North View Blvd., Curren Terrace, Norristown, Pa., stands by the side of one of his trainers, Pfc. Robert E. Lansley, 1524 South Ave., Syracuse, N.Y., at a Bougainville base in the Southwest Pacific on March 31, 1944. The dog was commended for warning an advancing marine company of Japanese snipers on Bougainville. (AP Photo)

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After many years of war, and the gladdening news from the front, Easter holiday makers decided to make their vacation a real peacetime holiday. Crowds flocked to Eastbourne where they found the town almost in pre-war condition. The band of his Majesty’s Genadier Guards added to their enjoyment. A scene of Easter holiday makers enjoying a rest on the Eastbourne sea front, March 31, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Advancing Allied troops captured the above German U-boat shown March 31, 1945, undamaged by the retreating enemy, in its pen at St. Nazaire, France, last Garman-Occupied city of France to surrender. (AP Photo/Peter J. Carroll)

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Bomb bursts mushroom in the railroad yards and surrounding industrial areas of Sofia, capital of Bulgaria’s in an Allied air attack of the war on Sofia, rail hub of the Balkans, March 31, 1944. (AP Photo)

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German and Italian prisoners, some taken in the North African War zone, March 31, 1943, are included in this group disembarking from a drifter at a British Port, seem far from unhappy over their lot. (AP Photo)

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Fireplace, beamed ceiling, book alcoves are homey details in the living room of the seven room apartment rented on a long-term lease by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt to serve as the Roosevelt home in New York City, shown March 31, 1942. It's on Washington Square and this furniture, which belongs to the tenant vacating, will be replaced by furniture from the Roosevelt homes. (AP Photo/John Lindsay)

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These members of the American Expeditionary Force in England, pass a policeman as they march to an inspection parade in one of the parks in London, March 31, 1942. (AP Photo)

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Workmen paint tents with waterproofing substance at the tent city built on the post at Fort Devens, Mass.,March 31, 1942 to house enemy Aliens rounded up in the area. Aliens will live in tent use buildings at Rim for kitchen and hospitals. (AP Photo)

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Britain's King George VI visited the aircraft factory of the Fairey Company at Stockport, Lancashire. He watched in production the Fairey Battle Bomber, faster single engined machine of its type, capable of 300 miles an hour. It has a Rolls Royce engine developing over 1,000 horse power. The King displayed great interest in every stage of the production of the machine, which is still on the closed list. The King watching fuselages of the Fairey Battle Bomber being taken from their jigs in the Stockport Aircraft Factory of the Fairey Company, on March 31, 1939. (AP Photo)

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Czech refugees being carried by police and customs officers onto a plane to take them back to Rotterdam and then to Warsaw, at Croydon Airport, London on March 31, 1939. (AP Photo)

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FILE - This March 31, 1933 file photo shows some of the 12 men of Morgan County, Decatur, Ala. chosen for the jury in the retrial of Heywood Patterson, one of the nine African American teenagers, known as the Scottsboro Boys, convicted of attacking two white girls who were riding on a freight train. (AP Photo)

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The first pre-production Anglo-French supersonic Concorde jetliner is towed from hanger at the British Aircraft Corporation’s Filton Works near Bristol, March 31, 1971. (AP Photo)

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A young child plays in the yard of a dilapidated house in the Lapageville Community on the outskirts of Savannah, GA., March 31, 1966. The area is a paradox for its residents and for federal anti-poverty officials. (AP Photo)

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Michael H. Rosen of the American Civil Liberties Union speaks to white and black students attending a Freedom School during a boycott of Seattle public schools in Seattle, Wa., March 31, 1966. The civil rights groups are protesting racial imbalance in the schools of Seattle's central district. Signs on the wall read, "Integrate the Schools." (AP Photo/Doug Wilson)

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Eileen Moore, left, and C.W. Headrick, employees of a Crescent City, Calif., supermarket on Front Street near the bay, work to get salvaged canned goods back on the shelves, March 31, 1964. The store suffered more than $75,000 worth of damage when it was engulfed by water and mud in the recent tidal wave. Note the layer of mud still on the floor. (AP Photo/Ernest K. Bennett)

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The XV '61, A gleaming stainless steel concept of the possible car of tomorrow, was on display in the Lobby of the New York Coliseum on March 31, 1961 in New York. (AP Photo/Hans von Nolde)

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Apache Indian women from the San Carlos reservation build a hut using an aluminum framework and thatch in Phoenix, Ariz., on March 31, 1948. The semi non-traditional wickiup is set up on this downtown street for the world premiere of the movie "Fort Apache." (AP Photo)

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Singer Bobby Darin stands beside a hand-made automobile called the "Bobby Darin Dream Car," unveiled yesterday, in Hollywood, Ca., March 31, 1961. Owner Andrew Di Dia, who designed and built the $150,000 car, will take it on a nationwide tour. The body of the car, decorative grills and side strips are aluminum. (AP Photo)

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Three school children are hoisted across the Panaro River at Guiglia, near Modena, northern Italy, in a primitive form of chairlift, as they make their way to school, March 31, 1959. Since the Second World War, when the Guiglia Bridge was blown up, the chairlift has been the only link between the town and the countryside on the other bank of the Panaro. These three youngsters use it every day to cross the river on their way to school. (AP Photo)

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View of the Madison Square Garden arena as Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus held its final dress rehearsal for a 40-day engagement opening in New York, March 31, 1954. This is the Dreamland display, described by the circus public relations department as "prodigious processional pageantry - the most magnificent creation in circus history.” (AP Photo/Matty Zimmerman)

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Apartment dwellers who had a lucky escape during the morning raid in London on March 31, 1944. A bomb blew the wall of their home away, leaving the two floors visible. (AP Photo)

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Streaming from a refugee train which brought them to a desert haven in the Middle East, the first contingent of 25,000 Yugoslav partisan refugees arrives for resettlement by British authorities on March 31, 1944, after being clothed by the American Red Cross. They were aided in their escape from the Adriatic coast by underground elements of Tito’s Guerrilla army. (AP Photo)

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Chipping of stones for the runways is done by hand. American engineers working in conjunction with expert Chinese Army Engineers are supervising the job. A formation of Chinese workers busily chips the stones for the runway by hand in China March 31, 1944. (AP Photo)

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Wrecked house in Bristol, England, March 31, 1941, after a Nazi bombing raid. (AP Photo))

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The windshield sticker bearing the message "Let's ride together," left, is a key part of the "Pontiac Plan" which is designed to conserve cars, tires and gasoline and at the same time solve traffic snarls, March 31, 1942, location unknown. Car occupants are unidentified. (AP Photo)

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The crew of a Dutch cargo vessel lined up on deck at a British contraband control station, March 31, 1940, while officers of the control inspect their seamen’s books, the object being to see if anyone on board is a stowaway. (AP Photo)

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University of Chicago student John Patrick is seen munching down phonograph records as he gets a bit of encouragement from co-ed Ruth Wehlan in Chicago, March 31, 1939. When John learned of the goldfish eating craze he decided to start his own screwy fad of eating records. As the "music" went down and around, John said he felt fine. (AP Photo)

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Wrecked house in Bristol, England, March 31, 1941, after a Nazi bombing raid. (AP Photo)

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Miss Mary Walton McCandlish, junior reference supervisor in State Department, Washington on March 31, 1938, shows the first American-Japanese treaty designed to "establish firm, lasting, and sincere friendship" between the two nations, which was signed by Commodore Matthew Perry when his visit to Japan with an American squadron opened the Oriental islands to trade. (AP Photo)

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The Duke of Windsor visited the lakeside village of Hallstatt, south of St. Wolfgang. He inspected the old Parish Church, which contains a carved wood altar of the 15 century. The Duke of Windsor with others in the lakeside village of Hallstatt, on March 31, 1937. (AP Photo)

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Germany's crack shock troops, known as the Black Guard, go through rigorous military training at their barracks in Berlin. Members of the Black Guard doing physical training in gas masks, in Berlin, on March 31, 1937. (AP Photo)

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Kaye Don, the British racing motorist, in his car silver bullet, speeding down the Daytona Beach, Florida around March 31, 1930 during an attempt to break the land speed record. (AP Photo)

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Mahatma Ghandi surrounded by his followers during his Civil Disobedience Campaign around March 31, 1930. (AP Photo)

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People shop amongst the stall in New York City, USA around March 31, 1930. (AP Photo)

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John D. Rockefeller Jr. as he gets ready for a stroll along Fifth Avenue in New York for the Easter Sunday Parade in March 31,1929. (AP Photo)

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