Today in History - March 28

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In this March 28, 1973 photo, a Viet Cong observer of the Four Party Joint Military Commission counts U.S. troops as they prepare to board jet aircraft at Saigonís Tan Son Nhut airport. As the last U.S. combat troops left Vietnam 40 years ago, angry protesters still awaited them at home. North Vietnamese soldiers took heart from their foes' departure, and South Vietnamese who had helped the Americans feared for the future. While the fall of Saigon two years later — with its indelible images of frantic helicopter evacuations — is remembered as the final day of the Vietnam War, Friday marks an anniversary that holds greater meaning for many who fought, protested or otherwise lived it. (AP Photo/Neal Ulevich)

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Nat "King" Cole of jukebox fame and singer Maria Hawkins Ellington are married in the Abyssinian Baptist Church in New York, in one of the biggest weddings in recent years in Harlem, March 28, 1948. Performing the ceremony is Rev. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., (D-NY), Congressman from Harlem. Harlem historians said the $17,500 wedding and reception was the most elaborate in Harlem since 1923. (AP Photo/Jacob Harris)

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Twisted cars and rails of the New York Central are strewn about after a multiple-train collision near Conneaut, Ohio, March 28, 1953. At least 21 people were killed and scores of others injured. (AP Photo/Walter Stein)

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A black South African woman holds up her charred identification book during the Day of Mourning for victims of the Sharpeville shootings, March 28, 1960. Demonstrators in Johannesburg threw books into fire as part of the protest. White South Africans are not required to carry pass books. (AP Photo)

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Wearing protective boots, then President Carter, center right, accompanied by Dr. Harold Denton, then Director of the U.S. Nuclear Agency, left, and then Pennsylvania Gov. Dick Thornburg, left-rear, tour the control room of the Three Mile Island nuclear plant in Middletown, Pa. on April 1, 1979, four days after the nuclear accident. On March 28, 1999 will be the 20th anniversary of the nation's worst nuclear accident. Man at right is unidentified. (AP Photo/Rusty Kennedy)

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Virginia's Arthur Ashe returns drive by Australia's veteran tennis star Roy Emerson with smashing forehand during match between the two in the semifinal round of the $25,000 Madison Square Garden Open Tennis tournament in New York on March 28, 1969. Ashe downed Emerson, 5-7; 7-5; and 6-4. (AP Photo)

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Ling-Ling, the female giant panda at the National Zoo, watches Hsing-Hsing, the male giant panda, roll on his back as he eats bamboo in the outside portion of their enclosure in Washington, March 28, 1974. (AP Photo/John Duricka)

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Mrs. Albert M. Greenfield Jr., daughter-in-law of the late financier, caught between two elephants as she welcomed the circus to Philadelphia on March 28, 1967. Mrs. Greenfield was about to climb aboard the larger elephant when its smaller sidekick moved too closely to the other and a brief squeeze resulted. “I was scared” said Mrs. Greenfield. (AP Photo/Warren M. Winterbottom)

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Bathers relax in the sun of the Promenade Des Anglais on the French Rivier on Easter in Nice, France on Monday, March 28, 1967. (AP Photo)

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Large crowds showing support for civil rights movement march in Washington, D.C., on August 28, 1963. (AP Photo)

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The latest thing in Easter bonnets is shown by Lulu, star attraction at the Bloomington Zoo, Illinois, who had this expression when she posed for photographer, March 28, 1959. (AP Photo)

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FILE- In this March 28 1960 file photo, members of the African National Congress take part in a day of mourning at Orlando East, near Johannesburg, South Africa. Against all odds, the party of Nelson Mandela which has transformed a nation where just 20 years ago black South Africans could not vote, and beaches and restaurants were reserved for whites only, is celebrating its 100th anniversary in Bloemfontein Sunday Jan 8 2012. Building in background has words "away with Verwoerd" painted on it. Verwoerd was South Africa's Prime Minister and strong proponent of the racial policies which led to the mass shooting at Sharpesville. (AP Photo/file)

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Silun Lukhwangwa, a former premier of Tibet (1949-54) and of the Dalai Lama?s principal advisers. Lukhwangwa, whom Peiping Radio have named as ?the archrebel leader?, arrived in New Delhi on March 28, 1959 to put his country?s case before Indian premier Jawaharlal Nehru. (AP Photo)

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Dorothy Brengel helps W.D. Foden, Chairman of Statler Safety Committee, demonstrate the “Drunkometer”, a breath tests for alcohol, on display at the Greater New York Safety Council, Hotel Statler, March 28, 1950. For the preliminary test, the breath of the suspect is collected in a balloon and passed through a purple fluid (potassium permanganate and sulphuric acid) to see if it changes color. The breath of a non-drinking person will cause no change. If the purple color disappears, the amount of breath required to accomplish this indicates the approximate accumulation of alcohol in the blood. (AP Photo/Carl Nesensohn)

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Jimmy Durante tests one of his gags in typical Durante fashion on seven ladies in his dressing room at the Copacabana night club in New York, where he opened an 11-night engagement, March 28, 1952. Women are unidentified. (AP Photo/Ed Ford)

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The three sisters of King Zog of Albania, who have been on a sightseeing tour of America, arrived, on a further sightseeing tour. King Zog’s sisters on arrival at Waterloo Station, London, England on March 28, 1938, after their arrival from America. From left to right are: Princess Maxhide Zogu, Princess Myzejen Zogu, and Princess Ruhije Zogu. (AP Photo)

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Pfc. Harold L. Keel, left, Tennessee City, Tenn., and Tech. Sgt. Harry H. Steffenhagen, right, Richmond, VA., is visited by “Doc Sunshine”, the mascot of a Coast-Guard-manned transport, March 28, 1945, who constantly walks from bunk to bunk, giving his paw. The transport carries casualties from European battlefields to the U.S. (AP Photo)

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Major General John Marston of the U.S. Marine Corps stationed in Iceland at a Washington press conference on March 28, 1942, at which he said the American and British forces in Iceland would give a good account of themselves in the event of an invasion attempt. General Marston was promoted from Brigadier to Major General and took the oath of his new rank on March 28th. (AP Photo/LS)

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Robin Ullman plays with her 3-month-old son Timothy using a low-to-the ground balance beam at their home in New York, March 28, 1986. The balance beam is part of Matchbox Toys "Babycise" exercise system for newborns through 18-month-old walkers. The system is an at-home series of 10-minute workouts on video for parents and their infants and includes accessories such as the balance beam, inflatbale pillows, a clutch ball, an exercise mat, and infant barbells. (AP Photo / G. Paul Burnett)

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A Pennsylvania state policeman and plant security guards stand outside the closed front gate to the Metropolitan Edison nuclear power plant on Three Mile Island near Harrisburg, Pa., after the plant was shut down following an accident. Some radiation escaped into the atmosphere Wednesday, March 28, 1979. In background are the plant's cooling towers. (AP Photo/Paul Vathis)

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Singer-actress Barbra Steisand and Paul Williams hold Oscars they won at the 49th Academy Awards presention in the Los Angeles Music Center March 28, 1977. Miss Steisand won for compsing the music for "Evergreen," for the film "A Star Is Born" while Williams wrote the lyrics for the song which won them awards in the best original song category. (AP Photo/pendergrass)

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Aerial view of Three Mile Island nuclear plant near Harrisburg, Pa., scene of a nuclear accident, Thursday, March 28, 1979. The plant started leaking radioactive steam contaminating the area. (AP Photo)

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A looter jumps over merchandise in a Memphis, Tenn. store with a handful of clothing, March 28, 1968. Violence erupted when part of a civil rights march led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. broke away from the march and began breaking into stores and pelting police officers. (AP Photo/Jack Thornell)

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Detroit Red Wings coach Sid Abel, second from left, is joined by Red Wings Marcel Pronovost, left, Gordie Howe, second from right, and Val Fonteyne, right, after defeating Toronto in an NHL playoff game in Detroit, in this March 28, 1961 photo. Abel, who centered the Detroit Red Wings' famed ``Production Line'' with Gordie Howe and Ted Lindsay on the wings, died in a suburban Detroit hospital late Monday Feb. 7, 2000, or early Tuesday, accordinng to a hospital spokeswoman. He was 81. (AP Photo)

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A Memphis police officer swings a nightstick at a reported looter during racial violence that erupted during a civil rights march in Memphis Thursday, March 28, 1968. (AP Photo)

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Carole Michelson, of Silver Spring, Md., poses for photographer's at the National Press Photographer's Association convention in Washington, D.C., on March 28, 1957. Michelson, 18, who was Miss Washington in the competition, is selected Miss Press Photographer. (AP Photo/William J. Smith)

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Plasma is administered a wounded Chinese communist soldier in an ambulance taking him to a forward area aid station during the bitter fighting at Old Baldy on the central Korean front on March 28, 1953. (AP Photo/Georfe Sweers

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Jewell Kelly and some of her eight children are pictured in their home at a migrant farm workers' camp near Tulare in California's fertile San Joaquin valley, March 28, 1951. She is holding infant Larry, age 1. Other children are, from left, Martha, 5; Charles, 13 and Billy, 3. (AP Photo/David F. Smith)

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Strange names are heard these days in the airways over southern San Francisco Bay, where Navy transport pilots of the Fleet Logistic Support Wings are undergoing their final transition training in multi-engine aircraft, March 28, 1949. When the words "Darmstadt" "Aschaffenburg" and "Tempelhof" sound in the headsets it means the pilots of the four-engine R5D (C-54) transports from Moffett Field are in the air winding up preparations for the job in Germany. The Navy's fleet logistic support wings added to its existing flight training program courses the training of pilot replacements for the two airlifts with the military air transport service (MATS). Here, navy pilots listen to Lt. Commander T. M. Barber, right, point out the route to Berlin on a map of the "Corridor" at Moffett Field, Calif. The pilots who will soon join the airlift are, left to right: Ensign R. S. Martin, Lt. A. B. Welsh, Lt. Al Merz, Lt. Commander R.L. White, Lt. M.C. Barrett, and Lt. R. A. Steffes. (AP Photo/Ernest K. Bennett)

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More than 2,600 new American soldiers of Japanese ancestry were honored in farewell ceremonies at the Iolani Palace grounds, Honolulu, Hawaii, March 28, 1945 and decorated with leis. (AP Photo)

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Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, left, Chief of Naval Operations, and Army Chief of Staff Dwight D. Eisenhower, smile broadly as they toast each other with mint juleps after receiving honorary degrees of Doctor of Laws from the University of Richmond, Va., on March 28, 1946. (AP Photo)

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New York columnist Ed Sullivan sits at his typewriter aboard a ship, March 28, 1940. (AP Photo)

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Military preparations are proceeding in Yugoslavia following the sensational events recently, with German troops are now reported to be moving towards her frontiers through Bulgaria. Yugoslavian soldiers getting a gun into position while wearing full battle kit on March 28, 1941. (AP Photo)

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Winston Churchill, named Director of War Activities, is shown in a procession of the French-British Supreme War Council in London, England on March 28, 1940. (AP Photo)

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All classes joined in the wild rejoicing in Madrid on March 28, at the news that the thirty-three months’ battle had ended. All day long and far into the night cheering crowds paraded the streets giving the Falangist salute and bearing the nationalist flag. Soon after the surrender General Franco’s fifth column of secret supporters in the capital took over all public buildings, while the republican Junta fled to Valencia. The scene in one of the main streets in Madrid on March 30, 1939, as rejoicing crowds jammed the highway. (AP Photo)

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One result of the peasants youths’ segregation into training camps where boys and girls are handled together has been an increase in illegitimate births in Germany. The first move of the Nazi government to meet this problem is the establishment of a home where babies live with mothers in individual rooms and receive periodic medical examination. Mothers bring in their babies to see the doctors in Fuerstenberg-Mecklenburg, Germany, March 28, 1937. (AP Photo)

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Twin spires of Manhattan’s beautiful St. Patrick’s Cathedral tower skyward over streets lined with limousines and sidewalks crowded with smartly dressed society folks who braved freezing but dry weather to worship on Easter morning in New York, March 28, 1937. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)

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Yankees manager Joe McCarthy, left, and Charles "Red" Ruffing, his right-handed pitching ace who had recently ended a holdout over salary, pass the time at a spring training game against the Boston Bees in St. Petersburg, Fla., March 28, 1936. Ruffing was coming off a 16 win season in which he also batted .339, and even pinch-hit (something he did more than 200 times with the Yankees). That was good for a $1,000 raise, according to Ruffing, who was said to be getting $12,000 for the season. (AP Photo)

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Max Baer, right, goes out for a jog with his “kid” brother, Bud, March 28, 1934, in the Fair Oaks, Calif., ranch of Max’s manager, Ancil Hoffman, as he prepares to take the heavyweight crown from Primo Carnera on June 14. (AP Photo)

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Nadia Dauty, French mezzo-soprano is photographed on board the liner Champlain on arrival in New York, March 28, 1934. Dauty is on her way to Montreal and Quebec, where she will make several appearances. (AP Photo)

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A policeman searches a small handbag of a young lady during a large police search for guns and other weapons, in Berlin, March 28, 1933. (AP Photo)

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The Giant tri-motored all metal Ford Monoplane shown March 28, 1928, recently completed, which will be used by Commander Richard E. Byrd and his party on their South Pole explorations. The craft is the largest of several to be used by the party. (AP Photo)

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A view of the field going over the Beecher’s Brook fence during the Grand National horse race at Aintree Racecourse in Liverpool, England on March 28, 1930. (AP Photo)

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