Today in History - March 27

1 of 77

A general view of the line up at the start of the Grand National steeplechase event at Aintree, England on March 27, 1936. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

2 of 77

Tricia Nixon walks the White House grounds March 27, 1970 with a couple of Springtime friends - circus clown Bobby Kay and the Easter Bunny, a White House staffer who prefers to remain anonymous. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

3 of 77

Indiana University basketball coach Bobby Knight signals his team to "freeze" the ball during the last minutes of play against the UCLA team in the NCAA Basketball semi-final game in Philadelphia, March 27, 1976. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

4 of 77

In this handout from the U.S. Navy, Navy and Coast Guard landing parties attempt to square away two "ducks" that were battered Japanese fire, on Iwo Jima, March 27, 1945. The landings were made even more difficult by the heavy, grinding surf, which wreaked havoc with many a landing craft. The "ducks" are shown rapidly filling with water on the blackened sands of the volcanic island fortress. (AP Photo/U.S. Navy)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

5 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

6 of 77

President Barack Obama, flanked by Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and Defense Secretary Robert Gates, announces a new comprehensive strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, Friday, March 27, 2009, in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building on the White House campus in Washington. (AP Photo/Ron Edmonds)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

7 of 77

Jeffrey Daniel sports a spectacular costume and colorful hairstyle for his role as railroad engine Electra, in the new Andrew Lloyd Webber and Richard Stillgoe musical "Starlight Express," at the Apollo Theatre in London, England, March 21, 1984. The musical, for which all the cast had to learn to roller skate, opens on March 27, 1984. (AP Photo/Peter Kemp)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

8 of 77

President Barack Obama, accompanied by Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, announces a new comprehensive new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, Friday, March 27, 2009, in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building on the White House campus in Washington.(AP Photo/Ron Edmonds)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

9 of 77

Wreckage of KLM jumbo jet engine and passengers' personal belongings are scattered on runway of Los Rodeos Airport in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, April 7, 1977 after March 27 collision with a Pan Am jumbo in fog. (AP Photo/Ives)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

10 of 77

Albanian youths use demolished cars as a road block on the outskirts of Pristina, the capital of Kosovo province, Yugoslavia, March 27, 1989. On the fifth day the ethnic Albanian unrest escalated to a new high, as shooting was heard in the streets of Pristina. (AP Photo/Udo Weitz)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

11 of 77

First lady Barbara Bush, granddaughter Marshall Bush, and son Neil Bush are flanked by Easter bunnies as they stand on the White House balcony in Washington, March 27, 1989. (AP Photo/Bob Daugherty)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

12 of 77

Former Beatle Ringo Starr leaves New York’s Plaza Hotel, Thursday, March 27, 1981 with girlfriend Barbara Bach, left, and her sister Catherine. They are in town to publicize their new film, “Caveman.” (AP Photo/Sands)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

13 of 77

Stevie Wonder, right, with daughter Ayesha Clowning with clowns backstage at the Ringling Bros., Barnum & Bailey circus during the intermission on Monday, March 27, 1978 at New York’s Madison square garden. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

14 of 77

** FILE ** The remains of a KLM jumbo jet which collided with a Pan Am jumbo jet sits in ruins at Los Rodeos airport, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, in this March 27, 1977 file photo. March 27, 2007 marks the 30th anniversary of the world's worst air disaster which killed 583 people when a KLM jet crashed into a Pan Am 747 as it attempted to take off. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

15 of 77

Swedish tennis star Bjorn Borg with the fiancée Mariana Simionescu in Monaco, Dec. 21, 1979, where he has come to join other well-known players for a press conference on the upcoming Monte Carlo International Tennis Tournament, which will run from March 27 to April 6. Bjorn Borg also announced he will marry Mariana next spring in Bucharest. (AP Photo/Rene Maestri)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

16 of 77

Aircraft technicians examine Pan Am jumbo jet engine after world’s worst air disaster at Los Rodeos Airport, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, March 27, 1977. More than 550 passengers and crew died when the Pan Am jumbo jet collided with a KLM jumbo jet. (AP Photo/D. Ives)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

17 of 77

Wreckage of one of two Boeing 747 jetliners that collided at Santa Cruz De Tenerife, in the Canary Islands on Sunday, March 27, 1977, in what authorities termed the worst air collision in history. Initial estimates said at worst 243 of more than 600 persons aboard the aircraft had perished. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

18 of 77

Control tower of Los Rodeos Airport, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain is framed by a hole in the tail of the wrecked KLM 747 Jumbo which collided with a Pan Am jumbo on March 27, 1977. More than 550 passengers and crew died in the world’s worst air disaster. (AP Photo/Paul Roque)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

19 of 77

Tired Red Cross worker shows harrowed face after a very long night rescuing victims from the wreckage of the Pan Am and KLM jumbo jets which collided at Los Rodees airport, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain on March 27, 1977. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

20 of 77

Pianist Van Cliburn does not usually need the music but it was there large as life on the wall of a music company on Sunday, March 27, 1977 in Minneapolis where he touched the ivorys on a piano in an adjoining parking lot. The wall score is Maurice Ravel's "Gaspard de la Nuit." Van Cliburn was in town for a number of concerts. (AP Photo/Jim Mone)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

21 of 77

Wreckage of one jumbo jet and personal belongings of passengers are strewn on the runway days after the world’s worst air disaster, when two Jumbo jets collide at Los Rodeos Airport, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, March 27, 1977. More than 550 died. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

22 of 77

Spanish Civil Guard and a Red Cross official sort through debris for personal belongings from hundreds of dead in the world’s worst air disaster when two jumbo jets collided at Los Rodeos Airport, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain on March 27, 1977. More than 550 died. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

23 of 77

Spanish Civil Guard survey debris from the world’s worst air disaster when two jumbo jets collided at Los Rodeos Airport, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain on March 27, 1977. More than 550 died. (AP Photo

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

24 of 77

Debris shown, March 1977, of the world’s worst air disaster when two jumbo jets collided at Los Rodeos Airport, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, March 27. More than 550 died. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

25 of 77

Spanish Civil Guard surveys debris from the world’s worst air disaster when two jumbo jets collided at Los Rodeos Airport, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain on March 27, 1977. More than 550 died. (AP Photo

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

26 of 77

Unionists march in Tokyo on Sunday, March 16, 1975 to the Spring labor offensive joint struggle committee’s rally in advance of unified strike schedules for March 27. The committee is composed of several labor organizations, police estimated that some 31.000 people participated in the March and rally. (AP Photo/Sadayuki Mikami)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

27 of 77

The Australian Pop band "The Bee Gees", rehearse at the Royal Albert Hall, London, England, March 27, 1968 for their concert tonight. They are backed by a 60-piece orchestra, including The Royal Air Force Apprentices Marching Band. They will play 27 concerts in Great Britain and Ireland. (AP Photo/Peter Kemp)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

28 of 77

Heavyweight fighter Muhammad Ali clowns with Dr. Kei Suzuki during Ali?s pre-fight physical in Tokyo, March 27, 1972. Trainer Angelo Dundee looks on. Ali will meet Mac Foster in a 15-round bout in Tokyo on April 1. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

29 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

30 of 77

U.S. Army Lt. Bohdah A. Barycak, from Allentown, Pa., leaps across muddy canal while Vietnamese rangers follow more gingerly during assault on Viet Cong village south of Delta town of Vi Thanh, Vietnam on Saturday, March 27, 1965. Barycak kept in communication with armed U.S. helicopters that fired close support for operation. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

31 of 77

“Pickles,” the black and white mongrel dog who became a “world hero” when he discovered the gold World Cup buried beneath a hedge in a garden in Beulah Hill, Norwood, London, United Kingdom, on March 27, 1966, signed for his first film part on March 29, 1966 at the Orme Court, Bayswater, London. He is seen here with, left to right are: Actor Eric Sykes, his owner David Corbett, writer Ray Galton, and script writer Alan Simpson, seated at typewriter, taking a close look at the script at the Orme Court, Bayswater, London offices of Associated London (films) Ltd. “Pickles”, who will be paid 25 pounds (70 dollars) a day, plays the third canine part in the film “The Spy With a Cold Nose,” a doggy skit on the film “The Spy Who Came in from the cold,” due for filming in May. Other stars in the film include Laurence Harvey, Daliah Lavi and Eric Sykes and will also star a bulldog with a second bulldog playing opposite. Girl in picture unidentified. (AP Photo) **UK OUT**

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

32 of 77

Elephants performing in New York on March 27, 1964. (AP Photo/Dave Pickoff)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

33 of 77

A surprised looking Caroline Kennedy is lifted into the air by her grand-father, Joseph P. Kennedy, father of President John F. Kennedy on her arrival on March 27, 1961 at the airport in West Palm Beach, Florida, for the Easter Holidays with her mother, as she deplanes from the Kennedy private aircraft the “Caroline”. The President is expected to join his family later in the week where they will spend the holiday at the winter resort home of the Kennedy family in Palm Beach. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

34 of 77

A float with South Vietnamese men representing the ancient soldiers who fought for the heoric Trung sisters in the revolt against the Chinese, is during the anniversary parade in Saigon March 27, 1957. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

35 of 77

Mr. and Mrs. Frederic Gallitan Cammann, sit in a car after their wedding at St. James Church in New York on March 27, 1954. Cammann, 24, is a casting director. He is a native of New York City. The bride, 20, is the former Elizabeth Montgomery, actress and daughter of screen actor and TV producer Robert Montgomery. She was born in Los Angeles, California. (AP Photo/Tom Fitzsimmons)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

36 of 77

Grock, Europe's most famous clown, puts on his world famed make-up for his first appearance in his newly-founded circus in Hamburg, Germany on March 27, 1951. (AP Photo/Brueggemann)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

37 of 77

Ted Evans, 27-year-old circus performer from Derbyshire, England, towers over two fellow passengers as they arrive in New York on the Queen Mary, March 27, 1952. Evans is 9' 3" tall, weighs 400 pounds, and plans to tour with Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus. The youngsters are John Brodie, 5, left, and his sister, Stephany, 6, en route with their parents to Salt Lake City, Utah. (AP Photo/Anthony Camerano)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

38 of 77

The invasion beaches of a few years ago are once again the playground for swimmers and sun bathers. The recent opening of the seashore season at the resort center of Taormina, between Messina and Catania, on the Ionian Sea, brought out the first contingent of vacationists. Among them were these bathing beauties who preferred to lie and watch the bathers to being bathers themselves in Sicily, Italy, March 27, 1947. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

39 of 77

Queen Frederika, left, and King Pau, right, of Greece are carried on shoulders of inmates of a reformatory camp on Island of Makronissos of the Greek coast on the Aegean Sea. The men, former Communists, are undergoing special “reformation” at the camp, and have joined Greece's armed forces in Greece on March 27, 1949. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

40 of 77

With War Department approval, samples of Atomic Bomb material and a glass-encased block of Uranium were exhibited to the public for the first time in St. Louis, Missouri on March 27, 1945 at the American Association for Advancement of Science Convention by the Mallinckroot Chemical Works, which manufactured Atom bomb materials. An armed guard watches the exhibit which is locked in a vault at the Auditorium at night. (AP Photo/GBF)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

41 of 77

Members of the American Volunteer Group line up in front of one of their Curtiss P-40 Warhawk's, the nose of which they painted the shark mouth logo, in Kunming, China in March 27, 1942. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

42 of 77

Private Billy Conn reaches into the ring to grasp the hand pf private Joe Louis and wish him Luck in Joe's fight with Abe Simon March 27, 1942 in New York Madison Square Garden. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

43 of 77

Sir Kingsley Wood, Britain’s Air Minister, flew to Royal Air Force College, Cranwell, which he inspected with the hospital and the electrical and wireless school. He toured the fitting shops and watched the stages of instruction through which the cadets go. Sir Kingsley Wood inspecting boy entrants undergoing training as radio operators, on March 27, 1939, all under 16, during his tour of Cranwell College. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

44 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

45 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

46 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

47 of 77

Assistant professor Kenneth Van der Laan, left, conducts a biology class at Wellesley College,Mass., March 27, 1975. Wellesley is one of the women's colleges benefiting from renewed interest in what they offer, after the last years of the trend to go coed or merge. At a time when many colleges are facing dwindling enrollment, that at women's colleges is growing--and so is the idea that all female schools are, perhaps , at present the best place to prepare girls for a male-dominated world. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

48 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

49 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

50 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

51 of 77

Ted Hickel t work filling orders at oil company warehouse on March 27, 1969 says being son of millionaire means nothing to him. “It’s my own life,” says son of secretary of Interior. (AP Photo/BM)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

52 of 77

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is seen speaking to newsmen in Newark, N.J., on March 27, 1968. King is saying that he is "disenchanted" with President Johnson's Vietnam policies and may endorse either Sen. Robert Kennedy or Sen. Eugene McCarthy for the Democratic Presidential nomination. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

53 of 77

John Wooden, UCLA head basketball coach, holds the NCAA championship trophy which the Bruins won for the fifth straight year, March 27, 1971. Bruins took the trophy by defeating Villanova Univesity 68-62, in Houston, Texas. Sidney Wicks (35) Bruins forward, wears part of the basket net around his neck. (AP photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

54 of 77

Dr. Jonas E. Salk, 38, professor of research bacteriology at the University of Pittsburgh, Pa., is shown in a laboratory on March 27, 1954. Dr. Salk announced the successful use of a new polio vaccine on 90 children and adults. An assistant, Ethel J. Bailey, works on a step in the vaccine's production. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

55 of 77

Jane Casey (left) and Jane Challis show progress in home entertainment at the Chicago Modern Living Exposition, March 27, 1953. The huge horn fitted onto the 1900 Edison Home Phonograph using a cylinder record. The item at left is a 1953 model Sentinel television chassis. (AP Photo/Edward Kitch)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

56 of 77

Pickets carrying signs and flags march in front of Madison Square Garden, New York, March 27, 1949, as delegates and spectators attend the closing session of the Cultural and Scientific Conference for World Place. Police estimated the pickets at more than 2,000 and the number inside the Garden was estimated at 17,000 (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

57 of 77

Joe Louis waves goodbye as he and singer Dolores Parker board a plane at Idlewild Airport in New York on March 27, 1952. They are taking a two-week vacation in Miami, Fl., before Louis starts an exhibition tour through Canada. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

58 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

59 of 77

Sewing fabric to cover wings and stabilizers at a Flying Fortress base in England, March 27, 1944, left to right are: T/Sgt. L.N. Tolson, Oakland, Calif.; S/Sgt. Nathan Gotleib, Rosanhayn, N.J.; and S/Sgt. Harold V. McRenzie, Colorado Springs, Colo. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

60 of 77

Chinese soldiers at the Kwangsi Province infantry training center in China March 27, 1944 gather in a huge cave to listen to a speech by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek during the Chinese leader’s visit to the American-staffed training center in February 1944. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

61 of 77

Orteaga Santoy, presents the Benito Juarez Air WAC Squadron’s special guidon to Mrs. Ledesma, as the first squadron of Latin American WACS sworn into the service March 27, 1944. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

62 of 77

Forward base of 14th US airforce somewhere in China March 27, 1944. Chinese soldiers keeps vigil at fighter line. That’s straw rain hat on his back. (AP Photo/Farnsworth))

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

63 of 77

With Meat on the Lips of Many and the mouth of few these war time days mother Hubbard's Fabled Dog is not the only canine without bone on March 27,1943 at New York. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

64 of 77

A 150- bed hospital in Manzanar, Calif. has been provided by the U.S. government for Japanese evacuated from Pacific Coast cities and communities. Nurse Fumiko Gohata holds the arm of patient Frank Saito while Dr. James Goto stands by, March 27, 1942. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

65 of 77

Boxer Joe Louis, left, on the scale, shakes hands with Abe Simon at weight in March 27, 1942 at Madison Square Garden in New York. The weigh in is for their heavyweight title bout. Officials are unidentified. (AP Photo/ Carl Nesensohn)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

66 of 77

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

67 of 77

A docile horse wears a gas mask as a precaution against gas attacks, on March 27, 1940. It was developed by "Our Dumb Friends League," a humane society in London, England. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

68 of 77

The "William Crooks," Pioneer Railroad Locomotive in America's Northwest, comes back to where it was built 78 years ago and receives a welcome from several thousand people in Paterson, N.J. on March 27, 1939. The old engine came from St. Paul, Minn., under its own power, enroute to the New York's World's Fair of 1939. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

69 of 77

American thoroughbred Seabiscuit, with jockey "Spec" Richardson up, is shown in the victory circle after winning the $12,500 Agua Caliente Handicap at Agua Caliente, Mexico, March 27, 1938. Standing, left to right, are, trainer Tom Smith, next to Seabiscuit; Seabiscuit; owner Charles S. Howard; screen actress Arline Judge; and singer-actor Bing Crosby. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

70 of 77

German machine gun post along the Rhine shows exercises in field ¼ mile from Belgian frontier near Aachen on March 27, 1936. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

71 of 77

A second unit of the American Friends of Spanish Democracy is shown with one of their ambulances, en route for Spain, March 27, 1937 in Paris, France. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

72 of 77

President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Vinson Navy Bill, authorizing construction of the American Navy up to existing treaty strength in the executive offices in Washington, DC, March 27, 1934. Standing from left to right are: Representative Carl Vinson, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Henry Latrobe Roosevelt and Representative Fred Britten, Illinois. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

73 of 77

President Franklin D. Roosevelt waves to crowds gathered to see him off from Washington, March 27, 1934, as he leaves for Jacksonville, Fla., where he will board the Nourmahal, Vincent Astor's yacht, and sail for a week of relaxation in southern waters. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

74 of 77

The liner Queen Mary is shown on her way to dock with the town of Southampton, England, in background on March 27, 1936. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

75 of 77

Robert Lyall riding Grakle after winning The Grand National horse race at Aintree Racecourse, England on March 27, 1931. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

76 of 77

High Commissioner X. M. Landis, greets Babe Ruth and Bob Meusel, Yankees, March 27, 1922, who have been suspended for a month for barnstorming after the world series. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

77 of 77

Miss Elinor Smith beside her plane before marking an assault on the women's altitude record at Roosevelt Field, Long Island, March 27, 1931. She was forced to come down after reaching about 25,000 feet. The plane was damaged when landing not far from the field, but Miss Smith escaped injury. It is believed she ran out of gasoline, possibly due to a leaking tank. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

This Week's Circulars