Today in History - March 24

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FILE - In this April 4, 1989, file photo, the grounded tanker Exxon Valdez, left, unloads oil onto a smaller tanker, San Francisco, as efforts to re-float the ship continue on Prince William Sound, 25 miles from Valdez, Alaska. The 987-foot tanker, carrying 53 million gallons of crude, struck Bligh Reef at 12:04 a.m. on March 24, 1989, and within hours unleashed an estimated 10.8 million gallons of thick, toxic crude oil into the water. Storms and currents then smeared it over 1,300 miles of shoreline. Twenty five years later, the region, its people and its wildfire are still recovering. (AP Photo, File)

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The Satko family, late of Richmond, Va., now of Tacoma, Wash., aboard their weird-looking craft, The Ark, in which they plan to leave on a two-months voyage to Alaska on March 24, 1940. Paul Satko, jobless machinist-welder, who built the craft and hauled it across country on a trailer, is at the extreme right. The rest of the sea-going Satkos--who will serve as the crew--minus two boys in Virginia are, left to right: Betty, 4; Edward, 17; Hazel, 18; Mrs. Satko; David, 9; William, 7; Grace, 11; and Joe, 15. (AP Photo/Paul Wagner)

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Jean Jules Verne, grandson of the famous French Romancer, with Sir Hubert Wilkins in the latterís apartment in New York, March 19, 1930 looking over the ground Sir Hubert attempt to cover in his submarine ìNautilusî when he will try to go over the North Pole under the Ice. Verne Will Christen the submarine in the Brooklyn navy yard on March 24. He arrived in New York on March 19 especially for the ceremony. (AP Photo)

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A student lights a candle in front of the Joseph-Koenig Gymnasium in Haltern, western Germany Tuesday, March 24, 2015. A Germanwings plane from Barcelona crashed on its way to Duesseldorf over the French alps, 16 school children and 2 teachers from Haltern were among the 150 people on board. (AP Photo/Martin Meissner)

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"I don't want handouts, I want work," says Willis Williams, a 22-year-old Vietnam veteran, pictured at home in Chicago with his wife and three-year-old daughter, March 24, 1971. He has had no job for the past six months. Veterans Administration officials say jobs are the single biggest issue with today's veterans. Labor Department statistics show unemployment among young veterans is nearly double the national rate, and for black veterans the rate is 16.2, triple the national average. (AP Photo)

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A bullet hole in the exterior wall of the gymnasium at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Ark. on Wed., March 25, 1998 is marked with measurements taken by officials. The bullet went completely through the wall. Four girls and one teacher were killed and 11 others were wounded when two boys opened fire during a false fire alarm on Tues., March 24. (AP Photo/Mark Humphrey)

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A general view of the scene as the Queen Mary liner left the John Brown shipyard in Clydebank, Scotland, before crowds of spectators on March 24, 1936. (AP Photo)

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U.S. Marines, members of the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Bosnia, practice landings on the USS Wasp during, Dynamic Reponse 98, a military exercise taking place in the Adriatic Sea off Bosnia on Tuesday March 24, 1998. The aim of the exercise is to show that Stabilization Force troops are able to respond quickly to any situation if their assistance is requested. (AP Photo/Elvis Barukcic)

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** FILE ** In this March 26, 1989 picture, the Exxon Baton Rouge, left, attempts to off-load crude oil from the Exxon Valdez after the Valdez ran aground in Alaska's Prince William sound, spilling about 11 million gallons of crude oil, causing widespread environmental damage. There's not many fishermen in Cordova, Alaska planning to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the spill on March 24, 2009. "It's hard to keep dwelling on this thing that has caused so much pain in this community," said executive director Cordova District Fishermen Rochelle van den Broek. "The term anniversary kind of offends a lot of fishermen. The term implies celebration and there's nothing to celebrate." (AP Photo)

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The Exxon Valdez oil tanker in Anchorage, March 25, 1989, the day after the vessel went aground at Bligh Reef in Alaska’s Prince William Sound on March 24, 1989. The tanker spilled nearly 11 million gallons of crude oil into Alaska waters. The three-season cleanup of the spill has now ended, though some groups say it may still be years until the final toll from the disaster is known. (AP Photo/Stapleton)

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President Jimmy Carter acknowledges the applause of about 1,100 people gathered in the Elk City High School gym for town meeting in Elk City, Oklahoma, March 24, 1979. During his 1975 campaign, Carter promised to return to Elk City as president. Carter answered questions concerning agriculture, inflation, the Mid-East peace, his religion and others. (AP Photo)

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Indiana State basketball coach Bill Hodges gets a kiss from his wife Connie Saturday, March 24, 1979 in Salt Lake City after his team defeated DePaul 76-74 to advance to the finals of the Championship. (AP Photo)

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Pres. Jimmy Carter, left, greets former Pres. Gerald Ford as the latter pays a call at the White House, Thursday, March 24, 1977, Washington, D.C. Ford returned to the nations capital for the first time since he left office. (AP Photo/Charles W. Harrity)

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Behind the Communist wall at the Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, Germany, East German soldiers are patrolling with an armored car watching workers on March 24, 1966, who are erecting a new “modern” border. In rear right the workers and in foreground the iron barriers and barbed wire. (AP Photo/Edwin Reichert)

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FILE - In this March 24, 1962 file photo, welterweight champion Benny Paret, in white trunks, smiles as he reads the weight of challenger and former champion Emile Griffith during the weigh-in for their title fight in New York. In center is James A. Farley, Jr., a member of the New York State Athletic Commission. The International Boxing Hall of Fame says former world champion boxer Emile Griffith has died. He was 75. The hall said Tuesday, July 23, 2013, he died at an extended care facility in Hempstead, N.Y.(AP Photo/John Lindsay, File)

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This is what the emperor and empress saw when they visited the receiving room for television, a Japanese singer in Tokyo on March 24, 1949. (AP Photo/Charles Gorry)

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Elvis Presley, left, 23-year-old rock and roll singer, gestures at his short hair as he chats with a former school chum, Farley Gey, 22, who is entering the Army with Elvis, in Memphis, March 24, 1958. Robert Maharrey, 22, another inductee, looks on from the rear. The scene took place at the local draft board headquarters. (AP Photo/Fred J. Griffith)

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Marines in a Bougainville Jungle clearing wait an assignment to ferret out Japs with the aid of their dog partners in Bougainville, March 24, 1944. The dogs locate the enemy and the Devil Dog marines clean them out. The Marines left to right are: Pvt. Carl Robertson, Malden, Mass.; Pfc. Nick Barack, Masontown, PA.; an unidentified Marine; Pvt. Mravin R. Troup, St. Louis; Pfc. Robert Forsyth, Stamford, Conn.; and Pfc. Rufus G. Mayo, Montgomery, Ala. The dogs are left to right Jack, an unidentified German shepherd dog, Otto and Caesar. Caesar is reported to be the first dog wounded in this war, but has returned to duty. (AP Photo)

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The first motion picture studio in the United States, built at West Orange, N.J. in 1893 is shown March 24, 1944. The contraption was officially known as “the Kinetographic Theater” but was called by Edison Company workers “the Black Maria.” It looked the part-black inside and out, on a turntable so that sunlight could be utilized all day. (AP Photo)

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Bomber crews wait for the order to set off on air raid over Germany, at their airfield somewhere in England, on March 24, 1942. (AP Photo)

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A westfront soldier sounding reveille as the dawn breaks in the sky behind him during the critical weeks of the Nazi drive through France on March 24, 1940. (AP Photo)

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A picture of Gen. Douglas MacArthur, military nemesis of the Japanese forces, hung in a flace of honor, March 24, 1942 on the wall of the room of Gene Hashimoto (left) and Mary Wada was at the reception center established at Manzanar in the Owens Valley for Japanese evacuated from Los Angeles. Miss Hashimoto wrote friends at home of the new life at the hastily constructed community. (AP Photo)

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An imposing aerial view five great trans-Atlantic liners at their piers in New York Harbour on March 24, 1937, getting steam up on readiness for the return trip. Seldom is there such a grouping of mammoths at the Hudson piers as this. Left to right: Europa, Rex, Normandie, Georgic and Berengaria. (AP Photo)

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Halle Berry reacts backstage after winning best actress for her role in "Monster's Ball" at the 74th annual Academy Awards on Sunday, March 24, 2002, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)

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Tugboats hold the tanker Exxon Baton Rouge, right, up against the tanker Exxon Valdez as oil is pumped out of the damaged tanker that ran aground into the Prince William Sound, 25 miles from Valdez, Alaska, March 28, 1989. Exxon Valdez ran aground March 24, spilling over 270,000 barrels of crude oil. (AP Photo/Jack Smith)

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This Red Necked Greb is covered in oil resulting from a spill on Friday, March 24, 1989, when the tanker Exxon Valdez ran aground in Prince William Sound about 25 miles from Valdez, Alaska. This bird found Thursday, March 30, 1989, on Knights Island, about 35 miles from the spill, was taken by photographers to the bird cleanup center in Valdez. (AP-Photo)

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The tankers Exxon Baton Rouge, left, and Exxon Valdez, right, continue to pump oil after the Exxon Valdez ran aground, March 24, in the Prince William Sound, Alaska, March 27, 1989. In the foreground is an ice floe from the Columbia glacier. (AP Photo/Rob Stapleton)

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UCLA coach John Wooden is flanked by Sidney Wicks, right, and Lew Alcindor, draped with basket ropes, after the UCLA team beat Purdue 92-72 to win the NCAA basketball title for the third consecutive year, in Louisville, Ky., March 24, 1969. (AP Photo)

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A DC-6 plane sprays chemicals on the oil spilled from the tanker Exxon Valdez into Prince William Sound near Valdez, Alaska, March 27, 1989. The oil slick has spread across the Sound since the tanker ran aground on March 24. (AP Photo/Bob Stapleton)

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Nearly 300 pickets paraded in front of the New Jersey State House in protest of alleged de facto segregation in Englewood schools, in Trenton, N.J., March 24, 1963. Marchers sang songs urging "Equal Education for Children". (AP Photo)

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Elvis Presley, right, 23-year-old rock 'n' roll sensation, indicates that he had no sleep the night before reporting with other inductees at his local Memphis draft board March 24, 1958. At left foreground is inductee Farley Guy, a school friend of Presley's, and at center is inductee Nathaniel Wigginson. (AP Photo)

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Japanese line the rails of the Koan Maru and wave to the shore in Maizuru Bay, Japan on March 24, 1953. (AP Photo/Y. Jackson Ishizaki)

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Jane Cook, 11, and Fred Stier, 12, both of Maryland, lean over the glass display case in the lobby of the Commerce Department Building to look at the original copy of the first U.S. patent grant, on display there in Washington, March 24, 1955. The document, long lost, turned up in a truck full of old papers given to the Chicago Historical Society about a year ago. (AP Photo/Byron Rollins)

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An elderly gent smiles broadly through his flowing beard as he sits with his grandchildren as they arrive in Maizuru Bay, Japan on March 24, 1953. (AP Photo/Y. Jackson Ishizaki)

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The foreman of the frozen stick assembly inspects the ice cream sticks as they turn a corner of the conveyor on their way to the chocolate bath at the New York City plant, March 24, 1948. (AP Photo)

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Lawrence Peter "Yogi" Berra, catcher for the New York Yankees, is shown in an action pose on March 24, 1949 during spring training. The catcher-infielder batted .305 in 1948. The location is not known. (AP Photo)

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Joe Louis is shown in his dressing room after his knockout of Johnny Paychek of Des Moines,Iowa, at Madison Square Garden, New York, March 24, 1940. Louis takes deep drink of water after his short but decisive defense of his heavyweight crown. The knockout blow came after 44 seconds of the second round of the fight. This was Louis' tenth defense of his crown. (AP Photo)

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German standard bearers parade past Major General Fedor von Bock, commander of all armed forces in the Austrian territory, center, on grandstand, March 24, 1938, on the Kingstrasse in front of the Memorial of Honor, as the troops reach Vienna. Beside him wearing overcoat is Dr. Seysz Incuart. (AP Photo)

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So cherished are the burros that Mexicans will often take part of their loads on their own backs in Mexico, March 24, 1937. (AP Photo/John Lindsay)

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For the first time since, he succeeded to the throne, King Farouk of Egypt, as Commander in Chief of the army, attended the Egyptian army manoeuvres in the eastern desert. Young King Farouk, with hands in belt, gazing at a chart while surrounded by high officers of the Egyptian army helping to explain the manoeuvres to the King, on March 24, 1938. (AP Photo)

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Dizzy Dean, St. Louis Cards' ace hurler and long-time holdout, is shown shaking a leg as he makes up for lost practice time at the Cardinals' spring training camp here March 24, 1936. It's a familiar wind up Diz is getting ready to shove one of his high hard ones toward the plate. (AP Photo)

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An aerial view of The RMS Queen Mary leaving the John Brown shipyard, Scotland, on March 24, 1936. The world’s largest and most luxurious liner Queen Mary left her fitting out berth in Clydebank, Scotland on her maiden voyage of fifteen miles down the river to Greenock. Greatest precautions were taken to manoeuvre the mighty vessel into midstream and down the winding river. Thousands of people who had camped out all night watched the giant leave for the open sea. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

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German soldiers on parade near Aachen, Germany, March 24, 1936, the youth and fine physical condition of the Nazi army along the Western Front. (AP Photo)

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These four leading members of the Japanese delegation to the League of Nations are shown on thier arrival in New York from Washington after they walked out of a Nations session on the Manchurian question on March 24, 1933. The delegates, who are on their way home are: seated left to right: Asahi Yatsuji, Yosuke Matsuoka, head of the delegation and Seijiro Yoshizawa. Standing is Masuo Kato. (AP Photo)

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Photo shows gambling in full dress marked the first operation under Nevada?s new Sky-Limit gambling law at one of Reno?s fashionable suburbs in Reno, Nevada, on Saturday, night, March 24, 1931. Here is a roulette table with a few patrons. (AP Photo)

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This potato dug up by a Coffeyville, Kan., planter shown March 24, 1930 has a message in its resemblance to the Republican elephant-or is it a donkey? (AP Photo)

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