Today in History - March 18

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Three Navy fliers sit on the raft in which they drifted 1,000 miles for 34 days after their land plane was forced down in the Pacific, and retell the story of their odyssey to reporters and an officer at Honolulu, March 18, 1942. From left: pilot Harold Dixon of La Mesa, Calif., with chart he made of the long voyage; Bombardier Tony Pastula of Youngstown, Ohio; and radioman Gene Aldrich of Sikeston, Mo. (AP Photo)

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Lined up at the Sportsman Club, in London, on March 15, 1972, are from left to right, British Heavyweight Joe Bugner, British Welterweight Champion Ralph Charles, Chilean Welterweight Jose Napoles, Scotland Lightweight Champion Ken Buchanan and Britain's Heavyweight John Conteh. They are all due to fight on the same bill at the Empire Pool, Wembley, in London, on March 18. (AP Photo/Harris)

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Examining an M-34 German machine gun on the Italian beachhead south of Rome are, from left: Pvt Charles Sumpter of Santa Rosa, Calif.; Pfc. Wallace Lima of Fallon, Nev.; Pvt Gustav Brandt of Burbank, Calif. and Capt. William Faisst of Berkeley, Calif, March 18, 1944. (AP Photo/Bill Allen)

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The Reverend Gerald L.K. Smith, who quit his Shreveport, La., parish to become national organizer of the "Share The Wealth" movement, gestures dramatically while explaining the theory of the "every man a king" platform, March 18, 1935 in New York City. He predicted he will enroll 15,000,000 under his banner by Christmas. (AP Photo/WD)

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South African President F.W. de Klerk poses outside his office while displaying a copy of a local newspaper with banner headlines declaring a "Yes" result in the referendum in Cape Town, South Africa on March 18, 1992. De Klerk won a mandate to end apartheid and share power with the black majority for the first time by scoring a landslide victory in a whites-only referendum on reform. (AP. Photo)

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World Wrestling Federation heavyweight champion Hulk Hogan, left, and Mr. T. appear at a news conference on Sunday, March 18, 1985 in New York?s Madison Square Garden. Mr. T will make his professional wrestling debut on March 31, when he will be teamed with Hogan against Rowdy Roddy Piper and partner Paul Orndorff in the tag team headliner of the World Wrestling Foundation?s ?Wrestlemania.? (AP Photo/Corey Struller)

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Randy Ploog, assistant curator at Penn State University's Palmer Museum of Art stands in front of Juan Sanchez's 1987 painting, "The Rosenbergs: Framed Conspiracy," March 18, 1989. A show of works about Ethel and Julius Rosenberg was scheduled to open Sunday at the Palmer Museum of Art in State College. (AP Photo/Craig Houtz)

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These miniature musical instruments handmade over a two-year period by an artisan Prager Geigenbauer, are displayed in the fingers of their owner Marcel Ritter of Munich, West Germany on March 18, 1980. Smallest of the lot is the violin, about two inches long. An aggregate value of about $534,500 has been placed on the three instruments. (AP Photo)

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Monica Congia, 8, of Milan, Italy, is perhaps the youngest of the world's disc jockeys and has become, in the past two months, the idol of mothers, grandmothers, and children who follow her daily one hour broadcast, "Monica of the Dolls." Monica is in the studios on the private Milanese Teleradio Ambrosiana during her program in Milan, Italy on Thursday, March 18, 1977. The tiny youngster has to sit on several phone books to reach the microphones. (AP Photo/Raoul Fornezza)

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Dr. Harb Hayre, a professor of electric engineering at the University of Houston on March 18, 1975, checks the write out of his tattletale machine. The device can analyze the voice and tell more about a person than words alone. Properly applied, says the professor, the machine could: detect a drunk driver; tell who is lying and who is telling the truth; determine if a pilot is to tired to fly; tell the precise condition of a mental patient; or, determine if a person is under the influence of drugs. (AP Photo/EFK)

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Comedian Groucho Marx, poses with Actress Lynn Redgrave in a bed in Los Angeles on March 18, 1976, for his upcoming book titled “Beds”…The book is a new version of Marx published in 1929, which was based on his contributions to old College Humor magazines. First Edition copies of “Beds” have become collector’s items 1… In the 1976 version Marx will be pictured in bed with Phyllis Diller, Burt Reynolds, Valerie Perrine, Elliot Gould and others. (AP Photo)

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Mrs. Margaret Truman Daniel, left, shows an old news photo of her late father former President Harry Truman to actor James Whitmore as they pose together at a news conference, Tuesday, March 18, 1975, Hershey, Pa. Mrs. Daniel attended a special rehearsal of Give Em Hell, Harry a stage play starring Whitmore as Harry Truman. (AP Photo/Paul Vathis)

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Two 7th regiment marines move cautiously into the devastated underbrush of a bombed hillside southwest of Da Nang, South Vietnam on March 18, 1969, following an hour-long air strike on enemy positions. (AP Photo)

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Pfc. Michael J. Volvo, 18, of Little Falls, N.Y., peers through the sights of a 106 recoilless rifle in position on Hill 327, occupied by U.S. Marines three miles from Da Nang air base in South Vietnam on March 18, 1965. (AP Photo/Eddie Adams)

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Vietnamese troops sit in a crowded H-21 helicopter en route to a hunt for Viet Cong guerrillas in Ving Long province 70 miles South of Saigon, the capital of South Viet Nam on March 18, 1963. This is one of many operations, led by Americans in U.S. whirlybirds, which during the past year have helped overcome some of the difficulties of warfare in jungle territory where the poor roads are subject to constant ambush. (AP Photo/Horst Faas)

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Nine high explosive bombs drop from the Bombay of a U.S. Air Force 3rd bomber wing B26 light bomber somewhere in North Korea on March 18, 1953 and head for a communist target. (AP Photo)

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Racing in broad daylight down a Norwegian fjord, sixty miles behind the German lines at North Cape, four destroyers from the British home fleet have rescued 525 Norwegians from the Germans. For three months, these Norwegians, mostly women and children, had been hiding from the German slave patrols in caves on the snow covered mountains of Soroy Island. A small Norwegian military mission had landed earlier, warned them to stand by, and they were ready when the destroyers, led by Captain J.H. Allison, in H.M.S. Zambesi, with all guns manned, swept down Alten Galten fjord. In three hours the ships with the rescued Norwegians were steaming back a full speed. Food and clothing were issued and 525 Norwegians landed at a British port. They had terrible stories to tell of their treatment by the German who had burnt to the ground every house on the Island. Some of the Soroy Islanders on board the Zambesi, somewhere in England, on March 18, 1945. (AP Photo)

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General Dwight W. Eisenhower, commander-in-chief in North Africa, wears the four stars of a full general, a rank to which he was appointed, during a tour of the Tunisian battlefront on March 18, 1943. (AP Photo/Byron Rollins)

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Members of the American Eagle Squadron, now serving with the Royal Air Force photographed at their base somewhere in England, March 18, 1941. Left to right are: Pilot-Officer Charles Edward Bateman, of San Gabriel, California; Pilot-Officer William Henry Nichols, of San Carlos, California; Pilot-Officer Stanley Michel Kolendorski, of Lakehurst, New Jersey; Squadron-Leader W.E.G. Taylor, of New York City, Commanding-Officer of the squadron; Pilot-Officer Andrew Mamedoff, of Thompson, Connecticut; Pilot-Officer Eugene Quimby Tobin, of Los Angeles, California; Pilot-Officer Nathaniel Maranz, of New York City; Pilot-Officer Luke Elbert Allen, of Egnatio, Colorado; Pilot-Officer Peter Benjamin Provenzano, of Chicago; unknown; Pilot-Officer Gregory Augustus Daymond, of Dan Francisco, and Pilot-Officer Sam Alfred Mauriello, of Astoria, Long Island. (AP Photo)

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With almost continuous bombing, and the whole population in a panic, it is impossible definitely to calculate the huge number of dead and injured, but 1300 bodies have been recovered, and more than 2000 people are known to have been injured. Inhabitants of Barcelona hurrying past a gutted tramcar, shattered by a bomb explosion, after an air raid, on March 18, 1938. Clouds of dust are still rising from the debris, and in the background are the empty shells of stricken houses. (AP Photo)

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Herbert Hoover, ex-president of the U.S. arrived at Croydon, after flying from Stockholm. He is to return home from London. Ex-President Hoover on his arrival at Croydon, England, on March 18, 1938, from Stockholm. (AP Photo)

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Michigan State's Earvin "Magic" Johnson hugs Terry Donnelly after the Spartans beat Notre Dame, 80-68, to win the NCAA Mideast Regional Championship game in Indianapolis on Sunday, March 18, 1979. (AP Photo)

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Dr. Ronald Crystal works at the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in Bethesda, Md., March 18, 1992. Crystal is working on a nasal spray of genetically engineered protein that breaks up infected lung-clogging mucus in victims of cystic fibrosis, significantly improving their breathing. (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi)

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Soldiers of the 3rd Battalion light infantry encounter a large number of Gentoo penguins while on patrol during exercise Firefocus Friday, March 18, 1988 at Bertha Beach, Falkland Islands. (AP Photo/Martin Cleaver)

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Dorothy Hamill (right) of Riverside, a Olympic figure skating champion, is greeted by her 21-year-old sister, Marcia, on arriving at New York's Kennedy Airport on March 18, 1976, from London. (AP Photo)

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Country music stars perform during the Grand Ole Opry's last show at Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tenn., March 18, 1974. Johnny Cash, front right, and Maybelle Carter, next to Cash, perform. Others are unidentified. (AP Photo/John Duricka)

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John Wooden, right, who coached UCLA to the NCAA title 10 of the past 12 years, works as a game announcer with Merle Harmon as his old team won its NCAA Western Regional game against Pepperdine in Los Angeles, Ca., March 18, 1976. Wooden retired at the close of the 1975 season after taking his 10th national title. (AP Photo)

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French Soldiers part of a group of 500 sent from France to reinforce troops battling Algerian rebels, tote their packs ashore at Algiers from the transport Sidi Ferruch, March 18, 1956 . Additional military units are reported on the way to North African colony to help restore order as nationalist uprising reach the critical stage.(AP Photo)

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Lt. Commander John S. McCain III, a POW for over five years, waves to well wishers March 18, 1973 after arriving at Jacksonville Naval Air Station in Florida. At left is his wife, and son Doug, who is on crutches after breaking his leg in a soccer game. McCain is the son of Adm. John S. McCain Jr, who commanded the U.S. Forces in the Pacific until his retirement. (AP Photo)

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Rock and Roll singer Jackie Wilson waves as he leaves New York's Roosevelt Hospital with his mother Elizabeth Lee, left, and his wife Friea Wilson on March 18, 1961. He was shot and critically wounded by a female fan on Feb. 15. (AP Photo)

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It’s the start of the building, a crane is lowering into place the first section of a tubular steel frame for a circular pavilion at International Trade Fair site at Brno, Czechoslovakia March 18, 1959. The trade fair is to be held in September in 1959. (AP Photo)

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Dr. Roger Bannister, 27, waves goodbye to his Swedish born wife Moyra and their month old Baby Carol Erin Elver, as he left, his home in Kensington, London on March 18 1957, to start his two years national service? Dr. Bannister, the first man in the ?world to run the mile under four minutes, will serve in the Royal Army Medical Corps. (AP Photo)

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Pfc. Ralph Plack of Harrisburg, Pa., on the shoulders of Sgt. Charles Harkey, Dallas, Texas, lights a cigarette for Georges Kieffer, FFI district leader of Alsace Lorraine, who is eight-and-a-half feet tall, in France on March 18, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Sign emphasizes warm welcome given Evangelist Billy Graham on his arrival at Plymouth, England on March 18, 1955. He shakes hands with a woman as part of a crowd of about 300 cheering hymn-singing people stand-by to greet the North Carolinian. Graham is on his second lecture tour abroad. (AP Photo)

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A number of French Auxiliary Territorial Services girls who volunteered their blood for the benefit of wounded soldiers, underwent the transfusion at Moncorvo House in London on March 18, 1943. After the transfusion, the patients rest for a short while, during which they are given a nourishing meal. (AP Photo)

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Australian steel is playing an invaluable part in Australia’s munitions production. General view of shell shop, somewhere in Australia, on March 18, 1942. (AP Photo)

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Air raid wardens and rescue workers dig in the ruins of a building in the Clydeside area of Glasgow, Scotland, March 18, 1941, after a German air raid on the city. (AP Photo)

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Pilot Officer Stanley Michel Kolendorski, from Lakehurst, New Jersey, a member of the American Eagle Squadron, serving with the Royal Air Force, climbing into his fighter plane at an airfield somewhere in England, on March 18, 1941. He is 26 years old. (AP Photo)

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An English class holds its discussions informally in one of the living rooms of the shelter huts built in the hills near New Milford, Conn., on March 18, 1941. Students of New York’s Dalton School are testing shelter facilities for use if and when any mass evacuation of children from New York is necessary. (AP Photo/Murray Becker)

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With men on deck, men struggling in the sea, a burst of flame, swirling waters, and the sea swallows the Spanish destroyer, the "Baleares," prize vessel of General Franco's rebel fleet. The photograph shows the stern of the doomed destroyer reared out of the water for its final plunge to the bottom on March 18, 1938. (AP Photo)

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American aviatrix Amelia Earhart waves from the Electra before taking off from Los Angeles, Ca., on March 10, 1937. Earhart is flying to Oakland, Ca., where she and her crew will begin their round-the-world flight to Howland Island on March 18. (AP Photo)

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An interior view of Madison Square Gardens Arena, known as MSG or The Garden in New York City, USA on March 18, 1930. (AP Photo)

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David Lloyd George, Leader of the Liberal Party, at work at his desk in Holland Park, London, England on March 18, 1931. (AP Photo)

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FILE - In this March 18, 1932, file photo workman sort individual 25-pound packages of unperishable food for needy families in New York City, where the The Emergency Unemployment Relief Committee established the central depot and share-a-meal drive to provide food during the Great Depression. Food stamps look ripe for the picking, politically speaking. Through five years and counting of economic distress, the food aid program has swollen up like a summer tomato. It grew to $78 billion last year, more than double its size when the recession began in late 2007. That makes it a juicy target for conservative Republicans seeking to trim spending and pare back government. But to many Democrats, food stamps are a major element of the country’s commitment to help citizens struggling to meet basic needs. (AP Photo, File)

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Mexican revolutionary troops loading a troop train at Nogales, Sonora March 18, 1929, enroute to Naco, Federal stronghold, sixty miles east. (AP Photo)

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