Today in History - March 14

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Senior officer Melvin Kidney, seen through the 2-inch laminated bullet proof glass that encloses his post at the control center of Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary in San Francisco Bay, is shown March 14, 1956. He supervises all communications and has custody of arms, ammunition, tear gas, etc. (AP Photo/Ernest K. Bennett)

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A court official bringing Henry Judd Gray into the Queens County courthouse for trial of the murder of Albert Snyder, March 14, 1927. Gray tries to dodge the press. (AP Photo)

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Prof. Albert Einstein, famous scientist, poses with sailboat presented to him on his 50th birthday by Berliner Handelgesellschs Ftm, a well-known German bank, March 14, 1929. The boat was presented in place of the donation of the city of Berlin, a country house, which Einstein never received. Others are unidentified. (AP Photo)

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Dr. Walter H.G. Lewin, an X-ray astronomer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts on March 14, 1970 examines a prototype of a radio telescope which washed ashore in New Zealand. Lewin and his team launched a radio telescope attached to a balloon from Mildura, Australia on April 16, 1969. Through a series of failures and changes in weather, the balloon was swept to sea and the instrument package dropped. It was washed ashore at Kiataia village in New Zeland and film in a camera was recovered. (AP Photo)

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Native people wave farewell to their Bikini Atoll home from a Navy LST transporting them to a new home on Rongerik Atoll 109 miles away March 14, 1946. Bikini Atoll will be the site for Atomic bomb testing. (AP Photo/Clarence Hamm)

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An American infantryman of the 25th Division gives a helping hand to a buddy who slipped into a hole, slipping neck deep into the mud water of the Plain of Reeds some 30 miles northwest of Saigon, Vietnam on March 14, 1967. Most of the years the Plain of Reeds can only be traveled by boat. In the middle of the dry season, part of it is dry, the rest swamps. (AP Photo/John T. Wheeler)

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Secretary of Transportation Alan Boyd testified before the Senate Commerce Committee in its investigation of air pollution, March 14, 1967. Boyd urged the committee to delay any action involving the government pending a Federal study now under way. (AP Photo/Henry Griffin)

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Heavy tank of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment raises a cloud of dust as it rumbles over a bridge where U.S. infantryman are washing off the grime of War Zone C, March 14, 1967. Soldiers wash their clothes in the stream. The Americans were on Operation Junction City the largest U.S. operation of the war, to smash Viet Cong facilities in Zone C along the Cambodian border. (AP Photo/Kim Ki Sam)

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Catholic nuns from all parts of metropolitan Boston as they joined an estimated 25,000 persons at a civil rights rally on historic Boston Common on March 14, 1965. Boston is the home city of the Rev. James J. Reeb, Unitarian-Universalist minister killed by white racists in Selma, Ala. (AP Photo/J. Walter Green)

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Britain's Queen Elizabeth II, right, shakes hands with French actress Catherine Deneuve before the start of the Royal Film Performance 1966 of "Born Free", at Odeon Theatre, Leicester Square, London, March 14, 1966. From left to right; Deneuve, British actor Christopher Lee, Swiss actress Ursula Andress, American comedian Woody Allen and American actress Raquel Welch. (AP Photo/Pool)

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Group of demonstrators kneel and hold a prayer service at the entrance of St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Selma, Alabama, March 14, 1965 after they were refused entry to the church as a group. At left is a group of church wardens who blocked their entry. At far right is Malcolm Peabody of Cambridge, Mass., who is the son of an Episcopal bishop and a brother of the former governor of Mass., Endicott Peabody. (AP Photo)

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Picketing of the Cadillac agency on Van Ness avenue on March 14, 1964 in San Francisco was resumed, as a protest against the hiring practices of the firm. This is the fourth day of picketing, which breaks off each day when the showroom closes. (AP Photo)

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U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers and his wife, Barbara, leave for some privacy after a meeting which was arranged in Rome, Ga., by Pepsi-Cola plant owner George E. Hunnicutt, a friend of Powers, March 14, 1962. The pilot had been resting at his family home in Pound, Va., since being questioned by government officials. His wife was with him while he was kept in a secret hideaway, but for the past few days she had been staying with her mother in Milledgeville, Ga. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)

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San (standing), chief of the new village which Moi tribesmen set up beside the french army outpost at Dinh Quan in Indo-China on March 14, 1951 after fleeing rebel-held territory, tells the story to his family outside their home. (AP Photo/L)

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The Aga Khan, spiritual leader of 20 million Ismaili Muslims, talks with President John Kennedy in the President's White House office in Washington on March 14, 1961. Later, the Aga Khan said they discussed "areas of mutual interest." (AP Photo/Harvey Georges)

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This five-room house and its furnishings were built by Andrew Zenorini of West Englewood, New Jersey shown March 14, 1951. He spent four years building the miniature house and every piece of its furniture and other equipment. It is in style typical of the 1900 period except for the modern kitchen and bath. Although Zenorini and his wife have collected miniature articles for years, he will put only pieces he makes himself into his miniature houses and rooms. The Zenorinis’ daughter is also a collector. (AP Photo/Robert Wands)

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British naval officer in charge of Tobruk, Libya on March 14, 1943 with signaler working signal lamp. (AP Photo/Weston Haynes)

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Two-gallon cans of water are unloaded from flat-bottomed landing boats in Tobruk, Libya on March 14, 1943, used for carrying tanks, and pack them on a truck destined to supply Gen. Bernard L. Montgomery’s British Eighth Army during the Libyan offensive. The British navy cooperated closely with the Army to make the campaign a success. (AP Photo/Weston Haynes)

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Professors of colleges within New York City had ringside seats on March 14, 1942 when live bombs were set off for their benefit. Meeting to receive instruction in civilian defense they were given a demonstration in bomb-bursting by Major William E. Caldwell of the U. S. Chemical Warfare Service School. (AP Photo/Robert Kradin)

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U.S. Secret Service agents seized this apparatus in the cellar of an east side Buffalo home to smash the source of counterfeit half-dollars circulated for four years, March 14, 1942. A retired chemical engineer was arrested. The equipment included a 200 tom pressure press, five sets of molds, sheet copper, 250 poundes of coin silver, lathes, a small blast furnace, scales and weights. (AP Photo)

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These workers, one a woman, right, are doing the electric installation on the engine of a nearly-completed Messerschmitt 109, Germany?s best single-engined pursuit ship, in one of several Reich factories building these fighting ships, March 14, 1940. Picture by boat mail. (AP Photo)

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Standing upright in an open Grey-Green car, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler drove in the city here to take possession of the Austrian capital. The central figure of a motorized column, headed by II armoured cars, his entry, watched by probably half of Vienna?s 2,000,000 populations was singularly impressive. A dense mass of shouting people was kept back on either side of the road by a continuous chain of green-clad German police. Adolf Hitler standing in his car as it enters Vienna, on March 14, 1938, while enormous crowds give him a rousing reception. (AP Photo)

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Clashes between Slovaks and Czechs, which have resulted in Hitler’s ultimatum to Slovakia, have been frequent during the crisis of the last few days. Demonstrating Slovaks runs before a charge by Czech policemen during a clash between the rival factions in a street in Bratislava, on March 14, 1939. (AP Photo)

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North Vietnamese taken prisoner by loyalist forces are grouped outside Laos army headquarters in Vientiane on March 14, 1970 under the watchful eye of a Laotian guard, left. Captured during fighting near the Plain of Jars, they were produced for the benefit of newspapermen in order to refute North Vietnam’s contention that it has not intervened in Laos. (AP Photo/Horst Faas)

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Demonstrators carrying signs which spell out “Selma Wall” march in a line from Browns Chapel in Selma, Alabama on March 14, 1965. The sign refers to a police barricade which has been maintained three days and nights a half block from the church. Leading the march is William S. Greer. (AP Photo)

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A Tornado is seen approaching Clarksville, Arkansas, USA, March 14, 1961. (AP Photo)

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Cypriot women and children weep in Nicosia, on March 14, 1956 for their menfolk, arrested by British security officers after the killing of a British police sergeant in the shopping district of Nicosia this morning. The sergeant shot from behind by a sten gun, has been identified as Gerald Rooney, 24, of Chatham, Kent, England. (AP Photo)

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Castro, the young anti-Batista Guerilla leader, center, is seen with his brother Raul Castro, left, and Camilo Cienfuegos, right, while operating in the mountains of eastern Cuba, March 14, 1957. (AP Photo/Andrew St. George)

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Suspects, hands raised against a wall in the heart of Nicosia, Cyprus, are searched for weapons by a British detective after Pro-Greek terrorizes fatally wounded a British police sergeant on March 14, 1956 in Nicosia. A Cypriot policeman and a Greek bystander were wounded in gunfire on one of the main streets of the riot-torn Island. (AP Photo)

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A French hospital helicopter hovers above French forces manning the perimeter post of their defense of Dien Bien Phu, Indochina, March 14, 1954. (AP Photo)

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Albert Einstein, left, presents the first Albert Einstein Award for achievement in the natural sciences to Prof. Kurt Godel, second from right, and Prof. Julian Schwinger, right, in Princeton, N.J., on March 14, 1951, Einstein's 72nd birthday anniversary. Second from left is Lewis L. Strauss, president of the board of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. Godel is a member of the Institute and Schwinger is a Harvard mathematical physicist. The award, which was issued by the Lewis and Ross Strauss Memorial Fund, carries a $15,000 grant. (AP Photo)

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Actress Rita Hayworth with Kirk Douglas at Ciro’s Night Club, on the Sunset Strip in West Hollywood, California, USA on March 14, 1952. Rita, who denied rumors of an impending romance with Douglas, may go to Reno later this month for her divorce hearing against Prince Aly Khan, unseen. Douglas divorced wife Diana, two years ago. (AP Photo)

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Almost unrecognizable behind his beard and dark glasses, Orson Welles made this appearance in Paris, France, March 14, 1950 after his arrival from Portugal. His Shakespearean beard is one he grew for the film version of “Othello” which he completed in Morocco. (AP Photo)

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These pickets paraded in front of the 74th Street Armory in Buffalo, N.Y., scene of the American Bowling Congress' 43rd Annual World Championship Tournament, March 14, 1946, after members of a Negro American Legion Post had lodged a protest against an ABC provision that only "male whites" could participate. E.J. Culligan, attorney for the group, said he did not believe any Post members took part in the picketing. (AP Photo)

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Former first ladies Eleanor Roosevelt, right, and Edith Wilson exchange greetings at a dinner given for Roosevelt by the women's joint congressional committee in Washington, D.C., on March 14, 1946. (AP Photo)

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A Filipino with a leg wound is pushed in a cart away from a danger area in south Manila, the Philippines, March 14, 1945, by members of his family, one of whom has a bandaged eye, seeking American aid. Shell pitted walls show the severity of fighting in this area. (AP Photo)

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Delegates attend the opening of the Conservative Party's annual conference, at Central Hall, Westminster, London, March 14, 1945. (AP Photo)

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This general view, taken by Britain's Royal Air Force official to emphasize the colossal damage inflicted on the main railway station in Cologne, Germany, is shown on March 14, 1944 during World War II. The RAF and the U.S. Army Air Force are responsible for the damage as a result of aerial bombing raids. (AP Photo)

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Soldiers of a Canadian regiment, somewhere in England, March 26,1940, cast absentee ballots in the Canadian general election that took the folks back home to the polls yesterday. The absentee soldiers polls were open three hours a day from March 14 to March 23. (AP Photo)

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Army engineers working on small dock after bombs wrecked in Tobruk, March 14, 1943. (AP Photo)

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The Queen, Lady Elizabeth Bowes Lyon being sheltered as she watches a flying boat leave the Medway at Rochester, England on March 14, 1939. Their majesties saw Britain?s latest flying boats in various stages of construction and entered one meant for the extension of the Australian service over the Tasman Sea. They also inspected the Sunderland boat, the military equivalent of the empire craft and inspected the armament. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

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Enthusiastic Austrian customs officials take away the border barriers, separating Austria and Germany, on March 14, 1938, after the Nazi Party annexed Austria into Germany. (AP Photo)

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German chancellor Adolf Hitler receives Czech premier Joseph Tiso, left, in the Reich's Chancellory in Berlin, Germany on March 14, 1939. Czecho-Slovakia was desolved and taken under the "protection" of the Third Reich during World War II. (AP Photo)

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Prices of raw materials for war materials are soaring throughout the world. As one result, this thrifty Belgian peasant profitably spends his time collecting old shell cases from world war battlefields near his home, March 14, 1937. Shrapnel and other metal scraps left behind 20 years ago find ready market today. (AP Photo)

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Adolf Hitler enters the city limits of Vienna, Austria on March 14, 1938. (AP Photo)

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Agricultural machinery is buried under a mound of dust in Guymon, Ok., on March 14, 1936. (AP Photo)

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Race horse Seabiscuit shown March 14, 1932 (AP Photo)

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Former Pres. Herbert Hoover, with his son Allan, are shown during a pre-breakfast stroll up Park Avenue in New York, March 14, 1933. (AP Photo)

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This is a view of the historic Pontalba apartments in New Orleans, La. where a fire March 11, 1931 caused an estimated $5,000 damage and threatened books and documents valued at $50,000. From one of the ironwork balconies Jenny Lind, the famed Swedish nightingale sang "Home Sweet Home" to a group in the court below. The building was erected in 1850 in what is now the city's French Quarter by the Baroness Pontalba, daughter of a Spanish grandee. It is one of the first apartment building in the United States photographer here on March 14, 1931. (AP Photo)

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The West Side Express elevated highway is photographed under construction in New York, March 14, 1930. (AP Photo)

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Soviet novelist Maxim Gorki is seen in this March 14, 1928 photograph. (AP Photo)

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Aerial view of the broken St. Francis Dam, north-west of Los Angeles, Ca., March 14, 1928, which burst, flooding the canyoy below and killing over 600 people. (AP Photo)

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