Today in History: March 13

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Catholic nuns are shown as they leave a church following a Mass, March 13, 1965, in Mitterbach, Austria. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A policeman stands guard, near flowers laid at the entrance to Dunblane Primary School, in Dunblane, Scotland Thursday morning March 14, 1996, where on Wednesday March 13, a lone gunman burst into the school's gymnasium killing 16 children, one teacher, and himself. The gunman was identified as Thomas Hamilton, 43, who was well-known in this town on the edge of the Scottish Highlands. (AP Photo/Stefan Rousseau)

by: Associated Press

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Palestinian activists from the Muslim fundamentalist Hamas movement parade through Gaza City, on the Israeli occupied Gaza Strip, waving Palestinian and Hamas flags, March 13, 1994 during celebrations marking the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. The Israeli Cabinet voted Sunday to ban two Jewish extremist groups, using anti-terrorist laws that since the 1960s have been implemented only against Palestinian groups such as Hamas. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

by: Associated Press

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A motorist makes an early exit after losing control of his vehicle, which slid off the road on Interstate 20 East during a blizzard in Atlanta, Saturday, March 13, 1993. The area was battered by the major storm which caused power outages and snarling traffic. (AP Photo/Curtis Compton)

by: Associated Press

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A police officer walks on the grounds of the Dunblane Primary School in Dunblane, Scotland, where a lone gunman burst into the school's gymnasium killing 16 children, one teacher, and himself Wednesday, March 13, 1996. He is identified as Thomas Hamilton, 43, who was well-known in this town on the edge of the Scottish Highlands. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)

by: Associated Press

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Cuban President Fidel Castro pauses before his speech to 50,000 students outside his headquarters in Havana, Cuba Tuesday, March 13, 1990. Castro's message to the group: There is no reason to fear, because "the ideals of our country are immortal." (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi)

by: Associated Press

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An unidentified soldier returning from duty in the Persian Gulf waves an American flag as he and some 100 others arrive at Westover Air Force Base in Chicopee, MA, March 13, 1991. (AP Photo/Gayle Shomer)

by: Associated Press

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U.S President George Bush speaks to reporters in the White House briefing room, Tuesday morning, March 13, 1990 in Washington where he held a wide ranging news conference. (AP Photo/Barry Thumma)

by: Associated Press

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The space shuttle Discovery rolls and climbs seconds after lifting off from Kennedy Space Center with a crew of five astronausts Monday, March 13, 1989. (AP Photo/Phil Sandlin)

by: Associated Press

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Democratic Presidential candidates Jesse Jackson and his wife Jackie, hold their hands aloft during a rally at Chicago’s Arie Crown theatre, Sunday, March 13, 1988. (AP Photo/Lisa Genesen)

by: Associated Press

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N.C. State basketball coach Jim Valvano cuts down the net, March 13, 1983, after his Wolfpack beat Virginia, 81-78, for the championship of the Atlantic Coast Conference at the Atlanta Omni. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Miami Dolphins rookies quarterback Dan Marino, left, reacts with teammates during opening-day workouts at the Dolphins training camp in this July 12, 1983 photo in Miami. Marino, the most prolific passer in NFL history, will announce his retirement Monday, a source close to the quarterback said Friday, March 10, 2000. The Dolphins confirmed a news conference for Marino is planned Monday, March 13. (AP Photo/Joe Skipper)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Stock car driver Richard Petty of Randleman, N.C., trails smoke from a long cigar while watching garage activity at Atlanta International Raceway in preparation for Sunday's 500-mile stock car race at Hampton, Ga., March 13, 1981. (AP Photo/Charles Kelly)

by: Associated Press

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Mayor of San Francisco Dianne Feinstein speaks in Washington, D.C., March 13, 1979. (AP Photo/John Duricka)

by: Associated Press

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The hazardous remaining 1,300 miles of the British trans-Arctic expedition's 3,800-mile trek across the North Pole is being force-marched in temperatures down to minus 50 degrees Fahrenheit, said the International Wool Secretariat in London. Mr. Wally Herbert shown March 13, 1939, who is in this pre-expedition told of the grim journey ahead and its formidable obstacles (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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U.S. Marines attend Mass celebrated on a makeshift altar, the hood of a jeep, prior to making an onslaught at a Viet Cong position south of Da Nang in Vietnam, March 13, 1970. The service was held at the edge of a giant helicopter pad in the Que Son Valley, 22 miles southwest of Da Nang. (AP Photo/Charles J. Ryan)

by: Associated Press

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A literary cat peers over top of travel literature in booth at the Chicago Boat, Travel and Outdoor Show, March 13, 1968, perhaps hoping to hitch a ride to where some of the good fishin's advertised. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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James Meredith announces at press conference in New York City on March 13, 1967 that he is not through as a Republican politician. He said despite his withdrawal from congressional race against Adam Clayton Powell, he intends to stay in political arena. At left, above, is Meredith’s cousin, Maj. James C. Meredith, U.S.A.F. and at right is Vincent F. Albano Jr., Republican chairman for New York County. (AP Photo/John Lent)

by: Associated Press

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English Actress Gara Granda relaxing in the sun on the terrace of her apartment in Rome, Italy on March 13, 1968, after just completing her role in Federico Fellini's new film 'Three Steps to Delirium'. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Linda Van Wieringen, 17, a cheerleader from Alameda High School in Denver, showed up for the State Public High School basketball tournament on crutches, March 13, 1964. Linda sustained pulled ligaments while doing the splits in leading a cheer for her team. Her crutches were all decked out in the school colors of blue and white. Judi Kaiser, 17, left, and Mary Fellows, 17, at right, leap into a cheer while Linda stays on the ground and lends vocal support. (AP Photo/Robert Scott)

by: Associated Press

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Several clergymen stand at a rope barricade and sing freedom songs with demonstrators at Selma, Alabama, March 13, 1965. The rope, called a "Berlin rope" by the demonstrators later was taken down by the public safety director. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Camara fan is ready for action with new, fully automatic camera built by the Canon Camera Co., of Tokyo, Japan, March 13, 1963. The new machine, which will cost about U.S. $200.00 in the United States, eliminates photographer error in focusing and exposure. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Greek Cypriot Eoka Organization began handing in arms all over Cyprus, by the evening 613 rifles, guns and sub-machine guns, 17,000 rounds of ammunition, 2,000 bombs and a ton of explosive had been surrendered here, a Greek Cypriot poses with his Gun Outside Kykko monastery, near Nicosia, Cyprus, on March 13, 1959 as he arrived to hand it over to the Cyprus police yesterday. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Cassius Clay faces newsmen in the dressing room at Madison Square Garden, in New York, night of March 13, 1963 after winning unanimous decision over Doug Jones in 10-round bout. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro (seated above numbers 732) rides in public bus from presidential Palace to the University of Havana stadium for the second half of a two part address, March 16, 1959. Castro first addressed crowd in front of the palace, later continued his speech at the stadium. The occasion was the second anniversary of the March 13, 1957 invasion of the palace by university students in attempt to assassinate then President Fulgencio Batista. Twenty-seven students were killed during the attack on the palace. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Mrs. Floyd Patterson feels the muscle of her husband aboard the liner Saxonia before the heavyweight champion sailed for England March 13, 1958 to give some exhibitions. Patterson, and his manager, Gus D’Amato, also are scheduled to discuss with British promoter Harry Levene a possible title defense in London for this June 1958. (AP Photo/Antyhony Camerano)

by: Associated Press

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Yul Brynner and Deborah Kerr are photographed on the set of "The King and I" on March 13, 1957. Brynner, in the role of King Mongkut, and Kerr, in the role of Anna, are starring in the movie version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's 1951 musical. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A typical prison menu as posted over the cafeteria-style table where prisoners receive their food at Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, shown March 13, 1956. They have their choice of quantity but are reported if they do not eat all that they choose to take on their trays. (AP Photo/Ernest K. Bennett)

by: Associated Press

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A massage parlor is the newest addition to the famous resort city of Atlantic City, N.J., seen March 13, 1973. The Executive Massage Parlor recently opened one block from Convention Hall, causing more than just a few raised eyebrows. The owners say they intend to run a reputable parlor. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The British film “Moulin Rouge,” directed by John Huston, which tells in a cataract of color and music the life of Toulouse-Lautrec, the dwarfish, crippled French Artist who lived in Paris in the latter part of the last century, opens at London’s Charlton Cinema, United Kingdom, on March 13, 1953 after a successful opening at New York’s Capitol cinema. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was born at Albi in 1864, the son of a nobleman, and died in Paris, France, in 1901. The last years of his life were spent in an asylum. During his childhood he broke his legs and became a cripple. His lithographs, which now are greatly valued, have almost always as their subjects the night life of Paris, the types of Montmartre, and circus scenes. The part of Toulouse-Lautrec is played by Hollywood star Jose Ferrer in the film. A scene from the film, which is produced in Technicolor: La Goulue (Katherine Kath), helps herself to a diner’s drink as she promenades round the floor of the famous Paris, France, dance hall on March 12, 1953. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Circus folk relax at the beach on a day off from spring rehearsal at Sarasota, Fla., March 13, 1953. Muscle men of the Bokara troupe "keep their hand in," background. Playing gin rummy in foreground are, left to right: Evelyn Kent, Brenda Goring, Margo Margas and Gretle Bokara. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Lieut. D.W. Spicer, left, holds a bottle of special saline solution which forces radioactive gold prepared at the Oak Ridge atomic energy plant, Oak Ridge, Tenn., through the tubes and into a patient's back, March 13, 1952, at the U.S. Naval Hospital near Washington. Lieut. Veldora Clunas, center, holds the needle inserted in the patient's back while the radioactive gold flows in. Hospitalman Second Class Don J. Cummings controls the pressure. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Sgt. R.M. McDaniel (left), of Chillicothe, Ohio, and S/Sgt. C.A. Christensen of Minot, N.D., get set to load ?The Thing? aboard a B-29 for special delivery along with bombs to the enemy? somewhere in Korea, March 13, 1951. The air force men belong to the U.S. Far East Air Forces? 19th bomb group. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Police stand firm as demonstrators attempt to push through their lines at Selma, Ala., March 13, 1965. Police stopped the attempt. At right is Rev. C.T. Vivian, integration leader. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Jazz pianist Teddy Wilson seated at a grand piano in a studio room, March 13, 1950 at radio station WNEW in New York where he is heard daily. He is on the faculty at Julliard Summer School where he teaches a popular music course on the piano. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Actor Gregory Peck shown Feb. 28, 1947, has an excellent chance of winning an “Oscar” at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences' 19th annual presentation of awards for “bests' on March 13. He was nominated for his work in “The Yearling,” but his best performance was considered to be in “Duel in the Sun.” (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A battery of heavy rifles on an unidentified warship of the navy’s Second Task Force belches smoke and flame as Culebra Island is given a preliminary “softening up” prior to landing of 5000 marines in war games on the tiny Caribbean Island off east end of Puerto Rico March 13, 1947. (AP Photo/Henry Griffin)

by: Associated Press

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Trumpeter Louis Armstrong, left, records some sides with Jack Teagarden, right, noted trombonist, March 13, 1948. The two had been touring with a sensationally successful small group that took high honors at the Jazz Carnival at Nice, France. (AP photo)

by: Associated Press

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A pedestrian walks through the snow to the Capitol complex near the downtown interstate highway connector, March 13, 1993, in Atlanta, Ga. Signs to I-75 and I-85 were knocked down in the windy snowstorm that hit the area. The gold dome of the Capitol is at top center. (AP Photo/Curtis Compton)

by: Associated Press

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A line of 411th Infantrymen of the U.S. Seventh Army take positions along a hedgerow by a railroad embankment in Alsace, France on March 13, 1945, as geese wander about unconcerned by imminent hostilities. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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This is a March 13, 1946 view of New York Public Library, after the building's exterior was cleaned for the first time since it was built in 1905. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The 10-month-old Persian cat owned by Arthur Newman of Jersey City, N.J., demonstrates her hypnotic powers, discovered by chance when a young lady fell into a trance after looking into the cat’s eyes while petting the animal. Puffy and Newman, a lecturer on relaxation and hypnosis, now give performances for servicemen. At a demonstration at the British Maritime Service Seamen’s Institute in New York, March 13, 1945, Alma Davies is succumbs to Puffy’s hypnotic eyes while Newman holds the animal. Miss Davies was out into a trance in about 20 seconds. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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These four King Scouts of Great Britain, shown March 13, 1942, will tour Canada to demonstrate the part Scouts play in civil defense. They were selected from 12 recommended Scouts from all parts of the country. From Left to right are: Stanley Newton, of London; John Bethell, Birkenhead; Hugh Bright, of Glasgow; and Roy Davis, of Southampton. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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British and Indian troops of the Fourteenth Army commanded by General Slim, have been engaged in ten days of hard fighting against Japanese forces established in the eastern end of the Ngakyedyuak Pass in Burma. A Japanese attempt to surround the Fourteenth Army troops holding positions on the Buthidaung-Maungaw line has been frustrated. Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Commander, South East Asia has sent heartening message to the men of the Fourteenth Army. Ssector of the Arakan front held by Indian troops of the Rayput Regiment Hakim Beg back from a successful sniping expedition smiles as he thinks of his “bag” in Burma, March 13, 1944. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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It is a little cramped, but fine if you do not mind hanging your feet over the rim these British soldiers found when they tried out these bathtubs on the western front after a day at work on March 13, 1940. They are members of the Dorsetshire County Regiment, with the British Expeditionary Force in France. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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New York's Fifth Avenue is shown with pedestrians and traffic, March 13, 1941, but no buses since the bus strike began. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A ground crew of the British Royal Air Force is loading a belt of machine gun bullets into the wing of a British Hurrican fighter, somewhere on the western front, on March 13, 1940. It was a cold job, as indicated by heavy coats the crew is wearing. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Very strong measures have been taken in an attempt to settle the grave dispute which has broken out between Czechs and Slovaks in Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia, on March 13, 1939. Chief of these is the dismissal and arrest of Dr. Tiso, the former Slovak Premier, on charges of plotting to establish the independence of Slovakia. In his place Dr. Karl Sidor has been made Prime Minister. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The British government’s new gas mask for babies under two, technically known as a baby helmet, was demonstrated for the first time on March 13, 1939, at the Holborn Town Hall in London. The demonstration was given by mothers who have received instructions of how to fit the masks, and the babies taking part varied in age from six months to two years. The helmet, a new invention, is shaped like a diver’s helmet. A mother can slip it over the child’s head and shoulders and strap it firmly round his chest so that the headpiece is sealed from the air. Then a small apparatus like a bellows is fastened to the helmet so that air can be supplied by pumping to the baby, whose face can be seen through the window. A mother holding a baby encased in one of the new gas helmets during the demonstration. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Entertainer Flip Wilson holds a finger to his neck to indicate to reporters how he saw one of the hijackers hold a pistol to the neck of a flight attendant on the National Air Lines hijacked flight to Cuba, March 13, 1968. The comedian was aboard the flight. (AP Photo/Jim Bourdier)

by: Associated Press

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Colonel General Hermann Goering, Air Minister and field Marshal Werner Von Blomberg keenly watching a squadron of warplanes soaring above the War Ministry in Berlin, Germany, on March 13, 1937, during a parade. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Adolf Hitler addressed a parade of 60,000 Hitler Youths at the Nazi Party Congress, March 13, 1936. Many high government and party officials were present when Hitler made his broadcast address stressing the opportunities open to Germans. This is a general view of the parade at Nuremberg, March 13, 1936. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Greek rebellion which has lasted eleven days has been finally crushed under the leadership of General Kondylis, the Greek Minister of War. M. Venizelos, the leader of the rebels has fled to the nearest Italian island with his wife and a hundred officers in the rebel flagship Averoff. General Kondylis, the Greek Minister of War inspecting part of the Government troops at Salonika on March 13, 1935, before an attack on the rebels. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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This is an aerial view of the Hoover Dam of the Boulder Canyon project situated in Black Canyon on the Colorado River, on the border of the states of Nevada and Arizona, in Boulder City, Nev., March 13, 1936. A portion of the Mead Lake is shown behind the 731-foot high concrete structure. Water from the lake flows at the ratio of several thousand gallons per second from outlet valves on the Arizona side, below dam. Intake towers are behind the dam on each side. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Every person nearing the docks in troubled Havana, Cuba, are searched by soldiers and sailors for bombs and arms in an effort to maintain order. Two civilians being “shaken down” by the service men on March 13, 1935. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Dr. F.M. Hudson, a New York physician and amateur fingerprint man working for the Bruno Richard Hauptmann?s defense, pictured with his enlarged fingerprint specimen which is being used in his testimony. He is shown at Flemington, N.J., scene of the trial on Feb. 7, 1935, when he insisted, in the face of photographs and government reports, that three incriminating nail holes in the Lindbergh kidnap ladder were not in existence when he examined it on March 13, 1932, thirteen days after the kidnaping of the Charles Lindbergh baby. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A force of 2,000 members of the Iowa farmers holiday association stormed the state Capitol at Des Moines, Iowa on March 13, 1933, to demand relief from taxes, interest charges and debts through legislation. Here is a group of the farmers on the Capitol steps after a hearing before a joint session of the two houses of the legislature. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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From left to right: Boston Red Sox's owner Tom Yawkey, manager Marty McManus, and vice president and general manager Eddie Collins are shown at the Red Sox spring training camp in Sarasota, Fla., March 13, 1933. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Chicagoan Mr. T talks to reporters after Mayor Harold Washington, right, presented him with a key to Chicago at a City Hall ceremony on Tuesday, March 13, 1984. The mayor also gave the television personality a proclamation declaring March 13 “Mr. T Day” in Chicago. (AP Photo/Fred Jewell)

by: Associated Press

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Eugene O'Neill, Irish-American author and playwright, is shown with his third wife, actress Carlotta Monterey, near Tours in the Loire Valley in France, March 13, 1930. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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