Today in History - March 8

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Berlin Wall along Bernauer Strasse in the north of Berlin on March 8, 1973. (AP Photo)

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Air Force Col. Norman Gaddis of Winston-Salem, N.C. is hugged by his wife, Hazel, upon his return to the United States. Gaddid, a former prisoner of war, arrived at Andrew Air Force Base, March 8, 1973. (AP Photo0

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Miami Beach sunshine has completed the cure for Gene Tunney, former heavyweight champion, who came to the South following a serious operation. Mr. and Mrs. Tunney are shown, March 8, 1930, of the grounds of the Roney Plaza Hotel, Miami Beach, Fla. (AP Photo)

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Princess Faikah, left and Princess Fathia, younger sisters of Prince Farouk or Egypt, unseen, playing in the snow in St. Moritz, Switzerland around March 8, 1937. (AP Photo)

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A member of Britainís Royal Air Force drops leaflets into the chute of his plane, March 8, 1940, during a demonstration on how the R.A.F organizes leaflet raids over Prague, Vienna and greater Germany. (AP Photo)

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Dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov is seen during a dress rehearsal for the Eliot Feld Ballet in New York, March 8, 1977. (AP Photo/Marty Lederhandler)

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People crowd the street in front of the ruins of the Nikitsky Gate to the Imperial Palace in Petrograd (St. Petersburg and Leningrad), Russia, shortly after the outbreak of the Russian Revolution, February 1917. (AP Photo)

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A woman carries a bag of food from one of the free food distribution points this one in San Francisco's Chinatown, March 8, 1974. This was the fourth distribution day of the People In Need program, set up by Randolph Hearst in an attempt to gain the freedom of his kidnapped daughter, Patricia. (AP Photo)

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Men of the 9th U.S. Marine Expeditionary force scramble out of a landing barge on to the peach at Da Nang in South Viet Nam, March 8, 1965. They were ordered to the area to bolster defenses around air base at Da Nang against possible Viet Cong attacks. (AP Photo)

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Wind whipped tidal waters of the Atlantic inundate a community on Long Beach Island off the New Jersey coast on March 8, 1962. Ocean waters swept over the island into Manahawkin Bay and Little Egg Harbor during two day storm. (AP Photo)

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Members of the 9th U.S. Marine Expeditionary Force, go ashore at Da Nang, South Vietnam, March 8, 1965 run to assigned positions after going ashore. The marines were ordered into Da Nang to beef up defense of the Air Base nearby from which air strikes against North Vietnam targets have been launched. (AP Photo)

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Storm wreckage covers Brigantine Avenue, the main street of Brigantine, an island suburb of Atlantic City, New Jersey on March 8, 1962. In the right background can be seen some buildings which were washed off their foundations. (AP Photo)

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A palatial beachfront hotel at Brigantine, New Jersey, is shattered and wrecked, March 8, 1962, as tides still lap around its foundations after a violent Atlantic coast storm lashed a wide area. Damage was running into the millions as at least 40 persons died. (AP Photo/Warren M. Winterbottom)

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Two "cowboys," Carol Burnett, left, and Julie Andrews, rehearse in New York's Carnegie Hall for a one-time TV show, "Julie and Carol at Carnegie Hall," March 8, 1962. (AP Photo/Bob Wands)

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President John Kennedy and President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana talk as they sit in a limousine at Washington National Airport on March 8, 1961. The two chief executives rode together from the airport to the White House. Nkrumah is the first head of state to visit Washington since Kennedy’s inauguration. (AP Photo)

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Members of the Anti-Apartheid League, wearing black armbands bearing the names of the African townships of Sharpeville and Langa in white letters, stand in line along the pavement in front of Lancaster House, London, on March 8, 1961, where the Comonwealth Prime Ministers Conference is being held. Working in teams of nine, each keeping watch for two hours, they intend to maintain a 72-hour vigil, one hour for every person killed in the Sharpeville shootings. (AP Photo)

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Students bearing signs critical of filibuster stalling civil rights legislation in Congress and protesting segregation begin noon hour parade in front of Dillard University in New Orleans on March 8, 1960. About 200 students participated with care to maintain spacing between themselves on the sidewalk. Police patrolled nearby. There were no incidents. (AP Photo/RWT)

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Rudolf Bing, Metropolitan Opera general manager, hands part of the scenery used in “Norma” to John Gutman, arm showing, assistant general manager, during rehearsal for the production in New York, United States, on March 8, 1954. In spite of a stagehand strike that grips the Met, it was decided the company may try to give a performance without scenery on March 8 for the first time in its history. A spokesman said the production of “Tannhaeuser” may be played on a barren stage with no props or scenery. (AP Photo/JH)

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An American labor party civil rights delegation from New York City parades in Albany, New York, March 8, 1948, in opposition to the proposed subway fare rise. (AP Photo)

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A polka-dotted foreign roadster for Polka-dot Queen Chili Williams was created by International Motors, a Hollywood automobile importer, shown March 8, 1948. Chili, a sports car enthusiast, requested that the British auto be “personalized.” (AP Photo)

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Cheering San Franciscans line the roadside as a busload of heroes from Cabanatuan, Japanese prison camp, Luzon, Philippines, leaves the transport (right background) upon arrival at the west coast port on March 8, 1945. (AP Photo)

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This aerial view of Cologne taken from a Cub spotter plane flying low over the city gives a dramatic illustration of the desolation and devastation wrought on the fourth largest city in Germany, on March 8, 1945. Cologne Cathedral is seen structurally undamaged but surrounded by a scene of grim devastation, and half submerged in the waters of the Rhine is seen the famous Hohenzollern Bridge, blown by the retreating enemy, who occupy the east side of the Rhine. (AP Photo)

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This aerial view of Cologne taken from a cub spotter plane flying low over the city on March 8, 1945, gives a dramatic illustration of the desolation and devastation was on the Fourth largest city of the Germany. Cologne Cathedral is structurally undamaged but surrounded by a scene of grim devastation half submerged in the waters of the Rhine is the famous Hohenzollern Bridge blown by the retreating end who occupy the east side of the Rhine. (AP Photo)

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This aerial view of Cologne taken from a Cub spotter plane flying low over the city gives a dramatic illustration of the desolation and destruction wrought on Cologne, on March 8, 1945. As far as the eye can fee devastation and wreckage mark the site of a once thriving city. (AP Photo)

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Well named is Gamblers Luck, this Marauder medium bomber, agree these ground crewmen of the Ninth Air Force at their base in England, March 8, 1944. Never on its 46 missions has it had to turn back, and left to right are: Sergeant Theodore Lisok of New Bedford, Mass.; Sergeant Malcolm C. Cook of St. Albans, VT.; and Corporal Ralph J. Asman of Wallingford, CT, put the plane in shape for its next air assignment. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)

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Their faces lit by the instrument panel of their B-24 Liberator bomber, Lieutenant Charles F. Willis, USN, right, of Baltimore, Mo., pilot, and Chief Aviation Pilot Carl Hodges, USN, prepare to take off on anti-submarine duty over the Bay of Biscay, from their base in England, March 8, 1944. (AP Photo)

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These members of the Welsh Guards are in training on March 8, 1940 at a spot where their fathers, members of the same regiment, fought in the last war. The ruins, caused by World War shellfire, are used for maneuvers pending experience with the real thing. (AP Photo)

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Farmers gathered at dinner meetings throughout the agricultural states heard President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace, right, broadcast from the White House in Washington on March 8, 1940, in celebration of the seventh anniversary of the inception of the New Deal farm programs. Of the programs, the president said, "We stopped asking agriculture to pay the bill for industry's high tariff." (AP Photo)

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Rear Admiral Richard Byrd, 3rd expedition arctic scenes. March 8, 1940 AP Photo)

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Mlle. Eve Curie, daughter and biographer of Marie Curie, French scientist and discoverer of radium, aboard the liner Paris on March 8, 1939 as she arrived in the United States for a lecture tour. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)

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Britain's King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, with Princess Margaret and Princess Elizabeth, attended the wedding of the Queen’s niece, Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, to Kenneth Harington at Brompton Parish Church. The King and Queen with their daughters Princes Elizabeth and Princess Margaret, being received on arrival at Brompton Parish church, on March 8, 1939, for the wedding of the Queen’s niece. (AP Photo)

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Exterior of a row of typical old-law tenement buildings on New York City's East Side, shown March 8, 1939. The two at right have been closed down while the others are still in use. Poor families in these apartment houses receive help through the "Housekeeper Service" of the Children's Aid Society, when confinement or illness of the mother threatens the household. (AP Photo)

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Ras Desta, son-in-law of Haile Selassie and the last Abyssinian chief to remain in arms against the Italians, was captured by Colonel Tucci's column and shot on February 24. After a skirmish near Addis Ababa following the mis-timed bomb attempt on Marshal Graziani, Ras Desta retreated into the jungle and was overtaken by Colonel Tucci's men 125 miles south of Addis Ababa. Ras Desta, centre, appearing before the war tribunal, on March 8, 1937, for his interrogation before he was sentenced to be shot. (AP Photo)

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King Farouk of Egypt, with his mother and the little Princesses are on their way to England for the Coronation festivities, and are at present staying at St. Moritz. The little Princesses at an Arabic lesson, in St. Moritz, on March 8, 1937. Left to right: Princess Fawzia, Princess Faizah, professor Achmed Joseph and Miss Zulfakah. (AP Photo)

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Nationalist troops advancing at the double towards a village on the Madrid front south of the capital on March 8, 1937. Their trenches, which overlook the open vale, are seen in the foreground. (AP Photo)

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Young King Farouk of Egypt, with his mother and his little sisters are on their way to England for the Coronation festivities. The King is making a study-tour of Europe, and the family are at present staying at St. Moritz. Princess Faikah, one of King Farouk's little sisters, having her first skating lesson, at St. Moritz, Switzerland, on March 8, 1937. (AP Photo)

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Gypsy Smith, world famous evangelist who is now holding a series of services in the U.S. is to make the final address on Intersession day as part of the Coronation celebrations. Twenty six years ago he gave a similar address for the Coronation of George V. Evangelist Gypsy Smith holding a service in Atlanta, Georgia, on March 8, 1937. (AP Photo)

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The Nizam of Hyderabad, ruler of the largest and wealthiest of the native states of India, receives a gold casket containing an address presented to him by the parsees of his state, during the celebrations of his Silver Jubilee, on March 8, 1937. (AP Photo)

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U.S. Paratroopers dash from helicopters in the jungle clearing in War Zone C during an assault on suspected Viet Cong positions about 65 miles northwest of Saigon in South Vietnam as part of Operation Junction City during the Vietnam War on March 8, 1967. These men are to secure the jungle clearing by occupying the treeline around it to make the landing of the rest of the 1st Battalion 173rd Airborne Brigade safe. Smoke from artillery rounds that prepared the landing zone still hovers in the air. (AP Photo/Horst Faas)

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U.S. Marines take up defensive positions after landing at Da Nang Bay in South Vietnam on March 8, 1965 during the Vietnamese War. The members of the 9th Marine Expeditionary Force will increase defenses against possible Communist Viet Cong attacks on the Da Nang air base. (AP Photo)

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President Dwight Eisenhower delivers his nationwide television-radio address on March 8, 1960 in Washington from the White House, reporting on his South American trip. (AP Photo/WCA)

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Here is a view of part of the Hollywood Freeway, much of which is the most heavily traveled section of the freeway in California, March 8, 1959. That's the Los Angeles civic center at top left. New State highway routes are said to force about 70,000 citizens to move every year because of the state's highway expansion, said to be the biggest in the world. (AP Photo)

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A disc voice writer where by the testimony of witnesses may be recorded and used at a later date has been installed in traffic court in Atlanta, Ga. on March 8,1951. The device has two portable, microphones, one for the presiding judge, the other for the witness and attorney. Testimony of the witness may be recorded when a traffic violator fails to show up, or the case is postponed, and played back when the defendant is tried. Defendants and attorneys unable to find a court reporter at trial time may use the machine and then have the proceedings transcribed at a later date. Here Judge Paul Bynum listens to Mrs. Charlotte Walker record her testimony in one of the traffic recorders courts. (AP Photo)

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A woman tries to pick three eggs from a box and transfer them to the three spoons held in her partner's mouth in a stunt arranged for the "Beat The Clock" television show in New York, March 8, 1952. (AP Photo/ho)

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The Eifel Tower sets the perfect backdrop as children train about on their roller skates on a warm spring day in Paris, France, March 8, 1950.(AP Photo)

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Arab civilians, released by Jews under a prisoner exchange agreement, walk through a debris-flanked no-mans-land road as they return to Arab territory in Jerusalem, March 8, 1949. The Israel-Jordan Armistice Agreement provided for the exchange of Arab civilian prisoners and about 800 Jewish prisoners of war. (AP Photo/Ali Hassan Abu Zarur)

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Scene from "The True Glory," General Dwight D. Eisenhower's film report of the conquest of Europe, distributed in this country by Columbia Pictures for the Office of the War Information through the War Activities committee. Troops of the 3rd Armored Division, U.S. First Army, advance through the ruins of Cologne, Germany. The twin spires of the famous cathedral, only five blocks sway, are undamaged, March 8, 1945. (AP Photo)

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The Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany, is shown on March 8, 1945, one day after it was captured intact by American troops of the Ninth Armored Division, First Army, during World War II. (AP Photo)

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Pilots of Flying Fortresses and Liberators during the briefing on an airfield somewhere in England, on March 8, 1944, before setting out on a bombing raid on Berlin. (AP Photo)

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Nuremberg, famed for its, Nazi rallies, was extensively damaged by the Royal Air Force, and many famous building in the medieval section of the town suffered damage besides the industrial quarters. House of Albrecht Duerer, in the medieval section of the town in Nuremberg, Germany on March 8, 1943, which suffered blast, and incendiary damage. (AP Photo)

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Karl, on ground, and Helene, on the ladder, of the famous Wallenda high-wire family of the circus, train two of the younger members to walk in their footsteps at the winter headquarters of Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus in Sarasota, Fla., March 8, 1944. Carla, 8, balances herself on a wire as Mario, 3, braces himself on the platform before venturing out on the wire. (AP Photo/Shugars)

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American prisoners of war are surrounded by German troops as they march to an internment camp in Rome, Italy, March 8, 1944 during World War II. The Colloseum is seen in the background. (AP Photo)

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Guns of an Royal Air Force Hurricane, firing a burst of 1600 rounds, March 8, 1942. To secure the luminous effect, a proportion of one tracer bullet in every four rounds was used. (AP Photo)

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Banners of various labor organization were displayed near the casket of James B. McNamara as funeral services were held in San Francisco March 15, 1941. Mcnamara died in an San Quentin prison, Calif., March 8. He was serving a life sentence for the 1910 dynamiting of the Los Angeles Times building. (AP Photo/Jack Rice)

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German soldiers marching through Bulgaria to their commanded destination were given a hearty welcome by the population everywhere. Bulgarian peasant women handed German soldiers refreshments in Bulgaria, March 8, 1941. (AP Photo)

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Royal Air Force bombers leaving a British field on a flight, March 8, 1940, to Poland, in which pamphlets were dropped over cities. The flight took 10 hours and the British said it was marked perfect navigation and serious interference. (AP Photo)

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Somewhere in London, there has been brought into operation a new underground fire control room providing for mutual co-operation between the 67 fire brigades in the London fire region, as well as serving the needs of the London Fire Brigade. The room is constructed of special reinforced concrete and is wholly self-contained in the event of emergency. The nerve centre of the new fire control room – phone operators at work at their switchboards in, somewhere in London, March 8, 1940, under the watchful eye of a female officer. All are members of the Auxilliary Fire Service (AP Photo)

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Crowds of curious English people are shown gathered around this German bomber, March 8, 1940, after it was shot down, somewhere in England, by an R.A.F., fighter. The Nazi plane crashed after narrowly missing some telegraph wires, ending up with its tail in the air. (AP Photo)

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View of the port area at Buenos Aires, Argentina, on March 8, 1940. (AP Photo)

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In brilliant sunshine Prince Bernhard of Holland and his brother, Prince Aschwin Von Lippe-Biesterfeld spent a happy day. Prince Bernhard and his brother, who are staying at the house in Eaton Square of the retired Dutch minister in England, Jonkheer Van Swinderen, went for lunch to Buckingham Palace. Prince Bernhard, left, and his brother, Prince Aschwin Von Lippe-Biesterfeld leaving Eaton Square to lunch at Buckingham Palace, in London, on March 8, 1938. (AP Photo)

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Mohandas K. Gandhi, left, the Mahatma no longer, but still a powerful leader in the dominant congress party, threatened another mass civil disobedience campaign against the British for independence. He is in a smiling moment at the party’s session at Haripure, India, March 8, 1938, when his leaders announced new goals. The aging, frail Indian philosopher left the presentation of the program to a lieutenant who quoted Lenin. (AP Photo)

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A young 'general,' right, drills his troops as children play soldiers amid the ruins of the war-torn capital city, March 8, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. (AP Photo)

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Members of the Bibb County, Ga., chain gang pay a penalty by serving time in the stocks at the convict camp March 8, 1937. (AP Photo/stf)

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Lou Gehrig, left, gets something like a smile from rookie sensation Joe DiMaggio during spring training in St. Petersburg, Fla., March 8, 1936. DiMaggio, purchased from the San Francisco Seals, had earned a reputation for being shy and reserved since joining the Yankees in Florida. (AP Photo)

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Pall bearers carry the casket of former Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, March 8, 1935. (AP Photo)

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Herb Pennock, formerly with the New York Yankees, shown in a Boston Red Sox uniform after joining the Sox at its Sarasota, Florida spring training camp, March 8, 1934. (AP Photo)

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The streamlined engine of a German railway train is shown in Berlin, March 8, 1935. (AP Photo)

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New York Yankees manager Joe McCarthy smiles as his star left hander, Vernon "Lefty" Gomez signs on the dotted line at the Yankee spring training camp in St. Petersburgh, Fla., March 8, 1934. Gomez, who was a holdout because he objected to taking a pay cut, finally capitulated when the terms duplicated his1933 salary. (AP Photo)

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Officials of the Empire Trust Company believe the largest single deposit made by an individual since the government suspended gold payments was made by a person who brought in $35,000 in gold in New York on March 8, 1933. Officials of the bank do not know the depositior's motive in bringing his gold out of hiding but assume it was a case of "Conscience." The deposit in little bags is shown being taken to the vaults, escorted by an armed guard.(AP Photo)

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President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, center, with first lady Eleanor and son James, call on former Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes to extend their congratulations on his 92nd birthday, March 8, 1933. (AP Photo)

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Britain's Sir Malcolm Campbell, right, with his wife, Lady Dorothy 'Dolly' Campbell and their son Donald. on board the British liner S.S.Aquitania at Southampton, March 8, 1933, after he had set a new world land-speed record at Daytona Beach, Florida, of 272 miles per hour. (AP Photo)

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Tear gas was used by police in an attempt to break up an unemployed demonstration near the Ford Motor Company plant in River Rouge suburb of Detroit, Michigan on March 8, 1932. Four persons were killed and more than a score injured. The demonstrators are being forced back by tear gas fumes. (AP Photo)

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Associate Justice of the U.S. Oliver Wendell Holmes Senior Member of the Supreme Court will celebrate his 90th birthday March 8. He is shown here leaving the Capitol at Washington March 3, 1931. (AP Photo)

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Mighty Manager of the New York Giants and “Little Napoleon” to Baseball Photographed with the famous Bill Klem, National League Umpire while looking over the rookies at the Southern training camp, March 8, 1922 in San Antonio, Texas. (AP Photo)

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