Today in History - March 4

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President Franklin Roosevelt delivers his inaugural address on the rostrum in front of the Capitol before an estimated crowd of 250,000, in Washington, D.C., March 4, 1933. The new president told the nation he would ask congress for wartime powers to meet the banking crisis. (AP Photo)

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This is part of F Company, 145 reg. of the 37th (Ohio) Division, which fought their way into the walled city of Manila in Philippines on March 4, 1945. This is the first time the walled city has been forcibly entered since it was erected by the Spaniards in the fifteenth century. (AP Photo)

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Two New Jersey State Troopers who are participating in the intensive search for clues in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping case, look inside an abandoned well near the Lindbergh estate in Hopewell, N.J., March 4, 1932. Every possible spot that the kidnappers may have used in their efforts is being scrutinized. (AP Photo)

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A row of brownstone houses in the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn, New York, is shown on March 4, 1978. (AP Photo/Carlos Rene Perez)

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Together Mrs. Lou Hoover and Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt as their automobile left the White House grounds to the Capitol in Washington, D.C., March 4, 1933. (AP Photo)

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Workers using heavy lifting equipment to clear the wreckage on the railway line after two trains collided near Purley, on the southern outskirts of London, on March 4, 1989. One train crashed into the rear of another sending several carriages down an embankment into the gardens of homes along the rail line, killing 5 and injuring more than 80. (AP Photo/White)

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The Hindenberg, Germany's giant Zeppelin airship, completed its first trial flight successfully in Friedrichshafen on the afternoon of March 4, 1936. (AP Photo)

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The marquee of the famed Apollo Theater on West 125th Street in the Harlem section of New York City is pictured, March 4, 1978. (AP Photo/Carlos Rene Perez)

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A member of the election committee knocks on a door in the village of Sukharevo, Sunday, March, 4, 2012. Polling stations have opened across Russia's vast expanse for the presidential election widely expected to return Vladimir Putin to the Kremlin. (AP Photo/Sergey Ponomarev)

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A member of the election committee carries a ballot box as she walks across the field to reach two voters who live in the abandoned village of Solodilovo, some 220 kilometers North from Moscow, Sunday, March 4, 2012. Polling stations have opened across Russia's vast expanse for the presidential election widely expected to return Vladimir Putin to the Kremlin. (AP Photo/Sergey Ponomarev)

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A senior police officer stands near the wreckage on the railway line after two trains collided near Purley, on the southern outskirts of London, on March 4, 1989. One train crashed into the rear of another sending several carriages down an embankment into the gardens of homes along the rail line, killing 5 and injuring more than 80. (AP Photo/White)

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Russian Prime Minister and presidential candidate Vladimir Putin, left, talks to the media at a polling station in Moscow, Russia, Sunday, March 4, 2012. Polling stations have opened across Russia's vast expanse for the presidential election widely expected to return Vladimir Putin to the Kremlin. (AP Photo/Ivan Sekretarev)

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A soldier leaves a voting booth as others pass cabins at a polling station in Moscow, Russia, on Sunday, March 4, 2012. Vladimir Putin appears all but certain to return to the Kremlin in Sunday's Russian presidential election, but he'll find himself in charge of a country far more willing to challenge him. (AP Photo/ Alexander Zemlianichenko Jr)

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U.S. Army soldiers check cars along a line of refugees fleeing south out of Iraq at a checkpoint at Safwan, Iraq, Monday, March 4, 1991. Unrest in the region has triggered a mass exodus. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

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Fake tear-gas canisters are ignited on the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama, March 4, 1990 during the 25th anniversary of the Selma to Montgomery civil rights march. Thousands of demonstrators participated in the beginning of the march which will conclude next Saturday in Montgomery. (AP Photo/Kevin Glackmeyer)

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Civil rights figures lead marchers across the Edmund Pettus Bridge during the recreation of the 1965 Selma to Montgomery march in Selma, Alabama, March 4, 1990. From left are Hosea Williams of Atlanta, Georgia Congressman John Lewis, Rev. Jesse Jackson, Evelyn Lowery, SCLC President Joseph Lowery and Coretta Scott King (glasses). (AP Photo/Jamie Sturtevant)

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Guenter Wallraff, West German writer, based in Cologne, presents his first copy of his "Luegenblatt Zeitung" (Lying Pages Newspaper) in Bonn, West Germany, March 4, 1980. The design depicts West Germany's largest daily newspaper "Bild Zeitung" by Springer Publishing House who Wallraff had infiltrated as fake editor Hans Esser and published his book "Der Aufmacher" (The Headliner) 1977, of his experience with Bild Zeitung. (AP Photo/Klaus Schlagmann)

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President Ronald Reagan holds up a copy of the Tower Commission report on the Iran-Contra affair, while posing for photographers after his nationally televised speech from the Oval Office in Washington, Aug. 13, 1987. Reagan said he was “mad as a hornet” about damage to his administration from the Iran-Contra affair. (AP Photo/Ron Edmonds)

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The ruins of a building from the University Square in Bucharest, Romania after the earthquake on March 4, 1977. (AP Photo)

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If you think Susie Brown, 14, of San Francisco is still a school girl - you’re right. She’s also the newest and youngest of the press corps covering the Patty Hearst bank robbery trial. Complete with her notebook, Susie is on hand to cover the trial for her school newspaper, the Marina Junior High School Penguin in San Francisco, March 4, 1976. (AP Photo)

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South Carolina highway patrolmen on the alert since a demonstration broke out in Lamar, South Carolina, against court-ordered school desegregation, sit in their cars at the State’s Maintenance yard in Darlington, South Carolina on March 4, 1970. (AP Photo/Lou Krasky)

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Some of about 5,000 crowd Queens-borough bridge in Manhattan on March 4, 1970 during march on the Queens house of detention, where 11 Black Panthers have been imprisoned almost a year. Bail for the jailed Panther’s ranges to $100,000. Two others have been released, each on $100,000 bond. (AP Photo)

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Johann Schultz of Staten Island, NY adjusts the sign on her car at Outerbridge Crossing linking Staten Island and Perth Amboy, NJ, March 4, 1967, signifying the intent of a motorcade that left Staten Island and toured New Jersey cities to protest pollution that drifts onto Staten Island from Garden State. (AP Photo)

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Raymond Loewy poses in his office in New York City, United States behind a model of the presidential plane on March 4, 1964. Loewy, one of the world’s renowned industrial designers, has been criticizing the shape of things for almost 40 years. (AP Photo/RG)

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President John F. Kennedy and first lady Jacqueline Kennedy arrive at the Middleburg Community Center to attend Roman Catholic services in Middleburg, Virginia, March 4, 1962. The Kennedys are spending the weekend at their Glen Ora estate near here. (AP Photo/John Rous)

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Evangelist Billy Graham blasts out of sand trap on Riversdale golf course in Victoria, Australia March 4, 1959. Graham is currently conducting religions crusade in various Australian cities. (AP Photo)

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Slugging outfielder Willie Mays and wife, Marguerite, Smilingly show off their 5 week old adopted son, Michael. Mike, not overly impressed at having his first picture taken on March 4, 1959 in Phoenix, seems intent on getting the feel of the baseball. The Mays family accompanied Willie to the Giants’ spring training base in Phoenix, Ariz. (AP Photo)

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This gadget is a “Cutie Pie” gun-type radiation meter for measuring radioactive material. It is held by Laura Bartlett at an Institute of Radio Engineers' show at Grand Central Palace, New York, March 4, 1952. The meter sells for $220. It is manufactured by the Nuclear Corp. of Chicago, Ill. (AP Photo/Jacob Harris)

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Trier, the oldest German city, has been captured by men of the 10th Armoured Division, 3rd U.S. Army. Many of it’s historic buildings lie in ruins, while two thirds of the city has been completely wiped out. Many of the civilians had fled before the Allied occupation. Those remaining, surrendered, as did hundreds of German soldiers, left to defend the city. With hands raised above their heads, citizens of the German town of Trier surrender to Allied forces on March 4, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Tough fighting with German interceptor planes marked the March 4 trip made to Berlin by Lieutenant Colonel Donald J.M. Blakeslee, 26, of Fairport Harbor, Ohio, March 15, 1944. This flying ace and former Eagle Squadron commander led a Mustang fighter group escorting Flying Fortresses on a raiding mission above the German capital. (AP Photo)

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Torn and battle-stained, this American flag, the first ashore in Morocco at the start of the North African campaign on November 8 is put on display at Washington on March 4, 1943 at the War Department Building. Lt. Dallas Halverstadt points out hole torn by first fire of action at Fedala as the flag was carried ashore on initial landing boat. (AP Photo)

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Here is how a Londoner, one alarmed eye cocked on Germany and Italy and the other Spain, may build his own family air raid shelter in the privacy of his own back yard, March 4, 1939. The whole bombproof outfit - steel parts, nuts and bolts and even a wrench - comes to him in one package with directions. First he digs a hole which is three feet deep and looks ironically like a grave, then these sheet sections are placed on steel foundation channels sunk in the ground. (AP Photo)

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** FILE ** In this March 4, 1933 file photo, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, center, Admiral William W. Pratt, left, and first lady Eleanor Roosevelt, right, watch the inaugural parade from the reviewing stand in front of the White House in Washington. (AP Photo/File)

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President-elect Roosevelt looks at a familiar chapter from Paul's first epistle to the Corinthians, in the family's old dutch bible, at his home in Hyde Park, NY, Feb. 27, 1933. He'll place his hand on the passage when he takes the oath of office on Inauguration Day, March 4, 1933. The bible has been in the possession of the family since 1670. (AP Photo)

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Herbert Hoover takes the oath of office in Washington, D.C., March 4, 1929. Chief Justice William H. Taft administers the oath. (AP Photo)

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President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt greets current Pres. Herbert Hoover warmly as the latter steps into the Roosevelt car at the White House for the trip to the Capitol and the inaugural ceremonies in Washington, March 4, 1933. (AP Photo)

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The retiring 28th President Woodrow Wilson, rides with his successor, Warren Gamaliel Harding, to the latter's inauguration, March 4, 1921. Because of his weakened condition, Mr. Wilson was unable to attend the inauguration of his successor. (AP Photo)

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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. displays his book "Why We Can't Wait", to be used during his poor people's campaign this spring and summer. King, head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, showed off the book in Atlanta, March 4, 1968. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)

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Actor Charlie Chaplin kisses his wife Oona outside of Buckingham Palace in London, March 4, 1975, after being knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in a private ceremony. In his hand is the box containing the insignia of Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire. (AP Photo)

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Six of seven convicted killers slated for the death penalty are pictured after a conference with the Cook County jail warden and a woman reporter, during which they discussed crime and punishment, including the death penalty, March 4, 1965. From left to right: Henry Mallett, John Holmes, Lyman Moore, Andrew Harper, William Witherspoon, and George Wilson. The seventh inmate declined to be photographed. (AP Photo/Chicago American)

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A group of black students, who identified themselves as Texas Southern University students, are shown as they participate in a sitdown strike at a supermarket lunch counter in Houston, Texas, March 4, 1960. (AP Photo)

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In charge of a complete laundry with all modern installations is Corporal James C. Brumfield, of Huntington, West Virginia removing a batch of clothes from one of the washers in Belfast, March 4, 1944. (AP Photo)

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On a thirty day furloug from Camp Upton, New York, heavyweight champion Joe Louis arrived at Fort Dix, New Jersey, March 4, 1942 to begin training for his boxing match with challenger Abe Simon. Their match is scheduled for March 27 in New York at Madison Square Garden. Proceeds will go to the Army Emergency Fund. (AP Photo)

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The overseer calls to inspect a working at a pit in the north of England, on March 4, 1942, and the two youthful miners, with their lamps on their crash helmets, pause momentarily to listen. (AP Photo)

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"Zoot" gangsters, are portrayed by actors in a movie being made at Universal Studios, in Los Angeles, Calif., March 4, 1943. The War Production Board had banned the sale of zoot suits because they required the use of more material than the average suit, but an exception was made for the film. (AP Photo)

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Dover may be in Englands front line at the moment, but the busy housewives of the channel port do not let that worry them. They still go out on their shopping expeditions and, as seen, they can still also find time to stop and exchange a piece of gossip even though the shop in front of which they stop in well boarded up! Or, perhaps they are discussing the Dover town councils expressed desire to evacuate all their children from the town, March 4, 1941. (AP Photo)

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In full tribal regalia, Dewey Beard, left, and James Pipe-on-Head, survivors of the wounded knee creek massacre of 1890 in South Dakota, arrived in Washington on March 4, 1938, to testify in behalf of a bill to pay $1,000 to each of the survivors of the bloody fight in which 290 members of the Sioux Indian band were slain. They were greeted by John Collier, center, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. (AP Photo)

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Albert B. Fall, former Secretary of Interior, is at his El Paso, Texas, home on March 4, 1938, after removal from a hospital where he had been under treatment since his release from New Mexico state prison. He served a year and a day for his conviction of accepting a $100,000 bribe in the Teapot Dome oil scandal. The 76-year-old secretary is sitting in one of the chairs of his senate office purchased when he was appointed to President Harding’s cabinet. (AP Photo)

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A British Royal Air Force (RAF) Hawker hurricane monoplane is shown during formation practice at Northolt, Middlesex, England, on March 4, 1938. (AP Photo)

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The women members of the U.S. Congress pictured together, a feat seldom accomplished. Occasion for this get-together in Washington, D.C. on March 4, 1938 was to award a prize to the winner of a contest held by the women’s division of the Democratic National Committee. Left to right are: Rep. Caroline O’Day (D-NY): Rep. Edith Nourse Rogers (R-Mass); Rep. Mary T. Norton (D-NJ); Rep. Nan W. Honeyman (D-Ore); Rep. Virginia E. Jenckes (D-Ind); Senator Hattie Carraway (D-Ark). (AP Photo)

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Young goats pegged out like this are for sale in many Mexican market places, for “cabrito al horno” or roast young goat, is a dish widely fancied, March 4, 1937. (AP Photo/James Laughead)

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Calvin Coolidge, left, wears wing collar and muted top hat en route to take oath on inauguration day, March 4, 1925. (AP Photo)

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Henry "Red" Johnson (third from left with light hat), leaving the Newark, N.J., April 11, 1932 police headquarters in company of immigration and police officials, en route to Ellis Island, N.Y., to be turned over to federal immigration authorities for a hearing on charges that he entered the country illegally. Johnson, sailor friend of Betty Gow, nursemaid to the kidnapped Lindbergh baby, has been in custody since on March 4, when he was detained at Hartford, Conn., for questioning in connection with the kidnapping. He was later brought to Newark, N.J., but police said he was unable to throw any light on the case. (AP Photo)

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Fred Astaire and his sister Adele arrive on the SS Europa in New York City on March 4, 1931. (AP Photo)

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The inaugural procession for President William Howard Taft takes place in Washington, D.C., on March 4, 1909. (AP Photo)

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The Empire State Express, which runs from Buffalo, N.Y. to New York City, is seen plowing its way toward New York on Washington Street in Syracuse during a blizzard, March 4, 1924. (AP Photo)

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President Calvin Coolidge rides in an open car at the head of the inaugural parade with his wife Grace and Chief Justice Wiliam H. Taft in Washington, D.C., on March 4, 1925. Coolidge was sworn in as the 30th president of the United States. (AP Photo)

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Woodrow Wilson takes the oath of office for his first term of the Presidency on the East Portico at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C., on March 4, 1913. Chief Justice is Edward D. White. (AP Photo)

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