Today in History - March 3

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Medic PFC.Thomas Cole of Richmond, Va., presents a bright study as he prepares a c-ration at the First Cavalry Division headquarters near An Khe, Vietnam, March 3, 1966. Only a few weeks ago, Cole received a head wound during heavy fighting near An Thi. He refused to be evacuated and continued to tend to the wounded despite a large bandage on his face. Almost a month to the day, the same AP photographer, Henri Huet, found Cole gain, back on duty in the jungle. (AP Photo/Henri Huet)

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Barbara Johnson of Chicago pushes one of ten buttons that puts one of the card cradles in place in one of the new motorized card-finding systems shown during the 13th Annual Chicago Business Show, March 3, 1952. The unit contains about 82,000 tabulation cards. Called "Simplafind", it is a product of the Simpla Research and Manufacturing Co., Inc., of New York. The company was one of 77 manufacturers of business machine equipment to display their products at the Conrad Hilton Hotel in Chicago. (AP Photo/Edward Kitch)

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British Tommies man a security post behind barbed wire along the road from Jaffa to Tel Aviv, Palestine, March 3, 1947 as young people around the gun position awaiting developments. The soldiers and police check credentials of all persons entering or leaving Tel Aviv. (AP Photo)

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Princess Elizabeth, left, and Princess Margaret Rose enjoy a canter along the beach at East London, South Africa, on March 3, 1947. (AP Photo/Worth)

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Britain's Princess Elizabeth inspects the guard of honour before she opened the Princess Elizabeth Graving Dock, on the Buffalo River, East London, South Africa, on March 3, 1947. (AP Photo/Worth)

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Actor Clint Eastwood smiles during a news conference, Thursday, Oct. 19, 1995 outside of the Roybal Federal Building in Los Angeles. A federal jury ruled on Thursday in favor of Eastwood in his invasion of privacy lawsuit against the National Enquirer, ordering the tabloid to pay the actor Q$150,000. The star sued the tabloid on March 3, 1994 claiming an exclusive interview for the Dec. 21, 1993 issue never took place. The man to the right of Eastwood is his lawyer Raymond C. Fisher. (AP Photo/Nick Ut)

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Steve Fossett, left, and Sir Richard Branson celebrate after Fossett landed the GlobalFlyer at the Salina Municipal Airport in Salina, Kan. Thursday, March 3, 2005. Fossett landed the craft 67 hours after taking off from Salina becoming the first to fly solo around the world without refueling. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)

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A French U.N. soldier in Sarajevo looks towards Serb lines, Thursday, March 3, 1994 after U.N. troops fired warning shots at Bosnian Serbs who fired at Government positions in violation of the three week cease-fire. (AP Photo/Enric F. Marti)

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Lawyer C. Vernon Mason, left, gestures during a press conference during a bitter attack on Governor Mario Cuomo and the state's handling of the Tawana Brawley case, Thursday, March 3, 1988, Queens, New York. Joining Mason, who is one of Brawley's lawyers are, from left, the Rev. Al Sharpton, Glenda Brawley, mother and Ralph King stepfather of Miss Brawley and two year old Trice whose relationship to Miss Brawley was not stated. (AP Photo/John Pedin)

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A fireman aims water on a hot spot inside the suburban Rungis food market, the French capital’s main market, after a fire broke out in one of the storehouses , March 3, 1985 in Paris. Although damage was extensive, there were no victims. (AP Photo/Pierre Gleizes)

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Construction site of the Jacob Javits Center in New York City, shown March 3, 1983. (AP Photo/Ed Bailey)

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Sandy Dunn (46), left, of the Chiefs, breaks around the Pioneers? ?jam,? formed by Pioneers Carol ?Peanuts? Meyer (50), Valerie Blackard (54), and Darlene Forbes (58), during International Roller Derby League game at New York?s Madison Square Garden on Sunday, March 3, 1972. Points are scored by a participant?s passing as many of the other team?s members as she can in 60 seconds. The ?jam? of participants with locked arms complicates scoring attempts. (AP Photo/Ray Stubblebine )

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Greek students jeering and screaming outside the United States Embassy in Athens, Greece, March 3, 1964 over the Cyprus issue. Later the demonstrators burned an effigy of President Lyndon B. Johnson in front of the embassy. Sign in the background reads “Enosis" - union of Cyprus and Greece. (AP Photo/Megaloconomou)

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Stan Musial helps Professor Walter Eberhardt demonstrate a new exercise at the St. Louis Cardinals camp in St. Petersburg, Florida on March 3, 1962. Eberhardt is director of physical education at St. Louis University and conducts the Cards calisthenics program. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)

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This is a general view of foundation construction for buildings of the Golden Gateway re-development project in downtown San Francisco at the site of the old produce market which once covered several blocks, shown March 3, 1963. In the background is the Embarcadero Freeway and at upper right, the Bay Bridge. Most of the remaining buildings are due for demolition to make way for high-rise apartments and park areas. (AP Photo/Ernest K. Bennett)

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US actress Jill St. John, background center, attends a fashion show of French designer Pierre Balmain on March 3, 1961 in Paris, France. (AP Photo)

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Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of New Zealand and President John Kennedy pose for photographers in the White House red room, Washington on March 3, 1961. Kennedy was host to the Prime Minister at a luncheon after the picture-taking session. (AP Photo/HWG)

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President Eisenhower sits in helicopter with Uruguayan President Benito Nardone, left, and Gen. Magnani as he leaves U.S. embassy for airport in Montevideo, March 3, 1960. Magnani was assigned by Uruguay as Ike?s military attaché during his visit. (AP Photo)

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Small portable television receiver with a 110-degree wide angle 9½-inch screen at a camping exhibition in Hamburg, Germany, March 3, 1960. The receiver is powered by an automobile battery. It costs 165 dollars and is made by Kaiser-Werke, Kenttingen/Breisgau of West Germany. (AP Photo/Peter Hillebrecht)

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With hands raised, Agustinds Efstathios, 22, climbs up the Mountainside from his Eoka hideout on March 3, 1957 under the gun of a British soldier of the duke of Wellington’s regiment. He is one of three others who surrendered when their cave lair was surrounded by British troops. A fifth man, Gregoris Pieri Afxentios, second-in-command to Eoka chief colonel Grivas and bearing a price of $5,000 on his head, refused to surrender and fought in out with the soldiers until blasted to death in the cave that was hidden in a deep valley of the trodos mountains of Cyprus, a mile from the Isolated monastery of Macheras. (AP Photo)

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Two Southern students from Charlottesville, Virginia eat lunch at the Atlantic City High School cafeteria on March 3, 1959, with George Peopples, an African American . The Southerners Susanne Frederickson and Jon Bailey, are student leaders at the All White Lane School in Charlottesville. They are on a week long visit to watch Integration at Work. (AP Photo)

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Two fireboats help finish up the battle against a fire that swept through Boston’s historic India Wharf, March 3, 1955. Flames raced through many old wooden structures but left untouched the brick and marble warehouse (right center) the only commercial structure designed by Charles Bulfinch, chief architect of Boston’s early days and designer of the State Capitol. Site of famous Boston tea party was inland from here as docks were extended and harbor filled in over the years. (AP Photo/Bill Chaplis)

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A well-hidden collection of antique German watches, spanning 500 years, was brought out of hiding and is on display in Berlin by watchmaker Alexander Franzel, who kept a close watch on his valuable collection, shown March 3, 1950 in Berlin. Franzel’s family have been watch makers for 5 generations. Herr Franzel examines an ornate table model clock, the mechanism of which is enclosed in a swinging copper ball. (AP Photo/Hans von Nolde)

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The rocket attachment is intended as additional armament for a Sherman tank about to go into battle, and the whole device is attached before the action, fully loaded. When the tank arrives near the scene of battle, it fires one rocket for effect, and continues to fire one at a time till the range is zeroed. Then the rockets can be fired singly, in groups of five, or all remaining in one salve, each leaving the tube a half second after the previous one. When finished, the whole rack is automatically jettisoned, and the tank goes into action with the regular 75 m.m. gun. The pack is salvaged and reloaded for a rep eat performance by a follow up crew, Mar. 13, 1945. It is reputed to be more accurate at the longer ranges than the shorter one due to the increasing velocity of the projectile in flight. Sherman M4 tanks by the side of a road in Germany on March 3 in the area held by the 80th Div. and both tanks are equipped with the rocket launchers on top. In the front tank in the drivers seat, is T5 Stanley Nortavage of Marie-D, Pennsylvania. These tanks are of a tank Bn. Co. B. (AP Photo)

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No, its not crazy paving, it’s the result of drought in Australia. This crazy pattern of cracks came about after a dam at Murchison, Australia on March 3, 1945, dried up and intense sunshine baked the earth-rock-hard, causing this picturesque scene. (AP Photo)

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Miss Marion Moore, screen writer and co-chairman of the Stage Door Canteen kitchen committee, shows Lubetkin where to place the finishing touches of butter cream decorations on the Canteen’s birthday cake in New York, March 3, 1945. The third birthday of the Canteen was celebrated. (AP Photo/Charles Lucas)

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Gunder Haegg, ranking middle distance runner from Sweden and holder of several world’s records, pounds the board of New York University’s outdoor track on March 2, 1945, as he works out the kinks following his arrival by boat from London. Haegg finished last in the indoor mile event on March 3. (AP Photo)

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Beatrice Levin, 19, left, and Rena Lacy, 18, right, spot welding an aluminum alloy section for an airplane at Naval aircraft factory in Philadelphia navy yard, March 3, 1942. (AP Photo/JS)

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A battalion of American Rangers, the equivalent of our Commando troops, are now in training at a British Commando depot of British combined operations command. Men of the three British fighting services are also being trained here to work in unison on special missions and the American troops are having exactly the same type of training. The personnel of the American Rangers were selected from American infantry units stationed in this country. The men were all volunteers and their training demands a high degree of physical endurance, courage individual initiative and intelligence. A member of the American rangers undergoing the acid test on training, crossing a river by a single rope and toggle rope, March 3, 1943, while charges are exploded beneath him throwing up masses of spray. (AP Photo)

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Mr. T., right, welcomes William "Refrigerator" Perry of the Chicago Bears to the set of "The A-Team," on March 3, 1986 in Los Angeles. Perry will make a guest appearance on an upcoming episode. (AP Photo/Doug Pizac)

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Pioneer 10 blasts off from Cape Kennedy, Fla., in this March 3, 1972 photo. A quarter-century after its launch, Pioneer 10 is still helping astronomers explore the universe. But the little spacecraft is slowly fading from radio contact and will be beyond the reach of even the most sensitive antenna by Christmas next year. (AP Photo)

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From left to right, Michael Smartt, Andre DeShields, Julienne Cinkowski and Richard Allmarck, all members of the cast of "Hair," are shown in a photo in Chicago on March 3, 1970. (AP Photo)

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The towering Saturn 5 rocket carrying the Apollo 9 spacecraft and the lunar module into an earth orbit, roars skyward from the launch pad at Cape Kennedy, Fla., March 3, 1969. A few hours later, astronauts James McDivitt, David Scott and Russell Schweickart reported they had docked with the lunar module in the first phase of the ten-day test. (AP Photo)

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On the threshold of stardom, members of the psychedelic rock band Pink Floyd leap from the steps of EMI House in London March 3, 1967. From left: Roger Waters, Nick Mason, Syd Barrett and Richard Wright. (AP Photo)

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British actor Peter Sellers shows his new 1963 American Buick during a break in filming at Shepperton Studios in Middlesex, near London, England, March 3, 1963. Sellers is wearing a bald piece for his character in the movie "Dr. Strangelove: Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb." (AP Photo/Bob Dear)

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The Leader of an Ansar group marches between two rows of Ansar youths during a demonstration by more than 20,000 members of Sudan's Ansar sect in Khartoum March 3, 1965. (AP Photo)

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Lt. Col. John H. Glenn Jr., winding up busy days in New York on March 3, 1962, rides in car with his family from the Waldorf Towers en route to Newark airport in Newark, N.J. Glenn and his family were flying to his home town in New Concord, Ohio, for another welcoming ceremony. With Glenn and his wife is their son, David. (AP Photo/John Lindsay)

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Italian fashion designer Emilio Schuberth (of German - Spanish decent) and his models wave on the gangway after landing at the airport in Frankfurt am Main, West Germany, March 3, 1961. Tomorrow and the day after he will present his latest collection at fashion shows in nearby Wiesbaden. (AP Photo)

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U.S. American citizens living in Germany are seen waiting in line, past the Carlton Hotel at the main train station in Frankfurt am Main, West Germany, March 3, 1948, to exchange their Dollars. (AP Photo)

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There’s a trick in sitting properly, and Anne Jeffreys, star of the ABC-TV series, “Love That Jill,” shows Marine S/Sgt. Eileen Carter just how to do it. Sgt. Carter and other servicewomen visited the set on March 3, 1958 to learn more about the secrets of TV film make-up and charm. (AP Photo)

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Miss Madeline Kaufmann, Veronica in “Veronica’s Veil,” has a busy weekday career as co-owner of the Kaufmann Company, printing plant in New York City. She discusses a problem with a printer in the shop’s composing room in New York on March 3, 1948. On weekends, Miss Kaufmann plays her part in one of the two casts which alternate in performing the Passion Play in Union City, New Jersey. (AP Photo/Bob Wands)

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Two German soldiers, with their hands raised, are marched down a street in Cologne, Germany, March 3, 1945, on their way to a prisoner of war camp behind Allied lines. Cologne, an important railway hub, has been captured by troops of the 1st U.S. Army. (AP Photo/William C. Allen)

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Guns, tanks, bomb, ambulances, half tracks, lorries and vehicles of every description now are being got ready for the second front at a U.S. service of supply Ordnance depot somewhere in England, on March 3, 1944. Stacks of 1000 pounders at Invasion city. (AP Photo)

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Fifty British soldiers of a regiment which supplied a large part of the Wingate expedition “dropped in” at an Indian fishing village. The village is hundreds of miles from anywhere on the edge of a vast desert, and the inhabitants live by fishing for sharks which abound in the Arabian Sea. First they took the troops sailing in their picturesque dhows, and afterwards provided camel rides along the sands. Finally there were Indian songs and dances, in which the troops joined. This little Indian boy dived into the sea and return with a lobster in India, March 3, 1944. Lucky soldier who had it for supper is Private H. Fordy, of Haitian Street, Gateshead, County Durham. (AP Photo)

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After bodies and debris had been removed from the London subway-air raid shelter entrance in London on March 3, 1943, where 178 persons were crushed or focated, during a German retaliation raid, this baby carriage, twisted and smashed by the human pileup, sat on the surface near the site of the tragedy. (AP Photo)

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Flinging wisecracks, and singing hot songs from the home front in the good old U.S.A., Martha Raye, comedy actress, entertains men of the U.S. Army 12th Air Force on a makeshift stage on the edge of the Sahara Desert in North Africa, March 3, 1943. Some of these soldiers had just returned from a tough assignment to bomb bizerte, Tunisia. Martha was one of four American girls who toured the fighting front. (AP Photo)

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Ida Ungerer, 24, is shown with airplane engine cylinders at Naval aircraft factory in Philadelphia navy yard, March 3, 1942. (AP Photo/JS)

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A section of a workshop in the underground ministry of aircraft production factory, somewhere in England. on March 3, 1942. Work goes on night and day. The lighting system is the nearest approach to daylight, an air-conditioning plant constantly changes the air, and heating is supplied by overhead warm-air valves. The progress and movement of each aircraft component in the workshops in controlled by progress and planning engineers, and the managing director from a central control from which is in constant touch by phone and radio loudspeakers with the workshops. These underground factories are deep below ground and considered immune from air attack, while nature provided the best possible camouflage for them. (AP Photo)

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In native costume, Mrs. Hildur Bergman fixes the window display while Mrs. Arne Fougner stands outside the Norway house along the “Street of United Nations” at the headquarters of the British War Relief society in New York March 3, 1942. The colorful “Thoroughfare” which opened on March 3 in which characteristic of the L2 allied. (AP Photo)

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An overhead view in the central control room in an underground ministry of aircraft production factory, somewhere in England. on March 3, 1942. From here the exact movements and output of components in the factory are controlled, the stage reached being indicated either by the white dockets on the recording desks in the foreground or by the records kept by the girls chalking up figures on the blackboards. Work goes on night and day. The lighting system is the nearest approach to daylight, an air-conditioning plant constantly changes the air, and heating is supplied by overhead warm-air valves. The progress and movement of each aircraft component in the workshops in controlled by progress and planning engineers, and the managing director from a central control from which is in constant touch by phone and radio loudspeakers with the workshops. These underground factories are deep below ground and considered immune from air attack, while nature provided the best possible camouflage for them. (AP Photo)

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View of part of the famous food market Les Halles in Paris on March 3, 1938. (AP Photo)

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Frank Esposito finds comfort and happiness surrounded by his family after his duties as a worker in Illinois steel company’s plant are completed for the day in south Chicago, March 3, 1937. Left to right: Esposito, his wife, Theresa holding Jean, 3; Jerry 15; John 12; Tom 10; Joe 7, and Della Fionda, his daughter, holding Joe, 2. (AP Photo)

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British ice skater Cecelia Colledge, left, and British singer and comedienne Gracie Fields at Southampton, on March 3, 1937, prior to leaving for America. (AP Photo)

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Olympic Athlete Jesse Owens waves and greets the crowds along Broadway in New York City, March 3, 1936. (AP Photo)

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Nazi leaders school near Starnberg, Bavaria, March 3, 1934. (AP Photo)

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This wedding group was photographed at the little country church at Oyster Bay, New York, after the wedding of Miss Grace Green Roosevelt, daughter of Col. Theodore Roosevelt Jr., left, to William McMillan of Baltimore, March 3, 1934. Left to right: Col. Roosevelt, Grace, William, and Eleanor Butler Alexander Roosevelt, wife of the Col. (AP Photo)

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Berliners and Nazi guards visit the charred Session Room of the Reichstag, March 3, 1933. (AP Photo)

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The SS Europa, a German Liner pictured on March 3, 1930. (AP Photo/Staff/Putnam)

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Charlie Chaplin and Premier Ramsay MacDonald out for a walk on the road to Chequers, the country residence of the British Prime Minister, in England on March 3, 1931, after the Comedian’s arrival in his native country after an absence of 10 years. (AP Photo)

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Ruth Slenczynski, 5, of San Francisco poses at the piano March 3, 1930. Ruth recently won a scholarship at the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia. She played for Josef Hofman, famous pianist and director of the Institute, who declared she was the finest talent he had found on a transcontinental tour.(AP Photo)

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