Today in History: Feb. 23

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Pro-democracy demonstrators file across Moscow?s Crimean Bridge to link up with thousands more converging on a square in the downtown area in Moscow, Feb. 23, 1990. Those in the foreground wave flags and banners of one of the organization seeking free elections throughout the Soviet Union. (AP Photo/Boris Yurchenko)

by: Associated Press

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Sign carrying demonstrators parade in front of the White House protesting the Persian Gulf war, Saturday, Feb. 23, 1991 in Washington. President Bush set a Saturday noon deadline for an Iraqi pullout from Kuwait which passed without any movement by the Iraqi forces. (AP Photo/Dennis Cook)

by: Associated Press

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Ross Byrd, left, and Renee Mullins, children of murder victim James Byrd Jr., leave the Jasper County Courthouse after John William King was convicted of capital murder Tuesday, Feb. 23, 1999, in Jasper, Texas. King and two others were charged in the 1998 dragging death of Byrd Jr. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip)

by: Associated Press

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A new computer, which makes out payroll checks for New York City employees automatically, is looked over ty budget director Abraham D. Beame, left, and comptroller Lawrence E. Gerosa as it turns out checks complete with deductions, Feb. 23, 1959. It is estimated it will save the city a half million dollars a year and do the work of 200 employees. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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FILE - In this Feb. 23, 1945, file photo, U.S. Marines of the 28th Regiment, 5th Division, raise a U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Two Gastonia, N.C., men, Joseph Tedder, 90, and Mack Drake, 89, fought alongside more than 70,000 Marines, sailors and airmen on Iwo Jima, a tiny 8-square mile speck of volcanic rock and sand midway between Guam and Tokyo, during the closing months of World War II. (AP Photo/Joe Rosenthal, File)

by: Associated Press

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Ohio State University sprinter Jesse Owens, second from left, dashes to a new world's record of 6.6 seconds in the 60-meter event in the semifinals of the National A.A.U. Indoor Track and Field Championships at Madison Square Garden in New York, Feb. 23, 1935. Owens' record time was equaled in the final heat by Columbia's Ben Johnson, who won the event. From left to right are: Sam Maniaci, Columbia; Owens; Hunter Russell, University of Illinois and Ralph Metcalfe, Marquette, the defending champion. (AP Photo/John Rooney)

by: Associated Press

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FILE - This Feb. 23, 1979 file photo shows actor Andy Griffith on the set of TV's "Salvage-1" near Los Angeles. Griffith, whose homespun mix of humor and wisdom made "The Andy Griffith Show" an enduring TV favorite, died Tuesday, July 3, 2012 in Manteo, N.C. He was 86. (AP Photo, file)

by: Associated Press

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While an estimated 10,000 persons jammed the street 10 floors below, escape artist and magician Steve Baker outdid the "Great" Harry Houdini in Oakland Feb. 23, 1967. Hanging from a special hoist on the Oakland Tribune Tower, Baker (left) popped out of a straight jacket in nine seconds and then waved to the crowd. Houdini performed the same stunt in 1923 from the tower, but Baker's stunt was one floor higher. (AP Photo/Robert W. Klein)

by: Associated Press

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Anti-war pickets demonstrate on Park Avenue across the street from New York’s Waldorf Astoria where President Johnson is to speak and receive the Freedom Award on Feb. 23, 1966. The pickets, carrying placards demanding “Peace Now,” are kept behind police barricades. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Beatles, from left Ringo Starr, John McCartney, John Lennon, and George Harrison, take a dip in the pool in Nassau, Bahamas on Feb. 23, 1965, with their clothes on while filming a movie. (AP Photo/Harold Valentine)

by: Associated Press

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Astronaut John Glenn, accompanied by Vice President Lyndon Johnson, waves and smiles as their car passes in parade on Feb. 23,1962 in Cocoa Beach, en route to the Cape Canaveral, Fla., missile test center. Glenn's wife, Annie, is seated at center. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip are seen during their visit to the island of Tortola, the main island of the British Virgin Islands, Feb. 23, 1966. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Edward Kennedy, in Berlin inspect the Wall at Bernauer Street on Feb. 23, 1962. (AP Photo/Reichert)

by: Associated Press

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Carl Erskine, former Brooklyn Dodger pitcher, places his pitching hand on a cast iron wrecking ball that is suspended from a crane at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, N.Y., Feb. 23, 1960. The wrecking ball, which resembles a baseball, is used to start demolition of the ball park to make way for a 1,317 family housing project. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Florence Brown of the Department of Commerce, gives with an “Oh, look what I’ve got” expression as she holds up a pair of lead impregnated atomic gloves at the leather exhibition in Washington, Feb. 23, 1954. The gloves are just the thing if you want to split an atom and have the $60 to pay for them. The jacket she is wearing is not atomic attire it is part of a leather suit costing $95. (AP Photo/William J. Smith)

by: Associated Press

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Ethel Merman, the breezy star of “Call Me Madam” and numerous other Broadway stage hits, wows 'em even at home. The brassy-voiced songstress keeps in practice in her New York apartment on Feb. 23, 1953, her fancily landscaped French poodle, as a captive and captivated audience. (AP Photo/John Lindsay)

by: Associated Press

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Dr. Jonas Salk, Pittsburgh scientist who discovered the Polio vaccine, administers an injection to an unidentified boy at Arsenal Elementary School in Pittsbrugh, Pa., Feb. 23, 1954. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Margaret Mayer, 21, of Concord, Mass., is shown on the liner Vulcania before sailing from New York on Feb 23, 1952. She said that she would continue her hitch-hiking hobby in Europe during a 10-month stay and that she would debark at Palmero, Italy and would hitch-hike across Europe with a pack equipped with wheels. Mayer said that she has already hitch-hiked her way across the United States.(AP Photo/Tom Fitzsimmons)

by: Associated Press

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These two skulls illustrate an ancient Indian deformation being studied at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., shown Feb. 23, 1948. Dr. T. Dale Stewart, Smithsonian curator of physical anthropology, compares the flattened skull of a Pueblo Indian, about 1,000 years old, with the skull of a normal person. The deformed skulls are flattened at the top of the back of the head. Anthropologists think the deformation was caused by deliberate pressure on the heads of infants. (AP Photo/William J. Smith)

by: Associated Press

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Diana Douglas, film actress, takes a night out to celebrate the completing of her latest picture "The Sign of the Ram", she takes her good looking husband Kirk Douglas film actor along. However, Douglas seems to be doing most of the celebrating. Photo dated Feb. 23, 1948. (AP Photo/Ed Widdis)

by: Associated Press

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They?re free at last, but the appearance of Lee Roger (left), 68, a retired Cavite Navy Yard employe, and John C. Todd, 63, a miner on Feb. 23, 1945, bears witness to the rigors of their life in the Japanese interment camp at Santo Tomas University, Manila, P.I. Rogers? weight dropped from 145 pounds to 90 during his internment and Todd?s from 178-102. This photo made by Life Photographer Carl Mydans for the wartime still picture pool. (AP Photo/Pool)

by: Associated Press

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With the Atlantic winds blowing hard, this R.A.F. man serving in the Azores tightens the guy ropes of his tent before turning in for the night, Feb. 23, 1944. Aircraft operating from the Azores have been effective in the war against the U-boats, since the Portuguese government granted the Allies bases in the important Atlantic Islands. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Sally, Great Dane mascot for an RAF Spitfire base in Italy, Feb. 23, 1944, proudly eyes her six offspring held by Cpl. R. Pickering, of Ipswich, Suffolk, England. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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With his alert Great Dane, Bull, beside him, Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia reads a war report in his office in his palace on Feb. 23, 1943. He has become a fighting member of the United Nations. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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New Yorkers stand on long lines outside of schools all over the city to get their War Ration Book No. 2, Feb. 23, 1943, during World War II. Officials estimated that there were about 2,000 people in line here at P.S. 59 on 57th Street between Second and Third Avenues. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Education of the Japanese evacuee children at the Granada, Colorado on Feb. 23, 1943. Relocation Center, is being carried on uninterruptedly in the community of 7,000 persons. The school system has 35 caucasian teachers whos salaries are from $1,260 to $2,000. The other are Japanese get the top war Relocation Authority $19 a month. Fuji Katayama, a Japanese teachers, is shown instructing her fourth grade class at the center. Mrs. Katayama is a University of California at Los Angeles graduate with a major in psychology.) (AP Photo/WAB)

by: Associated Press

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Soldiers enroute and arriving in Ireland, Feb. 23, 1942. Mess call is always popular whether on land or at sea. Soldiers and sailors alike are stowing away food. Notice life belts. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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President Franklin Roosevelt pointing to the southwest pacific area on a map in the White House Oval room, Washington on Feb. 23, 1942, President Roosevelt emphasized the effect of Far-away battles upon the American line. In his third fireside radio chat of the war on February 23, the President painted a picture of a world at war. Listeners had been asked to have reference maps at hand. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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US Soldiers enroute to Northern Ireland, Feb. 23, 1942. Sea sickness took its usual toll amongst the soldiers enroute to Northern Ireland. Number of soldiers in the sick bay. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Ellen Cooney, left, and Ethel Hague man the drawing Frames at a cotton mill somewhere in England, on Feb. 23, 1942. Here the cotton tufts or slivers are gently stretched. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Dr. Carleton Coon measures Maurice Tillet's head with calipers, Feb. 23, 1940. “A pretty good egg...the nearest thing to what we suppose the Neanderthal man to have been," stated Coon, a Harvard University anthropologist. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Taking a tip from the Finns, British troops are wearing white clothing as an effective camouflage as the winter retains its hold on the Western front in France. A party of white clad Tommies marching through deep snow in France on Feb. 23, 1940 after taking part in a snow drill. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Britain's King George VI and Queen Elizabeth concluded their visit to the north of England with a visit to the special areas in Durham. The King and Queen arriving at the Hamsterly instructional centre, England, on Feb. 23, 1939, when they saw men who have been unemployed for some time undergoing instruction. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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These British sailors seem pretty glad to get an autograph from the Boss, Winston Churchill, first lord of the British admiralty, who mingled with men from the cruisers Ajax and Exeter during the celebration, Feb. 23, 1940 in London. Churchill (with cigar) was on hand to welcome home the men who helped drive the German pocked battleship, Admiral Graf Spee, to? suicide last December Off Uruguay. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Members of the Women’s Auxiliary Fire Service, formed to assist the regular fire bridge in case of national emergency, paraded, February 23 at the London Fire Brigade headquarters, Albert Embankment. Two members of two women’s auxiliary fire service receiving an emergency call, and taking notes of instructions during their parade held at the London Fire Brigade headquarters, on Feb. 23, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Londoners are scheduled to receive their steel shelters against air raids from the government. So, when you receive your package containing the steel parts, a bag of nuts and bolts, and a spanner, you proceed to erect the shelter. Arch sections having been placed, and the end sheets inserted so as to form an entrance at the far end and an emergency exit nearest the camera, the excavated earth is shoveled back as a protective layer. The picture is of the first household shelter to be installed in the London area, on Feb. 23, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Eric Boon, British lightweight champion, retrained his title by defeating Arthur Danahar on a technical knockout in the fourteenth round at the Harringay Arena, London, on Feb. 23, 1939. Eric Boon with the Lonsdale belt after being awarded the verdict over Danahar. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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His exalted highness the Nizam of Hyderabad, in his Jubilee robes shown in India,on Feb. 23, 1937. These are the same robes he used for his accession in 1911. The pearl-and-diamond headdress is said to be worth £100,000, whilst other jewellery he wears on state occasions has been valued at a million pounds. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The 33rd International Eucharistic congress was held from February 3 to 7. Dennis Cardinal Daugherty of Philadelphia represented the Pope as papal legate. An aerial view of Children's Day at the Manila Eucharistic Congress, on Feb. 23, 1937, showing white-robed masses of children surrounding the Eucharistic altar. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt and first lady Eleanor Roosevelt, and the president's mother, Sara Roosevelt, second from left, sit by fireside in their Hyde Park home, Feb. 23, 1936. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his two sons, Franklin, Jr., (center) and John, right, are shown as they left the Fly Club, Harvard's most exclusive club in Cambridge, Mass., Feb. 23, 1936, after the president had celebrated the club's centennial and witnessed John's initiation into membership. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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President Roosevelt is shown in an informal moment on Feb. 23, 1935 as he chats with his son, Franklin, D., Jr., in train at Cambridge, Mass., before leaving for Hyde Park, N.Y. The president attended young Franklin’s initiation into fly club at Harvard. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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George Bernard Shaw, the Irish dramatist, seldom gets a thrill, but he had one a short time after this photograph was taken at Cape Town, South Africa on Feb. 23, 1932, where he experienced his first airplane ride, and liked it. He is being assisted into the plane. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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U.S. Customs agents unload the 700 cases of Canadian Scotch Whiskey from the fishing trawler "Notus," which was captured by the U.S. Coast Guard off Montauk Point, Long Island, N.Y., Feb. 23, 1931. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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