Today in History - Feb. 8

1 of 68

Specific date and location unknown, but probably in one of these places: Hue Citadel, Imperial Palace, Cho Ray Hospital, Vietnam, Feb. 8-26, 1968. (AP Photo/Eddie Adams)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

2 of 68

Smoke rises over battle-scarred Saigon during the Tet Offensive as the sun sets over the South Vietnamese capital on Feb. 8, 1968. Savage fighting was continuing there for the ninth consecutive day with Viet Cong guerrillas pitted against combined South Vietnamese and U.S. forces. (AP Photo/Eddie Adams)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

3 of 68

Bruce Devlin hits an iron from the rough toward the fifth green en route to a birdie 4 during the final round of the Bob Hope Desert Classic at La Quinta Country Club in Palm Springs, Calif., Feb. 8, 1970. Devlin, two strokes behind at the start of the day, caught the leader, Larry Ziegler, at the ninth and moved ahead on the second nine. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

4 of 68

Diego Rivera, Mexican Muralist completes a work in Fresco expressly designed as architechural decoration, a portrait of Frances Rich (posing) sculptress and daughter of Mr. Irene Rich, the actress. It will be placed in a living room on Feb. 8, 1941 at wall of the Rich Home at Santa Barbara , California. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

5 of 68

Maj. George McNally, White House signal branch head, sits in front of the multiple control panel in President Truman's new railroad communications car, delivered for service in Washington, Feb. 8, 1952. The panel with its maze of gadgets, controls radio broadcasts, radio photo transmissions, tape recordings of presidential speeches and incoming-outgoing teleprinter copy. Named the General Albert J. Myer, the special car resembles ordinary train cars from the outside. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

6 of 68

British rock band the Beatles are shown during rehearsals on the set of the "Ed Sullivan Show" in New York, Feb. 9, 1964. On drums is Ringo Starr, bassist is Paul McCartney, left, and guitarist is John Lennon. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

7 of 68

This how the John Muir manor looks, Feb. 8, 1964 at its site on a knoll in the outskirts of the Sacramento River town of Martinez in Calif. Built in 1881 by Muir?s father-in-law, Dr. John Strentzel, it was occupied by the naturalist and his wife, Louise, from 1890 until his death in 1913. A U.S. postage stamp issued in his honor will be issued first at Martinez on April, 29. (AP Photo/Ernest Bennett)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

8 of 68

Business goes on amid Berlin's ruins as merchants hawk their wares in improvised stands like the one shown here on Feb. 8, 1949. This vendor of kinck-knacks has built his stall from bricks reclaimed from the rubble heaps. (AP Photo/Hans Von Nolde)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

9 of 68

Second Lt. Gerry H. Kisters, 24, Bloomington, Ind., gets the Congressional Medal of Honor from President Franklin D. Roosevelt at the White House in Washington, Feb. 8, 1944. He is the first soldier in the present war to hold the nation's two highest awards, having received the Distinguished Service Cross from Gen. George C. Marshall earlier in the day. At the ceremony, from left: Gen. Marshall, Kisters' mother Mary Katherine Kisters, his wife Nola, and Richard G. Kisters, his father. (AP Photo/Robert Clover)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

10 of 68

England's Edna Childs executes a back somersault during the women's three metre springboard diving event, at the Empire Game, now called the Commonwealth Games, in Auckland, New Zealand, on Feb. 8, 1950. She won the title with a points total of 126.58. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

11 of 68

George Bernard Shaw, the eminent Irish Dramatist, and his wife Charlotte at the Royal Albert Dock, London, on Feb. 8, 1934, en route to New Zealand on board the liner Rangitane for a long holiday. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

12 of 68

Gail Cable, left, watchs as Darrell Woods shovels mud from his driveway in the Pasadena Glen section of Pasadena, Calif., Tuesday, Feb. 8, 1994. The Pasadena and Altadena suburbs of Los Angeles were hit with severe flooding after the firestorms of the fall had burned the foliage in the hillside. (AP Photo/Michael Tweed)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

13 of 68

A boom circles the 811-foot tanker ship, American Trader which lost nearly 300,000 gallons of crude oil, a mile offshore from Huntington Beach, California Thursday, Feb. 8, 1990. An oil slick, 1½ miles long and 400 yards wide, was confined to an area around the tanker, which apparently hit its own anchor and ruptured the hull, spilling the crude on Wednesday. (AP Photo/Tonya Evatt)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

14 of 68

Hundreds of Haitians turn out to observe the changing of Fort Dimanche from a torture chamber to a museum, Feb. 8, 1991. The change comes one day after the inauguration of Jean-Bertrand Aristide as president. (AP Photo/Daniel Morel)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

15 of 68

The Cyclone, Palisades amusement park’s roller coaster which has given thousands of pleasure seekers their "ups and downs” during the past 40 years, itself came down, Feb. 8, 1972. The Cliffside Park, N.J., landmark is shown just as it is pulled down by bulldozers. The amusement park site is being cleared for a high rise apartment project. (AP Photo/Marty Lederhandler)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

16 of 68

A boom surrounds the tanker American Trader Thursday, Feb. 8, 1990 in an effort to contain some of the 290,000 gallons of crude oil that spilled from the ruptured ship off Huntington Beach, California on Wednesday. (AP Photo/Bob Galbraith)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

17 of 68

Silver Medalists Souraikin and Smirnova, Soviet Union, in final performance, Feb. 8, 1972, Sapporo, Japan. (AP Photo/V. Budan)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

18 of 68

Workmen in small boats gather oil-soaked hay from the water in Santa Barbara, California on Feb. 8, 1969. Officials announced they had finally capped an underwater oil well which had been leaking oil into the ocean for 12 days, fouling harbors and beaches. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

19 of 68

The results of three-years of dismantling the temples of Abu Simbel in Egypt lie in a storage area behind the huge escarpment before being moved and re-assembled on higher ground. The temples are now represented by 950 chunks of stone, each weighing between 20 and 30 tons. All have been numbered and catalogued for the re-assembly project shown Feb. 8, 1966. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

20 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

21 of 68

Britain's Queen Elizabeth II waves to cheering crowds as she drives from the airport, to the Republic Palace, Khartoum, Sudan, on Feb. 8, 1965, at the start of a four-day state visit. President of the Sudan Council of State, Dr. Tigani Elmahi, bareheaded, rides in the car with her. (AP Photo/Royle)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

22 of 68

About 30 members of the Cleveland Committee to End the War in Vietnam picketed outside Public Hall in Cleveland on Feb. 8, 1965, before a speech by Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey to the National Association of Secondary School Principals. The anti-U.S. policy group was, in turn, picketed by about 30 members of the Young Americans for Freedom. There were several fights between the End the War group and the crowd which gathered outside the hall. No one was seriously hurt. (AP Photo/Julian C. Wilson)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

23 of 68

The results of three-years of dismantling the temples of Abu Simbel in Egypt lie in a storage area behind the huge escarpment before being moved and re-assembled on higher ground. The temples are now represented by 950 chunks of stone, each weighing between 20 and 30 tons. All have been numbered and catalogued for the re-assembly project shown Feb. 8, 1966. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

24 of 68

The Beatles are shown on the set of the "Ed Sullivan Show" in New York, Feb. 8, 1964. In back is John Lennon; the others, from left to right, are: George Harrison, Ringo Starr and Paul McCartney. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

25 of 68

British rock band the Beatles are shown during rehearsals on the set of the "Ed Sullivan Show" in New York, Feb. 8, 1964. On the drums is Ringo Starr, and in the front, left to right, are bassist Paul McCartney, an unidentified stand-in for George Harrison, and singer John Lennon. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

26 of 68

Billy Kidd of Stowe, Vt., competes in the men’s slalom of the Winter Olympics at Lizum, Austria, on Feb. 8, 1964. Kidd finished second in the event to win a sliver medal for the U.S.A. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

27 of 68

U.S. astronaut John Glenn goes over mail and signs letters, in answer to the hundreds of letters he receives, Feb. 8, 1963. Secretaries are a big help with the mail. (AP Photo/Ed Kolenovsky)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

28 of 68

Swedish-born actress Anita Ekberg, warmly dressed like the spectators on a cool day, waves from the top of a 1906 model automobile (Digion Bouton) with which she took part in a motorized carnival cortege in Rapallo, Italy on Feb. 8, 1959. Miss Ekberg, who is the wife of British actor Anthony Steel, is in Italy studying the script of her part in star director Federico Fellini (La Strada) new movie “La Dolce Vita” (The Sweet Life). (AP Photo/Gino Calza)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

29 of 68

Rubble remains in schoolroom in Sakiet Sidi Youssef, Tunisian frontier town, after bombing by French planes on Feb. 8, 1958. A Tunisian official said class was in progress at the time of the attack, and that all the students were killed. French claim the attack was a localized military action to wipe out anti-aircraft positions manned by Algerian rebels inside Tunisia. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

30 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

31 of 68

The colossal temples of Abu Simbel, Egypt, undisturbed for 32 centuries, have almost disappeared, with the dismantling and removal of the huge monuments of King Ramses II and Queen Nefertari. All that remains to be cut away now are the feet of the monuments on Feb. 8, 1956. Salvage experts from France, Italy, Sweden, West Germany and Egypt have worked for three years on the dismantling of the temples which were threatened with being submerged by the man-made lake which will result from the completed Aswan Dam whose coffer dam will be flooded in August. A massive campaign to save the Nubian monuments was launched by UNESCO and will cost an estimated 36 million dollars. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

32 of 68

Sudanese troops have proved themselves to transport drivers and many of them are used for convoying vehicles. The two sergeants in turbans are from Northern Sudan while the two in bush lats are from southern Susan, Feb. 8, 1945. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

33 of 68

Weeping working class women mourning the execution of their husbands by ELAS In Greece, on Feb. 8, 1945. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

34 of 68

The nomination by President Roosevelt of Wiley Blount Rutledge of Iowa as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court was confirmed by the Senate in Washington, Feb. 8, 1943. Justice Rutledge succeeds James F. Byrnes, economic stabilization director. The 48-year-old jurist was promoted from the Court of Appeals. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

35 of 68

This is an aerial View of the Safeway gas station, on Northern Blvd. and 36th street, in the Queens section of New York City on Feb. 8, 1974 during the energy crisis. (AP Photo/Dave Pickoff)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

36 of 68

The Olympic flame is lit during the opening ceremonies for the XIV Winter Olympics in Sarajevo's Kosevo stadium Feb. 8, 1984. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

37 of 68

The U.S. Secret Service announced the arrest of three men and the seizure of a complete counterfeiting plant and $50,000 in nearly perfect $10 bills, Feb. 8, 1937. The three men held are Romeo Lorenzo Marchini (standing center) Mario Bertala, right, and Ovidio Sanvernero (seated). They are with William H. Houghton head of the Secret Service in New York. (AP Photo/Arthur "Weegee" Fellig)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

38 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

39 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

40 of 68

Some 1,700 whites stage a protest rally in downtown Charlotte, N.C., against the court-ordered desegregation plan which calls for the busing of up to 10,000 students by spring, Feb. 8, 1970. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

41 of 68

South Carolina National Guard surround a shopping center in Orangeburg, S.C. February 8, 1968 were Black students from South Carolina State College rioted Tuesday night. Racial trouble flared again Wednesday night around the campus. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

42 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

43 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

44 of 68

Young heavyweight fighter Cassius Clay is seen with his trainer Angelo Dundee at City Parks Gym in New York, Feb. 8, 1962. (AP Photo/Dan Grossi)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

45 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

46 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

47 of 68

View of the field at White Hart Lane, London, Feb. 8 1958, as Tottenham Hotspurs team, wearing black instead of their customary white strip, and the Manchester City team, nearest to the camera wearing black armbands, stand in silence for two minutes in tribute to the members of the Manchester United football club who were killed in the Munich aircrash. The two minutes silence was observed at all league games in Britain. (AP Photo/Dear)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

48 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

49 of 68

Assault Pioneers of the 1st Battalion of the Royal Hampshire Regiment cross a jungle stream at Kajang, near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Feb. 8, 1956, just hours after the five month amnesty offered to communists expired. (AP Photo/Waters)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

50 of 68

French soldiers relax with the smoke at their advanced outpost in the Algerian province of Constantine on the Tunisian border. French warplanes bombed the Tunisian frontier village, Feb 8, 1958 sparking worldwide criticism of French policy. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

51 of 68

With signs protesting the conviction of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, men and women kneel in prayer, fingering their rosaries, during a demonstration in City Hall Plaza, New York, Feb. 8, 1949. The Cardinal was sentenced to life imprisonment today in Budapest after conviction on charges of treason. (AP Photo/Robert Kradin)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

52 of 68

The flag bearers of the 28 competing nations paraded in the ice stadium, in St. Moritz, Switzerland, on Feb. 8, 1948, during the closing ceremony of the fifth Winter Olympic Games. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

53 of 68

Good friends are Flight Sergeant James J. Hyde of San Juan, Trinidad, West Indies, and Dingo, mascot of his squadron in England, Feb. 8, 1944. Sgt. Hyde did his training in England, were he has been for more than two years. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

54 of 68

Flying low over the indented coast of England, a Liberator of the Biscay Beat heads out over the Channel for its patrol run, Feb. 8, 1944. It will be 12 hours before the giant plane returns over the English coast, and within the 12 hours may well be included bombing, strafing and combat with Nazi fighters. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

55 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

56 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

57 of 68

Red Army men in a firing line in the Stalingrad area on Feb. 8, 1943, hold their fire until the enemy is at close range a picture typifying the determination and alertness which has won the soviet forces their smashing victories. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

58 of 68

Manager Billy Southworth of the St. Louis Cardinals, left, chats with rookie fielder Stanley Musial of Donora, Pa., at the spring training camp in St. Petersburg, Fla., Feb. 8, 1942. Musial went to the Cards from Rochester last season and hit .426 in the final stretch. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

59 of 68

Volunteer salesman Gary Cooper takes time out from work in a new movie to chalk up the highest record for selling Defense Bonds at the Defense House in Pershing Square in Los Angeles, California on Feb. 8, 1942, after making a stirring 15-minute speech, the longest of his public career. Cooper attracted the longest line of purchasers and sold more bonds than any motion picture star since the Defense House was opened, according to the Treasury Department. With him on the platform is lovely Virginia Gilmore of the films. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

60 of 68

Nearly 53 years have passed since Henry Ford married Miss Clara Bryant. Ford was 24, his bride 21. Here they are as they left a wedding ceremony for another couple on Feb. 8, 1941. Location unknown. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

61 of 68

One of the Finnish Hotel showing result of the war on Feb. 8, 1940. Part of the hotel has been commandeered as a hospital and, as can be seen, the restaurant, right, continues to do a thriving trade, while, on a slightly lower floor, left, the hospital is, unfortunately, equally busy dealing with air raid casualties. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

62 of 68

A general view showing officers searching the cargo of a vessel at a British contraband control station, Feb. 8, 1940. On the left is seen the naval search boat alongside. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

63 of 68

View of one of the air raid shelter during exhibit at Claxton Hall, in Norfolk, Feb. 8, 1938. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

64 of 68

Edward Reilly, chief defense counsel, puts his finger on number 12, signifying he thinks that is the date when the long trial at Flemington, New Jersey on Feb. 8, 1935, will end. Bruno Richard Hauptmann watches, hoping it means liberty. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

65 of 68

Two young girls take refuge in the mouth of a sewer during a fascist raid in Madrid, Spain, Feb. 8, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. Weeks of such raids seem to have made them more interested than frightened of the falling bombs. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

66 of 68

German dealers have agreed to refused to sell food to French and Belgians in Berlin, Feb. 8, 1923, as their part in the request by the Nationalists to show their protest for the invasion of the Ruhr. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

67 of 68

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

68 of 68

Adolf Hitler giving the fascist salute to crowds cheering him in Berlin on Feb. 8, 1933 after he was made chancellor by President Von Hindenburg. At right, also saluting, is Hermann Goering, minister without portfolio in the Hitler cabinet. (AP Photo)

by: ASSOCIATED PRESS

This Week's Circulars