My answer is yes – Georgians do have the right to drive in the left lane (O.C.G.A. 40-6-184, (a)(2)).
Georgians also have the right to pass in the right lane (O.C.G.A. 40-6-43).
Of course, everybody is expected to observe the posted speed limits (O.C.G.A. 40-6-181). The signs seem to be placed at one-mile intervals along a roadway.
I don’t think that the primary purpose of roadways having multiple lanes for moving traffic in the same direction was for “fast” traffic in the left lane and “slow” traffic in the right lane. In fact, I haven’t found a definition for “slow,” so assume that it means any speed below the maximum lawful speed limit and “fast” means any speed above it.
Maybe the sole reason for a roadway with two lanes is to accommodate the volume of traffic using it.
Glenda R. McCracken